Sindarin 

gond

noun. great stone, rock

Sindarin [Ety/359, S/431, X/ND1] Group: SINDICT. Published by

gond

stone

_n. _stone, rock. Archaic S. gond > gonn. Q. ondo. >> Gondor

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:28-9] < *PQ _gondō_ stone, general as a substance or material. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

gond

noun. stone, rock, stone, rock, [N.] stone (as a material), [G.] great stone

The basic word for “stone” or “rock” in Sindarin (PE17/28-29; WJ/201). More specifically, it was “stone as a material” (PE17/28; Ety/GOND) as opposed to an individual stone, which was S. sarn (RC/327; VT42/11). In one place Tolkien said “Sindarin had a short form gŏn- < ✱PQ gōn, gon-, stone, a stone, or a single thing made of stone” (PE17/28), and in another Tolkien said “shorter gon- was used for smaller objects made of stone, especially carved figures” (RC/347); this short form seems to be prefixal. Longer gond was derived from the root ᴹ√GONOD of essentially the same meaning, as was its Quenya cognate Q. ondo (Ety/GOND).

Conceptual Development: This word dates all the way back to the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s where this word appeared as G. gonn “great stone, rock” (GL/41). It was probably a derivative of ᴱ√ONO “hard” from the contemporaneous Qenya Lexicon from which its Qenya cognate ᴱQ. on(d) “a stone” was derived (QL/70). The early root form was probably ✱ᴱ√ƷONO, with the initial ʒ vanishing in Qenya but becoming g in Gnomish. Later on, this derivation no longer worked, since Tolkien decided that initial ʒ became h in Qenya. In The Etymologies of the 1930s, this word appeared as N. gonn “stone (as a material)” with the derivation given above (Ety/GOND).

Neo-Sindarin: Tolkien gave this word as both gonn and gond, but in keeping with the notion that the sound “remained nd at the end of fully accented monosyllables” in Sindarin (LotR/1115), most Neo-Sindarin writers use gond.

Cognates

  • Q. ondo “stone (as a material), (large mass of) rock” ✧ PE17/029; SA/gond

Derivations

  • Os. gondo
    • gondō “stone, rock” ✧ PE21/78
    • ᴹ√GONOD “stone”
  • gon- “a stone” ✧ PE17/028
  • gondō “stone, rock” ✧ RC/347

Element in

  • S. Argonath “Pillars of the Kings, (lit.) Royal Stones” ✧ RC/347; SA/gond
  • S. Beregond “?Valiant Stone”
  • S. Gondolin “Hidden Rock, (originally) Singing Stone” ✧ PE17/029; SA/gond; SA/gond; WJ/201
  • S. Gondor “Stone-land” ✧ PE17/028; PE17/028; RC/347; SA/gond
  • S. Gondrant “Stone-trail” ✧ NM/363
  • ᴺS. gonneb “stony, rocky”
  • S. Gonnhirrim “Masters of Stone” ✧ SA/gond
  • ᴺS. gonnos “great rock”
  • ᴺS. gonnoth “pillar, stele, memorial”
  • S. Imrath Gondraich “Stonewain Valley”
  • S. Nan Gondresgion “Stonewain Valley”
  • S. seregon “plant with red flowers, (lit.) blood of stone” ✧ SA/gond
  • S. Tum Gondregain “Stonewain Valley” ✧ NM/363

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
gōn/gon- > gŏn-[gondō] > [gondo] > [gond] > [gonn]✧ PE17/028
gon-d > gon-[gond-] > [gonn-]✧ RC/347

Variations

  • gonn ✧ PE17/029
  • Gond ✧ WJ/201
Sindarin [NM/363; PE17/028; PE17/029; RC/347; SA/gond; WJ/201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gonn

noun. stone, rock

gondren

adjective. (made) of stone

Sindarin [Toll-ondren TI/268, TI/287] Group: SINDICT. Published by

sarn

noun. small stone

Sern in UT/463 is a misprint, see VT/42:11

Sindarin [Ety/385, S/437, UT/463, VT/42:11, RC/327] Group: SINDICT. Published by

sarn

noun. stone (as a material)

Sern in UT/463 is a misprint, see VT/42:11

Sindarin [Ety/385, S/437, UT/463, VT/42:11, RC/327] Group: SINDICT. Published by

gond

rock

gond (i **ond, construct gon) (great stone), pl. gynd (i ngynd = i ñynd), coll. pl. gonnath** (Letters:410).

gond

great stone

gond (i **ond, construct gon) (rock), pl. gynd (i ngynd = i ñynd), coll. pl. gonnath** (Letters:410).

sarn

stone

1) (small stone, or stone as material) sarn (i harn, o sarn), pl. sern (i sern); also used as adj. ”stony, made of stone”. 2) gôn (i **ôn, construct gon); pl. gŷn, coll. pl. #**gonath as in Argonath. 3) (larger stone) gond (i **ond, construct gon) (great stone or rock), pl. gynd (i ngynd = i ñynd), coll. pl. gonnath** (Letters:410).