Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish

ne

root. *in

A rejected root in The Etymologies of the 1930s with a strengthened form ✱ndē̆ serving as the basis for the prefix in N. nestag- “insert”, possibly related to ᴹ√NED “middle” (EtyAC/NĒ̆). The strengthened form may have been replaced by the root ᴹ√(N)DI “in” (EtyAC/NDI), but in later writing ✶ndī was given the meaning “beneath, not touching, under” (PE17/95). Despite the rejection of the root, the verb N. nestag- “insert” remained unmodified under the root ᴹ√STAK (Ety/STAK), and there is further evidence for the ne- prefix in the verb N. neledh- “enter” appearing on the 1936 draft of Thror’s Map from this same time period (TAI/150).

Neo-Eldarin: For purposes of Neo-Eldarin, I think it is worth retaining this (Noldorin and Sindarin-only?) prefix ne- “in”.

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶ndē̆- “in, inside” ✧ EtyAC/NĒ̆
  • N. ne- “in”

Element in

  • On. nestak- “to insert, stick in” ✧ EtyAC/NĒ̆ (ne-stak-)

Variations

  • NĒ̆ ✧ EtyAC/NĒ̆ (NĒ̆)
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/NĒ̆] Group: Eldamo. Published by

adverb. was; then, ago

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. ná- “to be” ✧ PE22/096
  • ᴹQ. “ago” ✧ PE22/096

Element in

  • ᴹ✶-nē “past suffix” ✧ PE22/096

Variations

  • nḗ ✧ PE22/096
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE22/096] Group: Eldamo. Published by

suffix. ?genitive

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ENE “?genitive” ✧ PE21/59
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE21/59] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ene

root. ?genitive

A root mentioned in Primitive Quendian Structure: Final Consonants from 1936 as the basis for the 1930s genitive suffix ᴹQ. -n. In later writings, the Quenya genitive suffix became Q. -o, and the dative suffix -n was given a new etymology from √NA/ANA, so likely ᴹ√ENE fell out of Tolkien’s favor for this particular use.

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶ “?genitive” ✧ PE21/59
  • ᴹQ. -n “genitive suffix” ✧ PE21/59
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE21/59] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ndē̆-

prefix. in, inside

Derivations

  • ᴹ√NE “*in” ✧ EtyAC/NĒ̆
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/NĒ̆] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ē

root. to be

Middle Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

root. to be

Changes

  • YEĒ “to be” ✧ PE22/122

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. ye- “to be” ✧ PE22/123
  • ᴹQ. -ie “stative suffix” ✧ EtyAC/YĒ

Variations

  • Ī ✧ EtyAC/YĒ
  • I ✧ PE18/060
  • YE ✧ PE18/084 (YE); PE22/123 (YE)
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/YĒ; PE18/060; PE18/084; PE22/123] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eʒ-

verb. to be

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ “be”

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. ea- “to be; to exist, have being, be found extant in the real world” ✧ PE22/122; PE22/122; PE22/122; PE22/122

Variations

  • eʒe ✧ PE22/122
  • eñe ✧ PE22/122
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE22/122] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mī/imi

root. in, inside

Derivatives

  • ᴹ√IMBE “dell, deep vale”
    • ᴹQ. imbe “dell, deep vale, ravine, glen” ✧ EtyAC/IMBE
    • N. imm “dell, deep vale” ✧ EtyAC/IMBE
  • ᴹQ. imbe “in(wards)” ✧ EtyAC/IMÍ
  • ᴹQ. mi “in, within” ✧ Ety/MI
  • ᴹQ. minna “into, to the inside” ✧ Ety/MI
  • ᴹQ. mir “to the inside, into” ✧ Ety/MI
  • ᴹQ. mitta “inwards, (?into)” ✧ EtyAC/MI
  • ᴹQ. mitya “interior” ✧ Ety/MI
  • N. minna- “to enter” ✧ EtyAC/MI

Variations

  • MI ✧ Ety/MI; EtyAC/MI
  • IMÍ ✧ EtyAC/IMÍ
  • ✧ EtyAC/IMÍ; EtyAC/MI
  • imi ✧ EtyAC/NDI
  • mi ✧ EtyAC/NDI
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/MI; EtyAC/IMÍ; EtyAC/MI; EtyAC/NDI] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ī

root. to be

Middle Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

ta

root. that

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶tad “thither” ✧ Ety/TA
    • ᴹQ. tar “thither, beyond” ✧ Ety/TA; PE19/052; PE21/58
    • On. “thither” ✧ PE19/052; PE21/58
  • ᴹQ. ta “that, it” ✧ Ety/TA
  • ᴹQ. tana “that (anaphoric)” ✧ Ety/TA
  • On. “thither” ✧ Ety/TA

Element in

  • ᴹ√TAN “*show” ✧ PE18/033; PE18/060
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/TA; PE18/033; PE18/060] Group: Eldamo. Published by