Quenya 

ondo

stone

ondo noun "stone" as a material, also "rock" (UT:459, GOND). Pl. ondor in an earlier variant of Markirya; partitive pl. locative ondolissë "on rocks" in the final version. Compounded in ondomaitar "sculptor in stone" (PE17:163), Ondoher masc.name, *"Stone-lord" (ondo alluding to Ondonórë = Sindarin Gondor, "stone-land") (Appendix A), #ondolunca ("k") "stonewain", possessive form in the place-name Nand Ondoluncava "Stonewain Valley" (PE17:28, also Ondoluncanan(do) as a compound). Ondolindë place-name "Gondolin" (SA:gond, J.R.R. Tolkien: Artist & Illustrator p. 193); see Ondo. Earlier "Qenya" has Ondolinda _(changed from Ondolin) "singing stone, Gondolin" (LT1:254)_

ʼondō

noun. stone

PQ. stone

Quenya [PE 19:70] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

on

stone

on, ondo noun "stone" (LT2:342, LT1:254 probably only ondo in LotR-style Quenya, see below). Various "Qenya" forms: ondoli "rocks" (MC:213; this would be a partitive plural in LotR-style Quenya), ondolin "rocks" (MC:220), ondoisen "upon rocks" (MC:221), ondolissen "rocks-on" (MC:214; the latter form, partitive plural locative, is still valid in LotR-style Quenya).

Caliondo

rock

Caliondo, masc. name, maybe a longer form of Calion above (unless Caliondo contains ondo "rock") (UT:210)

Sindarin 

gond

noun. great stone, rock

Sindarin [Ety/359, S/431, X/ND1] Group: SINDICT. Published by

gond

stone

_n. _stone, rock. Archaic S. gond > gonn. Q. ondo. >> Gondor

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:28-9] < *PQ _gondō_ stone, general as a substance or material. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

gond

noun. stone, rock, stone, rock, [N.] stone (as a material), [G.] great stone

The basic word for “stone” or “rock” in Sindarin (PE17/28-29; WJ/201). More specifically, it was “stone as a material” (PE17/28; Ety/GOND) as opposed to an individual stone, which was S. sarn (RC/327; VT42/11). In one place Tolkien said “Sindarin had a short form gŏn- < ✱PQ gōn, gon-, stone, a stone, or a single thing made of stone” (PE17/28), and in another Tolkien said “shorter gon- was used for smaller objects made of stone, especially carved figures” (RC/347); this short form seems to be prefixal. Longer gond was derived from the root ᴹ√GONOD of essentially the same meaning, as was its Quenya cognate Q. ondo (Ety/GOND).

Conceptual Development: This word dates all the way back to the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s where this word appeared as G. gonn “great stone, rock” (GL/41). It was probably a derivative of ᴱ√ONO “hard” from the contemporaneous Qenya Lexicon from which its Qenya cognate ᴱQ. on(d) “a stone” was derived (QL/70). The early root form was probably ✱ᴱ√ƷONO, with the initial ʒ vanishing in Qenya but becoming g in Gnomish. Later on, this derivation no longer worked, since Tolkien decided that initial ʒ became h in Qenya. In The Etymologies of the 1930s, this word appeared as N. gonn “stone (as a material)” with the derivation given above (Ety/GOND).

Neo-Sindarin: Tolkien gave this word as both gonn and gond, but in keeping with the notion that the sound “remained nd at the end of fully accented monosyllables” in Sindarin (LotR/1115), most Neo-Sindarin writers use gond.

Cognates

  • Q. ondo “stone (as a material), (large mass of) rock” ✧ PE17/029; SA/gond

Derivations

  • Os. gondo
    • gondō “stone, rock” ✧ PE21/78
    • ᴹ√GONOD “stone”
  • gon- “a stone” ✧ PE17/028
  • gondō “stone, rock” ✧ RC/347

Element in

  • S. Argonath “Pillars of the Kings, (lit.) Royal Stones” ✧ RC/347; SA/gond
  • S. Beregond “?Valiant Stone”
  • S. Gondolin “Hidden Rock, (originally) Singing Stone” ✧ PE17/029; SA/gond; SA/gond; WJ/201
  • S. Gondor “Stone-land” ✧ PE17/028; PE17/028; RC/347; SA/gond
  • S. Gondrant “Stone-trail” ✧ NM/363
  • ᴺS. gonneb “stony, rocky”
  • S. Gonnhirrim “Masters of Stone” ✧ SA/gond
  • ᴺS. gonnos “great rock”
  • ᴺS. gonnoth “pillar, stele, memorial”
  • S. Imrath Gondraich “Stonewain Valley”
  • S. Nan Gondresgion “Stonewain Valley”
  • S. seregon “plant with red flowers, (lit.) blood of stone” ✧ SA/gond
  • S. Tum Gondregain “Stonewain Valley” ✧ NM/363

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
gōn/gon- > gŏn-[gondō] > [gondo] > [gond] > [gonn]✧ PE17/028
gon-d > gon-[gond-] > [gonn-]✧ RC/347

