Quenya 

carnë

red

carnë adj. "red", "scarlet, red" (SA:caran, PE17:154, MC:214, KARÁN - spelt with a k in the two latter sources), not to be confused with the past tense of car- "do, make". Stem carni- as in Carnimírië, Carnistir.

carnë

adjective. red, red, scarlet
Quenya [PE17/036.0113; PE17/083.2109-1; PE17/083.2202; PE17/154.4303; PE22/152.1109; PE22/152.1110; SA/caran.004] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arquen

noble

arquen noun "a noble" (WJ:372), "knight" (PE17:147)

Ara-

noble

Ara-, ar- a prefixed form of the stem Ara- "noble" (PM:344). In the masc. names Aracáno "high chieftain", mothername (amilessë, q.v.) of Fingolfin (PM:360, cf. 344), Arafinwë "Finarfin" (MR:230)

aira

red, copper-coloured, ruddy

aira (1) adj. "red, copper-coloured, ruddy" (GAY)

anon

son

anon noun "son" (PE17:170), possibly intended by Tolkien as a replacement for yondo.

anon

noun. son

@@@ or possibly anon-do as suggested by Damien Bador

Quenya [PE17/170.2101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arato

noble

arato noun "a noble" (PE17:147), in PE17:118 given as aratō and there glossed "lord" (often = "king"). Cf. aráto. The form cited in the latter source, aratō with a long final vowel, is evidently very archaic (compare Enderō under Ender); later the vowel would become short. (PE17:118)

nasar

red

nasar adj. "red" (in Vanyarin Quenya only). Adopted and adapted from Valarin. (WJ:399)

carne (carni-)

adjective. red
Quenya [PE 22:152] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

Yón

son

Yón (1) noun "Son" (VT44:12, 17, referring to Jesus. Tolkien rewrote the text in question. Normally the Quenya word for "son" appears as yondo, which also refers to Jesus in one text.)

son

(actually spelt ), also vondo, noun "son" (LT2:336; in Tolkien's later Quenya yondo)

yondo

son

yondo noun "son" (YŌ/YON, VT43:37); cf. yonya and the patronymic ending -ion. Early "Qenya" has , yond-, yondo "son" (LT2:342). According to LT2:344, these are poetic words, but yondo seems to be the normal word for "son" in LotR-style Quenya. Yón appears in VT44, 17, but Tolkien rewrote the text in question. In LT2:344, yondo is said to mean "male descendant, usually (great) grandson", but in Tolkien's later Quenya, yondo means "son", and the word is so glossed in LT2:342. Dative yondon in VT43:36 (here the "son" in question is Jesus). See also yonya. At one point, Tolkien rejected the word yondo as "very unsuitable" (for the intended meaning?), but no obvious replacement appeared in his writings (PE17:43), unless the (ephemeral?) form anon (q.v.) is regarded as such. In one source, yondo is also defined as "boy" (PE17:190).

onna

noun. child

@@@ a more accurate gloss might be “offspring”, as suggested by Tamas Ferencz: plus.google.com

Quenya [PE17/170.1912; PE17/170.3105; PE17/170.3106; PE17/170.3805; PE17/170.3806; PM/391.2110-2; VT49/42.2401; VT49/42.2601] Group: Eldamo. Published by

onna

noun. child
Quenya [PE17/170.1912; PE17/170.3105; PE17/170.3106; PE17/170.3805; PE17/170.3806; PM/391.2110-2; VT49/42.2401; VT49/42.2601] Group: Eldamo. Published by

onwë

child

onwë noun "child" (PE17:170)

onwë

noun. child
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

hína

noun. child
Quenya [PE17/157.1405; PE21/83.3115; SA/híni.001; SI/Children of Ilúvatar.010; VT44/35.0902; VT44/35.1006; VT44/35.1203; WJ/403.1803; WJ/403.1804; WJ/403.1904; WJ/403.1907; WJ/403.2008; WJ/403.2009] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hína

child

hína noun "child", also hina used in the vocative to a (young) child (also hinya "my child", for hinanya) (WJ:403). Pl. híni (surprisingly not **hínar) in Híni Ilúvataro "Children of Ilúvatar" (Silmarillion Index); dative hínin in VT44:35. In compounds -hin pl. -híni (as in Eruhíni, "Children of Eru", SA:híni). According to one source, the word is hín(i) and solely plural (PE17:157), but this is obviously contradicted by some of the sources quoted above.

