-i nominative plural ending regularly used on nouns ending in a consonant and in -ë; in the latter case, -ë is displaced (e.g. Quendë pl. Quendi).
-i 0suffix. simplest aorist infinitive
Variations of the word: -i.
-i 0suffix. general plural for nouns
Variations of the word: -i.
-ion 0son (of), descendant
-ion (patronymic ending) "son (of), descendant" (YŌ/YON, LT1:271, LT2:344). Not to be confused with the genitive ending -on when added to words with nominative plurals in -i, e.g. elenion "of stars" vs. eleni "stars".
lócë 0dragon, snake, serpent, drake
lócë ("k")noun "dragon, snake, serpent, drake", older hlócë _("k")(SA:lok-, LT2:340, LOK; in the Etymologies the word is followed by "-ī", whatever that is supposed to mean)_
-a 0it is said
-r nominative plural ending regularly used on nouns ending in -a, -i, -ië, -o, -u, e.g. Ainur, Valar, tier. Occasionally it is added also to nouns ending in -ë (that normally take the ending -I in the pl.). This seems to regularly happen in the case of nouns in -lë (see #fintalë, mallë, tyellë), sometimes also otherwise (see Ingwë, wendë, essë #1). This plural ending was ("it is said") first used by the Noldor (PM:402).
esse 0noun. name
[sanya] (þ) (2) noun ?"name" (reading of gloss uncertain, VT46:16)
[sanda, sandë] (þ) (2) noun "name" (VT46:16)
nai 0be it that
nai (1) imperative verb "be it that", used with a verb (usually in the future tense) to express a wish. The translation "maybe" in Tolkien's rendering of Namárië is somewhat misleading; he used "be it that" in the interlinear translation in RGEO:67. Apparently this is na as the imperative "be!" with a suffix -i "that", cf. i #3. It can be used with the future tense as an "expression of wish" (VT49:39). Nai hiruvalyë Valimar! Nai elyë hiruva! "May thou find Valimar. May even thou find it!" (Nam, VT49:39). Nai tiruvantes "be it that they will guard it" > "may they guard it" (CO). Nai elen siluva parma-restalyanna "may a star shine upon your book-fair" (VT49:38), nai elen siluva lyenna "may a star shine upon you" (VT49:40), nai elen atta siluvat aurenna veryanwesto "may two stars shine upon the day of your wedding" (VT49:42-45), nai laurë lantuva parmastanna lúmissen tengwiesto "may (a) golden light fall on your book at the times of your reading" (VT49:47). Nai may also be used with a present continuative verb if an ongoing situation is wished for: Nai Eru lye mánata "God bless you" (VT49:39) or literally "be it that God is (already) blessing you". The phrase nai amanyaonnalya "be it that your child [will be] blessed" omits any copula; Tolkien noted that "imper[ative] of wishes precedes adj." (VT49:41). VT49:28 has the form nái for "let it be that"; Patrick Wynne theorizes that nái is actually an etymological form underlying nai (VT49:36)
fenumë noun "dragon" (LT2:341 but lócë is the normal word in LotR-style Quenya)
esta- 0verb. name
essë 0noun. name
Word Form Gloss Source esselya 2nd-sg-polite-poss *thy name VT43/14.3001 esseron genitive plural of ... names VT42/17.1302-2 essi plural names MR/216.1005; MR/470.1901; PM/339.2012 essi plural given names UT/266.0410 essi plural names UTI/epessë.016
angulócë noun("k") "dragon" (LOK)
essë (1) noun "name", also later name of Tengwa #31, originally (MET) called árë (ázë). (Appendix E). With a pronominal ending esselya "thy name" (VT43:14). Pl. #essi in PM:339 and MR:470, gen.pl. #esseron "of names" in the compound Nómesseron (q.v.); we would rather have expected *ession, given the nom.pl. essi; perhaps #esser is a valid alternative plural form. Essecarmë noun "name-making" (MR:214, 470), Eldarin ceremony where the father announces the name of his child. Essecenta *("k") noun "Name-essay" (see centa) (MR:415); Essecilmë noun "name-choosing", an Eldarin ceremony where a child named him- or herself according to personal lámatyávë (q.v.) (MR:214, 471). The meaning Tolkien originally assigned to the word essë** in the Etymologies was "place" rather than "name" (VT45:12).
-a 0suffix. adjectival suffix
This suffix is frequently used to create the adjective form of a noun, especially in the form -ëa for nouns ending in -ë. This function dates back to CE. ✶-ā.
Variations of the word: -a.
Element in: Q. airëa, Q. Aldëa, Q. amaurëa, Q. andúna, Q. endëa, Q. eressëa, Q. fínëa, Q. ilaurëa, Q. ilyarëa, Q. laurëa, Q. lillassëa, Q. lilótëa, Q. lómëa, Q. mírëa, Q. noa, Q. núla, Q. oialëa, Q. rávëa, Q. taurëa, Q. túrëa, Q. úfanwëa, Q. úpahtëa, Q. yaimëa
ango 0noun. dragon
anessë 0noun. given (or added) name
Also glossed as “given name”, “given or added name”.
Word Gloss Source anta- to give - essë name - essi given (or added) names MR/216.1005
Word Form Gloss Source anessi plural - MR/470.1201 Anessi plural given (or added) names MR/216.0709
amilessë 0noun. mother-name
Word Gloss Source amil(lë) mother - essë name -
Word Form Gloss Source amilessi plural mother-names MR/217.0102; MR/470.1101
-r 0suffix. plural suffix
Also glossed as “impersonal plural”, “plural”, “3rd person plural”, “pl. ending”, “plural ending”, “[Plural] impersonal”.
Variations of the word: -r, r, re.
-on gen.pl. ending (3O), in aldaron, aranion, elenion, Eldaron, #esseron, Ingweron, Istarion, Númevalion, Quendion, Silmarillion, Sindaron, tasarion (see Nan-Tasarion), Valion, wenderon, yénion. Normally the ending -on is added to the nominative plural, whether it ends in -i or -r, but some nouns in -ë that would have nominative plurals in -i seem to prefer the ending -ron in the genitive (hence #esseron as the gen. pl. of essë "name", though the nominative pl. is attested as essi and we might have expected the gen. pl. *ession; similarly wenderon, Ingweron).
sat- 0set aside, appropriate to a special purpose or owner
#sat- vb. "set aside, appropriate to a special purpose or owner" (VT42:20). Cited in the form "sati-"; the final -i may be simply the connecting vowel of the aorist (as in *satin "I set aside"). This verb "was in Quenya applied to time as well as space" (VT42:20)