Quenya zR5Ì#

avar 0

proper name. Refuser

Also glossed as “Elf who did not journey to Aman”, “recusant”, “one who says no”, “a refuser”, “refuser”, “Elf who refused to join the westward march”.
The Elves who refused to journey to Aman, an agental formation of the ancient verb ava- “to refuse” with the common agental suffix -r(o) (VT47/13, WJ/371). This name most frequently appeared in its plural form Avari referring to this entire people (S/52).

Conceptual Development: The name ᴹQ. Avar(o) first appeared in plural form _ in Tolkien’s linguistic notes from the 1930s with the gloss “The Departing”, and referred to those elves who left Middle Earth, whereas those who remained were referred to by the earlier name the ᴹQ. Lembi_ “Lingerers” (LR/169-170). Tolkien soon revised this name to refer to the Elves who remained behind, effectively replacing the term Lembi (LR/200). This name appeared in the Etymologies with essentially the same derivation as given above (Ety/AB).
Variations of the word: avar.

Elements

Word Gloss Source
ava- to refuse -
-r(o) agental suffix -

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
avari plural - PE17/139.4213
Avari plural The Unwilling LT1I/Avari.001; LT2I/Avari.001; MRI/Avari.001; PE17/143.2402; PM/029.3608
Avari plural the Refusers PMI/Avari.004
Avari plural The Unwilling S/052.3804
Avari plural The Unwilling, the Refusers SI/Avari.001; SMI/Avari.001; UTI/Avari.001; WJ/371.0201; WJ/371.2904; WJ/380.1010; WJI/Abari.003; WJI/Avari.009

Element in: Q. Avarin

[PE17/139.4213; PE17/143.2402; VT47/24.4408; VT47/13.3903; WJI/Avari.009; WJ/371.2904; PMI/Avari.004; PE17/139.4214; WJI/Abari.003; WJ/380.1010; WJ/371.2906; WJ/371.0201; UTI/Avari.001; SI/Avari.001; WJI/Avari.001; S/052.3804; PMI/Avari.001; PM/029.3608; PE17/143.2502; MRI/Avari.001; LT2I/Avari.001; SMI/Avari.001; LT1I/Avari.001; LT1I/Avari.001|LT2I/Avari.001|MRI/Avari.001|PE17/143.2402|PM/029.3608; SI/Avari.001|SMI/Avari.001|UTI/Avari.001|WJ/371.0201|WJ/371.2904|WJ/380.1010|WJI/Abari.003|WJI/Avari.009] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elenya 0

adjective. adjective referring to the stars

Also glossed as “of the stars”, “stellar”, “an adjective referring to the stars”.

Elements

Word Gloss Source
elen star -
-ya adjective suffix -

Element in: Q. Elenya

Quendi 0

zF2% noun. elves

Quendi "Elves" as a race (analogical sg. quendë, not much used) (WJ:361;SA:quen-/quet-, WJ:372, KWEN(ED), spelt "qende, Qendi" in Etym). Gen. pl. Quendion (PM:395)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

Quende# 0

noun. Elf

Elf

quendë 0

noun. Elf

Also glossed as “(lit.) One That Speaks”.
Variations of the word: Quende.

Elements

Word Gloss Source
quet- to say -

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
quend- stem - PE19/093.0508
quende fem - MR/229.1004
quende/quendi fem Elvish woman MR/471.3101
quender plural fem - MR/229.0806
quender/quendir fem plural - MR/471.3101
quendi fem - MR/229.1009
Quendi plural Elves PM/029.3504; PMI/Quendi.001
Quendi plural Those that speak with voices S/049.1003; SA/quen.006
Quendi plural Elves Let/176.1704; SMI/Quendi.001; UTI/Quendi.001; WJ/361.3305; WJ/372.2901; WJ/375.2007
Quendi plural speakers WJ/391.3101
Quendi plural Those that speak with voices SI/Quendi.001
Quendi plural Elves PE19/093.0209; PE17/137.4302; WJI/Pendi.003; MRI/Quendi.001; LT2I/Quendi.001; LotRI/Quendi.001
Quendi plural speakers LotR/1137.2208; PE17/152.1203
Quendi plural Elves WJI/Quendi.004
Quendion genitive plural of the Elves PM/395.1302
quendir plural fem - MR/229.0902
quendo masc - MR/229.1002
quendo/quendu masc Elvish man MR/471.3201
quendor plural masc - MR/229.0804
quendor/quendur masc plural - MR/471.3201
quendu masc - MR/229.1007
quendur plural masc - MR/229.0810

Element in: Q. Calaquendi, Q. Laiquendi, Q. Moriquendi, Q. Quendil, Q. Quendingoldo

[PE17/141.1503; PE19/093.0508; WJ/361.3305; MR/229.1004; WJ/372.2901; PE17/137.4302; WJI/Quendi.004; MR/471.3101; MR/229.0806; MR/471.3104; MR/229.1009; PM/029.3504; SA/quen.006; SI/Quendi.001; SMI/Quendi.001; UTI/Quendi.001; WJ/361.3302; LotR/1137.2208; WJ/372.2802; S/049.1003; WJ/375.2007; WJ/391.3101; WJI/Pendi.003; LotRI/Quendi.001; PMI/Quendi.001; Let/176.1704; LT2I/Quendi.001; PE19/093.0209; PE17/152.1203; WJI/Quendi.001; PE17/137.3402; MRI/Quendi.001; PM/395.1302; MR/229.0902; MR/229.1002; MR/471.3201; MR/229.0804; MR/471.3204; MR/229.1007; MR/229.0810; PM/029.3504|PMI/Quendi.001; S/049.1003|SA/quen.006; Let/176.1704|SMI/Quendi.001|UTI/Quendi.001|WJ/361.3305|WJ/372.2901|WJ/375.2007; PE19/093.0209|PE17/137.4302|WJI/Pendi.003|MRI/Quendi.001|LT2I/Quendi.001|LotRI/Quendi.001; LotR/1137.2208|PE17/152.1203] Group: Eldamo. Published by

quendë 0

elf

quendë noun "Elf", the little-used analogical sg. of Quendi, q.v. (KWEN(ED), WJ:361)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

ílë 0

star

ílë noun "star" (LT1:269; rather elen, él in LotR-style Quenya.)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

elvëa 0

adjective. starlike

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
elvië plural like stars MC/223.0802

[MC/223.0802; MC/222.0602] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elena 0

of the stars

elena adj. "of the stars" (SA:êl, elen); also elenya

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

casar 0

noun. dwarf

Also glossed as “Dwarf”.
Variations of the word: Kasar.

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
casari plural - PE17/045.3408
casāri plural - PE17/045.3401
Kasalli partitive-plural - WJ/388.1806
Kasari plural - WJI/Kasari.011; WJI/Khazâd.008
Kasari/Kasāri plural - WJ/388.1806

Element in: Q. Casallië, Q. Casarrondo

[PE17/045.3408; PE17/045.3412; PE17/045.3410; WJ/388.2008; WJ/388.1806; WJI/Kasari.011; WJI/Kasari.001; WJI/Khazâd.008; WJ/388.1808; PE17/045.3401; WJI/Kasari.011|WJI/Khazâd.008] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen 0

noun. star

Also glossed as “a star”.
Variations of the word: elen.

