Quenya zR5Ì#

sír

river

sír noun "river", shorter form of sirë (PE17:65, VT49:17)

sír

noun. river
Quenya [PE17/065.3101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sírë

river

sírë noun "river" (SIR, VT46:13), "stream" (LT1:265). Also short form sír, q.v.Compare #sirya.

sír(ë)

noun. river
Quenya [PE17/065.3101; VT47/11.3111; VT49/17.1108] Group: Eldamo. Published by

heru

lord, master

heru (also hér) noun "lord, master" (PM:210, KHER, LT1:272, VT44:12); Letters:283 gives hér (heru); the form Héru with a long vowel refers to God in the source where it appears (i Héru "the Lord", VT43:29). In names like Herumor "Black Lord" and Herunúmen "Lord of the West" (SA:heru). The form heruion is evidently a gen.pl. of heru "lord": "of the lords" (SD:290); herunúmen "Lord-of-West" (LR:47), title of Manwë. Pl. númeheruvi "Lords-of-West" (*"West-lords") in SD:246, a title of the Valar; does this form suggest that #heruvi is the regular plural of heru?

heru

noun. lord, lord, master
Quenya [DTS/54.01; Let/282.1802; Let/282.1803; PE17/097.4213; PM/210.2202; PM/210.2203; SA/heru.001; SA/roch.022; VT41/09.2402; VT43/29.0802; VT44/12.3501] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hér

lord

hér noun "lord" (VT41:9), also heru, q.v.

hér

noun. lord
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

sindi

river

sindi noun "river" (LT1:265; rather sírë in LotR-style Quenya)

sirya

river

#sirya noun "river", attested in the dual form siryat (VT47:11). Compare sírë.

celusindi

river

celusindi _("k")_noun "river" (LT1:257; hardly a valid word in Tolkien's later Quenya, where the terms sírë and sirya appear instead)

condo

noun. lord
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

mandu

noun. lord
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

túrin

noun. lord
Quenya [PBL/1.02] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nen

river

nen noun "river" (LT1:248), "river, water" (LT1:262) (In Tolkien's later Quenya, nén with a long vowel means "water", but hardly "river" - that is sírë.)

nuinë

suffix. river
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

turu-

master, defeat, have victory over

turu- (1) vb. "master, defeat, have victory over" (PE17:113, not clearly said to be Quenya, but the Q name Turucundo "Victory-prince" is listed immediately afterwards). Compare tur-; cf. also *turúna.

hlóna

river, especially given to those at all seasons full of water from mountains

[hlóna (2) noun "a river, especially given to those at all seasons full of water from mountains" (VT48:27; the word is marked with a query and the note containing it rejected; it was apparently replaced by lón, q.v.)]

Malantur

lord, ruler

Malantur, masc. name. Apparently includes -(n)tur "lord, ruler". The initial element is unlikely to connect with the early "Qenya" element mala- "hurt, pain", and may rather reflect the root MALAT "gold" (PM:366): Malat-ntur > Malantur "Gold-ruler"? (UT:210)

* herunauco

9V7J5.DaH noun. dwarf-lord, dwarven lord
Quenya [Compound of heru and nauco] Group: Neologism. Published by

Sindarin iT2#7T5

hîr

noun. lord, lord, master
Sindarin [LB/354.3102; Let/282.1702; Let/382.2711; PM/210.2402; SA/heru.007; SD/129.0103; UT/318.3808; VT41/09.2405; VT41/09.2805] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hîr

noun. master, lord
Sindarin [Ety/364, S/432, SD/129-31, Letters/382, LB/354, ] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

sîr

noun. river, river, stream, stream
Sindarin [PE17/037.0309; RC/269.0606; RC/384.2307; RC/587.2901-2; SA/sîr.001; UT/263.3415] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sîr

noun. river
Sindarin [Ety/385, S/437, RC/384] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

herdir

noun. master
Sindarin [i-Cherdir SD/129-31] hîr+dîr. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

brannon

noun. lord
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

duin

noun. (long and large) river (having strong current)
Sindarin [S/430, LotR/F, TC/179, VT/48:24] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

