avarproper name. Refuser
Also glossed as “Elf who did not journey to Aman”, “recusant”, “one who says no”, “a refuser”, “refuser”, “Elf who refused to join the westward march”.
The Elves who refused to journey to Aman, an agental formation of the ancient verb ava- “to refuse” with the common agental suffix -r(o) (VT47/13, WJ/371). This name most frequently appeared in its plural form Avari referring to this entire people (S/52).
Conceptual Development: The name ᴹQ. Avar(o) first appeared in plural form _ in Tolkien’s linguistic notes from the 1930s with the gloss “The Departing”, and referred to those elves who left Middle Earth, whereas those who remained were referred to by the earlier name the ᴹQ. Lembi_ “Lingerers” (LR/169-170). Tolkien soon revised this name to refer to the Elves who remained behind, effectively replacing the term Lembi (LR/200). This name appeared in the Etymologies with essentially the same derivation as given above (Ety/AB).
Variations of the word: avar.
Word Gloss Source ava- to refuse - -r(o) agental suffix -
Word Form Gloss Source avari plural - PE17/139.4213 Avari plural The Unwilling LT1I/Avari.001; LT2I/Avari.001; MRI/Avari.001; PE17/143.2402; PM/029.3608 Avari plural the Refusers PMI/Avari.004 Avari plural The Unwilling S/052.3804 Avari plural The Unwilling, the Refusers SI/Avari.001; SMI/Avari.001; UTI/Avari.001; WJ/371.0201; WJ/371.2904; WJ/380.1010; WJI/Abari.003; WJI/Avari.009
Element in: Q. Avarin
elenyaadjective. adjective referring to the stars
Also glossed as “of the stars”, “stellar”, “an adjective referring to the stars”.
Word Gloss Source elen star - -ya adjective suffix -
Element in: Q. Elenya
QuendizF2% noun. elves
Quendi "Elves" as a race (analogical sg. quendë, not much used) (WJ:361;SA:quen-/quet-, WJ:372, KWEN(ED), spelt "qende, Qendi" in Etym). Gen. pl. Quendion (PM:395)
Also glossed as “(lit.) One That Speaks”.
Variations of the word: Quende.
Word Gloss Source quet- to say -
Word Form Gloss Source quend- stem - PE19/093.0508 quende fem - MR/229.1004 quende/quendi fem Elvish woman MR/471.3101 quender plural fem - MR/229.0806 quender/quendir fem plural - MR/471.3101 quendi fem - MR/229.1009 Quendi plural Elves PM/029.3504; PMI/Quendi.001 Quendi plural Those that speak with voices S/049.1003; SA/quen.006 Quendi plural Elves Let/176.1704; SMI/Quendi.001; UTI/Quendi.001; WJ/361.3305; WJ/372.2901; WJ/375.2007 Quendi plural speakers WJ/391.3101 Quendi plural Those that speak with voices SI/Quendi.001 Quendi plural Elves PE19/093.0209; PE17/137.4302; WJI/Pendi.003; MRI/Quendi.001; LT2I/Quendi.001; LotRI/Quendi.001 Quendi plural speakers LotR/1137.2208; PE17/152.1203 Quendi plural Elves WJI/Quendi.004 Quendion genitive plural of the Elves PM/395.1302 quendir plural fem - MR/229.0902 quendo masc - MR/229.1002 quendo/quendu masc Elvish man MR/471.3201 quendor plural masc - MR/229.0804 quendor/quendur masc plural - MR/471.3201 quendu masc - MR/229.1007 quendur plural masc - MR/229.0810
quendë noun "Elf", the little-used analogical sg. of Quendi, q.v. (KWEN(ED), WJ:361)
ílë noun "star" (LT1:269; rather elen, él in LotR-style Quenya.)
Word Form Gloss Source elvië plural like stars MC/223.0802
elenaof the stars
elena adj. "of the stars" (SA:êl, elen); also elenya
Also glossed as “Dwarf”.
Variations of the word: Kasar.
Word Form Gloss Source casari plural - PE17/045.3408 casāri plural - PE17/045.3401 Kasalli partitive-plural - WJ/388.1806 Kasari plural - WJI/Kasari.011; WJI/Khazâd.008 Kasari/Kasāri plural - WJ/388.1806
Also glossed as “a star”.
