Quenya 

ui-

verb. to not be, to not do
Quenya [PE17/068; PE22/152; VT49/13; VT49/29] Group: Eldamo. Published by

airë

eternity

[airë (3) noun "eternity" (EY, VT45:13)]

u-

not do, not be

#u- vb. "not do, not be" (1st pers. aorist uin "I do not, am not"), pa.t. úmë (UGU/UMU). A late (ca. 1968) source gives the forms uin, uin() "I am not", uil() "you are not", uis "it is not", uilmë "we are not", uir "are not" and endingless ui *"is not" (VT49:29, 36); these forms were however struck out. The example uin carë "I dont" (PE17:68) combines this negative verb with a following verb in the "simplest aorist infinitive". Compare ua in another late source. See also ui, which (despite its use as an interjection "no") seems to be the endingless 3rd person aorist.

úr(in)

proper name. Sun

A late remnant of earlier names for the Sun: ᴱQ. Ûr and ᴹQ. Úrin. In Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s, this name was changed from Úrin >> Naira >> Vása (MR/198), but the form Úr(in) occasionally appeared in some later writings (PE17/148, MR/377). This name was a derivative of the root √UR “heat, be hot” (PE17/148).

Conceptual Development: In the earliest Lost Tales, this name was ᴱQ. Ûr, Ur or Úri “Sun”, but literally meaning “Fire” (LT1/187, QL/98). The name became ᴹQ. Úrin in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (LR/240). It was rejected in The Etymologies along with the root form ᴹ√UR, but reappeared sometimes in later writing as noted above.

Quenya [MR/198; MR/377; MRI/Úr; PE17/148] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anar

noun. Sun
Quenya [Let/425; MC/222; MR/044; MRI/Anar; PE17/038; PE17/148; PE17/152; PE21/86; S/099; SA/nár; SI/Anar; UT/022; UTI/Anar; WJI/Anar] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ua-

verb. to not be, to not do
Quenya [PE17/144; VT43/21] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ua-

not do, not be

ua- negative verb "not do, not be". If a verb is to be negated, ua (coming before the verb) receives any pronominal endings (and presumably also any endings for plurality or duality, -r or -t), whereas the uninflected tense-stem of the verb follows: With the ending -n for "I", one can thus have constructions like uan carë "I do not" (aorist), uan carnë "I did not" (past), uan cára "I am not doing" (present), uan caruva "I shall not do" (future). The verb ua- can itself be fully conjugated: #ua aorist (or present?), únë (past), úva "(future), #uië (perfect) (the aorist and perfect are attested only with the ending -n "I"). In "archaic Quenya" these tense-forms could be combined with an uninflected aorist stem, e.g. future *úvan carë = later Quenya uan caruva, "I shall not do". In later Quenya, only the forms ua (present or aorist) and "occasionally" the past tense form #únë were used in normal prose (únen* "I did not, was not"). (PE17:144; compare FS for úva** as a future-tense negative verb "will not")

lá-

verb. to not be
Quenya [PE22/153; PE22/154; PE22/156; PE22/160; VT42/33; VT43/22; VT49/13; VT49/15] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin 

uir

noun. eternity
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

anaur

noun. Sun
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

anor

noun. Sun
Sindarin [LotRI/Anor; PE17/030; PE17/038; PE17/055; RC/297; SA/nár; SDI2/Anar; SI/Anor] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* lae-

verb. to not be
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

* uir

adjective. fiery
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

* uir

adjective. *fiery
Sindarin [SA/anga] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* uir

eternity

uir

Adûnaic

ûri

noun. sun, sun (and moon)

A noun translated “sun” (SD/306, 428). This word appears in the forms ûrê, ûri and ûrî, but Tolkien declared that the form with long î is actually the personified form Ûrî “Lady of the Sun” (SD/426), perhaps the Adûnaic name of Q. Arien. The form ûrê only appears once (SD/426), so ûri is probably to be preferred as the ordinary word for Sun, especially since it is a neuter noun, which ordinarily cannot end in a long (SD/427). Tolkien lists the “later forms Uir, Ŷr” (SD/306), one of which may be the Westron word for “sun”, most likely Wes. uir. As suggested by several authors (AAD/24, EotAL/UR), ûri is probably derived from the Elvish root ᴹ√UR.

