Quenya 

e

pronoun. one, (neut[er]) it, thing
Quenya [PE22/154.4401] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ro

he

-ro pronominal ending "he", in antaváro, q.v. In Tolkiens later Quenya, the ending -s covers both "he", "she" and "it".

ea

verb. be

be

Quenya [PE 19:48] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

essë

he

essë (2) pron? "he" (and also "she, it"?), possible emphatic 3rd sg. emphatic pronoun, attested in the sentence essë úpa nas "he is dumb" (PE17:126)

et

out

et prep. (and adv.?) "out", when followed by ablative "out of" (VT45:13) or literally "out from", as in EO: et Eärello "out of the Great Sea"; cf. also et sillumello "from this hour" in VT44:35. Et i pe/péti, untranslated phrase, perhaps "out of the mouth" (VT47:35). Prefixet- "forth, out" (ET), also in longer form ete- (as in etelehta, eteminya); verb ettuler "are coming forth" (ettul- = et + tul-). (SD:290; read probably *ettulir or continuative *ettúlar in Tolkien's later Quenya). The forms etemmë and etengwë (VT43:36) seem to incorporate pronominal suffixes for "us", hence ?"out of us", inclusive and exclusive respectively. The pronoun -mmë denoted plural inclusive "we" when this was written, though Tolkien would later make it dual exclusive instead (see -mmë). Second person forms are also given: etelyë, etellë ?"out of you", sg. and pl. respectively (Tolkien would later change the ending for pl. "you" from -llë to -ldë).

se

he, she, it

se (1) pron. "he, she, it" also object "him, her, it", 3rd person sg. Used "of living things including plants" (VT49:37; the corresponding inaimate pronoun is sa). The pronoun comes directly from se as the original stem-form (VT49:50). Stressed form , VT49:51, attested in object position in melin sé "I love him" (VT49:21). Ósë "with him/her", VT43:29; see ó-. Long dative/allative sena "[to/for] him" or "at him", VT49:14, allative senna "to him/her" (VT49:45, 46). Compare the reflexive pronoun insë *"himself, herself".

é

indeed

é adverbial particle "indeed" that may be prefixed to a sentence (VT45:11). Short e in the sentence e man antaváro? "what will he give indeed?" (LR:63).

é

interjection. indeed
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

ye-

verb. to be
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

nandë

harp

nandë (2) ("ñ")noun "harp" (ÑGAN/ÑGÁNAD; according to VT46:3, Tolkien changed the final vowel from -a to -ë)

ná-

verb. to be
Quenya [LotR/0377.4203; PE17/057.0403; PE17/058.2904; PE17/058.2911; PE17/059.0402-1; PE17/059.1902; PE17/074.4007; PE17/074.4107; PE17/090.1602; PE17/090.4212; PE17/093.1813; PE17/126.2109; PE17/162.3707; PE22/154.1402; PE22/154.1807; PE22/158.0605; PE22/158.2109; PE22/166.2203; PE22/166.4302; PE22/167.3610; PE22/168.0313; RGEO/58.1903; RGEO/59.1502; RGEO/60.4407; VT42/33.3904; VT42/34.0206; VT43/13.1402; VT43/14.1401; VT43/14.1608; VT43/14.3611; VT43/14.3703; VT43/15.2201; VT43/16.2905; VT43/23.3001; VT43/30.1507; VT43/30.2605; VT43/30.2613; VT43/34.0707; VT44/34.2801; VT49/09.0101; VT49/09.0109; VT49/09.0206; VT49/09.0607; VT49/09.1111; VT49/10.3301; VT49/19.1703; VT49/19.1908; VT49/23.3608; VT49/27.1102; VT49/27.1103; VT49/27.1104; VT49/27.1105; VT49/27.1201; VT49/27.1202; VT49/27.1203; VT49/27.1204; VT49/27.1205; VT49/27.1206; VT49/27.1301; VT49/27.1302; VT49/27.1303; VT49/27.2402; VT49/27.3009; VT49/27.3101; VT49/27.3104; VT49/27.3908; VT49/28.1001; VT49/28.3301; VT49/28.3601; VT49/28.3705; VT49/28.3801; VT49/28.3802; VT49/28.3805; VT49/28.3806; VT49/29.4410; VT49/30.1312; VT49/30.1404; VT49/30.1407; VT49/30.1410; VT49/30.1411; VT49/30.1412; VT49/30.1611; VT49/30.2011; VT49/30.2102; VT49/30.2103; VT49/30.2104; VT49/30.2105; VT49/30.2106; VT49/30.2107; VT49/30.2108; VT49/30.2110] Group: Eldamo. Published by

erúmëa

outer, outermost

erúmëa adj. "outer, outermost" (LT1:262)

am(a)-

prefix. intensive prefix
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

tanta

harp

tanta (1) noun "harp", also as verb tanta- "to play a harp" (VT41:10)

tantila

harp

tantila noun "harp" (VT41:10)