* hîr

lord

1) hîr (i chîr, o chîr; also hir-, her- at the beginning of compounds) (master), no distinct pl. form, not even with article (i chîr), coll. pl. híriath (Letters:282, 386; VT41:9); 2) heron (i cheron, o cheron) (master), pl. heryn (i cheryn), coll. pl. heronnath (VT45:22)._ _Since the pl. heryn clashes with the fem. sg. heryn ”lady”, other words for ”lord” may be preferred. 3) brannon (i vrannon), pl. brennyn (i mrennyn), coll. pl. brannonnath; 4) tûr (i dûr, o thûr, construct tur) (mastery, power, control; master, victor), pl. tuir (i thuir), coll. pl. túrath.

* sîr

river

1) (also = rill) sîr (i hîr, o sîr), in compounds sir- or -hir or -hír; no distinct pl. form except with article (i sîr), coll. pl. siriath. Note: sîr is also the adverb ”today”. 2) celon (i gelon, o chelon), pl. celyn (pl. i chelyn), 3) The word lind ”singer” may also be used of rivers (see . (WJ.309).

* herdir

noun. master
Sindarin [SD/129.0407] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* herdir

master

(noun) 1) herdir (i cherdir), no distinct pl. form, not even with article (i cherdir). Possibly used = ”Mr.” (i cherdir Perhael ”the Master Samwise” or *”Mr. Samwise”). (SD:128-31). Coll. pl. ?herdiriath. 2) heron (i cheron, o cheron) (lord), pl. heryn (i cheryn), coll. pl. heronnath. (VT45:22)._ Since the pl. heryn clashes with the fem. sg. heryn ”lady”, other words for ”lord, master” may be preferred. 3) hîr (i chîr, o chîr; also hir-, her- at the beginning of compounds) (lord), no distinct pl. form even with article (i chîr). (Letters:282, 386; VT41:9)_ 4) (also used = ”mastery”) tûr (i dûr, o thûr, construct tur) (victory, power, control; victor, lord), pl. tuir (i thuir), coll. pl. túrath

* duin

river

(long, large river with strong current) duin (i dhuin), no distinct pl. form except with article (i nuin) (VT48:24)

* celon

noun. river
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

* tûr

noun. master
Sindarin [SA/amarth.020-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* orthor

master

(vb.) orthor (i orthor, in ertherir for archaic in örtherir) (conquer)

Adûnaic

kherû

masculine name. Lord

A rejected draft version of the Adûnaic name for Morgoth translated “Lord”, replaced by Arûn of the same meaning (SD/376). It is transparently a derivative of the Elvish root ᴹ√KHER, as suggested by Carl Hostetter and Patrick Wynn (AAD/18). A later form of this word, *khôr “lord”, may appears as an element in the name Adûnakhôr “Lord of the West”.

Adûnaic [SD/376.3406; SDI2/Arûn.009] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arûn

masculine name. Lord

An Adûnaic name for Morgoth, perhaps coined by Sauron when he introduced the worship of the dark god to the Númenóreans, translated as “Lord” (SD/376). It is derived from the word ârû “king” and was sometimes used in a compound together with Morgoth’s true Adûnaic name: Arûn-Mulkhêr (SD/367). In other writings (SD/357) it was the original Adûnaic name of Morgoth before he fell to evil, but that hardly makes sense in the conceptual scenario of the later Silmarillion, in which Morgoth had already become evil before men awoke.

Adûnaic [SD/357.3603; SD/376.3314; SDI2/Arûn.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* khôr

noun. lord

An element meaning “lord” appearing only in the name Adûnakhôr “Lord of the West”, though a similar form appears in the earlier names Kherû “Lord” and Mulkhêr “Lord of Darkness”. It isn’t clear whether this element is akhôr or khôr, but khôr resembles the Primitive Elvish root √KHER “rule, govern, possess”, to which it may be related.

