nórë noun "land" (associated with a particular people) (WJ:413), "country, land, dwelling-place, region where certain people live, race, clan" (NŌ, NDOR, BAL), also used = "race, tribe, people" (SA:dôr, PE17:169; however, the normal word for "people" is lië). Early "Qenya" hasnórë "native land, nation, family, country" (in compounds -nor) (LT1:272)
noun. land, country; †people, race, tribe, land, country, [ᴹQ.] region where certain people live, [ᴱQ.] nation; [Q.] †people, race, tribe, [ᴹQ.] folk, [ᴱQ.] family
- S. nos(s) “family, kindred, clan, house; race, tribe, people” ✧ PE17/169
- ✶nōrē “kindred, race” ✧ PE17/106; PE17/107; PE17/169; WJ/413
- √NŌ/ONO “beget, give birth to; be born, beget, give birth to; be born; [ᴱ√] become” ✧ PE17/026; PE17/106; PE17/107; PE17/169; WJ/413
- √NDOR “land; hard, firm; [ᴹ√] dwell, stay, rest, abide” ✧ PE17/072; PE17/181
- √DOR “hard, tough, dried up, unyielding”
- ✶ndorē “land” ✧ PE19/076
- Q. Alalvinórë “Land of Many Elms”
- Q. Aranórë “Kingsland”
- Q. Eldanor “Elvenland”
- Q. Elenna-nórë “The Land of the Star” ✧ UT/305
- Q. Endórë “Middle-earth, (lit.) Middle Land”
- Q. Lestanórë “Doriath, *(lit.) Land of the Girdle” ✧ WJ/369
- Q. Lóminórë “*Echoing Land”
- Q. -ndor “land, country” ✧ PE17/080
- ᴺQ. nórarwa “economy, (lit.) country-possessions”
- ᴺQ. nórëa “national”
- ᴺQ. nórecáno “governer, (lit.) country-leader”
- ᴺQ. noremma “map”
- ᴺQ. nórihalmë “map”
- ᴺQ. nóretur “governer, (lit.) country-ruler”
- ᴺQ. nóriecáno “president”
- Q. Númenórë “Westernesse, (lit.) West-land” ✧ Let/303; Let/361; SA/dôr
- Q. Ondonórë “Gondor, (lit.) Stone Land”
- Q. Sindanórië “Grey Country, Land of Greyness” ✧ PE17/072
- Q. Valinórë “Land of the Valar” ✧ PE17/106; SA/dôr; WJ/413
Development Stages Sources √NDOR > nōre [ndōre] > [nōre] ✧ PE17/072 ✶nōrē > nórë [nōrē] > [nōre] ✧ PE17/106 ✶nō-rē > nóre [nōrē] > [nōre] ✧ PE17/107 ✶(o)nō-re > nóre [nōre] ✧ PE17/169 √ndŏr > nŏr [ndor] > [nor] ✧ PE17/181 ✶ndōrē > nóre [ndōrē] > [nōrē] > [nōre] ✧ PE19/076 ✶nōrē > nóre [nōrē] > [nōre] ✧ WJ/413
- nōrë ✧ Let/303
- nóre ✧ Let/361; PE17/072; PE17/080; PE17/107; PE17/169; PE19/076; WJ/413
- nōre ✧ PE17/072; PE17/106
- nōr ✧ PE17/106
#nórië noun "country", in sindanórië (see sinda) (Nam, RGEO:67)
nór noun "land" (stem nor-, PE17:106) this is land as opposed to water and sea (nor in Letters:308). Cf. nórë.
A term for “land” as in “(dry) land as opposed to the sea”, mentioned in the Quendi and Eldar essay of 1959-60 (WJ/413) and again in notes from around 1968 (PE17/106-107).
Possible Etymology: In the Quendi and Eldar essay this term was derived from primitive ✶ndōro, but in the aforementioned 1968 notes Tolkien clarified that its stem form was nŏr-. This means it was probably derived from ancient ✱ndŏr-, where the long vowel in the uninflected form was inherited from the Common Eldarin subjective form ✱ndōr, a phenomenon also seen in words like nér (ner-) “man”. I prefer this second derivation, as it makes the independent word more distinct from the suffixal form -ndor or -nóre used in the names of countries.
Development Stages Sources ✶ndōr > nōr [ndōr] > [nōr] ✧ PE17/106 ✶NDŌR/NDŎR- > nôr [ndōr] > [nōr] ✧ PE17/107 ✶ndōro > nór [ndōro] > [ndōr] > [nōr] ✧ WJ/413
- nōr ✧ PE17/106
- nôr ✧ PE17/107
land (nórë) [of] elms (alalmi)
Alalminórë, untranslated word heading a section of the poem The Trees of Kortirion and also occurring in the poem itself (LT1:39, 41), perhaps *"land (nórë) [of] elms (alalmi)".
-ndor, final element in compounds: "land" (Letters:308, UT:253)
mar (1) noun "earth" (world), also "home, dwelling, mansion". Stem mard- (VT46:13, PE17:64), also seen in the ablative Mardello "from earth" (FS); the word is used with a more limited sense in oromardi "high halls" (sg. oromar, PM17:64), referring to the dwellings of Manwë and Varda on Mt. Taniquetil (Nam, RGEO:66). The initial element of Mardorunando (q.v.) may be the genitive mardo (distinguish mardo "dweller"). May be more or less identical to már "home, house, dwelling" (of persons or peoples; in names like Val(i)mar, Vinyamar, Mar-nu-Falmar, Mardil) (SA:bar, VT45:33, VT47:6). Már is however unlikely to have the stem-form mard-; a "Qenya" genitive maren appears in the phrase hon-maren, q.v., suggesting that its stem is mar-. A possible convention could therefore be to use már (mar-) for "home, house" (also when = household, family as in Mardil, q.v.), whereas mar (mard-) is used for for "earth, world". Early "Qenya" has mar (mas-) "dwelling of men, the Earth, -land" (LT1:251); notice that in LotR-style Quenya, a word in -r cannot have a stem-form in -s-.
earth, soil, land
cemi noun "earth, soil, land"; Cémi ("k")"Mother Earth" (LT1:257; the "Qenya" word cemi would correspond to cemen in LotR-style Quenya)
kemen noun "earth"; see cemen.