Variations

  • gonn ✧ PE17/029
  • Gond ✧ WJ/201
Sindarin [NM/363; PE17/028; PE17/029; RC/347; SA/gond; WJ/201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gonn

noun. stone, rock

gondren

adjective. (made) of stone

Sindarin [Toll-ondren TI/268, TI/287] Group: SINDICT. Published by

sarn

noun. small stone

Sern in UT/463 is a misprint, see VT/42:11

Sindarin [Ety/385, S/437, UT/463, VT/42:11, RC/327] Group: SINDICT. Published by

sarn

noun. stone (as a material)

Sern in UT/463 is a misprint, see VT/42:11

Sindarin [Ety/385, S/437, UT/463, VT/42:11, RC/327] Group: SINDICT. Published by

gond

rock

gond (i **ond, construct gon) (great stone), pl. gynd (i ngynd = i ñynd), coll. pl. gonnath** (Letters:410).

gond

great stone

gond (i **ond, construct gon) (rock), pl. gynd (i ngynd = i ñynd), coll. pl. gonnath** (Letters:410).

sarn

stone

1) (small stone, or stone as material) sarn (i harn, o sarn), pl. sern (i sern); also used as adj. ”stony, made of stone”. 2) gôn (i **ôn, construct gon); pl. gŷn, coll. pl. #**gonath as in Argonath. 3) (larger stone) gond (i **ond, construct gon) (great stone or rock), pl. gynd (i ngynd = i ñynd), coll. pl. gonnath** (Letters:410).

Primitive elvish

gondō

noun. stone, rock

Derivations

Derivatives

  • Q. ondo “stone (as a material), (large mass of) rock” ✧ Let/410; RC/347
  • Aq. ondō ✧ PE21/78
    • Q. ondo “stone (as a material), (large mass of) rock”
  • S. gond “stone, rock, stone, rock, [N.] stone (as a material), [G.] great stone” ✧ RC/347
  • Os. gondo ✧ PE21/78
    • S. gond “stone, rock, stone, rock, [N.] stone (as a material), [G.] great stone”

Element in

  • Gondo-ndor- “Stone-land” ✧ PE17/028
  • Q. Ondolindë “Rock of the Music of Water, (lit.) Singing Stone” ✧ PM/374
  • S. Gondolin “Hidden Rock, (originally) Singing Stone” ✧ PM/374

Variations

  • gond(o) ✧ Let/410
  • góndō ✧ PE18/106
  • gon/gondo ✧ PM/374
  • gon-d ✧ RC/347
Primitive elvish [Let/410; PE17/028; PE18/106; PE21/77; PE21/78; PE21/81; PM/374; RC/347] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

gond

noun. rock

gonn

noun. great stone, rock

Noldorin [Ety/359, S/431, X/ND1] Group: SINDICT. Published by

gonn

noun. rock, stone (as a material)

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. ondo “stone (as a material)” ✧ Ety/GOND

Derivations

  • On. gondo “rocks”
    • ᴹ✶gondō “stone, rock” ✧ PE21/58
    • ᴹ√GONOD “stone”
  • ᴹ√GONOD “stone” ✧ Ety/GOND

Element in

  • N. Bered Ondrath “*Towers of the Stone Road” ✧ WR/340
  • N. Gondobar “Stone of the World” ✧ Ety/GOND
  • N. Gondolin “Heart of Hidden Rock” ✧ Ety/GOND
  • N. Gondost “Gondolin” ✧ Ety/GOND
  • N. gondram “hewn stone”
  • N. gondren “*of stone”
  • N. Eregon “Stone Pinnacle”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√GÓNOD/GONDO > gonn[gondo] > [gond] > [gonn]✧ Ety/GOND

Variations

  • gŏnn ✧ PE22/036
  • gond ✧ PE22/036 (gond)
Noldorin [Ety/GOND; PE22/036; WR/340] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gondram

noun. hewn stone

Noldorin [Ety/354] gond+drafn. Group: SINDICT. Published by

gondrafn

noun. hewn stone

Noldorin [Ety/354] gond+drafn. Group: SINDICT. Published by

sarn

noun. small stone

Sern in UT/463 is a misprint, see VT/42:11

Noldorin [Ety/385, S/437, UT/463, VT/42:11, RC/327] Group: SINDICT. Published by

sarn

noun. stone (as a material)

Sern in UT/463 is a misprint, see VT/42:11

Noldorin [Ety/385, S/437, UT/463, VT/42:11, RC/327] Group: SINDICT. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Edain

bor

noun. stone

Element in

Middle Primitive Elvish

gondō

noun. stone, rock

Derivations

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. ondo “stone (as a material)” ✧ PE19/052; PE21/58; PE21/63
  • On. gondo “rocks” ✧ PE21/58
    • N. gonn “rock, stone (as a material)”

Element in

Middle Primitive Elvish [PE19/052; PE21/58; PE21/63; PE21/64] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gonod

root. stone

The Elvish words for “stone” were established very early as Q. ondo and S. gond. In the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s Tolkien gave the root of these words as ᴱ√ONO “hard” with derivatives like ᴱQ. ondo “stone, rock” and ᴱQ. onin “anvil” (QL/70). But its Gnomish derivatives like G. gonn “stone” and G. gontha “pillar” (GL/41) indicate the actual root was ✱ᴱ√ƷONO, since initial ʒ &gt; g in Gnomish.

