Primitive elvish

yon

root. wide, extensive

Derivatives

  • Q. yonda “wide, roomy, extensive” ✧ PE17/043
  • Q. yondë “region, any fairly extensive region with well-marked natural bounds” ✧ PE17/043
  • S. -ion “-region, -land” ✧ PE17/043

Element in

Variations

  • YŎNO ✧ PE17/043; PE17/191
  • yon ✧ PE17/099
Primitive elvish [PE17/043; PE17/099; PE17/191] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yon

root. son

This root was the basis for Elvish “son” words for much of Tolkien’s life. The earliest indications of this root are ᴱQ. †Y̯ó (or y̯ond-) “son” and ᴱQ. yondo “male descendant”, both tied to the patronymic suffix ᴱQ. -ion “son of, descendant of” appearing in many names (QL/106). In the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon there was also the related patronymic prefix G. go- (GL/40), which implies the existence of a root ✱ᴱ√YO(NO) since [[g|initial [j] usually became [g]]] in Gnomish. However, go- was deleted and changed to G. bo-, along with new Qenya forms ᴱQ. and ᴱQ. vondo (GL/23, 40), implying a change to a root ✱ᴱ√VO(NO).

In Early Noldorin Word-lists from the 1920s, ᴱN. “son” reappeared along with ᴱQ. ion and yondi (PE13/144). In The Etymologies of the 1930s the root appeared as ᴹ√ or ᴹ√YON “son” with derivatives like ᴹQ. yondo/N. ionn “son” and patronymic -ion (Ety/YŌ). However, in notes labeled “Changes affecting Silmarillion nomenclature” from the late 1950s, Tolkien wrote “Delete entirely yondo = ‘son’! Very unsuitable” (PE17/43). This particular note was rejected when Tolkien changed √YON “wide, extensive” to √YAN (PE17/42). Other notes in the same bundle indicate Tolkien was still seeking a new word for son, saying “Q wanted: son, daughter”, though yon(do) remained among the forms he was considering (PE17/170, 190).

However, it seems Tolkien eventually stopped vacillating and restored √YON, since the patronymic -ion was never discarded, and yon- was the basis for “son” words in notes from the late 1960s (VT47/26).

Derivatives

  • -(i)ondo
    • Q. -ion “-son, masculine patronymic” ✧ PE17/170
    • S. -ien “feminine ending” ✧ PE17/170
    • S. -ion “-son” ✧ PE17/170
  • yondō “son, boy” ✧ VT47/26
    • Q. yondo “son, boy, son, boy; [ᴱQ.] male descendant, (great) grandson”
  • ᴺQ. yonta- “to adopt (a son)”
  • Q. yonyo “(big) boy, son”
  • S. ion(n) “son, son, *boy”

Element in

  • ᴺQ. súyon “nephew, daughter’s son”
  • Q. yontil “boy, son [finger name]”

Variations

  • ✧ PE17/190
  • yon ✧ PE17/190
  • yon- ✧ VT47/26
Primitive elvish [PE17/190; VT47/26] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gardā

noun. region

Derivations

  • ᴹ√GAR “keep, hold, possess; maintain, defend”

Derivatives

  • Q. arda “region, realm, particular land or region, region, realm, particular land or region; [ᴱQ.] place, spot” ✧ WJ/402
  • S. gardh “region” ✧ WJ/402
Primitive elvish [WJ/402] Group: Eldamo. Published by