Quenya 

tára

adjective. lofty, tall, high

Changes

  • tāratāra “tall” ✧ PE17/186

Cognates

  • S. taer “lofty, lofty, *high” ✧ PE17/186; PE17/186

Derivations

  • TĀ/TAƷ “high, high, [ᴹ√] lofty; noble” ✧ PE17/186
  • TAR “stand” ✧ PE17/186; WJ/417
  • tagra ✧ PE17/186
    • TĀ/TAƷ “high, high, [ᴹ√] lofty; noble” ✧ PE17/186

Element in

  • ᴺQ. táranar “noon, (lit.) high-sun”
  • ᴺQ. tararan “emperor, (lit.) high-king”
  • Q. taras “a great towering building (fort/city/castle), tower, great towering building (fort/city/castle), tower; [ᴹQ.] mount, hill”
  • Q. tárië “height”
  • Q. Tárion “alternate name of the last day of the Eldarin six-day week”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
TAG/Tā- > tāra[tagra] > [taɣra] > [tāra]✧ PE17/186
TĂR > tāra[tāra]✧ PE17/186
tagra > tāra[tagra] > [taɣra] > [tāra]✧ PE17/186
TAR > tára[tāra]✧ WJ/417

Variations

  • tāra ✧ PE17/186; PE17/186; PE17/186
  • tára ✧ SA/tar; WJ/417
Quenya [PE17/186; SA/tar; WJ/417] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tára

wise

tára (2) ?"wise". (From tentative notes trying to explain Daur [unlenited *Taur] as Sindarin name of Frodo; the more normal word for "wise" seems to be saila/saira.)

tára

lofty

tára (1) adj. "lofty". (SA:tar, LT1:264, TĀ/TA3 (AYAK, TÁWAR), VT45:6), "tall, high" (WJ:417). Compare antara. Adverb táro in an early "Qenya" text (VT27:20, 26). The adj. tára is not to be confused with the continuative form of the verb #tar- "stand".

tára

adjective. wise

Derivations

  • dāra “wise” ✧ PE17/102

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
dāra > tāra[dāra] > [tāra]✧ PE17/102

Variations

  • tāra ✧ PE17/102

tána

high, lofty, noble

tána (meaning unclear, probably adj. "high, lofty, noble") (TĀ/TA3). Compare tára.

high

2) adj. "high" (LT1:264; there spelt . This is hardly a valid word in Tolkien's later Quenya, but cf. tára "lofty".)

antara

very high, very lofty

antara adj. "very high, very lofty", the adjective tára "lofty" with the superlative prefix an- (q.v.) We might have expected *antára. Also place-name Antaro (VT45:5, 36), said to be the "name of a mountain in Valinor south of Taniq[u]etil" (VT46:17)

tar-

affix. high, high; [ᴹQ.] king or queen (in compounds)

Cognates

  • S. -dor “*king, lord”

Derivations

  • TĀ/TAƷ “high, high, [ᴹ√] lofty; noble”

Element in

Variations

  • tar- ✧ PE22/148; SA/tar
Quenya [PE22/148; SA/tar] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arata

high, lofty, noble

arata adj. "high, lofty, noble" (PE17:49, 186). Also used as a a noun with nominal pl. form Aratar "the Supreme", the chief Valar, translation of the foreign word Máhani adopted and adapted from Valarin (WJ:402). Aratarya "her sublimity"; Varda Aratarya "Varda the lofty, Varda in her sublimity" (WJ:369). In one source, Aratar is translated as a singular: "High One" (PE17:186)

saira

wise

saira adj. "wise" (SAY, VT46:12; a later source has the alternative formation #saila as above)

canya

adjective. wise

Quenya [PE 22:124] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

halda

adjective. high, tall

Quenya [PE 22:103; PE 22:148] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

saila

adjective. wise

Cognates

Derivations

  • ᴹ√SAY “know, understand”

Element in

saila

wise

saila adj. "wise" (isolated from alasaila [q.v.] "unwise" in a late source)

istima

adjective. wise, knowledgeable, v.well informed

Quenya [PE 22:156] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

iswa

wise

iswa adj. "wise" (LT2:339); rather saila in Tolkiens later Quenya.

nóla

wise, learned

nóla ("ñ") (1) adj. "wise, learned" (ÑGOL) (note that this and the next nóla would be spelt differently in Tengwar writing, and originally they were also pronounced differently, since nóla "wise, learned" was ñóla in First Age Quenya).

isqua

wise

isqua ("q") adj. "wise" (LT2:339).

arata

high, lofty, noble

arata adj. "high, lofty, noble" (PE17:49, 186). Also used as a a noun with nominal pl. form Aratar "the Supreme", the chief Valar, translation of the foreign word Máhani adopted and adapted from Valarin (WJ:402). Aratarya "her sublimity"; Varda Aratarya "Varda the lofty, Varda in her sublimity" (WJ:369). In one source, Aratar is translated as a singular: "High One" (PE17:186)