Primitive elvish

kher

root. possess, possess, [ᴹ√] rule, govern, [ᴱ√] have power

The basic root for rulership was √KHER for most of Tolkien’s life. The root appeared as ᴱ√HERE “rule, have power” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, and in this period already had the derivative ᴱQ. heru “lord” and ᴱQ. heri “lady” (QL/40), words that retained the same form and meaning throughout Tolkien’s life. Gnomish derivatives from this period include G. herma “protection, lordship, sway”, G. hermon “lord”, G. hîr “care, anxiety; heed”, and G. hiril “queen†, princess” (GL/49).

In The Etymologies of the 1930s these last two Gnomish words became N. hîr “master” and N. hiril “lady” as derivatives of ᴹ√KHER “rule, govern, possess”; the words ᴹQ. heru/ᴹQ. heri reappeared as well (Ety/KHER). All four of these words reappeared frequently in Tolkien’s later writing, though S. hîr was more typically glossed “lord” (PM/210; SD/129; VT41/9; Let/382; UT/318). The root √KHER itself reappeared in a 1954 letter to Naomi Mitchison with the gloss “possess” (Let/178).

Derivatives

  • Ad. khôr “lord”
  • khēr “lord, master”
    • Q. heru “lord, master” ✧ Let/282; VT41/09
    • S. hîr “lord, master” ✧ Let/282; VT41/09
  • kherī “lady”
  • kheru- “to lord it over, be master of, own”
    • ᴺQ. heru- “to lord it over, be master of, own, [ᴱQ.] rule”
  • kherū “lord, master”
    • Q. heru “lord, master” ✧ Let/282; PE17/097
  • ᴺQ. hérë “lordship”
  • ᴺS. herf “protection, lordship, sway”

Element in

  • S. rochir “knight, horse-lord” ✧ Let/178

Variations

  • kher- ✧ Let/178
Primitive elvish [Let/178] Group: Eldamo. Published by

khēr

noun. lord, master

Derivations

  • KHER “possess, possess, [ᴹ√] rule, govern, [ᴱ√] have power”

Derivatives

  • Q. heru “lord, master” ✧ Let/282; VT41/09
  • S. hîr “lord, master” ✧ Let/282; VT41/09

Element in

Primitive elvish [Let/282; VT41/09] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kherū

noun. lord, master

Derivations

  • KHER “possess, possess, [ᴹ√] rule, govern, [ᴱ√] have power”

Derivatives

  • Q. heru “lord, master” ✧ Let/282; PE17/097

Element in

Primitive elvish [Let/282; PE17/097] Group: Eldamo. Published by

árātō

noun. lord

Derivations

  • RĀ/ARA “noble, high, royal” ✧ PE17/118

Derivatives

  • Q. aráto “champion, eminent man, noble, lord, king” ✧ PE17/118
Primitive elvish [PE17/118] Group: Eldamo. Published by