selda

child

selda adj.?noun? (meaning not clear, related to seldë "child" (meaning changed by Tolkien from "daughter") and seldo "boy". Thus selda may be an adjective "childlike", since -a is a frequent adjectival ending. Alternatively, as suggested in VT46:13, selda may be a neuter noun "child", corresponding to masc. seldo "boy" and fem. seldë "girl" (before Tolkien changed the meaning of the latter to "child"). (SEL-D, cf. VT46:22-23)

yonyo

son, big boy

yonyo noun "son, big boy". In one version, yonyo was also a term used in children's play for "middle finger" or "middle toe", but Tolkien may have dropped this notion, deciding to use hanno "brother" as the alternative play-name (VT47:10, 15, VT48:4)

seldo

child

seldo noun (meaning not quite clear, likely the masculine form of seldë "child", hence *"boy") (SEL-D, VT46:13, 22-23)

seldë

child

seldë noun "child" (meaning changed by Tolkien from "daughter"; in his later texts the Quenya word for "child" is rather hína, and the final status of seldë is uncertain. See also tindómerel.) (SEL-D, VT46:13, 22-23) In one late source, Tolkien reverts to the meaning "daughter", but this may have been replaced by anel, q.v.

Sindarin 

arn

adjective. royal
Sindarin [arn(a)gon-ath Letters/427] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

arnen

adjective. (?) royal

Originally, Lonnath-Ernin might have been intended to mean 'royal havens', assuming the second element to be a regular adjective. However, the second element in Emyn Arnen 'hills of Arnen' is singular, and Tolkien later decided that it should mean 'Hill beside the water', see VT/42:17 and HL/119-124. Nevertheless, this meaning cannot apply to Lonnath-Ernin (havens are near water by definition), so unless we entirely reject this earlier form, we may assume that an adjective 'royal' is still possible.

Sindarin [Emyn Arnen, Lonnath-Ernin LotR/V:I, WR/294, WR/3] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

caran

adjective. red
Sindarin [Ety/362, S/429, LotR/E] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

caran

adjective. red
Sindarin [PE17/036.0106; SA/caran.001; VT41/10.3205] Group: Eldamo. Published by

caran

red

_ adj. _red, ruddy. Caradhras

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:36] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

arphen

noun. a noble
Sindarin [WJ/376] ar-+pen. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

arphen

noun. noble, noble, knight
Sindarin [PE17/147.1703; WJ/376.2202; WJ/376.2402] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arod

adjective. noble

d adj. noble. Q. arata. raud

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:186] < *_arāta_ < RAT tower up. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

arod

noble

1b _adj._noble. raud

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:49] < _(a)rātā_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

arod

adjective. noble
Sindarin [PM/363, VT/41:9] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

arod

adjective. noble
Sindarin [PE17/039.2608; PE17/049.3009; PE17/147.4014; PE17/182.1505-1; PE17/186.1107; PM/363.1804; VT41/09.1108] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arod

adjective. noble

adj. #noble.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:147] < _arāta_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

arth

adjective. (unknown meaning, perhaps (?) noble, lofty, exalted)
Sindarin [Arthedain LotR] Q arta or OS *artʰa, CE *arâtâ. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gaer

adjective. red, copper-coloured, ruddy
Sindarin [Ety/358, X/OE] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

naru

adjective. red
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

ruin

adjective. (fiery) red
Sindarin [PM/366] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ion

noun. son

For the second meaning, cf. Hadorion, a Húrin's epithet in WJ/294, Hurinionath referring to the house of Húrin the Steward in PM/202-3,218, and Gil-Galad's epithet Ereinion, cf. also the gloss of the old Qenya cognate yondo "descendant of" in PE/12:106, or the use of the same suffix in later Quenya names such as Isildurioni and Anárioni "Heirs of Isildur (resp. Anárion)" in PM/192,196

