Quenya 

aiqua

steep

aiqua("q")adj. "steep" (AYAK). Not to be confused with the pronoun *aiqua "if anything, whatever" that post-Tolkien writers have extrapolated from aiquen (q.v.) on the basis of such pairs as ilquen vs. ilqua (q.v.)

oronta

steep

oronta adj. "steep" (LT1:256)

poldorë

strong, burly

poldorë noun? (not glossed, derived from polda "strong, burly": possibly "strength" as an abstract) (POL/POLOD)

Turcafinwë

strong, powerful (in body) finwë

Turcafinwë masc. name, "strong, powerful (in body) Finwë", masc. name; he was called Celegorm in Sindarin. Short Quenya name Turco. (PM:352), compare #turco "chief" (q.v.)

Sindarin 

thalion

strong

thalion (steadfast, dauntless), pl. thelyn. Also used as a noun ”hero, dauntless man”.

baradh

steep

baradh (pl. beraidh, lenited varadh).

bell

strong

1) (in body) *bell, lenited vell, pl. bill. Suggested Sindarin form of ”Noldorin” belt. 2)

Primitive elvish

stal

root. strong

The unglossed root ᴹ√STALAG appeared in The Etymologies of the 1930s with derivatives like N. thala “stalwart, steady, firm” and N. thalion “hero, dauntless man” (Ety/STÁLAG), the latter a sobriquet of Húrin typically translated as “Steadfast” in the narratives themselves (S/199). Similar forms appeared in Early Noldorin Word-lists from the 1920s derived from the primitive form ᴱ✶stalga (PE13/153).

The root √STAL “strong” was mentioned in passing as the basis for the adjective Q. astalda in a rejected page associated with roots having to do with “large & small” words, probably from the late 1960s (PE17/115; VT47/26 note #26). The name Q. Astaldo “Valiant” appeared as a sobriquet of Tulkas in later versions of The Silmarillion (S/28), replacing the earlier name Q. Poldórëa of similar meaning (MR/146, 149; LR/206). For purposes of Neo-Eldarin, I would assume √STAL (and its derivatives) means “✱valiant” rather than “strong”.

Derivatives

  • ᴺQ. astal “valour”
  • Q. astalda “strong, *valiant” ✧ PE17/115

Element in

  • ᴺS. thalas “valour, courage”
Primitive elvish [PE17/115; PE17/185] Group: Eldamo. Published by

stal

root. *valiant

Noldorin 

baradh

adjective. steep

Noldorin [Ety/351] Group: SINDICT. Published by

baradh

adjective. steep

Derivations

  • On. barada “steep” ✧ Ety/BARÁD
    • ᴹ✶Baradā “lofty, sublime” ✧ Ety/BARÁD
    • ᴹ√BARAD “*lofty, noble” ✧ Ety/BARÁD; Ety/BARATH
      • ᴹ√BAR “raise; uplift, save, rescue(?)” ✧ Ety/BAR

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. barada > baradh[barada] > [baraða] > [barað]✧ Ety/BARÁD
Noldorin [Ety/BARÁD] Group: Eldamo. Published by

belt

adjective. strong in body

Noldorin [Ety/352, Tengwestie/20031207] Group: SINDICT. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 

aiqa

adjective. steep, steep, [ᴱQ.] tall; high, lofty, sublime; chief

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶aikwā “tall, steep”
    • ᴹ√AYAK “sharp, pointed”
  • ᴹ√AYAK “sharp, pointed” ✧ Ety/AYAK

Element in

Doriathrin

beleg

masculine name. Strong

Cognates

  • N. beleg “great, large” ✧ Ety/BEL

Elements

WordGloss
bel“strength”
Doriathrin [Ety/BEL; LRI/Beleg; RSI/Beleg; SMI/Beleg] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin 

barada

adjective. steep

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶Baradā “lofty, sublime” ✧ Ety/BARÁD
    • ᴹ√BARAD “*lofty, noble” ✧ Ety/BARÁD; Ety/BARATH
    • ᴹ√BAR “raise; uplift, save, rescue(?)” ✧ Ety/BAR

Derivatives

  • N. baradh “steep” ✧ Ety/BARÁD

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶barádā > barada[baradā] > [barada]✧ Ety/BARÁD
Old Noldorin [Ety/BARÁD] Group: Eldamo. Published by

belda

adjective. strong

Derivations

  • ᴹ√BEL “strong” ✧ Ety/BEL

Derivatives

  • N. belt “strong in body” ✧ Ety/BEL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√BEL > belda[belda]✧ Ety/BEL
Old Noldorin [Ety/BEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

stal

root. steep

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “steep” with derivatives like Ilk. thall “steep, falling steeply (of river)” and Ilk. thalos “torrent”, the latter used for the river name Ilk. Thalos (Ety/STAL). Tolkien continued to use the name S. Thalos in later versions of The Silmarillion, but the name was translated nowhere else, making its continued connection to the 1930s root uncertain.

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶stalrā “steep, falling steeply (of river)” ✧ Ety/STAL
    • Ilk. thall “steep, falling steeply (of river)” ✧ Ety/STAL
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/STAL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bel

root. strong

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶belē “strength” ✧ Ety/BEL
    • Ilk. bel “strength” ✧ Ety/BEL
  • ᴹ✶bélekā “mighty, huge, great” ✧ Ety/BEL
    • On. beleka “mighty, huge, great” ✧ Ety/BEL
    • N. beleg “great, large” ✧ Ety/BEL
    • ᴹT. belka “excessive” ✧ Ety/BEL
  • On. belda “strong” ✧ Ety/BEL
    • N. belt “strong in body” ✧ Ety/BEL
  • On. belle “strength” ✧ Ety/BEL
  • ᴹT. belda “strong” ✧ Ety/BEL
  • ᴹT. belle “(physical) strength” ✧ Ety/BEL

Element in

Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/BEL; Ety/DING; Ety/STARAN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Telerin

belda

adjective. strong

Cognates

  • N. belt “strong in body” ✧ Ety/BEL

Derivations

  • ᴹ√BEL “strong” ✧ Ety/BEL
Middle Telerin [Ety/BEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Quenya

oronta

adjective. steep

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ORO “steepness, rising” ✧ LT1A/Kalormë; QL/070

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ORO¹ > oronta[orontā] > [oronta]✧ QL/070
Early Quenya [LT1A/Kalormë; PME/070; QL/070] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tulka

adjective. strong

Changes

  • tulkatulka “steady, strong” ✧ PE16/137

Derivations

  • ᴱ√TULUKU “*steady, firm”
Early Quenya [PE16/137] Group: Eldamo. Published by

turka

adjective. strong

Derivations

  • ᴱ√TURU “am strong”
Early Quenya [PE16/137] Group: Eldamo. Published by