Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish


root. possess, *[ᴹ√] rule, *govern, *[ᴱ√] have power
Primitive elvish [Let/178] Group: Eldamo. Published by


noun. lord, master
Primitive elvish [Let/282; PE17/097; VT41/09] Group: Eldamo. Published by


root. lord, to lead
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by


root. lord, to lead

This root appears the Etymologies in the extended form ᴹ√KUNDU, from which ᴹQ. †kundu, N. †cunn “prince” and N. Felagund “Lord of Caves” were derived. In later writings (PE17/113, 117), Tolkien explored the possibility of connecting Felagund to the names of Fingon and Turgon, deriving all three from a primitive form ✶kondō (<< ✶kundō) and using a new form of this root: √KON (<< √KUN). He even went so far as to change the first of these names to Felegond with an “o” (PE17/118).

However, in still later writings (PM/345), Tolkien established that the element -gon “lord” in S. Fingon and Turgon was ultimately derived from Q. cáno “commander”. In the same text, he revised the etymology of S. Felagund so that it was derived from a Khuzdul name Kh. Felakgundu “Cave-hewer” (PM/352), as described in The Silmarillion index (SI/Felagund). These revisions make it likely that Tolkien abandoned the form √KON.

The later status of earlier √KUN is unclear, however. √KUN might have been rejected along with √KON, or Tolkien may have restored it. As evidence of its restoration, †cund remained as an element in two older (Sindarin?) names: Baragund and Belegund. Furthermore, its Quenya derivative Q. cundo appears as an element in the later name Q. Carma-cundo, albiet with a new gloss “guardian”.

If we accept the restoration of √KUN, its Quenya derivative cundo “prince, lord, guardian” could be considered valid, possibly along with the verb cunya- “to rule”. Its Sindarin derivative †cund “prince” should probably be considered archaic, however, replaced by the time of the Third Age with caun¹.

Primitive elvish [PE17/113.1503; PE17/113.2704; PE17/158.1101] Group: Eldamo. Published by


noun. lord
Primitive elvish [PE17/118] Group: Eldamo. Published by


root. possess, own, keep (have in hand, use or with one)

@@@ revisit: this root is questionable given WĀ/AWA

Primitive elvish [PE22/151] Group: Eldamo. Published by