Sindarin [Ety/400, MR/373, X/ND1, X/ND2] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ion

noun. scion, male descendant

For the second meaning, cf. Hadorion, a Húrin's epithet in WJ/294, Hurinionath referring to the house of Húrin the Steward in PM/202-3,218, and Gil-Galad's epithet Ereinion, cf. also the gloss of the old Qenya cognate yondo "descendant of" in PE/12:106, or the use of the same suffix in later Quenya names such as Isildurioni and Anárioni "Heirs of Isildur (resp. Anárion)" in PM/192,196

Sindarin [Ety/400, MR/373, X/ND1, X/ND2] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ion(n)

noun. son
Sindarin [MR/373.2306; SD/129.0706; VT50/18.1602] Group: Eldamo. Published by

iond

noun. son

For the second meaning, cf. Hadorion, a Húrin's epithet in WJ/294, Hurinionath referring to the house of Húrin the Steward in PM/202-3,218, and Gil-Galad's epithet Ereinion, cf. also the gloss of the old Qenya cognate yondo "descendant of" in PE/12:106, or the use of the same suffix in later Quenya names such as Isildurioni and Anárioni "Heirs of Isildur (resp. Anárion)" in PM/192,196

Sindarin [Ety/400, MR/373, X/ND1, X/ND2] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

iôn

noun. son
Sindarin [WJ/337] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

iôn

masculine name. Son

A name that Eöl used for his son Maeglin while he was growing, which is simply ion(n) “son” used as a name (WJ/337).

Sindarin [WJ/337.3507; WJI/Iôn.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

iond

noun. scion, male descendant

For the second meaning, cf. Hadorion, a Húrin's epithet in WJ/294, Hurinionath referring to the house of Húrin the Steward in PM/202-3,218, and Gil-Galad's epithet Ereinion, cf. also the gloss of the old Qenya cognate yondo "descendant of" in PE/12:106, or the use of the same suffix in later Quenya names such as Isildurioni and Anárioni "Heirs of Isildur (resp. Anárion)" in PM/192,196

Sindarin [Ety/400, MR/373, X/ND1, X/ND2] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ionnath

noun. all the sons
Sindarin [SD/129-31] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

hên

noun. child
Sindarin [LR/322.1309; MR/373.2602; S/198.3707; SA/híni.010; UT/057.0203; UT/140.2011; VT50/12.2007-2; VT50/18.2402; WJ/160.4409; WJ/403.2104; WJ/403.2106] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hên

noun. child (mostly used as a prefix in patronymics or metronymics)
Sindarin [WJ/403] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

* arn

noble

(adjective) 1) arn (royal), pl. ern, also arth (lofty, exalted), pl. erth, or arod (archaic *araud), pl. aroed. 2) brand (high, lofty, fine), lenited vrand, pl. braind; 3) raud (eminent, high), in compounds -rod, pl. roed. 4) taur (also tor-, tar- in compounds) (lofty, high, sublime; vast, masterful, mighty, overwhelming, huge, awful), lenited daur, pl. toer. Note: homophones mean ”king (of a people)” and also ”great wood, forest”. Also used as noun ”a noble”; see below.

* arn

royal

arn (noble), pl. ern

* ar

noble

(adjectival prefix) ar- (high, royal). In the form ar(a)- this is an element in the names of the kings of Arnor and Arthedain.

* ar

royal

(adj. prefix) ar- (noble, high). In the form ar(a)- this is an element in the names of the kings of Arnor and Arthedain.

* caran

red

1) caran (lenited garan, pl. cerain). Also carn (lenited garn, pl. cern), 2) coll (scarlet), lenited goll, pl. cyll (VT45:15, 24). Note: homophones mean "hollow" and also "cloak". 3) born (hot), lenited vorn, pl. byrn, 4) (fiery red) naru (analogical pl. nery). The archaic fom narw is also listed (LR:374 s.v. _NAR_1). 5) rhosc (russet, brown), lenited ?throsc or ?rosc (the lenition product of rh is uncertain), pl. rhysc. Cf. also

* arphen

noble

(noun, "a noble") 1) arphen, pl. erphin; 2) raud (eminent man, champion), pl.roed (idh roed), coll. pl. rodath.