Sindarin 

e

pronoun. he
Sindarin [SD/129.0306; SD/129.0403] Group: Eldamo. Published by

e

pronoun. he

The meaning "he" is deduced from the apparent function of this word in the so-called "King's Letter", but it also seems possible to interpret it as "indeed" (as in Q. e, LR/63, VT/45:11), used here in a way of formal address expressing the wishes or the will of the King

Sindarin [SD/129-31] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

edhel

e

e, pl1. edhil {ð}_ n. _marcher, one who went forth.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:152] < *_edelā_ < EL. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

ell

e

e, pl2. eldrim n.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:141] < _eldā_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

en

preposition. of, of the
Sindarin [Let/448.3510; LotR/0953.2205; LotR/1134.2504; MR/373.2401; MR/373.2705; PE17/097.1203; PE17/097.1909; PE17/097.1914; PE17/097.2002; PE17/097.2105; PE17/097.2111; PE17/097.2210; PE17/097.2403; PE17/097.3015; PE17/097.3104; PE17/102.2703; PE17/126.2305; PE17/141.2413; S/197.2001; S/203.1004; S/216.2406; UT/040.3810; UT/040.3901; UT/054.2002; UT/100.1314; UT/150.2109; UT/153.0604; UT/245.1805; VT41/11.2504; VT41/16.0410; VT41/16.0506; VT50/23.0102] Group: Eldamo. Published by

no

verb. be!
Sindarin [VT/44:21,24] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

na-

verb. to be
Sindarin [no aer i eneth lín VT/44:21,24] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

na

preposition. of, along with, with, accompanied by, provided with, associated with, of (the), of the, provided by, marked with, with, with, with, along with, accompanied by, provided with or by, associated with, marked with
Sindarin [LotR/0469.1903; LotR/0469.2402; PE17/028.1706; PE17/028.3508; PE17/082.0208; PE17/097.1805; PE17/097.2205; PE17/147.1202; PE17/147.1205; PE17/147.1402; PE17/147.1506; PE17/147.1704; PE17/147.1813; PE21/79.2512; PM/348.3402; UT/140.2010; VT50/21.0708; VT50/23.0101; WJ/160.4405; WJ/187.3402; WJI/Taur-na-Chardhîn.002] Group: Eldamo. Published by

a-

prefix. intensive prefix
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

* ganna

harp

(verb, play a harp) ganna- (i nganna = i ñanna, in gannar = i ñgannar); also gannada (i ngannada = i ñannada, in gannadar = i ñgannadar).

* e

he

1) e (SD:128-31), 2) ho, hon, hono. (The distinctions between these forms are unclear. Possibly ho is the nominative ”he”, whereas hon is the accusative ”him”. Hono could be an emphatic form. It may be that all of these pronouns, except e, are ”Noldorin” and were not maintained in Sindarin proper.)

* e

forth

(adv. pref.) e, ed (out, away); also as adjectival prefix "outer" and preposition "out from, out of" (WJ:367)

* e

outer

(adjectival prefix) e-, ed-

* e

out

e, ed (away, forth); also as adjectival prefix "outer" and preposition: (WJ:367)

* na

be

: The verb ”to be” is poorly attested. Apparently the root is na-. The imperative is attested as no, and nad (used = ”thing”) may be seen as an original gerund *”a being”. It seems that the copula ”is, are” (and ”was, were”?) can be omitted altogether, as in the ”Noldorin” sentence lheben teil brann i annon ”five feet high [is] the door” (AI:92), in Sindarin perhaps *leben tail brand i annon.

* edren

adjective. outer
Sindarin Group: Neologism. Published by

* na-

verb. to be
Sindarin [VT44/22.0208; VT44/22.0209; VT44/22.0210; VT44/24.0901; VT50/23.1301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* gannel

harp

(noun) gannel (i ngannel = i ñannel, o n**gannel = o ñgannel), pl. gennil (in gennil = i ñgennil), coll. pl. gannellath. Archaic †gandel**.

* î

interjection. indeed
Sindarin Group: Neologism. Published by

* an-

prefix. intensive prefix
Sindarin [SA/faug.005-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* an-

prefix. intensive prefix
Sindarin [SA/faug.005-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Adûnaic

* u

pronoun. he

A well-attested pronominal prefix, the masculine singular pronoun “he” (SD/433). See the entry on pronominal-prefixes for more discussion. Tolkien said that it had another variant hu- (SD/433), but this variant was only appears in the early and rejected hunekkū, which was changed to unekkū (see nakh-). Tolkien further indicated that the form u- primitively had an initial consonant [ɣ] or [ʔ] that was lost (SD/433).