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
eldi plural - WJ/362.2402; PE17/151.3816; PE17/067.0108; PE17/024.4117
elelli partitive-plural - PE17/024.4117; PE17/127.2905
Elem assimilated star PE19/096.3703-1
eleni plural stars PE17/127.2905; PE17/091.1211; WJ/362.2402; PE17/067.0108; RGEO/58.1006; RGEO/59.0103; RGEO/65.1309; PE17/024.4117; PE17/012.3705; VT49/45.0406; LotR/0377.3306; PE17/056.2903; PE17/151.3809
elenillor ablative plural [from] the stars MC/222.2601
elenion genitive plural of stars VT49/45.0406
elenion genitive plural among stars PE17/090.0403
elenion genitive plural of stars PE17/091.1316
elenion genitive plural among the stars PE17/057.0201
elenion genitive plural of the ... stars PE17/056.2702; LotR/0915.2102; PE17/101.1403
Elenion genitive plural of Stars LotR/0720.2514; Let/385.3301
elli partitive-plural - PE17/024.4117

Element in: Q. Elemmacil, Q. Elemmírë, Q. Elendil, Q. Elendur, Q. Elenna, Q. Elentári, Q. Elentir, Q. Elentirmo, Q. Elenwë, Q. elenya, Q. Elerondo, Q. Elerossë, Q. Elerrína, Q. Elessar, Q. Elestirnë

[PM/340.3302; WJ/362.2408; PE17/151.3816; PE17/025.0101; PE17/067.0110; PE17/127.2907; PE17/025.0401; PE19/096.3703-1; PE17/067.0108; PE17/127.2905; PE17/151.3809; PE17/024.4117; RGEO/65.1309; PE17/012.3705; PE17/012.3702; SA/êl.002; UT/213.0801-1; VT49/39.1501; VT49/44.2101; VT49/45.0406; WJ/362.2402; PE17/012.3711; Let/265.0107-1; WJ/367.2307; LotR/0081.0103-1; PE17/012.3708; WJ/362.2404; PE17/067.0102; PE17/127.2906; PE17/056.2903; PE17/151.3811; VT49/45.0610; PE17/024.4119; RGEO/58.1006; RGEO/59.0103; PE17/091.1211; RGEO/65.1402; LotR/0377.3306; MC/222.2601; VT49/45.0706; PE17/090.0403; LotR/0915.2102; PE17/056.2702; PE17/057.0201; PE17/101.1403; PE17/091.1316; Let/385.3301; LotR/0720.2514; PE17/024.4120; WJ/362.2402|PE17/151.3816|PE17/067.0108|PE17/024.4117; PE17/024.4117|PE17/127.2905; PE17/127.2905|PE17/091.1211|WJ/362.2402|PE17/067.0108|RGEO/58.1006|RGEO/59.0103|RGEO/65.1309|PE17/024.4117|PE17/012.3705|VT49/45.0406|LotR/0377.3306|PE17/056.2903|PE17/151.3809; PE17/056.2702|LotR/0915.2102|PE17/101.1403; LotR/0720.2514|Let/385.3301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen 0

star

elen noun "star" (SA:êl, elen, EL, VT49:39); pl. eleni (occasionally in verse: eldi) (WJ:362, PE17:127); partitive pl. elelli for elenli (PE17:127), gen. pl. elenion in the phrase Elenion Ancalima "brightest of stars" (LotR2:IV ch. 9; see Letters:385 for translation); elen atta "two stars" (VT49:44), genitive elen atto "of two stars" (VT49:45), eleni neldë "three stars", archaic elenion neldë = "of stars three". Genitive "of 3 stars" = elenion neldë (for archaic elenion neldëo) (VT49:45). Allative elenna "starwards" used as name of Númenor _(Silm; see Elenna)_; ablative pl. elenillor "from stars" in Markirya. **Nai elen siluva ***"may a star shine", VT49:38.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

eldalië 0

noun. People of the Eldar

Also glossed as “Elven-folk”, “Elves”, “People of the Elves”, “Elvenfolk”.
Variations of the word: Eldalië, Eldalie.

Elements

Word Gloss Source
Elda Elf -
lië people -

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
Eldaliéva possessive of the Eldalië SI/Mindon Eldaliéva.002

Element in: Q. Mindon Eldaliéva

[WJ/374.2707; WJ/375.4102; LBI/Eldalië.001; Let/129.2809; MRI/Eldalië.001; PMI/Eldalië.001; S/190.3704; SI/Eldalië.001; WJ/166.2405; WJI/Eldalië.001; SI/Mindon Eldaliéva.002] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elda 0

noun. Elf

Also glossed as “(lit.) one of the Star-folk”, “elf”, “Elven”, “one of the Star-folk”, “Elves in general”.
The most common Quenya word for “Elf”. Its literal meaning is “one of the Star-folk” (WJ/374), a name given to them by Oromë (S/49) and derived from the same primitive root √EL as Q. elen “star”. Strictly speaking, this term excludes the Avari who chose not to journey to Valinor, so that the proper term for all of Elvenkind is Q. Quendë “one of the Elven race”. The Elves of the West rarely encountered the Avari, however, so that term Elda was ordinarily broad enough to describe all Elves.

Conceptual Development: This word dates back to the earliest stages of Tolkien’s languages. At its first appearance, ᴱQ. Elda was glossed “a beach-fay” (QL/35), but was soon extended to describe all Elves (LT1/113). In Tolkien’s earliest writings the word was not given a clear etymology. In the Lhammas “Account of Tongues” from the 1930s (LR/168-180), Tolkien gave ᴹQ. Elda the sense of “one who departed” (LR/169), as opposed to the ᴹQ. Lembi “Lingerers” who remained behind (precursors of the Avari). With this sense, Elda was derived from ᴹ√LED “go, fare, travel” (Ety/LED).

Tolkien soon revised the etymology of Elda so that it was derived instead from ᴹ√EL(ED) “star; star-folk” (Ety/EL, Ety/ELED). In some later writings, he considered both etymologies of this word to be valid, so that Elda was blending of both “star-folk” (from √EL) and Q. Eldo “marcher” (from √LED or √DEL), as discussed in the “Quendi and Eldar” essay from 1959-60 and elsewhere (WJ/362-3, PE17/139). However, the sense “star-folk” is probably better known.

In some notes from 1957, Tolkien considered deriving this word from a variant root √DEL “fair” so that its meaning would be “the fair” (PE17/151), but this seems to have been a transient idea.
Variations of the word: Elda, Elda(r).

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
-el suffix - WJ/364.0202
Eldaiva possessive plural Elves’ WJ/407.2109
Eldaiva possessive plural of the Eldar WJ/369.0205
Eldaive possessive plural of the Eldar WJ/369.1201
eldali partitive-plural elves PE22/155.3408
Eldali partitive-plural some Elves, a lot of Elves PE17/135.2414
Eldali partitive-plural Elves, some Elves VT49/08.3705
Eldar plural High Elves SI/High Elves.004; TII/Eldar.001
Eldar plural Elves UTI/Eldar.017; VT49/08.2401
Eldar plural High Elves Let/198.2307
Eldar plural People of the Stars SI/Eldar.001; WJ/362.2702; WJ/373.0202; WJ/374.1701
Eldar plural Elves, the Elves, All Elves VT49/08.3505; WJI/Eldar.004; SA/êl.079
Eldar plural People of the Stars S/049.3102
Eldar plural West-elves LotR/1127.2905
Eldar plural Elves LotR/1137.2308
Eldar plural High Elves LotRI/Eldar.001; LRI/Edhil.002; MRI/Eldar.004
Eldar plural People of the Stars S/049.3201; PE17/114.1202; WRI/Eldar.001
Eldar plural Elves PE17/139.1302; PM/029.3606; PMI/Eldar.004
Eldar plural High Elves RC/217.1306; RC/780.1607
Eldar plural Elves as a kind of people or all the Elves concerned PE17/135.2402
Eldaron genitive plural of the Eldar WJ/368.4002; PM/395.1404; WJ/369.1110; PM/403.0810
Eldava possessive Elf’s WJ/407.2109
-eldi suffix plural - WJ/364.0202

Element in: Q. Amaneldi, Q. Eldacar, Q. Elda-lambë, Q. Eldalië, Q. Eldalondë, Q. Eldalótë, Q. Eldamar, Q. Eldameldor, Q. Eldandil, Q. Eldanna, Q. Eldanor, Q. Eldanyárë, Q. Eldarin, Q. Eldarion, Q. Eldavehtë, Q. Elendil, Q. Hecel, Q. Oarel, Q. Pereldar, Q. Sindel, Q. Tareldar, Q. vanimelda

