Quenya 

tarminas

noun. great towering building (fort/city/castle), tower

Elements

WordGloss
tar-“high, high; [ᴹQ.] king or queen (in compounds)”
minassë“fort, city (with a citadel and central watch tower)”

tarminas

tower

tarminas noun "tower" etc. (Sindarin barad); see taras (PE17:22)

taras

great towering building, (fort, city, castle) tower

taras noun, Quenya equilvalent of Sindarin barad "a great towering building, (fort, city, castle) tower" (PE17:22), also tarminas. Barad-dûr (Dark Tower) = Quenya Taras Lúna (or Lúnaturco, q.v.)

turma

tower

[turma] (2) noun "tower". Tolkien changed this word to turco (#2), q.v. (PE17:22)

marto

tower

marto (1) noun "tower" (PE17:66)

marto

noun. tower

Cognates

  • S. barad “tower, great towering building, tower, great towering building, [N.] fort, fortress” ✧ NM/228; PE17/066

Derivations

  • M(B)ARAT “doom, fate” ✧ NM/228
    • MBAR “settle, dwell; establish, fix, decide, determine, make a decision, settle; establish, fix, decide, determine, make a decision; dwell, [ᴹ√] inhabit, [ᴱ√] live”
  • BARAT “lofty, high, height combined with strength/size/majesty” ✧ PE17/066
    • BAR “[ᴹ√] raise; uplift, save, rescue(?)”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
BAR-AT > marto[mbarto] > [marto]✧ PE17/066
Quenya [NM/228; PE17/066] Group: Eldamo. Published by

turco

tower

turco ("k") (2) noun "tower". In Lúnaturco, Quenya name of Barad-dûr (Dark Tower). Tolkien changed the word turco from turma (PE17:22).