Quenya 

-mo

suffix. agental suffix
Quenya [MR/049; WJ/400] Group: Eldamo. Published by

atan

noun. Man, (lit.) the Second (People)
Quenya [LotR/1034; LotR/1128; LotRI/Atani; LotRI/Edain; LRI/Atani; MR/007; MRI/Atani; PE17/018; PE17/136; PE18/078; PM/054; PM/324; PMI/Atani; S/103; SA/atar; SI/Atani; UTI/Atani; UTI/Edain; WJ/219; WJ/386; WJ/387; WJ/403; WJI/Atani; WRI/Atani] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nér

noun. man, male person, *[ᴹQ.] adult male, *[ᴱQ.] husband, *warrior
Quenya [MR/213; MR/226; MR/229; MR/471; UT/211; UT/229; VT49/17; WJ/393] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lér

man

**lér noun "man" (NI1; hypothetical Q form of PQ dēr; the form actually used in Quenya was nér)

nér

man

nér (1) (ner-, as in pl. neri) noun "man" (adult male elf, mortal, or of other speaking race) (MR:213, VT49:17, DER, NDER, NI1, VT45:9; see also WJ:393)

nér

noun. man
Quenya [PE 22:124] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

vëo

man

vëo noun "man" (WEG; etymologically connected to vëa "manly, vigorous"; the more neutral word for "man" is nér. According to VT46:21, Tolkien indicated that vëo is an archaic or poetic word.) Tolkien at a later point defined the word as "living creature" (PE17:189). Cf. variant wëo, q.v.

vëo

noun. man
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -r(o)

suffix. agental suffix
Quenya [PE18/100; VT41/13; WJ/371] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin 

dîr¹

noun. man, *[N.] adult male, *agental suffix
Sindarin [PE17/060] Group: Eldamo. Published by

adanath

noun. men
Sindarin [MR/373] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gwe

noun. man, warrior
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

adan

noun. man, one of the Second People (elvish name for men)
Sindarin [LotR/A(v), S/427, PM/324, WJ/387, Letters/282] Q. atan. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Dúnadan

noun. Man of the west, Númenórean
Sindarin [LotR/I:XII, WJ/378, S/390] dûn+adan. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

adanadar

noun. man, one of the Fathers of Men
Sindarin [MR/373] adan+adar. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

drû

noun. wild man, Wose, Púkel-Man

In PE/11:31, an older Gnomish word drû, drui meant "wood, forest", and in PE/13:142, the early Noldorin word drú was assigned the meaning "dark". Drû pl. Drúin later came to be used for the name of the Woses, with other derivatives (Drúadan, etc.). "Wose" is actually the modernization of an Anglo-Saxon word wasa only found in the compound wudu-wasa "wild man of the woods", cf. UT/385 sq. In the drafts of the "Ride of the Rohirrim" in WR/343-346, the Woses first appeared as "the dark men of Eilenach". Though internally said to derive from drughu in their own tongue, Tolkien's choice for the Sindarin name of the Woses was apparently influenced by earlier meanings assigned to this word

Sindarin [UT/385] MS *druγ, Dr druγu. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

drúadan

noun. wild man, one of the Woses
Sindarin [UT/385] drû+adan. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

* -(r)on

suffix. agental suffix
Sindarin [PE17/170] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -or

suffix. agental suffix
Sindarin [LotR/0081] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* dîr

man

1) (adult male of any speaking race) dîr (dír-, also agentive ending -dir or -nir; with article, i nîr, hard mutation as in o ndîr), no distinct pl. form except with article (i ndîr); coll. pl. díriath. Also benn (i venn, construct ben), pl. binn (i minn). The latter is in archaic language used = "husband" (the etymological meaning). The ending -we in names may also express ”being, man, person”. 2) (mortal human as opposed to Elf) Adan (pl. Edain; the coll. pl. Adanath is attested). The word Adan came to be used primarily of a member of the Three Houses of the Edain, not of the mortal race of Men in general.