This possible relationship has been suggested by various authors (AL/Adûnaic, EotAL/KHUR). Andreas Moehn rejected the relationship, pointing out that Primitive Elvish ✶khēru “lord” would have developed phonetically into Ad. **khîru (EotAL). However, khôr may be derived from some more ancient Avari loan word, which underwent different phonetic developments than those of the Eldarin languages, perhaps ✶kher- > khar > khaur > Ad. khôr.

Adûnaic Group: Eldamo. Published by

Khuzdûl

uzbad

noun. lord
Khuzdûl [PE17/047.2102] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 5^mY7T5

hîr

noun. lord, master, master, lord
Noldorin [Ety/KHER.019; EtyAC/KHER.017; TI/249.2403] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hîr

noun. master, lord
Noldorin [Ety/364, S/432, SD/129-31, Letters/382, LB/354, ] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

sîr

noun. river
Noldorin [Ety/SIR.014; RS/433.2110-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sîr

noun. river
Noldorin [Ety/385, S/437, RC/384] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

heron

noun. master
Noldorin [VT/45:22] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

duirro

noun. river-bank
Noldorin [VT/46:10] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

sirion

noun. great river
Noldorin [Sirion Ety/385] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

brannon

noun. lord
Noldorin [Ety/BARÁD.049] Group: Eldamo. Published by

brannon

noun. lord
Noldorin [Ety/351] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

celon

noun. river
Noldorin [Celon (name) Ety/363] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

orthor-

verb. to master, conquer
Noldorin [Ety/395] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

kon

root. lord, to lead
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

kun

root. lord, to lead

This root appears the Etymologies in the extended form ᴹ√KUNDU, from which ᴹQ. †kundu, N. †cunn “prince” and N. Felagund “Lord of Caves” were derived. In later writings (PE17/113, 117), Tolkien explored the possibility of connecting Felagund to the names of Fingon and Turgon, deriving all three from a primitive form ✶kondō (<< ✶kundō) and using a new form of this root: √KON (<< √KUN). He even went so far as to change the first of these names to Felegond with an “o” (PE17/118).

However, in still later writings (PM/345), Tolkien established that the element -gon “lord” in S. Fingon and Turgon was ultimately derived from Q. cáno “commander”. In the same text, he revised the etymology of S. Felagund so that it was derived from a Khuzdul name Kh. Felakgundu “Cave-hewer” (PM/352), as described in The Silmarillion index (SI/Felagund). These revisions make it likely that Tolkien abandoned the form √KON.

The later status of earlier √KUN is unclear, however. √KUN might have been rejected along with √KON, or Tolkien may have restored it. As evidence of its restoration, †cund remained as an element in two older (Sindarin?) names: Baragund and Belegund. Furthermore, its Quenya derivative Q. cundo appears as an element in the later name Q. Carma-cundo, albiet with a new gloss “guardian”.

If we accept the restoration of √KUN, its Quenya derivative cundo “prince, lord, guardian” could be considered valid, possibly along with the verb cunya- “to rule”. Its Sindarin derivative †cund “prince” should probably be considered archaic, however, replaced by the time of the Third Age with caun¹.

