1b n. tower.
noun. tower, fortress
1c n. tower. Q. marto.
noun. a great towering building
_ n. _a great towering building (fort, city, castle), tower. Q. taras, tarminas. >> Barad-dûr
noun. tower, great towering building, tower, great towering building, [N.] fort, fortress
- Q. marto “tower” ✧ NM/228; PE17/066
- √M(B)ARAT “doom, fate” ✧ NM/228
- √MBAR “settle, dwell; establish, fix, decide, determine, make a decision, settle; establish, fix, decide, determine, make a decision; dwell, [ᴹ√] inhabit, [ᴱ√] live”
- √BARAT “lofty, high, height combined with strength/size/majesty” ✧ PE17/022; PE17/065; PE17/066
- √BAR “[ᴹ√] raise; uplift, save, rescue(?)”
Development Stages Sources √BARAT > barad [barata] > [barat] > [barad] ✧ PE17/022 √BARAT > barad [barata] > [barat] > [barad] ✧ PE17/065 √BAR-AT > barad [barata] > [barat] > [barad] ✧ PE17/066
adj. lofty. Q. tāra.
adjective. lofty, lofty, *high
- Q. tára “lofty, tall, high” ✧ PE17/186; PE17/186
- S. Targon
Development Stages Sources ✶tagra > taer [taɣra] > [tagra] > [taɣra] > [taira] > [tair] > [taer] ✧ PE17/186
noun. fort, city with a citadel and central watch-tower
1) barad (fortress, fort) (i varad), pl. beraid (i meraid). Note: barad is also an adjective "doomed", but this is derived from a stem in mb- and would have different mutations. 2) (tower or city with citadel/central watchtower) minas (i vinas), pl. minais (i minais), coll. pl. minassath
barad (lenited marad), pl. beraid. Note: barad is also a noun "fortress, fort, tower", but this is derived from a stem in b- and would have different mutations. 1) fend (threshold), construct fen, pl. find, coll. pl. fennath, 2) fennas (gateway), pl. fennais, coll. pl. fennassath, 3) annon (great gate), pl. ennyn
1) arth (noble, exalted), pl. erth, 2) brand (high, noble, fine), lenited vrand, pl. braind, 3) orchall (superior, eminent), pl. erchail (for archaic örchail), 4) taur (also tor-, tar- in compounds) (high, sublime, noble; vast, masterful, mighty, overwhelming, huge, awful), lenited daur, pl. toer. Note: homophones mean ”king (of a people)” and also ”great wood, forest”.