Telerin 

pen

noun. man, *somebody, *someone
Telerin [WJ/362; WJ/375] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Nandorin 

* beorn

noun. man

The shift of e to eo is strange and has no direct parallels, but compare eo from i in meord "fine rain" (< primitive mizdê). Normally final becomes in Nandorin (see golda), but here it is simply lost instead of producing *beorna. C.f. meord the other word where we might have expected to see a final -a (in that case from ); it may be that final vowels are lost in words that would otherwise come to have more than two syllables. - The shift of primitive s to r in besnô > beorn may be ascribed primarily to the blending with ber(n)ô, but r from z is seen in meord < mizdê; perhaps the s of besnô first became z and then r. Such developments are common in Quenya.

Nandorin [H. Fauskanger (LR:352)] besnô "blend with" ber(n)ô "valiant man, warrior". Published by

Adûnaic

narû

noun. man, male

A noun translated “soldier” and fully declined as an example of an (archaic) masculine Strong II noun (SD/437). The archaic form of this word is †naru which is a Strong II noun since it ends in a single short vowel. Its non-archaic form is narû, which is presumably declined as a Weak II noun; most masculine and feminine nouns became weak in Classical Adûnaic (SD/436). It may be related to the Primitive Elvish root √N(D)ER, as suggested by several authors (AAD/20, AL/Adûnaic, EotAL/NERE).

Adûnaic [SD/434; SD/437] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -ân²

suffix. agental suffix

A suffix that is used in some examples for agental-formation: creating nouns from verbs that indicate the agent who performs the verb’s action. The clearest example is sapthân “wise man” derived (after some ancient sound modifications) from saphad- “to understand”. This formation means “*one who understands”. Less clear examples are magân “wright, builder”, perhaps from a verb mag- “to build”, and kathuphazgân “conquerer”, perhaps a combined of katha “all” and a verb ?phazag- “to take”, meaning “one who takes all”.

It is not clear how this suffix related to the similar participle suffix -ân used for form adjectives from verbs. See the entry on participle for further discussion. Andreas Moehn suggested (EotAL/TAN) that -ân as an agental formation may be related to anâ “human being”.

Adûnaic [SD/429] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

dîr

noun. man, adult male, agental suffix
Noldorin [Ety/BARÁD; Ety/BES; Ety/DER; Ety/KUR; Ety/MBAW; EtyAC/BES; EtyAC/SKEL; PE21/60] Group: Eldamo. Published by

benn

noun. man, male
Noldorin [Ety/352, VT/45:9] "husband". Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

benn

noun. man, male, †husband
Noldorin [Ety/BES; Ety/DER; EtyAC/DER] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwe

noun. man, warrior
Noldorin [PE21/01] Group: Eldamo. Published by

forodwaith

noun. the lands of the North
Noldorin [Ety/382, Ety/398, X/EI] forod+gwaith. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

forodweith

noun. the lands of the North
Noldorin [Ety/382, Ety/398, X/EI] forod+gwaith. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

forodrim

noun. Northmen
Noldorin [Ety/392] forod+rim. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

forodwaith

noun. Northmen
Noldorin [Ety/382, Ety/398, X/EI] forod+gwaith. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

forodweith

noun. Northmen
Noldorin [Ety/382, Ety/398, X/EI] forod+gwaith. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

dîr

noun. man, referring to an adult male (elf, mortal, or of any other speaking race)
Noldorin [Ety/354, Ety/352] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

* -(r)on

suffix. agental suffix
Noldorin [Ety/BAD; Ety/BARÁD; Ety/KHAT; Ety/MEL; EtyAC/MAK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -on²

suffix. agental suffix
Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -or

suffix. agental suffix
Noldorin [Ety/MAK; Ety/ÑGOL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

-ndo

verb. agental suffix
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

nēr

noun. man, a male person
Primitive elvish [PE19/102; PE21/75; PE21/76; PE21/77; PE21/79; WJ/393] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ndē̆r

noun. man
Primitive elvish [PE19/102] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Edain

bar

noun. man
Edain [WJ/238] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive adûnaic

* -ān

suffix. agental suffix

An apparent primitive form of the Classical Adûnaic agental suffix -ân, attested in the Primitive Adûnaic word saphdān = SAPHAD + -ān (SD/421).