* iôn

son

iôn (-ion) (descendant), pl. ŷn, coll. pl. #ionath_ isolated from Hurinionath (PM:202-3) as the name of the House of Húrin. (MR:373, WJ.337, PM:202-203, 218) _Also iond, pl. ynd, coll. pl. ionnath. DARK SON, see DARK ELF

* hên

child

hên (i chên), pl. hîn (i chîn); also -chen, pl. -chín at the end of compounds (e.g. Eruchín ”Children of Eru”). _(WJ:403) _CHILDREN OF THE ONE (Elves and Men as children of God) Eruchín** **(sg. *Eruchen)

Telerin 

aráta

adjective. noble
Telerin [PM/363.1802] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Quendya 

nasar

adjective. red
Quendya [WJ/399.3201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

caran

adjective. red, red, blush, red (?part) of face
Noldorin [Ety/KARÁN.008; EtyAC/KARÁN.046; EtyAC/KARÁN.062; RS/419.1008-1; RS/419.1111] Group: Eldamo. Published by

caran

adjective. red
Noldorin [Ety/362, S/429, LotR/E] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

caron

adjective. red
Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

naru

adjective. red
Noldorin [Ety/NAR¹.020] Group: Eldamo. Published by

naru

adjective. red
Noldorin [Ety/374, X/W] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

narw

adjective. red
Noldorin [Ety/374, X/W] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

coll

adjective. red, red, scarlet, scarlet
Noldorin [Ety/GUL.014; Ety/KUL.046; EtyAC/GUL.007; EtyAC/KUL.049] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ion

suffix. son
Noldorin [Ety/YŌ.009] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ionn

noun. son
Noldorin [Ety/YŌ.008] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ionn

noun. son

For the second meaning, cf. Hadorion, a Húrin's epithet in WJ/294, Hurinionath referring to the house of Húrin the Steward in PM/202-3,218, and Gil-Galad's epithet Ereinion, cf. also the gloss of the old Qenya cognate yondo "descendant of" in PE/12:106, or the use of the same suffix in later Quenya names such as Isildurioni and Anárioni "Heirs of Isildur (resp. Anárion)" in PM/192,196

Noldorin [Ety/400, MR/373, X/ND1, X/ND2] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

goer

adjective. red, copper-coloured, ruddy
Noldorin [Ety/358, X/OE] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ionn

noun. scion, male descendant

For the second meaning, cf. Hadorion, a Húrin's epithet in WJ/294, Hurinionath referring to the house of Húrin the Steward in PM/202-3,218, and Gil-Galad's epithet Ereinion, cf. also the gloss of the old Qenya cognate yondo "descendant of" in PE/12:106, or the use of the same suffix in later Quenya names such as Isildurioni and Anárioni "Heirs of Isildur (resp. Anárion)" in PM/192,196

Noldorin [Ety/400, MR/373, X/ND1, X/ND2] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

coll

adjective. (golden) red
Noldorin [Ety/365] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

karan

root. red
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

karani

adjective. red
Primitive elvish [PE21/81.0704; PE21/81.0705; PE22/152.1108; VT41/10.3204] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kuldā

adjective. red
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

yon

root. son
Primitive elvish [VT47/26.2503] Group: Eldamo. Published by

khin

root. child
Primitive elvish [PE17/157.1401; WJ/403.2306] Group: Eldamo. Published by

khīnā

noun. child
Primitive elvish [WJ/403.2307] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

aran

noun. child
Qenya [PE21/19.4210; PE21/19.4211] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arne

noun. child
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar

noun. child
Qenya [PE13/160.3201; PE16/135.6701; PE16/135.6702; PME/032.0903; QL/032.0701; QL/032.0702] Group: Eldamo. Published by

karne

adjective. red, ruddy
Qenya [Ety/KARÁN.004; EtyAC/KARÁN.071] Group: Eldamo. Published by