[WJ/364.0202; PE17/152.0606; PE17/045.1001; PE17/056.1103; PE17/057.1008; PE17/151.1208; PMI/Eldar.004; WJ/362.2702; WJI/Eldar.004; PM/346.4003-1; WJ/369.0201; PE17/189.4007-1; PE17/139.1907; RC/780.1607; MRI/Eldar.004; WJ/374.1701; WJ/375.3810; SA/êl.079; Let/281.2205; UTI/Eldanna.017; WJ/369.0205; WJ/407.2203; WJ/369.1201; PE22/155.3408; VT49/08.3705; PE17/135.2414; VT49/08.2401; UTI/Eldar.017; Let/198.2307; WJ/362.2711; WJ/373.0202; WJ/374.3304; WJI/Eldar.001; VT49/08.3505; TII/Eldar.001; S/049.3102; SI/Eldar.001; LotR/1127.2905; LotR/1137.2308; LotRI/Eldar.001; LRI/Edhil.002; MRI/Eldar.001; PE17/114.1202; PE17/135.2402; SI/High Elves.004; PM/029.3606; PE17/139.1302; PMI/Eldar.001; RC/217.1306; RC/780.1604; S/049.3201; SA/êl.071; WRI/Eldar.001; WJ/369.1110; PM/395.1404; PM/403.0810; WJ/368.4002; WJ/407.2109; WJ/364.0203; SI/High Elves.004|TII/Eldar.001; UTI/Eldar.017|VT49/08.2401; SI/Eldar.001|WJ/362.2702|WJ/373.0202|WJ/374.1701; VT49/08.3505|WJI/Eldar.004|SA/êl.079; LotRI/Eldar.001|LRI/Edhil.002|MRI/Eldar.004; S/049.3201|PE17/114.1202|WRI/Eldar.001; PE17/139.1302|PM/029.3606|PMI/Eldar.004; RC/217.1306|RC/780.1607; WJ/368.4002|PM/395.1404|WJ/369.1110|PM/403.0810] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elda 0

of the stars

elda 1. originally adj. "of the stars", but wholly replaced (WJ:362) by: 2. noun (Elda) = one of the people of the Stars, (high-)elf, an Elf (SA:êl, elen, Letters:281, ELED, ÉLED; notice that Tolkien abandoned a former etymology with "depart"), chiefly in the pl. Eldar (WJ:362, cf. GAT(H), TELES).The primitive form Tolkien variously cited as ¤eledā / elenā(Letters:281, PE17:152) and ¤eldā(WJ:360). Partitive pl. Eldali (VT49:8), gen. pl. Eldaron (WJ:368, PM:395, 402);dative pl.eldain "for elves", for Eldar (FS); possessive sg. Eldava "Elf's" (WJ:407); possessive pl. Eldaiva (WJ:368), Eldaivë governing a plural word (WJ:369). The word Eldar properly refers to the non-Avari Elves only, but since Eldar rarely had any contact with the Avari, it could be used for "elves" in general (in LT1:251, Elda is simply glossed "Elf"). See also Eldo. The plural form Eldar should not require any article when the reference is to the entire people; i Eldar refers to a limited group, "(all) the Elves previously named"; nevertheless, Tolkien in some sources does use the article even where the reference seems to be generic (i Eldar or i-Eldar, VT49:8).

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

él 0

noun. star

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
éli plural - WJ/362.2302

Element in: Q. Carnil, Q. Elatan, Q. Elostirion, Q. Elwë, Q. Luinil, Q. Undómiel

[WJ/362.2302; WJ/362.2304] Group: Eldamo. Published by

él 0

star

él noun "star", pl. éli given (WJ:362, EL)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

Quendingoldo 0

elves

Quendingoldo masc. name, apparently compound of Quendi "Elves" and -ngoldo "Noldo", Sindarin Pengolodh, a loremaster of Gondolin. (PM:401, 404-405, VT48:5) Shorter form Quengoldo (PM:404, VT48:14)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

Sindarin iT2#7T5

calben 0

noun. Elf of the Great Journey (lit. "light person")

[WJ/362, WJ/376-377, WJ/408-409] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

lachenn 0

noun. Deep Elf (Sindarin name for the Ñoldor)

[WJ/384, X/ND4] lach+hend "flame-eyed". Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gil- 0

noun. star

[PE 22:159] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

giliath 0

noun. all the host of stars

[Ety/358, RC/232] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

glinnel 0

noun. Elf, one of the Teleri

[WJ/378, WJ/385] glind("teleri")+el. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gódhel 0

noun. "Deep Elf" or "Gnome", one of the Wise Folk

[WJ/364, WJ/379] go(lodh)+ódhel, or OS *wådelo. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gódhellim 0

noun. "Deep Elves" or "Gnomes", the Wise Folk

[WJ/364] gódhel+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

golodh 0

noun. "Deep Elf" or "Gnome", one of the Wise Folk

[Ety/377, S/431, WJ/364] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

golodhrim 0

noun. Deep Elves, Gnomes

[Ety/377, WJ/323] golodh+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

iathrim 0

noun. Elves of Doriath

[WJ/378] iâth+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

lachend 0

noun. Deep Elf (Sindarin name for the Ñoldor)

[WJ/384, X/ND4] lach+hend "flame-eyed". Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

laegel 0

noun. a Green Elf

[WJ/385] laeg+-el. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

calben 0

noun. all Elves but the Avari

[WJ/362, WJ/376-377, WJ/408-409] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

laegeldrim 0

noun. the people of the Green Elves

[WJ/385] laegel+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

laegrim 0

noun. the people of the Green Elves

[WJ/385] laegel+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

miniel 0

noun. an Elf, one of the Vanyar

[WJ/383] min+-el "first elf". Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

mornedhel 0

noun. Dark-Elf

[WJ/377, WJ/380] morn+edhel. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ódhel 0

noun. Deep Elf or Gnome, one of the Wise Folk

[WJ/364, WJ/366, WJ/378-379] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ódhellim 0

noun. Deep Elves or Gnomes, the Wise Folk

[WJ/364] ódhel+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

penedh 0

noun. Elf

Variations of the word: peneð.

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
beneð soft-mutation - PE17/141.0303

Element in: S. Morbenedh

[PE17/141.0302-2; PE17/140.1905; PE17/141.0303] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tawarwaith 0

noun. Silvan elves

[UT/256] tawar+gwaith "forest-elves". Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Teler 0

noun. an Elf, one of the Teleri

[PM/385] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gil 0

noun. star, bright spark

In The Etymologies (Ety/358, corrected by VT/45:15), this word was given as geil , plural gîl. However, later in LotR/E and RGEO/73, Tolkien seems to consider gil as a singular (with no hints in the sources of what the plural would be, besides the collective plural giliath )

[LotR/E, S/431, RGEO/73] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

galadhrim 0

noun. Elves of Lothlórien

[LotR] galadh+rim "people of the trees". Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

elvellon 0

noun. elf-friend

[WJ/412] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ellon 0

noun. elf

[WJ/363-364] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

dúnedhel 0

noun. Elf of the West, Elf of Beleriand (including Noldor and Sindar)

[WJ/378] dûn+edhel, OS *ndûnedelo. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

edhel 0

noun. Elf

[Ety/356, S/430, WJ/363-364] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

edhel 0

noun. Elf

_ n. _Elf, a general name for all the Elves (since the name Quendi had gone out of use in Sindarin). Probably related to or connected with Q. Elda. edhellen

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:45] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

edhel 0

Elf

pl1. edhil, pl2. edhellim {ð} _n. _Elf. A name used by the Sindar for themselves, characterizing other varieties by an adjective or prefix. Aredhel, Thinnedhel

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:139] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

edhel 0

Elf

{ð} _n. _Elf.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:140-1] < _edelō_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

edhel 0

Elf

d _ n. _Elf. Q. elda.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:151] < *_edelā_ Elf < DEL. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

edhel 0

noun. Elf

Also glossed as “Elven”, “elf”.
Variations of the word: Edheðrim, Edhellon, edhel, edhel/eledh.