Primitive adûnaic [SD/421] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

atan

noun. Man
Qenya [PE22/125] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nér

noun. man, adult male
Qenya [Ety/DER; Ety/NDER; Ety/NĒR; Ety/NĪ¹; Ety/WEG; EtyAC/NĒR; PE21/16; PE21/17; PE21/19; PE21/20; PE21/21; PE21/52; PE21/60; PE21/62; PE21/65; PE21/69; PE22/120; PE22/124] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ner

noun. man, husband, warrior
Qenya [GL/30; PE13/164; PE14/032; PE14/042; PE14/043; PE14/047; PE14/048; PE14/050; PE14/054; PE14/055; PE14/071; PE14/072; PE14/079; PE14/081; PE14/083; PE14/084; PE15/32; PE15/74; PE15/75; PE16/111; PE16/113; PE16/114; PE16/135; PME/065; QL/040; QL/065; QL/101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

veo

noun. man
Qenya [Ety/WEG; EtyAC/WEG] Group: Eldamo. Published by

noun. man, warrior
Qenya [PE21/01; PE21/41] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -mo

suffix. agental suffix
Qenya [Ety/KAL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -mo

suffix. agental suffix
Qenya [QL/052; QL/058; QL/078; QL/100] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -ro

suffix. agental suffix
Qenya [Ety/ÑGAN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Ossriandric

beorn

noun. man

A noun for “man” that developed from the blending of primitive ᴹ✶besnō “man” and ᴹ✶berō “valiant man, warrior” > ber(n)ō (Ety/BER, BES). The simplest explanation is that ᴹ✶besnō > beznō > bernō, where first the [[dan|[s] voiced to [z] before the nasal [n]]] and then the resulting [[dan|[z] becoming [r]]]. The similarity of this word to ᴹ✶berō could have led it to develop into ber(n)ō as well. From there, the [[dan|[e] broke into the diphthong [eo] before the liquid [r]]] and then the final vowel vanished.

Ossriandric [Ety/BER; Ety/BES] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin 

-ndo

noun. *agental suffix
Old Noldorin [Ety/STAB] Group: Eldamo. Published by

benno

noun. man
Old Noldorin [Ety/BES] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -ro

prefix. agental suffix
Old Noldorin [Ety/LED] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

-ndo

verb. agental suffix
Middle Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

dēr

noun. man, of men, man’s (in a general sense), a man’s, of men, among men
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/NDER; Ety/NĪ¹; EtyAC/NDER; PE18/035; PE21/55; PE21/58; PE21/60; PE21/64; PE21/65; PE21/69] Group: Eldamo. Published by

wegō

suffix. man, warrior
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ING; Ety/WEG; PE21/01; PE21/41] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -ndō

suffix. agental suffix
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KAL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

gweg

noun. man, male of the Elda
Gnomish [GG/09; GG/15; GL/44; LT1A/Bronweg; PE13/117] Group: Eldamo. Published by

man

masculine name. Man
Gnomish [GL/18; GL/20; GL/43; GL/56; GL/68; LT1A/Manwë; PE13/104; PE15/26] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mord

noun. man, warrior, †shepherd
Gnomish Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -(r)on

suffix. agental suffix
Gnomish [GL/18; GL/21; GL/22; GL/24; GL/28; GL/36; GL/41; GL/42; GL/44; GL/47; GL/49] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -ir

suffix. agental suffix
Gnomish Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -og²

suffix. agental suffix
Gnomish [GL/34; GL/43; PE13/109] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -or

suffix. agental suffix
Gnomish [GL/18; GL/31] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

gweg

noun. man, male (being)
Early Noldorin [PE13/122; PE13/124; PE13/146; PE13/162; PE15/62] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -ion

suffix. *agental suffix
Early Noldorin [PE13/136; PE13/138; PE13/143; PE13/158; PE13/164] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -og

suffix. agental suffix
Early Noldorin [GL/34.4801-2; GL/43.0501-2; GL/47.1001-2; PE13/109.0102-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by