Primitive elvish [PE17/113.1503; PE17/113.2704; PE17/158.1101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kundō

noun. lord, prince, leader, lord
Primitive elvish [PE17/113.2701; PE17/117.4104] Group: Eldamo. Published by

árātō

noun. lord
Primitive elvish [PE17/118.4607] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya zR5Ì#

síre

noun. river
Qenya [Ety/SIR.010; EtyAC/SIR.006; PE21/10.0507; PE21/10.0910; PE21/10.0911; PE21/10.1009; PE21/10.1010; PE21/10.1104; PE21/10.1205; PE21/10.1206] Group: Eldamo. Published by

heru

noun. lord
Qenya [GL/49.2707; LT1A/Valahíru.030; PME/040.3704; QL/040.2401] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sindi

noun. river
Qenya [LT1A/Kelusindi.052; LT1A/Sirion.008; PME/084.2901; QL/084.2201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kelusindi

noun. river, river near its source
Qenya [PME/084.2903; QL/046.3501] Group: Eldamo. Published by

malko

noun. lord, lord, sir
Qenya [PME/062.1601; QL/062.0801; QL/062.0802] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mandu

noun. lord
Qenya [PE21/15.0507] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nen

noun. river, river, †water, river, water, water
Qenya [LT1/248.0513; LT1A/Koivië-néni.062; LT1A/Neni Erúmëar.023; PE14/043.0318; PE14/043.0403; PE14/072.0605; PE14/072.0608; PE15/14.2206; PE15/76.6504; PE15/76.6601; PE15/78.7607; PE15/78.7701; PE16/138.7701; PME/065.7903; PME/065.7904; PME/066.0606; PME/066.0608; QL/065.7201; QL/065.7202; QL/065.7203; QL/066.0201; QL/066.0202] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

duil

noun. river

A noun meaning “river”, simply an elaboration of its root ᴹ√DUY (Ety/DUI).

Doriathrin [Ety/DUI.009; EtyAC/RAMBĀ.044] Group: Eldamo. Published by

garon

noun. lord

A Doriathrin noun for “lord” derived from the root ᴹ√ƷAR or possibly ᴹ√GAR (Ety/ƷAR), perhaps from a primitive form *✶ɣarān-. If so, the initial [ɣ] became [g], while the long [ā] became [ō] and then shortened to [o] in the final syllable of a polysyllable.

Conceptual Development: An earlier version of this entry had Dor. garan, which likely had a short [a] in the second syllable which was preserved. Since it did not undergo the Ilkorin Syncope, the primitive form likely either had no final vowel or ended in a short [a], so the second [a] was in the final syllable, which seems to have prevented the syncope; this theory is supported by its Quenya cognate ᴹQ. haran.

Doriathrin [Ety/ƷAR.058; EtyAC/ƷAR.054; EtyAC/ƷARA.027] Group: Eldamo. Published by

celon

noun. river

A noun meaning “river” developed from the primitive form ᴹ✶kelun (Ety/KEL), where the final [un] became [on].

Conceptual Development: This word was initially marked as Noldorin.

Doriathrin [Ety/KEL.029; Ety/KEL.054] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin

sīre

noun. river
Old Noldorin [Ety/SIR.011; EtyAC/SIR.007] Group: Eldamo. Published by

khēro

noun. master
Old Noldorin [Ety/KHER.014; EtyAC/KHER.012; PE22/029.1015; PE22/029.1105] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

kelun

noun. river
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KEL.060] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

hîr

noun. care, anxiety, care, anxiety; heed, heed
Gnomish [GL/49.2701; GL/74.1202] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sîr

noun. river
Gnomish [GL/67.8701; LT1A/Sirion.021] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwir

noun. master, lord, possessor
Gnomish [GL/43.0801] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hermon

noun. lord
Gnomish [GL/49.4201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

malc

noun. lord
Gnomish [GL/56.3301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

túrin

masculine name. Lord
Gnomish [LBI/Túrin.001; LT2I/Túrin.001; PE15/61.0601] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nenn

noun. river, water, water; river
Gnomish [GL/60.1601; GL/60.1606; LT1A/Neni Erúmëar.032] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

hîr

noun. lord
Early Noldorin [PE13/121.0801; PE13/121.0803; PE13/121.0805; PE13/121.0807; PE13/121.2407; PE13/121.2409; PE13/147.5901] Group: Eldamo. Published by