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
-edhel suffix - WJ/364.1302
Edhellion old-genitive plural - PE17/097.2003
Edhelrim/Eledhrim class-plural The Elves UTI/Edhelrim.006
edhil plural elves WJ/378.2806-2
Edhil plural Elves LRI/Edhil.001; WJ/377.3002; WJ/364.1302; SI/Sindar.123; SA/edhel.001; RGEO/62.3603; SA/êl.081; WJI/Edhel.001
eðil plural - PE17/152.0806; PE17/139.2809
eðillim class-plural - PE17/139.2809
Eledhrim class-plural all the Elvish race WJ/377.3002; WJ/378.0207
Eledhrim/Edhelrim class-plural all Elves UT/318.4109

Element in: S. Adanedhel, S. Aredhel, S. Aredhel, S. Danedhel, S. Dúnedhel, S. Edhelharn, S. edhellen, S. Edhellond, S. Edhellos, S. Glóredhel, S. Lindedhel, S. Mornedhel, S. Nínedhel, S. Ost-in-Edhil, S. Peredhel, S. Thinnedhel

[PE17/139.2809; PE17/141.0201; PE17/152.0806; PM/346.4001-1; PE17/097.3101; PE17/045.0905; SA/edhel.001; PE17/151.1210; UT/255.2301; RC/780.1711; WJ/364.2707; SA/êl.081; SI/Sindar.123; WJ/364.1302; WJI/Edhel.001; WJ/377.3002; UTI/Edhelrim.006; PE17/097.2003; PE17/097.3102; UTI/Edhelrim.001; WJ/378.2806-2; WJ/364.1304; WJ/377.3004; LRI/Edhil.001; SI/Sindar.121; SA/êl.083; SA/edhel.010; RGEO/62.3603; WJI/Edhel.003; PE17/152.0808; PE17/139.2811; PE17/139.2812; WJ/377.3807; WJ/378.0207; UT/318.4109; LRI/Edhil.001|WJ/377.3002|WJ/364.1302|SI/Sindar.123|SA/edhel.001|RGEO/62.3603|SA/êl.081|WJI/Edhel.001; PE17/152.0806|PE17/139.2809; WJ/377.3002|WJ/378.0207] Group: Eldamo. Published by

edhelharn 0

noun. elf-stone

[SD/128-129] edhel+sarn. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

egladhrim 0

noun. "The Forsaken", Elves of the Falathrim

[WJ/189, WJ/365, WJ/379] eglan+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

eglath 0

noun. "The Forsaken", Elves of the Falathrim

[WJ/189, WJ/344] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

êl 0

noun. star (little used except in verses)

[WJ/363, MR/373, RGEO/73, Letters/281] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

el 0

star

n. star.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:55] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

êl 0

star

pl1. elin, pl2. elenath** ** n. star. Q. elen, pl1. eldi, eleni, pl2. elelli. elen

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:24:67:127:139-40:151] < EL star. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

êl 0

noun. star

Variations of the word: Êl, êl/elen, el(en).

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
elenath class-plural all the host of the stars of heaven WJ/363.0202; LotR/0238.0504
elenath class-plural the (host of all) stars PE17/024.4113
elenath class-plural the host of stars, (all) the (visible) stars of the firmanent PE17/024.4113
elenath class-plural the host of the stars RGEO/67.0109; RGEO/65.1404; PE17/067.0115; PE17/127.2901
elenath class-plural (of) the star-host RGEO/64.0405
elenath class-plural (of) the starry host RGEO/63.0504
elenath class-plural all the host of stars PE17/151.3908
elenathon class-plural old-genitive - PE17/024.4113
elin plural - RGEO/67.0109; RGEO/65.1404; PE17/139.2603; PE17/151.3908; WJ/363.0202; PE17/127.2901; PE17/067.0115; PE17/025.1413; PE17/024.4113; PE22/150.1710; Let/281.2609

Element in: S. Anglachel, S. Anguirel, S. Eladar, S. elanor, S. Elbereth, S. Elrond, S. Elros, S. Elu, S. Elwing, S. Nan Elmoth

[PM/369.2609; PE17/055.2103; Let/281.2609; WJ/363.0202; SA/êl.001; RGEO/67.0109; PE17/127.2901; PE17/067.0115; RGEO/65.1404; PE17/151.3908; MR/373.2706; PE17/022.0104; PE17/025.1413; PE17/024.4113; PE17/139.2603; PE17/067.0203; RGEO/65.1407; RGEO/63.0504; RGEO/67.0105; PE17/151.3914; RGEO/64.0405; PE17/127.2903; WJ/363.0207; LotR/0238.0504; PE17/067.0118; PE17/024.4002; PE17/025.0601; PE17/025.0307; Let/281.2611; RGEO/67.0202; PE17/024.4110; RGEO/65.1406; PE17/025.1415; PE17/067.0117; PE22/150.1710; PE17/127.2902; PE17/151.3911; PE17/139.2606; WJ/363.0204; WJ/363.0202|LotR/0238.0504; RGEO/67.0109|RGEO/65.1404|PE17/067.0115|PE17/127.2901; RGEO/67.0109|RGEO/65.1404|PE17/139.2603|PE17/151.3908|WJ/363.0202|PE17/127.2901|PE17/067.0115|PE17/025.1413|PE17/024.4113|PE22/150.1710|Let/281.2609] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eledh 0

noun. Elf

Also glossed as “Elda”.
Variations of the word: Eledh.

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
Eledhrim class-plural Elves WJ/363.0802; WJI/Elen.001
eleniath/elenwaith plural - PE17/139.2616
elidh plural - Let/281.2701
Elin plural Elves WJ/363.0802; WJ/377.4203; WJI/Elen.001

Element in: S. Eledhwen

[PE17/140.1904; Let/281.2701; SA/êl.091; UTI/Haudh-en-Elleth.034; WJ/363.0808; WJI/Elen.004; PE17/139.2616; WJ/363.0802; WJ/377.4203; WJI/Elen.001; PE17/139.2618; Let/281.2703; WJ/363.0804; WJ/377.4205; WJI/Elen.003; WJ/363.0802|WJI/Elen.001; WJ/363.0802|WJ/377.4203|WJI/Elen.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen 0

star

pl1. elin, pl2. elenath _n._star. Its collective plural (pl2.) designates 'the (host of all the) stars, (all) the (visible) stars of the firmament'. Q. elen, pl1. eldi, eleni. o menel aglar elenath ! lit. 'from Firmament glory of the stars !'. êl

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:20-1:24-5:67:139:151] < EL star. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

ell 0

noun. elf

n. elf, esp. [?in ?the ?South]. Noldorin form.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:141] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

ell 0

noun. Elf

Also glossed as “an Elf”.

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
-el suffix - WJ/363.0502; WJ/364.1904; WJ/377.4102
El(d)rim class-plural - WJ/363.0502
eldrim class-plural - PE17/141.0601
Eldrim/Elrim class-plural - WJ/364.1904; WJ/377.3706
ellath class-plural *Elves VT50/15.0503
Ellath class-plural *Elves VT50/19.1503; VT50/23.0107
-il suffix plural - WJ/363.0611; WJ/364.1904; WJ/377.4102

Element in: S. Aranel, S. Elleth, S. Ellon, S. Glinnel, S. Laegel, S. Lindel, S. Miniel

[WJ/363.0611; WJ/377.4102; WJ/364.2409; WJ/412.2005-1; WJ/363.0608; PE17/141.0703; WJ/364.1607; WJ/377.3706; PE17/141.0601; PE17/152.1006; Let/281.3109; WJ/364.1904; WJ/363.0502; VT50/15.0503; VT50/19.1503; VT50/23.0107; WJ/377.4104; WJ/363.0702; WJ/364.2411; WJ/363.0502|WJ/364.1904|WJ/377.4102; WJ/364.1904|WJ/377.3706; VT50/19.1503|VT50/23.0107; WJ/363.0611|WJ/364.1904|WJ/377.4102] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elleth 0

noun. elf-maid

[WJ/148, WJ/256, WJ/363-364] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

telerrim 0

noun. the Teleri, a tribe of Elves

[PM/385] teler+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

edhel 0

elf

edhel (pl. edhil). Coll. pl. Edhelrim (or Edhellim) (UT:318). Also †eledh, pl. elidh, coll. pl. eledhrim (Letters:281), also elen, pl. elin, also with coll. pl. eledhrim (elen + rim with the regular change nr > dhr). _(WJ:363, 377-78; _the shorter coll. pl. Eldrim > Elrim_ _may also occur). But since elin also means "stars", other terms for "Elf" may be preferred.

gîl 0

star

gîl (i ngîl = i ñîl, o n**gîl, construct gil) (bright spark, silver glint), no distinct pl. form except with article (in gîl = i ñgîl), coll. pl. giliath** (RGEO, MR:388). Poetic †êl (elen-, pl. elin, coll. pl. elenath) (RGEO, Letters:281, WJ:363).

Telerin 1RjR7T5

él 0

noun. star

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
ēli plural - WJ/362.3202

[WJ/362.3202; WJ/407.1109; WJ/362.3204] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen 0

noun. star

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
elni plural - WJ/362.3302

[WJ/362.3302; WJ/362.3304] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ella 0

noun/adjective. Elf

Variations of the word: Ella.