In The Etymologies of the 1930s Tolkien gave the root as ᴹ√GONOD or √GONDO “stone” with essentially the same Elvish forms: ᴹQ. ondo and N. gonn (Ety/GOND). The root itself did not appear in later writings, but Tolkien continued to state, with great frequency, that the primitive form of the word was ✶gondō (Let/410; PE17/28; PE18/106; PE21/81; PM/374; RC/347).

Changes

  • GONDGÓNOD/GONDO “stone” ✧ Ety/GOND

Derivatives

  • gondō “stone, rock”
    • Q. ondo “stone (as a material), (large mass of) rock” ✧ Let/410; RC/347
    • Aq. ondō ✧ PE21/78
    • Q. ondo “stone (as a material), (large mass of) rock”
    • S. gond “stone, rock, stone, rock, [N.] stone (as a material), [G.] great stone” ✧ RC/347
    • Os. gondo ✧ PE21/78
    • S. gond “stone, rock, stone, rock, [N.] stone (as a material), [G.] great stone”
  • ᴹ✶gondō “stone, rock”
    • ᴹQ. ondo “stone (as a material)” ✧ PE19/052; PE21/58; PE21/63
    • On. gondo “rocks” ✧ PE21/58
    • N. gonn “rock, stone (as a material)”
  • ᴹQ. ondo “stone (as a material)” ✧ Ety/GOND
  • ᴺQ. onin “anvil”
  • N. gonn “rock, stone (as a material)” ✧ Ety/GOND

Variations

  • GOND ✧ Ety/GOND (GOND)
  • GÓNOD/GONDO ✧ Ety/GOND
  • GONOD/GONDO ✧ EtyAC/GOND
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/GOND; EtyAC/GOND] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

gond

noun. stone

gonn

noun. (great) stone, rock

Changes

  • gondgonn ✧ GL/41
  • gondgonn “great stone, rock” ✧ LT1A/Gondolin

Cognates

  • Eq. ondo “stone, rock” ✧ LT2A/Gondolin; PE15/25
  • Eq. on(d) “(a) stone” ✧ PE15/25

Derivations

Element in

  • G. Gondobar “City of Stone, Dwelling of Stone” ✧ GL/41; LT2A/Gondolin; PE15/25
  • G. Gondolin “Stone of Song” ✧ GL/41; LT1A/Gondolin; PE15/26
  • G. Gondothlim “Folk of Stone, Dwellers in Stone” ✧ LT2A/Gondothlim; PE15/26
  • G. Gonlath ✧ LT1A/Gonlath
  • G. gonwed “rocky” ✧ GL/41

Variations

  • gond ✧ GL/41 (gond); LT1A/Gondolin (gond); PE15/26
  • Gond ✧ LT2A/Gondolin; LT2A/Gondothlim; PE15/25
Gnomish [GL/41; LT1A/Gondolin; LT1A/Gonlath; LT2A/Gondolin; LT2A/Gondothlim; PE15/25; PE15/26] Group: Eldamo. Published by

clochiol

adjective. stone

An adjective for “stone” in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s appearing as an element in G. gôf·clochiol “stone-fruit” (GL/40), derived from G. cloch “a stone” (GL/26).

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
cloch“stone (small), stone of fruit”
-(i)ol“adjective suffix”

Early Noldorin

gond

noun. stone, rock

gonn

noun. stone, rock

Cognates

  • Eq. hon “stone, rock” ✧ PE13/162

Derivations

Element in

  • En. gonnen “of stone” ✧ PE13/145

Variations

  • gond ✧ PE13/145; PE13/162 (gond)
Early Noldorin [PE13/123; PE13/145; PE13/162] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sarn

noun. stone

Element in

  • En. orsarn “stoneless” ✧ PE13/156
Early Noldorin [PE13/156] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Quenya

ondo

noun. stone, rock

Cognates

  • G. gonn “(great) stone, rock” ✧ LT2A/Gondolin; PE15/25

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ƷONO “hard” ✧ LT1A/Gondolin; QL/070

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ONO¹ > ondo[ɣondō] > [ɣondo] > [ondo]✧ QL/070

Variations

  • ond(o) ✧ PME/070
Early Quenya [LT1A/Gondolin; LT2A/Gondolin; MC/213; MC/214; MC/220; MC/221; PE14/043; PE14/044; PE14/070; PE14/073; PE14/107; PE15/25; PE15/77; PE16/057; PE16/060; PE16/062; PE16/064; PE16/065; PE16/072; PE16/074; PE16/077; PE16/111; PE16/113; PE16/114; PE16/115; PE16/138; PME/070; QL/070] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hon

noun. stone, rock

Changes

  • ŋondahond- ✧ PE13/162

Cognates

  • En. gonn “stone, rock” ✧ PE13/162

Derivations

Variations

  • ŋonda ✧ PE13/162 (ŋonda)
  • ŋondō ✧ PE13/162 (ŋondō)
Early Quenya [PE13/162] Group: Eldamo. Published by