-tar or tar-, element meaning "king" or "queen" in compounds and names (TĀ/TA3), e.g. Valatar; compare the independent nouns tár, tári. Prefix Tar- especially in the names of the Kings and Queens of Númenor (e.g. Tar-Amandil); see their individual names (like Amandil in this case), cf. also Tar-Mairon "King Excellent", title used by Sauron (PE17:183). Also in Tareldar "High-elves"; see also Tarmenel.
Also glossed as “singular honorific”, “plural honorific”, “dual honorific”, “second person singular honorific”, “second person plural honorific”, “second person dual honorific”, “second person singular possessive honorific”, “second person plural possessive honorific”, “second person dual possessive honorific”, “2nd person singular possessive”, “2nd person plural possessive”.
Variations of the word: tar.
Word Form Gloss Source -tárion genitive plural - PE17/058.0901 -táro genitive - PE17/058.0813 -táruo genitive dual - PE17/058.0902
aran noun "king"; pl. arani (WJ:369, VT45:16, PE17:186); gen.pl. aranion "of kings" in asëa aranion, q.v.; aranya "my king" (aran + nya) (UT:193). Aran Meletyalda "king your mighty" = "your majesty" (WJ:369); aran Ondórëo, "a king of Gondor" (VT49:27). Also in arandil "king's friend, royalist", arandur "king's servant, minister" (Letters:386); Arantar masc. name, "King-Lord" (Appendix A); Arandor "Kingsland" region in Númenor (UT:165); the long form Arandórë appears as a name of Arnor in PE17:28 (elsewhere Arnanórë, q.v.) Othercompounds ingaran, Noldóran, Núaran, q.v.
Also glossed as “King”.
Variations of the word: Aran.
Word Form Gloss Source arani plural kings WJ/369.1109; WJ/369.1113 aranion genitive plural of the Kings LotR/0864.4201; LotRI/Asëa aranion.002; PE17/049.0712; PE17/100.1603 aranya 1st-sg-poss - UT/193.3202
haran (#harn-, as in pl. harni) noun "king, chieftain" (3AR, TĀ/TA3, VT45:17; for "king", the word aran is to be preferred in LotR-style Quenya). In a deleted entry in the Etymologies, haran was glossed "chief" (VT45:17)
Also glossed as “chieftain”, “lord or king of a specified region”.
tár noun "king" (only used of the legitimate kings of whole tribes); the pl. tári "kings" must not be confused with the sg. tári "queen" (TĀ/TA3). Prefix tar-, compare -tar above. The normal Quenya word for "king" is aran, but compare Tarumbar.
taran (1) noun "king", possibly ephemeral variant of aran, q.v. (PE17:186)
túr, tur noun "king" (PE16:138, LT1:260); rather aran in LotR-style Quenya, but cf. the verb tur-. Also compare the final element -tur, -ntur "lord" in names like Axantur, Falastur, Fëanturi, Vëantur (q.v.)
vardar noun "king" (LT1:273; rather aran in LotR-style Quenya)