Variations of the word: elen.
Word Form Gloss Source eldi plural - WJ/362.2402; PE17/151.3816; PE17/067.0108; PE17/024.4117 elelli partitive-plural - PE17/024.4117; PE17/127.2905 Elem assimilated star PE19/096.3703-1 eleni plural stars PE17/127.2905; PE17/091.1211; WJ/362.2402; PE17/067.0108; RGEO/58.1006; RGEO/59.0103; RGEO/65.1309; PE17/024.4117; PE17/012.3705; VT49/45.0406; LotR/0377.3306; PE17/056.2903; PE17/151.3809 elenillor ablative plural [from] the stars MC/222.2601 elenion genitive plural of stars VT49/45.0406 elenion genitive plural among stars PE17/090.0403 elenion genitive plural of stars PE17/091.1316 elenion genitive plural among the stars PE17/057.0201 elenion genitive plural of the ... stars PE17/056.2702; LotR/0915.2102; PE17/101.1403 Elenion genitive plural of Stars LotR/0720.2514; Let/385.3301 elli partitive-plural - PE17/024.4117
elen noun "star" (SA:êl, elen, EL, VT49:39); pl. eleni (occasionally in verse: eldi) (WJ:362, PE17:127); partitive pl. elelli for elenli (PE17:127), gen. pl. elenion in the phrase Elenion Ancalima "brightest of stars" (LotR2:IV ch. 9; see Letters:385 for translation); elen atta "two stars" (VT49:44), genitive elen atto "of two stars" (VT49:45), eleni neldë "three stars", archaic elenion neldë = "of stars three". Genitive "of 3 stars" = elenion neldë (for archaic elenion neldëo) (VT49:45). Allative elenna "starwards" used as name of Númenor _(Silm; see Elenna)_; ablative pl. elenillor "from stars" in Markirya. **Nai elen siluva ***"may a star shine", VT49:38.
eldaliënoun. People of the Eldar
Also glossed as “Elven-folk”, “Elves”, “People of the Elves”, “Elvenfolk”.
Variations of the word: Eldalië, Eldalie.
Word Gloss Source Elda Elf - lië people -
Word Form Gloss Source Eldaliéva possessive of the Eldalië SI/Mindon Eldaliéva.002
Element in: Q. Mindon Eldaliéva
Also glossed as “(lit.) one of the Star-folk”, “elf”, “Elven”, “one of the Star-folk”, “Elves in general”.
The most common Quenya word for “Elf”. Its literal meaning is “one of the Star-folk” (WJ/374), a name given to them by Oromë (S/49) and derived from the same primitive root √EL as Q. elen “star”. Strictly speaking, this term excludes the Avari who chose not to journey to Valinor, so that the proper term for all of Elvenkind is Q. Quendë “one of the Elven race”. The Elves of the West rarely encountered the Avari, however, so that term Elda was ordinarily broad enough to describe all Elves.
Conceptual Development: This word dates back to the earliest stages of Tolkien’s languages. At its first appearance, ᴱQ. Elda was glossed “a beach-fay” (QL/35), but was soon extended to describe all Elves (LT1/113). In Tolkien’s earliest writings the word was not given a clear etymology. In the Lhammas “Account of Tongues” from the 1930s (LR/168-180), Tolkien gave ᴹQ. Elda the sense of “one who departed” (LR/169), as opposed to the ᴹQ. Lembi “Lingerers” who remained behind (precursors of the Avari). With this sense, Elda was derived from ᴹ√LED “go, fare, travel” (Ety/LED).
Tolkien soon revised the etymology of Elda so that it was derived instead from ᴹ√EL(ED) “star; star-folk” (Ety/EL, Ety/ELED). In some later writings, he considered both etymologies of this word to be valid, so that Elda was blending of both “star-folk” (from √EL) and Q. Eldo “marcher” (from √LED or √DEL), as discussed in the “Quendi and Eldar” essay from 1959-60 and elsewhere (WJ/362-3, PE17/139). However, the sense “star-folk” is probably better known.
