Noldorin 


noun. neck

Noldorin [Ety/400] Group: SINDICT. Published by


noun. neck

A word for “neck” in The Etymologies of the 1930s derived from primitive ᴹ✶yakta- under the root ᴹ√YAK (Ety/KEM), where the primitive k spirantalized and vocalized to i and the resulting diphthong ai became ae, sound changes that remain plausible in Sindarin as well.

Conceptual Development: There was a similar word G. gath “neck” in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s from primitive ᴱ✶yatt- (GL/36), with the Gnomish sound change of initial y to g.

Neo-Sindarin: For purpose of Neo-Sindarin, I would use iaeth for “neck” as a joining between the head and torso, as opposed to lang as a passage from the mouth to stomach and lungs [including the “✱throat”] and S. ach referring the vertebrae in the neck [“✱(upper) spine”].


  • ᴹQ. yat “neck, neck; [ᴱQ.] isthmus” ✧ Ety/YAK


  • ᴹ✶yakta- “neck” ✧ Ety/YAK
    • ᴹ√YAK “*neck” ✧ Ety/YAK

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶yakta- > iaeth[jakta] > [jaktʰa] > [jaxθa] > [jaiθa] > [jaiθ] > [jaeθ]✧ Ety/YAK