Adûnaic [SD/306; SD/426; SD/428] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

uir

noun. eternity
Noldorin [Ety/EY; Ety/OY] Group: Eldamo. Published by

uir

noun. eternity
Noldorin [Ety/379] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

guir

noun. eternity
Noldorin [Ety/GEY] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anor

noun. Sun
Noldorin [Ety/ANÁR; Ety/NAR¹; EtyAC/NAR¹; LR/041; LRI/Anar; LRI/Anor; SD/303; SD/306] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Westron

uir

noun. sun

A word listed as a later form of Ad. ûri “sun” (SD/306) and therefore perhaps a Westron word, as suggested by Andreas Moehn (EotAL/UR). The other “later form” Ŷr is unlikely to be Westron, since y seems not to be a vowel in Westron.

Westron [SD/306] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive elvish

anār

noun. Sun
Primitive elvish [SA/nár] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lā-

verb. to not be
Primitive elvish [PE22/140; PE22/153; VT49/13] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Valarin 

aþāraigas

proper name. Sun, ‘appointed heat’
Valarin [WJ/401] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

auro

noun. sun
Qenya [PE13/155] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ûr

proper name. Sun, (lit.) Fire

Name of the Sun in the earliest Lost Tales (LT1/187), sometimes appearing as úri (MC/214, 221), derived from the root ᴱ√URU having to do with heat (QL/98).

Qenya [LRI/Ûr; LT1/085; LT1/187; LT1A/Ûr; LT1A/Urwen; LT1I/Ûr; MC/214; MC/216; MC/221; PE15/77; PE16/062; PE16/072; PE16/074; PE16/075; PE16/077; PE16/100; PE16/104; PME/098; QL/098; SMI/Ûr] Group: Eldamo. Published by

úrin

proper name. Sun, (lit.) Fiery

An earlier Quenya name for the Sun appearing in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s and glossed “Fiery” (LR/240). It was sometimes used in combination with its other name Anar: Úr-anar “Red Sun” (LR/72). In a deleted entry in The Etymologies, it was given as a derivative of the root ᴹ√UR “be hot” (Ety/UR).

Qenya [Ety/UR; LR/072; LR/240; LRI/Ûr; LRI/Úrin; SM/097] Group: Eldamo. Published by

úrin

proper name. Sun, (lit.) Fire
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

ahúra

proper name. Sun

An early Qenya word for the Sun appearing in a word list from the 1920s (PE15/77). Its etymology is obscure.

Qenya [PE15/77] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anar

noun. Sun
Qenya [Ety/ANÁR; Ety/NAR¹; EtyAC/ANÁR; LR/041; LR/072; LR/240; LRI/Anar; PE22/019; PE22/023; SD/306; SDI2/Anar] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sári

proper name. Sun

A name for the Sun in the earliest Lost Tales (LT1/186), probably a derivative of the root ᴱ√SAH(Y)A “be hot” as suggested by Christopher Tolkien (LT1A/Sári).

Qenya [LRI/Sári; LT1/186; LT1/198; LT1A/Sári; LT1I/Sári; PE14/014; SMI/Sári] Group: Eldamo. Published by

um-

verb. to not be, to not do
Qenya [Ety/LA; Ety/UGU; EtyAC/ƷŪ; LR/072] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lá-

verb. to not be
Qenya [PE22/106; PE22/119; PE22/121; PE22/126; PE22/127] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

anār

noun. Sun
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ANÁR; SD/302; SD/306] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

uir-

verb. not to wish, not mean to, mean not to
Gnomish [GL/46; GL/51; GL/74] Group: Eldamo. Published by

uril

proper name. Sun
Gnomish [GL/75; LT1A/Ûr] Group: Eldamo. Published by

galaduir

proper name. Sun
Gnomish [PE13/114] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aur(a)

noun. Sun
Gnomish [GL/20; GL/59; GL/62; GL/75; LT1A/Ûr; LT1I/Aur; PE13/114] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hŷr

noun. sun
Gnomish [PE13/114] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

ûr

noun. sun
Early Noldorin [PE13/137; PE13/151; PE13/155] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

ourū̆

noun. sun
Early Primitive Elvish [PE13/155] Group: Eldamo. Published by