In some notes from 1957, Tolkien considered deriving this word from a variant root √DEL “fair” so that its meaning would be “the fair” (PE17/151), but this seems to have been a transient idea.
Variations of the word: Elda, Elda(r).
Word Form Gloss Source -el suffix - WJ/364.0202 Eldaiva possessive plural Elves’ WJ/407.2109 Eldaiva possessive plural of the Eldar WJ/369.0205 Eldaive possessive plural of the Eldar WJ/369.1201 eldali partitive-plural elves PE22/155.3408 Eldali partitive-plural some Elves, a lot of Elves PE17/135.2414 Eldali partitive-plural Elves, some Elves VT49/08.3705 Eldar plural High Elves SI/High Elves.004; TII/Eldar.001 Eldar plural Elves UTI/Eldar.017; VT49/08.2401 Eldar plural High Elves Let/198.2307 Eldar plural People of the Stars SI/Eldar.001; WJ/362.2702; WJ/373.0202; WJ/374.1701 Eldar plural Elves, the Elves, All Elves VT49/08.3505; WJI/Eldar.004; SA/êl.079 Eldar plural People of the Stars S/049.3102 Eldar plural West-elves LotR/1127.2905 Eldar plural Elves LotR/1137.2308 Eldar plural High Elves LotRI/Eldar.001; LRI/Edhil.002; MRI/Eldar.004 Eldar plural People of the Stars S/049.3201; PE17/114.1202; WRI/Eldar.001 Eldar plural Elves PE17/139.1302; PM/029.3606; PMI/Eldar.004 Eldar plural High Elves RC/217.1306; RC/780.1607 Eldar plural Elves as a kind of people or all the Elves concerned PE17/135.2402 Eldaron genitive plural of the Eldar WJ/368.4002; PM/395.1404; WJ/369.1110; PM/403.0810 Eldava possessive Elf’s WJ/407.2109 -eldi suffix plural - WJ/364.0202
Element in: Q. Amaneldi, Q. Eldacar, Q. Elda-lambë, Q. Eldalië, Q. Eldalondë, Q. Eldalótë, Q. Eldamar, Q. Eldameldor, Q. Eldandil, Q. Eldanna, Q. Eldanor, Q. Eldanyárë, Q. Eldarin, Q. Eldarion, Q. Eldavehtë, Q. Elendil, Q. Hecel, Q. Oarel, Q. Pereldar, Q. Sindel, Q. Tareldar, Q. vanimelda
eldaof the stars
elda 1. originally adj. "of the stars", but wholly replaced (WJ:362) by: 2. noun (Elda) = one of the people of the Stars, (high-)elf, an Elf (SA:êl, elen, Letters:281, ELED, ÉLED; notice that Tolkien abandoned a former etymology with "depart"), chiefly in the pl. Eldar (WJ:362, cf. GAT(H), TELES).The primitive form Tolkien variously cited as ¤eledā / elenā(Letters:281, PE17:152) and ¤eldā(WJ:360). Partitive pl. Eldali (VT49:8), gen. pl. Eldaron (WJ:368, PM:395, 402);dative pl.eldain "for elves", for Eldar (FS); possessive sg. Eldava "Elf's" (WJ:407); possessive pl. Eldaiva (WJ:368), Eldaivë governing a plural word (WJ:369). The word Eldar properly refers to the non-Avari Elves only, but since Eldar rarely had any contact with the Avari, it could be used for "elves" in general (in LT1:251, Elda is simply glossed "Elf"). See also Eldo. The plural form Eldar should not require any article when the reference is to the entire people; i Eldar refers to a limited group, "(all) the Elves previously named"; nevertheless, Tolkien in some sources does use the article even where the reference seems to be generic (i Eldar or i-Eldar, VT49:8).
Word Form Gloss Source éli plural - WJ/362.2302
†él noun "star", pl. éli given (WJ:362, EL)
Quendingoldo masc. name, apparently compound of Quendi "Elves" and -ngoldo "Noldo", Sindarin Pengolodh, a loremaster of Gondolin. (PM:401, 404-405, VT48:5) Shorter form Quengoldo (PM:404, VT48:14)