Element in: T. Ellálië

[WJ/362.3502; WJ/364.0608; WJ/375.3504; WJI/Eldar.014] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ello 0

noun. Elf

Variations of the word: Ello.

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
-el suffix - WJ/364.0602
Elloi plural - WJ/373.0206; WJ/375.3502; WJI/Eldar.013

[WJ/364.1002; WJ/362.3507; WJ/364.0602; WJ/375.3502; WJI/Eldar.013; WJ/373.0206; WJ/376.0105; WJI/Eldar.016; WJ/373.0206|WJ/375.3502|WJI/Eldar.013] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Nandorin 5#2^7T5

cwenda 0

noun. elf

A doubtful word according to Tolkien's later conception; in the branch of Eldarin that Nandorin belongs to, primitive KW became P far back in Elvish linguistic history [WJ:375 cf. 407 note 5]. This was not a problem in Tolkien's earlier conception, in which the Danians came from the host of the Noldor, not the Teleri [see PM:76; the idea of the Nandor being of Noldorin origin also occurs in VT47:29]. In his later version of Nandorin, the word cwenda is probably best ignored; simply emending it to *penda would produce a clash with primitive pendâ "sloping" [cf. WJ:375].

In the Etymologies, Tolkien derived cwenda from kwenedê "elf" (stem KWEN(ED) of similar meaning, LR:366; as for the shift of original final to Nandorin , compare hrassa "precipice" from khrassê). But later the primitive word that yielded Quenya Quende was reconstructed as kwende (WJ:360).

No certain example shows how original short final -e comes out in Nandorin, so we cannot say whether kwende is also capable of yielding cwenda, ignoring the question of kw failing to become p.

[H. Fauskanger (LR:366, WJ:375:360)] < KWEN(ED). Published by

Danas 0

noun. Green-elves, Nandor

In Etym derived from the stem DAN (LR:353), simply defined as an "element found in names of the Green-elves", and tentatively compared to NDAN "back" (since the Nandor "turned back" and did not complete the march to the Sea). Tolkien's later view on the derivation of the name of the Green-elves, as set down in WJ:412, is that the stem dan- and its strengthened form ndan- do indeed have a similar meaning: these forms have to do with "the reversal of an action, so as to undo or nullify its effect", and a primitive form ndandô, "one who goes back on his word or decision", is suggested. However, it seems unlikely that the Nandor would have called themselves by such a name, and indeed Tolkien in WJ:385 states that "this people still called themselves by the old clan-name Lindai [= Quenya Lindar], which had at that time taken the form Lindi in their tongue". It may be, then, that Tolkien had rejected the idea that the Nandor called themselves Danas. - As for the ending -as, it is probably to be compared to the Sindarin class plural ending -ath; indeed a Sindarin ("Noldorin") form Danath evidently closely corresponding to Danas is given in LR:353.

galadrim 0

noun. Elves of Lothlórien

Note: "The Galadrim were 'Tree-people' (though the formation is Sindarin, + S [rim] = Q rimbë, great number) = true Sindarin galadhrim."

Adûnaic

azar 0

noun. star (draft)

Also glossed as “star”.
Christopher Tolkien mentions this as a noun meaning “star” from early and unpublished materials related to “The Notion Club Papers” stories (PM/372). It may be an element in the early Adûnaic name Indilzar for Elros. As Indilzar was replaced by Gimilzôr, it is likely that azar was replaced by gimli and gimil, which are well attested in later writings.

Element in: AD. Indilzar

gimil 0

collective noun. (all) stars; ?silver

Also glossed as “stars”, “the stars”, “all the stars”.
A collective-noun meaning “all the stars of the heavens”, as opposed to gimli which was used for an individual star (SD/427). The element gimil appears in many names, including several later names in The Lord of the Rings and The Silmarillion. Carl Hostetter and Patrick Wynne suggested (AAD/15) that it may be related to the Elvish root √(Ñ)GIL “shine (white)”.

Andreas Moehn suggested (EotAL/KH-B-L) that if the later name Gimilzôr means “Silver-fire”, its initial element gimil could instead mean “silver”, perhaps as a cognate of Dwarvish kibil. If so, this alternate meaning could either be a homonym of gimil “stars”, or a new meaning for gimil in Tolkien’s later works.
Variations of the word: gimil.

Element in: AD. Gimilkhâd, AD. Gimilnitîr, AD. Gimilzagar, AD. Gimilzôr, AD. Gimlad

[SD/427.3201; SD/427.3702; SD/431.1309] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gimli 0

noun. star (in the sky)

Also glossed as “star”.
A noun translated “star” (SD/431) or “star (in the sky)” (SD/427), and fully declined on SD/431 as an example of a Strong II noun.

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
gimlat dual - SD/431.0404
gimlāt dual subjective - SD/431.0805
gimlē subjective - SD/431.0404
gimlî plural stars, several stars, some stars SD/427.3206
gimlī plural stars SD/428.3607; SD/431.0404
gimlīya plural subjective - SD/431.1004
gimliyat dual - SD/431.0404
gimliyāt dual subjective - SD/431.0806
gimlu objective a (particular) star SD/427.3206; SD/431.0404

[SD/431.0805; SD/431.0903; SD/431.0603; SD/427.3206; SD/431.0404; SD/427.3908; SD/428.3607; SD/431.1004; SD/431.1103; SD/431.0806; SD/431.0904; SD/428.03101; SD/431.0703; SD/428.3607|SD/431.0404; SD/427.3206|SD/431.0404] Group: Eldamo. Published by

igmil 0

noun. star-shaped figure

This noun is another singular variation of the collective-noun gimil “(all) stars”, used for a “star-shaped figure” (SD/427) instead of an actual star which is gimli.

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
igmîl plural stars, several stars, some stars SD/427.3208

[SD/427.3208; SD/427.3909] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nimir 0

noun. Elf

Also glossed as “(lit.) Shining One”.
A noun translated “Elf” (WJ/419) and fully declined as an example of a Strong I noun (SD/436). In one place, its plural Nimrî was translated “Shining Ones” (SD/358), which indicates was probably derived from the Primitive Adûnaic root √NIMIR.

Conceptual Development: In its earliest appearances from the 1940s, this noun had the plural form Nimrî (SD/358, 388) as opposed to later plural Nimîr (SD/388, 436), which could indicate either an earlier singular form Nimri or a variant syntax for draft-plural formation. The word also appears in Tolkien’s “Quendi and Eldar” essay from 1959-60 (WJ/386), indicating that this word survived in Tolkien’s later conception of Adûnaic.
Variations of the word: Nimir.

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
Nimîr plural the Beautiful SD/388.0703; SDI2/Nimrî.008; WJ/386.0807
Nimîr plural Elves WJI/Nimîr.006
nimīr plural - SD/436.3008
Nimīr plural - SD/414.0613
nimran subjective - SD/436.3008
nimrā̆t dual - SD/436.3008
Nimrî draft-plural Shining Ones SD/358.3909; SD/388.0701; SDI2/Nimrî.001
nimrim plural subjective - SD/436.3008
Nimru objective - SD/389.07071
nimru- objective - SD/436.3008
nimur- objective - SD/436.3008

Element in: AD. Nimriyê, AD. nimruzîr

[SD/436.3008; WJI/Nimîr.006; WJ/419.1106; SD/388.0703; WJ/386.0807; SDI2/Nimrî.008; WJI/Nimîr.001; SD/436.3705; SD/414.0613; SD/436.3304; SD/436.3604; SDI2/Nimrî.001; SD/358.3909; SD/388.0701; SD/436.3804; SD/389.07071; SD/436.3503; SD/436.3404; SD/388.0703|SDI2/Nimrî.008|WJ/386.0807; SD/358.3909|SD/388.0701|SDI2/Nimrî.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 5^mY7T5

edhel 0

noun. Elf

[Ety/356, S/430, WJ/363-364] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

edhel 0

noun. firstborn

Also glossed as “eldest”.

