Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish


root. *neck

An unglossed root in The Etymologies of the 1930s with derivatives like ᴹQ. yat/N. iaeth “neck” (Ety/YAK). It might also be the basis for later Sindarin S. iach “ford” as in S. Arossiach “Ford(s) of Aros” (S/121, WJ/338).


  • ᴹ✶yakta- “neck” ✧ Ety/YAK
    • ᴹQ. yat “neck, neck; [ᴱQ.] isthmus” ✧ Ety/YAK
    • N. iaeth “neck” ✧ Ety/YAK
  • ᴹQ. yatta “narrow neck, isthmus, (narrow) neck, isthmus; *(lit.) joining” ✧ Ety/YAK
  • S. iach “ford”
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/YAK] Group: Eldamo. Published by