Quenya 

velicë

great

velicë ("k") adj. "great" _(LT1:254; probably not valid in Tolkien's later Quenya; in the context of the Etymologies it would have to be derived from _BEL, but it is stated that this stem was "not found in Q". Perhaps Tolkien rejected velicë because it was too similar to the Russian word that clearly inspired it.)

sal-

verb. ?
Quenya [PE 22:133] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

poldorë

strong, burly

poldorë noun? (not glossed, derived from polda "strong, burly": possibly "strength" as an abstract) (POL/POLOD)

astalda

adjective. strong, *valiant
Quenya [PE17/115] Group: Eldamo. Published by

turcafinwë

masculine name. strong, powerful (in body)

The father-name of Celegorm, a compound of turca “strong” and the name of his grandfather Finwë (PM/352).

Quenya [PM/352; PMI/Celegorm] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Turcafinwë

strong, powerful (in body) finwë

Turcafinwë masc. name, "strong, powerful (in body) Finwë", masc. name; he was called Celegorm in Sindarin. Short Quenya name Turco. (PM:352), compare #turco "chief" (q.v.)

* poldórëa

adjective. strong, strong-bodied, [ᴱQ.] muscular, powerful
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

* turca

adjective. strong, powerful (in body)
Quenya [PM/352] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin 

beleg

adjective. great, mighty, large, big, *[ᴱN.] huge

The primitive form of this word in later writings is unclear. The development in Quenya seems indicates a primitive initial ✶mb- and a primitive form of ✶mbeleke, as in ✶Mbelekōro or ✶Mbelekōre > Q. Melkor (PE17/115, WJ/402). However, the nasal-mutation meleg appears in Taur-i-Melegyrn “Forest of the Great Trees”, indicating a primitive initial ✶b- and a primitive form of ✶beleke. It is possible the soft-mutation veleg appears Arveleg, also indicating a primitive initial ✶b-. @@@ Also Cûl Veleg.

It may be that the strengthening of √BEL ⇒ √MBEL occurred only in Quenya, and the Sindarin form developed from the original √BEL instead. Since The Etymologies state that √BEL was “not found in Q[uenya]”, this seems a likely scenario to me.

Sindarin [PE17/115; RC/536; S/209; SA/beleg; WJI/Taur-i-Melegyrn] Group: Eldamo. Published by

beleg

adjective. great, mighty
Sindarin [Ety/352, S/428] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

daer

adjective. great
Sindarin [UT/450, WJ/187, WJ/335, VT/42:11] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

daer¹

adjective. great, large
Sindarin [UT/264; VT42/11; VT42/14; WJ/191; WJ/335; WJ/338] Group: Eldamo. Published by

thalion

noun/adjective. strong, dauntless, *[N.] hero, *dauntless man, *[ᴱN.] warrior
Sindarin [SA/thalion] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ingildon

place name. ?
Sindarin [WJI/Barad Nimras; WJI/Ingildon] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dha

?. ?
Sindarin [PE22/165] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* bel

noun. strength
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

* bell

strong

1) (in body) *bell, lenited vell, pl. bill. Suggested Sindarin form of ”Noldorin” belt. 2)

* beleg

great

beleg (mighty), lenited veleg, pl. belig

* #dae

great

#dae (lenited nae, no distinct pl. form). Isolated from daedhelos "great fear". Note: Homophones mean "shadow, shade" and also "very, exceedingly".

* daer

great

daer (large), lenited dhaer, no distinct pl. form. Note: a homophone means "bridegroom", but has a different lenited form.

* thalion

strong

thalion (steadfast, dauntless), pl. thelyn. Also used as a noun ”hero, dauntless man”.

*

strength

(physical strength) (i dû, o thû) (muscle, sinew; vigour), pl. tui (i thui), coll. pl. túath.

Telerin 

belda

adjective. strong
Telerin Group: Eldamo. Published by

Black Speech

búbhosh

noun/adjective. great, dung-heap, muck heap
Black Speech [LotR/0445; PE17/079; PM/083] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Adûnaic

abâr

noun. strength, endurance, fidelity

A noun translated as “strength, endurance, fidelity”, and used as an example of noun declension in Lowdham’s Report (SD/431). Carl Hostetter and Patrick Wynne suggested (AAD/9) that it may be related to the Elvish root ᴹ√BOR(ON) “endure”. It may also be related to the name Abrazân “*Steadfast, Faithful”.

Conceptual Development: This word also appeared in earlier Adûnaic names Zen’nabâr and Abarzâyan (both glossed “Land of Gift”), where it apparently had the meaning “gift”. These names were eventually replaced by Yôzâyan in which the element means “gift”, freeing abâr to have the meaning: “strength, endurance, fidelity”.