[EtyAC/EDE.022] Group: Eldamo. Published by

el 0

noun. star

Element in: N. Elbereth, N. Elfaron, N. Elrond, N. Elros, N. Elthoron, N. Eldûn, N. Elrûn, N. Elwing

[Ety/EL.010; Ety/EL.035] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eledh 0

noun. Star-folk

Also glossed as “Elf”, “‘departed’ Elf”.

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
Eledhrim class-plural - Ety/ELED.046
elidh plural - Ety/LÁYAK.017-2
Elidh plural - Ety/ELED.046

Element in: N. Caleledh, N. Duveledh, N. Eledhwen, N. Eledûn, N. Elennor, N. Elethon

[Ety/ELED.010; Ety/ELED.046; Ety/KWEN(ED).019; Ety/ELED.050; Ety/LÁYAK.017-2; Ety/ELED.048] Group: Eldamo. Published by

geil 0

noun. star, bright spark

[Ety/358, VT/45:15] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

geil 0

noun. star

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
gil plural stars Ety/OT.014-2
gíl plural - Ety/GIL.030
giliath class-plural - Ety/GIL.015

Element in: N. Dagor nuin Giliath, N. Dagor-os-Giliath, N. Gilbrennil, N. Gildor, N. Gil-galad, N. gilith, N. Gilthoniel, N. Argilion, N. Osgiliath

[Ety/GIL.030; Ety/OT.014-2; Ety/GIL.015; EtyAC/GIL.016; Ety/GIL.018] Group: Eldamo. Published by

giliath 0

noun. all the host of stars

[Ety/358, RC/232] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

golodh 0

noun. "Deep Elf" or "Gnome", one of the Wise Folk

[Ety/377, S/431, WJ/364] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

golodhrim 0

noun. Deep Elves, Gnomes

[Ety/377, WJ/323] golodh+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

penedh 0

noun. Elf

Also glossed as “Elves”.

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
Penedhrim class-plural - Ety/KWEN(ED).008
penidh plural - Ety/KWEN(ED).008

[EtyAC/SET.019; Ety/KWEN(ED).008; Ety/KWEN(ED).016; Ety/KWEN(ED).010] Group: Eldamo. Published by

penn 0

noun. Elf

Variations of the word: penn.

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
benn soft-mutation Elf EtyAC/MOR.062-2
i-phinn nasal-mutation plural the Elves PE22/067.0618
pinn plural - PE22/067.0618

[EtyAC/MOR.062-2; PE22/067.0608; PE22/067.0618; PE22/067.0620] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sethnoss 0

proper name. Firstborn

Also glossed as “Elves”.
A rejected term for the Elves as Firstborn of Iluvator (EtyAC/SET), a combination of (rejected) seth “first” and noss “clan”. The Sindarin form of this term did not appear in Tolkien’s later writing, though the inverse term S. Abonnen “After-born” for Men did appear.

Elements

Word Gloss Source
seth first EtyAC/SET.006
noss clan EtyAC/SET.008-2

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
Sethil plural Elves EtyAC/SET.013

[EtyAC/SET.013; EtyAC/SET.015; EtyAC/SET.008] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

ēl 0

noun. star

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
eli/ēli plural - WJ/360.2103

Element in: P. eledā

[PE17/066.0105; WJ/360.2103; WJ/360.2105] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eled 0

root. Star-Folk

Also glossed as “Elf”.
Variations of the word: ’ELED.

[PE18/084.4006; PE18/084.3508] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eledā 0

noun. star-folk

Also glossed as “of the stars”, “an Elf”, “elf”, “connected with or concerning the stars”.
Variations of the word: eledā, eldā.

Elements

Word Gloss Source
ēl connected with or concerning the stars, star-folk WJ/360.2103

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
elda suffix - WJ/364.0104
eldī plural - WJ/364.0104

[SA/êl.049; WJ/364.0104; PE17/141.0602; WJ/360.2303; WJ/364.0106; Let/386.3203; Let/281.2111; PE17/140.1706] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen 0

noun. star

Also glossed as “a star”.
Variations of the word: elen.

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
elenī plural - Let/281.2101; PE22/150.1709; WJ/360.2203
elni plural - PE17/151.3901

Element in: P. elenā, P. elen-barathī

[MR/387.2810-1; MR/388.2101; PE17/067.0105; WJ/360.2203; PE17/023.3010; PE17/022.2506; PE17/139.1607; PE17/152.3901; Let/281.2101; Let/281.2103; PE22/150.1709; WJ/360.2205; PE17/151.3901; Let/281.2101|PE22/150.1709|WJ/360.2203] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kwened 0

root. Elf

Also glossed as “spoken”, “articulate”.
Variations of the word: KWEND, KWEND/KWE/N/T, KWENED.

[PE17/137.3501; PE17/158.1901; PE19/093.0506; PE18/084.3507] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive adûnaic

gimil 0

root. star

One of the roots Tolkien used to illustrate various processes of Primitive Adûnaic word formation (SD/422-5). It also seems to be the basis of words related to stars, such as gimli.
Variations of the word: GIMIL, GIM’L.

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
DA-GMIL vowel-suppression - SD/422.2811
GĒMIL a-fortification - SD/425.1205
GIMAL subordinate-vowel-variation - SD/425.1205
GIMĒL a-fortification - SD/425.1205
GIMIL full-form - SD/425.0110
GIMILLA consonant-doubling - SD/425.1205
GIMLA subordinate-vowel-variation - SD/422.2811; SD/425.1201
GIMLI vowel-suffixion - SD/422.2811; SD/425.0110
GIMLU subordinate-vowel-variation - SD/425.1201; SD/422.2811
GIMMIL consonant-doubling - SD/425.1205
GIMUL subordinate-vowel-variation - SD/425.1205
-GMIL vowel-suppression - SD/422.2811
IGIML vowel-prefixion - SD/422.2811
IGMĒL a-fortification - SD/425.1207
IGMIL vowel-prefixion vowel-suppression - SD/425.0110; SD/422.2811

[SD/422.3504; SD/425.1304; SD/434.1706; SD/425.1204; SD/425.1305; SD/425.1205; SD/425.0110; SD/425.1308; SD/423.0802; SD/425.1202; SD/422.2811; SD/425.1201; SD/425.1203; SD/423.0803; SD/425.1307; SD/425.1206; SD/422.3010; SD/422.2708; SD/425.1306; SD/425.1207; SD/422.3308; SD/422.2811|SD/425.1201; SD/422.2811|SD/425.0110; SD/425.1201|SD/422.2811; SD/425.0110|SD/422.2811] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya zR5Ì#

él 0

noun. star

Element in: MQ. Elostirion, MQ. Elwe

elda 0

noun. Elf

Also glossed as “‘departed’ Elf”, “Star-folk”, “firstborn”.
Variations of the word: Eldar.

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
eldain dative plural for Elves LR/072.0905; LR/072.3703
Eldain dative plural for Elves LR/072.1301; LRI/Eldar.002
Eldalin dative partitive-plural (some) Elves PE22/124.0908
Eldar plural Elves SDI2/Eldar.001; SD/401.3409; PE22/125.0708; PE22/124.0110; LRI/Eldar.001
Eldar plural Star-folk LR/218.1002
Eldar plural Departing LR/218.0706
Eldar plural Star-folk LR/212.3202
Eldar plural The Departing LR/197.2001
Eldar plural those that departed LR/181.1303
Eldar plural Star-folk LR/169.1002
Eldar plural those that departed LR/169.0805; SDI2/Eledâi.002; SMI/Eldar.001

Element in: MQ. Eldakar, MQ. Eldahar, MQ. Eldakan, MQ. Eldalie, MQ. Eldamar, MQ. Eldanor, MQ. Eldanyáre, MQ. Eldarin, MQ. Eldavel, MQ. Eldamir, MQ. Laiqeldar, MQ. Esselda, MQ. Moreldar, MQ. Pereldar, MQ. Veaneldar

[Ety/ELED.006; Ety/ELED.038; LR/072.0905; LR/072.3703; LR/072.1301; LRI/Eldar.002; PE22/124.0908; SDI2/Eledâi.002; SDI2/Eldar.001; SD/401.3409; PE22/125.0708; PE22/124.0110; LRI/Eldar.001; LR/218.0706; SDI2/Nimrî.005; LR/212.3202; LR/197.2001; LR/181.1303; LR/169.1002; LR/169.0805; LR/218.1002; SMI/Eldar.001; EtyAC/EDE.008; LR/072.0905|LR/072.3703; LR/072.1301|LRI/Eldar.002; SDI2/Eldar.001|SD/401.3409|PE22/125.0708|PE22/124.0110|LRI/Eldar.001; LR/169.0805|SDI2/Eledâi.002|SMI/Eldar.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elda 0

noun. Elf; beach-fay

Also glossed as “a beach-fay”, “Elf”.
Variations of the word: elda.