karne

adjective. red
Qenya [MC/214.1402; MC/221.0802-1; PE15/76.5503; PE16/062.2802-1; PE16/065.2804-2; PE16/065.2806; PE16/072.3202-1; PE16/074.3202-1; PE16/075.2707; PE16/077.2103-1; PME/048.9806; QL/048.8701; QL/048.8902-1; QL/061.7601-2; QL/061.7602-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

selde

noun. child, child (f.), child [f.], daughter
Qenya [Ety/SEL-D.006; Ety/SEL-D.046-1; EtyAC/SEL-D.074; EtyAC/YEL.036] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ion

suffix. son, -son
Qenya [Ety/YŌ.006] Group: Eldamo. Published by

fion

noun. son

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Fiond-stemsonQL/038.4201
Qenya [QL/087.4403; QL/087.4501; LT1A/Fionwë.003; QL/038.4201; QL/038.4202] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hilmo

noun. son
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

hilu

noun. son
Qenya [PME/032.0910; PME/040.6603; PME/040.6604; QL/040.6301; QL/040.6302; QL/106.3306] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ion

noun. son
Qenya [PE13/144.8708] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vondo

noun. son
Qenya [GL/23.4907; LT2A/bo.011] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yon

noun. son
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

yondo

noun. son
Qenya [Ety/YŌ.005; LR/061.4009] Group: Eldamo. Published by

noun. son

Variations of the word: yond-, Yon.

Element in: EQ. -ion

Qenya [LT2A/go.024; LT2A/Indorion.006; QL/106.3301; QL/043.0804; LT2A/Indorion.007; QL/106.3303] Group: Eldamo. Published by

selda

noun. child, child [n.]

@@@ Helge Fauskanger suggests instead it might be an adjective (QQ/selda)

Qenya [Ety/SEL-D.051; EtyAC/SEL-D.083] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hil(de)

noun. child

Variations of the word: hilde.

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
-hilsuffix-PME/040.6607
-hil/-ilsuffix-QL/040.6501
Qenya [QL/040.6501; PME/040.6607; QL/040.6401; GL/49.2403; PME/040.6608; QL/040.6503] Group: Eldamo. Published by

seldo

noun. child, child [m.]
Qenya [Ety/SEL-D.050; EtyAC/SEL-D.072] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

arn

adjective. red

A Doriathrin adjective meaning “red” derived from the root ᴹ√YAR (Ety/YAR), likely derived from a primitive form such as *✶yarna [jarna]. It is a good example of how initial [j] vanished in Ilkorin.

Doriathrin [Ety/YAR.019] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

karan

root. red
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KARÁN.001; Ety/RAS.023; Ety/THĒ.017] Group: Eldamo. Published by

karani

adjective. red
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KARÁN.005; EtyAC/KARÁN.011; EtyAC/KARÁN.072] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kuldā

adjective. red
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/GUL.016; Ety/KUL.048] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yo(n)

root. son
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ÑGYŌ.015; Ety/ÑGYŌ.016; Ety/SEL-D.019; Ety/YŌ.001; Ety/YŌ.002] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yondō

noun. son
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/SEL-D.017; EtyAC/SEL-D.012; PE21/37.2807; PE21/58.0301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sel(d)

root. child
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/SEL-D.001; Ety/SEL-D.046; Ety/TIN.127; EtyAC/TIN.059; EtyAC/YEL.068] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

arn

noun. son
Gnomish [GL/20.3001; PE13/110.6601; PE13/110.6603] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mandra

adjective. noble
Gnomish [GL/56.5101; LT1A/Mánir.067] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bo(n)

noun. son
Gnomish [LT2A/bo.007; GL/23.4901] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pui

noun. child
Gnomish [GL/64.5501] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

arn

noun. child, son
Early Noldorin [PE13/137.6001; PE13/137.6004; PE13/137.6005; PE13/137.6006; PE13/137.6201; PE13/160.3101; PE13/160.3105; PE13/160.3106; PE13/160.3107] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lhaur

adjective. red
Early Noldorin [PE13/148.7401] Group: Eldamo. Published by

noun. son
Early Noldorin [PE13/144.8701; PE13/144.8704; PE13/144.8902] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

* vo(no)

root. son
Early Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by