Adûnaic [SD/433.3901] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

ho

pronoun. he
Noldorin [Ety/S.022; Ety/S.023; Ety/S.024; Ety/S.034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ho

pronoun. he
Noldorin [Ety/385, X/Z] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

hon

pronoun. he
Noldorin [Ety/385, X/Z] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

hon(o)

pronoun. he
Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

hono

pronoun. he
Noldorin [Ety/385, X/Z] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ed-

prefix. forth, out
Noldorin [Ety/356] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gandel

noun. harp
Noldorin [Ety/377, X/ND2] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gannel

noun. harp
Noldorin [Ety/377, X/ND2] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

a-

prefix. intensive prefix
Noldorin [EtyAC/N.089] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

e

root. intensive prefix
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

ē

root. indeed
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

et

preposition. out, out (of), forth, out, out of
Primitive elvish [PE17/024.2006; PE17/038.2304; PE17/042.1013-1; PE17/045.1711; PE17/051.3805; SA/sîr.097; WJ/367.0204] Group: Eldamo. Published by

et

root. out, out, forth
Primitive elvish [PE17/152.4301; PE17/167.0903; PE18/088.1401; PE21/70.1605; VT48/25.2808] Group: Eldamo. Published by

root. be, be, exist
Primitive elvish [PE19/096.2215; PE22/147.0213; PE22/147.0601; VT49/28.2101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sū̆/sō̆

pronoun. he
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

am-

noun. intensive prefix
Primitive elvish [PE17/090.3103; PE17/092.2802; PE17/092.2805; PE17/092.2817; PE17/092.3004] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive adûnaic

* ʒu

root. he

A Primitive Adûnaic form attested as u “he” (SD/435), but given the later Adûnaic pronoun Ad. u or hu “he”, the actual primitive pronoun may have been ƷU [ɣu], ʔU or *HU [xu], as Tolkien indicated in a footnote (SD/433, note #7). The suffix -u was also a common feature of Classical Adûnaic masculine-nouns.

Primitive adûnaic [SD/435.0307] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

e

pronoun. he, he, she, it, it
Qenya [PE22/096.1709; PE22/097.3504; PE22/100.2611; PE22/100.3008; PE22/106.0208; PE22/108.1702; PE22/110.2308-1; PE22/116.4801; PE22/118.1711; PE22/119.0116; PE22/120.2311; PE22/121.0102; PE22/121.3715; PE22/122.0404; PE22/123.3211; PE22/123.3709] Group: Eldamo. Published by

e

pronoun. he, he, she, it, it
Qenya [PE22/096.1709; PE22/097.3504; PE22/100.2611; PE22/100.3008; PE22/106.0208; PE22/108.1702; PE22/110.2308-1; PE22/116.4801; PE22/118.1711; PE22/119.0116; PE22/120.2311; PE22/121.0102; PE22/121.3715; PE22/122.0404; PE22/123.3211; PE22/123.3709] Group: Eldamo. Published by

e-

verb. to be
Qenya [PE14/051.1602; PE14/051.3812; PE14/054.2215; PE14/057.1102; PE14/057.1104; PE14/057.1111; PE14/057.1113; PE14/057.1114; PE14/057.1116; PE14/057.1201; PE14/057.1202; PE14/057.1203; PE14/057.1301; PE14/057.1302; PE14/057.1303; PE14/057.1401; PE14/057.1405; PE14/057.1406; PE14/057.1407; PE14/057.1505; PE14/057.1601; PE14/057.1602; PE14/057.1603; PE14/057.1604; PE14/057.1701; PE14/057.1703; PE14/057.1704; PE14/057.1705; PE14/057.1706; PE14/057.1707; PE14/057.2101; PE14/057.2201; PE16/062.3203; PE16/066.3203; PE16/140.4901; PE16/140.5901; PE16/141.0101; PE16/141.0102; PE16/141.0201; PE16/143.4401] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ette

pronoun. he, he (emphatic)
Qenya [PE22/121.0702; PE22/122.1214] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ette

pronoun. he, he (emphatic)
Qenya [PE22/121.0702; PE22/122.1214] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hu

pronoun. he, 3rd sg. masc. pronoun
Qenya [MC/216.1502; PE14/052.1607; PE14/052.1709; PE14/053.1003; PE14/053.1004; PE14/053.1903; PE14/053.1904; PE14/053.1905; PE14/053.2403; PE14/053.2404; PE14/054.1212; PE14/078.2906; PE14/084.2504; PE14/085.1108; PE14/085.2008; PE16/100.0602; PE16/100.1603; PE16/104.0602] Group: Eldamo. Published by

o-

prefix. he, 3rd sg. masc. pronoun
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

tu

pronoun. he
Qenya [PE14/046.2303; PE14/079.3306] Group: Eldamo. Published by

u-

prefix. he, 3rd sg. masc. pronoun
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

