Sindarin 

Caradhras

noun. red horn

caran (“red”) + ras (“horn, mountain peak”) Dhr is < n-r in secondary contact; the original form of ras is probably rass with the final s dropped at the end of a polysyllable [HKF].

Sindarin [Tolkiendil] Group: Tolkiendil Compound Sindarin Names. Published by

Caradhras

'Redhorn'

topon. 'Redhorn', a great mountain tapering upwards. Dw. Baraz-inbar.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:35-6] < S. _caran-rass_ ruddy-horn. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

caradhras

place name. Redhorn

Sindarin name of a peak in the Misty Mountains translated “Redhorn”, itself a translation of Kh. Barazinbar of the same meaning (LotR/283). This name is a combination of caran “red” and rass “horn”, with the dh appearing because [[s|[nr] became [ðr]]] in the phonological history of Sindarin (LotR/1113, PE17/36).

Conceptual Development: In Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s, Tolkien first considered and rejected the names N. Bliscarn and N. Carnbeleg before settling on N. Taragaer “Ruddyhorn” (RS/419, 433), with Taragaer also appearing in The Etymologies (Ety/TARÁK). In these early drafts, Tolkien also considered the names N. Caradras and Rhascaron (RS/433), and he eventually switched to Caradras >> Caradhras (TI/166), keeping the final name thereafter.

Sindarin [LotR/0283; LotR/1113; LotRI/Barazinbar; LotRI/Caradhras; LotRI/Redhorn; PE17/035; PE17/036; PE21/86; RC/266; RSI/Caradras; RSI/Taragaer; SA/caran; SA/ras; SDI1/Caradhras; TI/166; TI/174; TII/Caradras; UTI/Caradhras] Group: Eldamo. Published by

caran-rass

place name. Redhorn

The archaic form of Caradhras; see that entry for further discussion.

Sindarin [LotR/1113; PE17/036; SA/caran; TI/174] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* Caradhras

Redhorn

The name is Sindarin and means Redhorn. It is composed of caran "red" and ras "horn". As a compound, the contact of n next to r presents a phenomenon similar to prestanneth: Caran-ras is assimilated to Caradhras.

Barazinbar (or also Baraz) is the literal Khuzdul translation of "Redhorn".

Sindarin [Tolkien Gateway "Caradhras"] Published by

* Caradhras

Caradhras

The name is Sindarin and means Redhorn. It is composed of caran "red" and ras "horn". As a compound, the contact of n next to r presents a phenomenon similar to prestanneth: Caran-ras is assimilated to Caradhras. Barazinbar (or also Baraz) is the literal Khuzdul translation of "Redhorn".

Sindarin [Tolkien Gateway] Published by

Khuzdûl

barazinbar

place name. Redhorn
Khuzdûl [LotR/0283; LotRI/Barazinbar; LotRI/Caradhras; PE17/035; PMI/Barazinbar; RC/266; TI/166; TI/174; TII/Barazinbar] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

caradras

place name. Redhorn
Noldorin [Ety/DEN; Ety/RAS; LRI/Caradras; LRI/Taragaer; PMI/Barazinbar; PMI/Caradras; RS/433; RS/462; RSI/Caradras; TI/166; TII/Caradras] Group: Eldamo. Published by

rhascaron

place name. Redhorn

Earlier name of Caradhras “Redhorn” in Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s (RS/433). Its elements were reversed, with rhas “horn” first and caran “red” second.

Noldorin [RS/433; RSI/Rhascaron] Group: Eldamo. Published by