Sindarin 

pen

adverb. lacking

adv. lacking, without.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:145] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

pen

pronoun. one, somebody, anybody

Usually enclitic and mutated as ben.2

Sindarin [WJ/376] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

pen

preposition. without, lacking, -less
Sindarin [Iarwain ben-adar LotR/II:II] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

pen²

noun. one, somebody, anybody, *[N.] Elf
Sindarin [PE17/141; WJ/362; WJ/376] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pen¹

preposition/prefix. without, lacking, -less
Sindarin [PE17/034; PE17/144; PE17/145; PE17/167; PE17/173] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tegil

noun. pen
Sindarin [PM/318; VT47/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tegil

noun. pen

Sindarized form of Quenya tekil, not known to the Sindar until the coming of the Ñoldor (but see however tegol for a possible dialectal variant)

Sindarin [PM/318] Q tekil. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

tegol

noun. pen
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

pen-

without

(ben-) _ pref. _without,**less. pen-adar 'fatherless'. >> ben-, ú-

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:34:144] < PENE lack. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

adanath

noun. men
Sindarin [MR/373] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

er

adjective. one, alone
Sindarin [PE17/095; SA/er; VT42/18; VT42/25; VT48/06] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dîr¹

noun. man, *[N.] adult male, *agental suffix
Sindarin [PE17/060] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwe

noun. man, warrior
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

min

fraction. one (first of a series)
Sindarin [Ety/373, VT/42:24-25, VT/48:6] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

min²

cardinal. one, *[G.] single
Sindarin [PE17/095; VT42/25; VT48/06] Group: Eldamo. Published by

adan

noun. man, one of the Second People (elvish name for men)
Sindarin [LotR/A(v), S/427, PM/324, WJ/387, Letters/282] Q. atan. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

tre-

prefix. through
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar-

prefix. without, by, **beside, *[N.] outside, *[S.] without, *beside, *[G.] along with, *compared with
Sindarin [PE17/169; VT42/17] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mîn

fraction. one (first of a series)
Sindarin [Ety/373, VT/42:24-25, VT/48:6] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

godref

adverb. through together
Sindarin [TAI/150] go-+tre-+be, OS *wotrebe, CE *wo-tere-be (?). Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Dúnadan

noun. Man of the west, Númenórean
Sindarin [LotR/I:XII, WJ/378, S/390] dûn+adan. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

adanadar

noun. man, one of the Fathers of Men
Sindarin [MR/373] adan+adar. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

drúadan

noun. wild man, one of the Woses
Sindarin [UT/385] drû+adan. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

drû

noun. wild man, Wose, Púkel-Man

In PE/11:31, an older Gnomish word drû, drui meant "wood, forest", and in PE/13:142, the early Noldorin word drú was assigned the meaning "dark". Drû pl. Drúin later came to be used for the name of the Woses, with other derivatives (Drúadan, etc.). "Wose" is actually the modernization of an Anglo-Saxon word wasa only found in the compound wudu-wasa "wild man of the woods", cf. UT/385 sq. In the drafts of the "Ride of the Rohirrim" in WR/343-346, the Woses first appeared as "the dark men of Eilenach". Though internally said to derive from drughu in their own tongue, Tolkien's choice for the Sindarin name of the Woses was apparently influenced by earlier meanings assigned to this word

Sindarin [UT/385] MS *druγ, Dr druγu. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

* ar

without

(adv. prefix) ar- (outside)

trî

preposition. through
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

* trî

through

(prep.) trî ;

* ú

without

(adverbial prefix) ú-, u- (e.g. udalraph ”without stirrups; stirrupless”, uluithiad *”without quenching” (SD:62) = ”unquenchable”). The prefix ar- has a similiar meaning, as in:

* pen

anybody

pen (one, somebody) (WJ:376); lenited ben

* pen

somebody

pen (one, anybody) (WJ:376); lenited ben

* pen

less

S pen (lenited ben) (without, lacking) (WJ:375) The phrase ben-adar ”without father, fatherless” is treated as an adjective and lenited following a noun (Iarwain ben-adar, Iarwain the Fatherless or Iarwain without father). Not to be confused with the pronoun pen ”one, somebody, anybody”.

* pen

without

1) pen (lenited ben) (lacking, -less) (WJ:375) Not to be confused with the pronoun pen ”one, somebody, anybody”. When prefixed to a noun, the resulting phrase can be treated as an adjective in that it is lenited (pen- appears as ben-) where an adjective would be lenited. 2)

* pen

cardinal. one

(indefinite pronoun) (= somebody, anybody) pen (WJ:376); lenited ben. According to one interpretation of the phrase caro den i innas lín from the Sindarin Lords Prayer (VT44:23), this could mean *”let one do your will”, with den (perhaps a lenited form of *ten) as the indefinite pronoun ”one”. However, others interpret den as the accusative form of the pronoun ”it”: ”Do it [, that is:] your will”.

* pen

pronoun. us (inclusive)
Sindarin Group: Neologism. Published by

* tegil

pen

tegil (i degil, o thegil), no distinct pl. form except with article (i thegil) (PM:318). Also (at least in ”Noldorin”) tegol (i degol, o thegol), analogical pl. tegyl (i thegyl)

* gwen

pronoun. us (inclusive)
Sindarin Group: Neologism. Published by

* dîr

man

1) (adult male of any speaking race) dîr (dír-, also agentive ending -dir or -nir; with article, i nîr, hard mutation as in o ndîr), no distinct pl. form except with article (i ndîr); coll. pl. díriath. Also benn (i venn, construct ben), pl. binn (i minn). The latter is in archaic language used = "husband" (the etymological meaning). The ending -we in names may also express ”being, man, person”. 2) (mortal human as opposed to Elf) Adan (pl. Edain; the coll. pl. Adanath is attested). The word Adan came to be used primarily of a member of the Three Houses of the Edain, not of the mortal race of Men in general.

* min

cardinal. one

1) (number ”one” as the first in a series) min, mîn (VT48:6), Note: homophones include the noun ”peak” and the adjective ”isolated, first, towering”. 2) (number) êr, whence the adjectival prefix er- (alone, lone); 3)

Sindarin [Parviphith] Published by

* tre

through

(adverbial prefix, sometimes = ”completely”) tre-, tri-. For an example of this prefix, see TELL TO END.