Adûnaic [SD/431; SD/432] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Khuzdûl

* gabil

adjective. great
Khuzdûl Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

belt

adjective. strong in body
Noldorin [Ety/352, Tengwestie/20031207] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

beleg

adjective. great, large
Noldorin [Ety/BEL; PE22/031] Group: Eldamo. Published by

beleg

adjective. great, mighty
Noldorin [Ety/352, S/428] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

bellas

noun. bodily strength
Noldorin [Ety/352] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

daur

adjective. great, large
Noldorin [EtyAC/DAƷ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Undetermined

bel

place name. ?
Undetermined [RC/018; UT/247; VT42/15] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive elvish

bel

root. *strong
Primitive elvish [PE17/115; PE17/150] Group: Eldamo. Published by

belē

noun. strength
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

mbel

root. *strong
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

melek

root. great, mighty, powerful, strong
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

stal

root. strong
Primitive elvish [PE17/115.0908; PE17/185.3301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

stal

root. strong
Primitive elvish [PE17/115; PE17/185] Group: Eldamo. Published by

adjective. strength
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

turuk

root. *strong
Primitive elvish [PE17/022; PE17/188] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive adûnaic

bel

root. *befriend, love

This unglossed root appears only as an element in the name Azrubêl “Friend of the Sea, Sea-lover” (SD/305). It has a sense similar to that of ✶Ad. √ZIR “love, desire”. Perhap it is distinct from ✶Ad. √ZIR in that it has more to do with friendship than desire. It could be distantly related to the elvish root √MEL, perhaps ✶mel- > ✶mbel- > ✶bel- in the Avari tongue that influenced Primitive Adûnaic, but this is purely speculative.

This root also contradicts statements by Tolkien elsewhere that Primitive Adûnaic only had the vowels a, i and u. Perhaps it should be *BIL, as with ✶Ad. √BITH “say” the primitive root of Ad. bêth “expression, saying, word”.

Primitive adûnaic Group: Eldamo. Published by

asad

root. ?

An otherwise unexplained root Tolkien gave to illustrate a pronunciation example (SD/421). It may not be a real root. If it is real, it is either a biconsonantal-root with vowel-prefixion or a triconsonantal-root with a lost initial consonant such as ] or ].

Primitive adûnaic [SD/421] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nak

root. ?

An otherwise unexplained root that Tolkien used to illustrate the processes of Primitive Adûnaic word formation (SD/422-3). It may have no real meaning. Even if it were, certainly only a few of its derivatives could be real words in Classical Adûnaic.

Primitive adûnaic [SD/422; SD/423] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sapad

root. ?

An otherwise unexplained root Tolkien gave to illustrate a pronunciation example. It may not be a real root.

Primitive adûnaic [SD/421] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

polda

adjective. strong, burly
Qenya [Ety/POL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

velike

adjective. great, large
Qenya [GL/22; LT1A/Haloisi Velikë; PE16/137; QL/100] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nertu

noun. strength
Qenya [PME/065; QL/065] Group: Eldamo. Published by

poldórea

adjective. strong, strong-bodied
Qenya [PE22/123] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tulka

adjective. strong
Qenya [PE16/137] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yanta

adjective. great

Also glossed as “large”.

Qenya [QL/106.2801; PE15/69.7802] Group: Eldamo. Published by

turka

adjective. strong
Qenya [PE16/137] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -on

suffix. great
Qenya [Ety/AD] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

bel

noun. strength

An Ilkorin word for “strength”, developed from primitive ᴹ✶belē (Ety/BEL), an example of how final vowels vanished in Ilkorin.

Doriathrin [Ety/BEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

beleg

masculine name. Strong
Doriathrin [Ety/BEL; LRI/Beleg; RSI/Beleg; SMI/Beleg] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin 

belda

adjective. strong
Old Noldorin [Ety/BEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

belle

noun. strength
Old Noldorin [Ety/BEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

bel

root. strong
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/BEL; Ety/DING; Ety/STARAN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

belē

noun. strength
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/BEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

daʒ

root. great
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/DAƷ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

daʒrā

adjective. great, large
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/DAƷ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

adjective. strength
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/TUG] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Telerin

belda

adjective. strong
Middle Telerin [Ety/BEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

a-²

prefix. ?
Gnomish [GL/17] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

beleg

adjective. great, large, huge
Early Noldorin [PE13/122; PE13/125; PE13/128; PE13/138] Group: Eldamo. Published by

rhôg

noun. strength
Early Noldorin [PE13/152] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hanach

?. ?
Early Noldorin [MC/217] Group: Eldamo. Published by