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
elda(li) plural elves PE14/050.2202; PE14/083.3211
eldali plural elves PE14/083.3215
eldalillo(r) ablative plural - PE14/047.1114; PE14/079.2409
Eldalin accusative plural Elves PE14/084.0313
eldalion genitive plural elves PE14/050.2207
Eldalion genitive plural of ... elves PE14/083.3602
eldallor ablative plural from the elves PE14/047.1112; PE14/079.2405
eldalluva ablative from the elves PE14/079.2705
eldalluva ablative adjectival from the elves PE14/047.1714
Eldar plural Elves PE15/61.1103; PE15/23.6505; LBI/Eldar.001
Eldar plural Elves or fairies PE14/009.0301; LT2I/Eldar.001
Eldar plural Elves LT1I/Eldar.003; LT1A/Eldar.004; LT1/235.1205; LT1/114.2909; PE15/62.0509; QL/043.2601
ELDAR plural elves PE13/099.0601

Element in: EQ. Eldalie, EQ. Eldamar, EQ. eldaqet, EQ. Eldarissa, EQ. Eldaros, EQ. Eldairon, EQ. Kaukaeldar, EQ. Koreldar

[GG/13.0509; QL/035.2901; PE15/71.6303; PE15/62.0507; PE13/155.1601; LT2A/Eglamar.056; LT1I/Eldar.003; LT1A/Eldar.004; WJI/Egla.005; LT1A/Eldamar.081; LT1/235.1205; GL/32.2303; PE14/083.3211; PE14/050.2202; PE14/083.3215; PE14/079.2409; PE14/047.1114; PE14/084.0313; PE14/050.2207; PE14/083.3602; PE14/079.2405; PE14/047.1112; PE14/047.1714; PE14/079.2705; LT2I/Eldar.001; LBI/Eldar.001; PE15/62.0509; LT1/114.2909; PE15/61.1103; QL/043.2601; LT1/235.0907; LT1A/Eldar.001; PE14/009.0301; PE15/23.6505; LT1I/Eldar.001; PE13/099.0601; PE14/050.2202|PE14/083.3211; PE14/047.1114|PE14/079.2409; PE14/047.1112|PE14/079.2405; PE15/61.1103|PE15/23.6505|LBI/Eldar.001; PE14/009.0301|LT2I/Eldar.001; LT1I/Eldar.003|LT1A/Eldar.004|LT1/235.1205|LT1/114.2909|PE15/62.0509|QL/043.2601] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen 0

noun. star

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
Eleni plural stars RS/324.4410
Elenion genitive plural - WR/223.3410

Element in: MQ. Elenarda, MQ. Elentári, MQ. Elerína, MQ. Elessar, MQ. Otselen

[Ety/EL.007; Ety/EL.028; PE17/014.1006; RS/324.4410; RS/324.4402; WR/223.3410; Ety/EL.029] Group: Eldamo. Published by

estanosse 0

collective name. Firstborn

A rejected term for the Elves as Firstborn of Iluvator (EtyAC/SET), a combination of (rejected) esta “first” and nosse “clan”.

Elements

Word Gloss Source
esta- to name -
nosse clan -

[EtyAC/ESE.006; EtyAC/SET.029; Ety/ESE.011] Group: Eldamo. Published by

íle 0

noun. star

Variations of the word: īle.

[LT1A/Tinwetári.058; GL/37.0905] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qen 0

noun. Elf

Variations of the word: qende, Qen.

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
Qendi plural - GL/32.2403; LRI/Qendi.001; LT1/235.0705; LT1I/Qendi.001; PE13/146.7204; PE14/009.1701
QENDI plural - PE13/099.1201
Quendi plural Elves, Light-elves SM/013.1107; SM/168.3303

Element in: EQ. Qenya

[PE13/146.7204; QL/092.1403; PE14/009.1701; GL/32.2403; LRI/Qendi.001; LT1/235.0705; LT1I/Qendi.001; PE13/146.7206; PE14/009.1612; PE13/099.1201; SM/013.1107; SM/168.3303; GL/32.2403|LRI/Qendi.001|LT1/235.0705|LT1I/Qendi.001|PE13/146.7204|PE14/009.1701; SM/013.1107|SM/168.3303] Group: Eldamo. Published by

qende 0

noun. Elf

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
Qendi plural Elves LR/168.2103; MRI/Quendi.002; SMI/Quendi.007; TII/Qendi.001
Quendi plural Elves LR/119.1709; LR/212.3104; LRI/Qendi.002
Quendi plural Light-elves SM/085.0202; SM/086.1102

Element in: MQ. Kalaqendi, MQ. Kuluqendi, MQ. Laiqendi, MQ. Moriqendi, MQ. Ninqendi, MQ. Nurqendi, MQ. Qendelie, MQ. Tarqendi

[Ety/KWEN(ED).005; LR/168.2103; MRI/Quendi.002; SMI/Quendi.007; TII/Qendi.001; LR/119.1709; LR/212.3104; LRI/Qendi.002; SM/085.0202; SM/086.1102; LR/168.2103|MRI/Quendi.002|SMI/Quendi.007|TII/Qendi.001; LR/119.1709|LR/212.3104|LRI/Qendi.002; SM/085.0202|SM/086.1102] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tinwe 0

noun. star

Variations of the word: tinwe.

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
tinwe- stem - QL/092.6401
tinwelindon plural comparative like stars MC/213.2601
tinwi plural stars MC/214.1004

Element in: EQ. Tinwevarni, EQ. Tinwesan, EQ. letinwesse, EQ. lintitinwe, EQ. titinwe

[PME/092.7103; QL/052.6301-2; QL/092.6401; LT1A/Tinwë Linto.127; QL/092.6402; MC/213.2601; MC/214.1004] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

(n)gold 0

noun. one of the wise folk

Also glossed as “Gnome”.
A Doriathrin name for the ᴹQ. Noldo from the same primitive root ᴹ√ÑGÓLOD (Ety/ÑGOLOD). In the entry for ÑGOLOD in the Etymologies, it appeared as (n)gold, indicating a variation of the usual rule that [initial [ŋg] became [g]](/w/initial nasals usually vanished before stops) in Ilkorin. The second [o] of the primitive form was lost due to the [Ilkorin syncope](/w/second unstressed short vowel of same quality lost). Its genitive form golda also appeared as an element in the name Goldamir “*Noldo-jewel” = Silmaril.

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
Golda genitive - Ety/ÑGOLOD.022

[Ety/ÑGOLOD.022; Ety/ÑGOLOD.049-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cwend 0

noun. Elf

A Doriathrin noun meaning “Elf” derived from primitive ᴹ✶kwenedē (EtyAC/KWEN(ED)), an example of the [Ilkorin syncope](/w/second unstressed short vowel of same quality lost).

Conceptual Development: This word is nearly identical to earlier Gnomish Cwenn “Elf” before Tolkien revised the phonological history of the Noldorin language so that [[kw] became [p]](/w/labialized velars became labials).

[EtyAC/KWEN(ED).007] Group: Eldamo. Published by

egla 0

noun. Star-folk

Also glossed as “Elf”.
A Doriathrin word for “Elf” (Ety/ELED), also attested in its plural form Eglath which was marked as both Doriathrin (Ety/ELED) and Ilkorin (Ety/GAT(H), LED). This word developed from the inverted primitive form ᴹ✶edel[a] of the root ᴹ√ELED (Ety/ELED). First the middle [e] was lost because of the [Ilkorin syncope](/w/second unstressed short vowel of same quality lost), after which the resulting [[[dl] became [gl]]].

This word was a frequent element in Ilkorin names. As noted by Helge Fauskanger (AL-Doriathrin/Eglador), ordinarily the [primitive final [a] would be lost](/w/short final vowels vanished) in Ilkorin. Perhaps it was preserved in Ilk. Egla by analogy with the various names where it appeared, or perhaps Egla was actually the genitival form (of unattested *Egol as Ilk. legol) with the suffix -a(n).