é

interjection. indeed
Qenya [EtyAC/Ē.005; LR/063.1001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ea-

verb. to be, to exist, have being, be found extant in the real world
Qenya [PE19/048.2818; PE19/048.2905; PE22/122.2510-1; PE22/122.2510-2; PE22/122.2610-1; PE22/122.2610-2; PE22/122.2907; PE22/122.2909; PE22/122.2910; PE22/122.3008; PE22/122.3009; PE22/122.3111; PE22/122.3117; PE22/122.3202; PE22/123.0103; PE22/123.0109; PE22/123.0112; PE22/123.0116; PE22/123.0202; PE22/123.0303; PE22/123.0316; PE22/123.0405; PE22/123.1308; PE22/123.1811; PE22/123.1813; PE22/124.1411; PE22/124.1420; PE22/124.2003; PE22/124.2004; PE22/124.2005; PE22/124.2113; PE22/124.2203; PE22/124.2507; PE22/124.2703] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ye-

verb. to be
Qenya [LR/072.1607; LR/072.1702; LR/072.1803; LR/072.1805; LR/072.1903; PE22/011.1608; PE22/107.0805; PE22/115.1912; PE22/117.1504; PE22/119.0703; PE22/120.1201; PE22/123.2906; PE22/123.2908; PE22/123.2911; PE22/123.2912; PE22/123.2914; PE22/123.2915; PE22/123.3502; PE22/123.3504; PE22/123.3506; PE22/123.3507; PE22/123.3510; PE22/123.3511; PE22/123.3512; PE22/123.4002; PE22/123.4003; PE22/123.4102; PE22/123.4104; PE22/123.4108; PE22/123.4109] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ere-

prefix. out

Element in: EQ. erefainu

Qenya [QL/036.2401] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ere-

prefix. out
Qenya [QL/036.2401] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ná-

verb. to be
Qenya [Ety/NĀ².011; PE22/096.1702; PE22/119.1908] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ó-

verb. to be
Qenya [QL/069.1901] Group: Eldamo. Published by

an-

prefix. intensive prefix
Qenya [EtyAC/A.112; EtyAC/A.113; EtyAC/A.114; EtyAC/N.011; EtyAC/N.015; EtyAC/N.036; EtyAC/N.046; PE18/042.2806; PE18/042.2807; PE18/042.2808; PE19/055.0915; PE19/055.1003; PE19/055.1007] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin 

* et-

prefix. out
Old Noldorin [Ety/LED.015-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

e

pronoun. he, he, she, it, it, he, she
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE22/094.1901; PE22/095.0417] Group: Eldamo. Published by

e

root. intensive prefix
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/E.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ē

root. indeed
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/Ē.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ē

root. indeed
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/Ē.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ē

root. to be
Middle Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

eñ-

verb. to be, be

Variations of the word: eñe.

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
e-ñ-nepastbePE22/122.2411
e-ñ-ʒepastbePE22/122.2409
ē̆ʒāaoristbePE22/122.2409
eʒyāpresentbePE22/122.2409
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE22/122.2411; PE22/122.2514; PE22/122.2512; PE22/122.2701; PE22/122.2409; PE22/122.2703] Group: Eldamo. Published by

root. be
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE19/048.2811; PE22/122.2318] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sū̆/sō̆

pronoun. he, masc., he
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/S.004; Ety/S.008; EtyAC/S.010; EtyAC/S.012] Group: Eldamo. Published by

root. to be

@@@ rejection may be due to introduction of yén “year” (PE22/86)

Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/YĒ.001; EtyAC/YĒ.002; PE18/060.3014; PE18/084.3901; PE22/123.2209] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eʒ-

verb. to be
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE22/122.2409; PE22/122.2411; PE22/122.2512; PE22/122.2514; PE22/122.2701; PE22/122.2703] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ī

root. to be
Middle Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

a

root. intensive prefix
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/A.001; EtyAC/GOS.020-1; EtyAC/N.102; EtyAC/TALÁT.017] Group: Eldamo. Published by

i

root. intensive prefix
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/I².001; EtyAC/I².007] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

o-

conjunction. he
Gnomish [GL/53.4804-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

on

pronoun. he
Gnomish [GL/51.0201-1; GL/62.8301; GL/62.8305] Group: Eldamo. Published by

na-

verb. to be
Gnomish [GG/09.1209; GG/09.1308; GG/09.1606; GL/58.8801; GL/58.8804; GL/58.8904; GL/58.8907; GL/58.8908] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ufra

adjective. outer
Gnomish [GL/74.3401] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

e

root. that (by you)
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/034.7201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ī

root. be
Early Primitive Elvish [PE16/140.4901-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eře

root. out
Early Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

eðe/ese

root. out
Early Primitive Elvish [LT1A/Eruman.038; LT1A/Neni Erúmëar.044; QL/036.2301] Group: Eldamo. Published by