Conceptual Development: In the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s, G. Egla was the Gnomish word for “Elf”. In the Etymologies from the 1930s, Tolkien first wrote Ilk. Eld for “Elf”, derived from the uninverted form of the root. This was rejected in favor of Ilk. Egla, perhaps an attempt to preserve the earlier Gnomish form.

Elements

Word Gloss Source
EL(ED) Eldar, Ilkorians Ety/LED.051

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
Eglath plural Eldar Ety/ELED.086; Ety/GAT(H).025
Eglath plural Eldar, Ilkorians Ety/LED.047

Element in: ILK. Eglador, ILK. Eglamar, ILK. Eglor

[Ety/ELED.086; Ety/ELED.087; Ety/GAT(H).025; Ety/LED.047; Ety/ELED.086|Ety/GAT(H).025] Group: Eldamo. Published by

el 0

noun. star

A Doriathrin noun meaning “star”, a simple derivative of the root ᴹ√EL (Ety/EL).

Element in: ILK. Elrond, ILK. Elboron, ILK. Elbereth

[Ety/EL.009; Ety/EL.034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eld 0

noun. Star-folk

Also glossed as “Elf”.
A rejected Doriathrin word for “Elf”, a derivation of the root ᴹ√ELED and a direct cognate of ᴹQ. Elda, also appearing in its plural form Eldin (Ety/ELED). It was replaced by Ilk. Egla derived from the inverted form of the root: ᴹ✶edel[a].

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
Eldin plural - Ety/ELED.060

[Ety/ELED.060; Ety/ELED.062] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gold 0

noun. one of the wise folk

Also glossed as “Gnome”.

Element in: ILK. Goldamir

naugol 0

noun. Dwarf

A Doriathrin word for “Dwarf” derived from the root ᴹ√NAUK- or NAWAK (Ety/NAUK). Tolkien said that it was a diminutive form, not a direct cognate of ᴹQ. Nauko or N. naug. It may be derived from a primitive form such as *✶naukle, as suggested by Helge Fauskanger (AL-Doriathrin/naugol), though there isn’t enough evidence to determine the original final vowel, since [primitive final vowels vanished](/w/short final vowels vanished) in Ilkorin. The final -ol appeared because [[o] developed between a consonant and final [l]](/w/[o] or [u] usually developed between a consonant and final [l], [r], [n], [m]) in Ilkorin.

Its genitive form naugla appears as an element in Dor. Nauglamír “Necklace of the Dwarves” (Ety/NAUK).

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
Naugla genitive - Ety/NAUK.056

Element in: ILK. Nauglamír

[Ety/NAUK.021-1; Ety/NAUK.056] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tim 0

noun. spark

Also glossed as “star”.
A noun for “star”, more literally meaning “spark” derived from primitive ᴹ✶tinmē (Ety/TIN). As suggested by Helge Fauskanger (AL-Ilkorin/tim), probably the primitive [[[nm] became [mm]]] in Ilkorin to produce the final form.

Conceptual Development: Edward Kloczko suggested that Tolkien later reused this word as North Sindarin tim with the same meaning (Tyalië Tyelelliéva #9).

Element in: ILK. tindum

Ossriandric

cwenda 0

noun. Elf

A noun for “Elf” developed from primitive ᴹ✶kwenedē (Ety/KWEN(ED)). It is an example of the [Danian syncope](/w/second short vowel of same quality lost), with second unstressed [e] vanishing after the identical vowel. It is also one of the Danian words for which [a long final vowel developed into short final [a]](/w/final vowels became [a] or vanished).

[Ety/KWEN(ED).012] Group: Eldamo. Published by

edel 0

noun. Elf

Also glossed as “Star-folk”.
A noun for “Elf” derived from primitive ᴹ✶edel-, an inversion of the primitive root ᴹ√ELED (Ety/ELED). Unlike most similar Danian nouns, it did not undergo the [Danian syncope](/w/second short vowel of same quality lost) and retained its second vowel. One possible explanation is that the primitive form of this noun ended in a short vowel, *✶edelă, and this [short final vowel vanished](/w/short final vowels vanished) before the period of the syncope, preventing it from occurring in this word. Helge Fauskanger originally suggested a theory much like this one (AL-Nandorin/edel).

Conceptual Development: In an earlier version of this entry, the Danian word for Elf was given as Elda (Ety/ELED).

[Ety/ELED.092; Ety/ELED.064] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

edel- 0

noun. Star-folk

Also glossed as “Elf”.

[Ety/ELED.083] Group: Eldamo. Published by

edēlā 0

noun. firstborn

Also glossed as “eldest”.

[EtyAC/EDE.007; EtyAC/EDE.018] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ednōno 0

noun. firstborn

Elements

Word Gloss Source
EDE(L) precede EtyAC/NŌ.044
NŌ/ONO NŌ/ONO Ety/NŌ.001

[EtyAC/NŌ.041] Group: Eldamo. Published by

el(ed) 0

root. star

Also glossed as “starry sky; star-folk”, “Elf”, “starry sky”, “Star-Folk”.
Variations of the word: ÉLED, EL, ELED.

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
Eled- extension Star-Folk, Elves Ety/EL.022

Element in: MP. Elériel

[Ety/EL.001; Ety/EL.022; Ety/RIG.051; Ety/ROD.052; Ety/RIS².029; Ety/ELED.033; Ety/LED.051; Ety/EL.043] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eledā 0

noun. Star-folk

Also glossed as “Elf”.

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
Eledâi plural - SD/358.3804; SDI2/Eledâi.001
Eledāi plural Elves SD/401.3410

[SD/358.3804; SDI2/Eledâi.001; SD/401.3410; SD/358.3804|SDI2/Eledâi.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gilya 0

noun. star

Element in: MP. tingilya

kwen(ed) 0

root. Elf

[Ety/KWEN(ED).001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kwenedē 0

noun. Elf

[Ety/KWEN(ED).003] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

cwenn 0

noun. Elf

Variations of the word: Cwenn, Cwend.

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
Cwendin plural - GL/32.2904
Cwendion plural - PE13/099.1207
Cwennin plural - GL/32.2405; PE14/009.1702

Element in: G. Cweneglin

[GL/28.6707; GL/32.2904; PE13/099.1207; GL/28.6301; GL/32.2405; PE14/009.1702; GL/32.2405|PE14/009.1702] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gail 0

noun. star

Also glossed as “a star”.

Element in: G. Gailbridh(n)ir

[LT1A/Tinwetári.053; GL/37.0901] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

gwenn 0

noun. Elf

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
gwenlhai class-plural - PE13/146.6901
gwinn plural - PE13/146.6901

Element in: EN. Gwennian

[PE13/146.7201; PE13/146.6901; PE13/146.7103] Group: Eldamo. Published by

uidhel 0

noun. elf

Also glossed as “fairy”.
Variations of the word: Udhelli, Udhelai, Ileth, Idhel, Īðel, Egl..., Uiðel, Uidhel, Egol, Uigol, uidhol.

Inflections

Word Form Gloss Source
Idheloth class-plural - PE15/61.1108; PE15/62.0606
Idhil plural Elves PE15/61.1108; PE15/62.0604
Iledhrim class-plural - PE15/61.1107
Ilith plural Elves PE15/61.1107
Uideloth class-plural - PE15/62.2505
Uidhelhai class-plural - PE13/155.0901
Uidhil plural - PE13/155.0901; PE15/62.2413

Element in: EN. Uidhelian

[PE15/62.2407; PE15/62.2614; PE15/62.0601; PE15/61.1108; PE15/62.0602; PE15/61.1113; PE15/62.0606; PE15/61.1111; PE15/62.0604; PE15/61.1114; PE15/61.1107; PE15/61.111; PE13/155.1704; PE13/155.1703; PE15/62.2409; PE15/62.2505; PE15/62.2703; PE15/62.2411; PE13/155.0901; PE13/155.1001; PE15/62.2413; PE13/155.0903; PE15/62.2701; PE15/62.2615; PE15/61.1108|PE15/62.0606; PE15/61.1108|PE15/62.0604; PE13/155.0901|PE15/62.2413] Group: Eldamo. Published by

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