Sindarin 

eithel

noun. source [of water], spring, well, *[N.] issue of water, *fountain

A Sindarin noun for a source of water (RC/772). It appeared as an element in several names, such as Mitheithel, the Sindarin name for the river Hoarwell (LotR/200). From its glosses, it seems it could apply to a variety of water sources, including springs, wells and fountains (RC/772, SA/eithel, LR/301). It was derived from the primitive form ✶et-kelē, literally “out-flow”, but in ancient times the [tk] was transposed to [kt] giving ektelē* (SA/kel, Ety/KEL). In Sindarin, this pair of voiceless stops became spirants [xθ], and then the [[s|[x] vocalized to [i]]] to form the diphthong [ei].

Conceptual Development: In the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s, there were two distinct precursors to this word, G. aithl “spring” and G. ecthel(uin) “fountain, fount” (GL/18, 25, 31). In Early Noldorin wordlist from the 1920s, there was an additional form ᴱN. eithlos with several variants (PE13/142, 158). In The Etymologies from the 1930s, these seem to have been combined into N. eithel (Ety/KEL), and this is the source of derivation given above. All of the earlier forms seem to broadly have the same etymology, and so the changes represent the evolving phonetic development of the languages.

Sindarin [RC/772; SA/eithel; SA/kel] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eithel

noun. issue of water, spring, well
Sindarin [Ety/363, S/430, S/433, WJ/85, TC/187] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

al-

well

pref. #well. Q. al(a)-. . This gloss was rejected.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:172] < ALA good, healthy, prosperous, fortunate. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

al-²

prefix. well, happily
Sindarin [PE17/146; PE17/172] Group: Eldamo. Published by

celu

noun. spring, source
Sindarin [Ety/363, X/W] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

mae

adverb. well

adv. well. Ai na vedui Dúnadan. Mae g'ovannen. 'Ah! At last, Dúnadan ! Well met !'.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:16] < (_maZĕ_ <) _măgē_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

mae

adverb/adjective. well, excellent, admirable
Sindarin [Let/308; LotR/0209; PE17/016; PE17/017; PE17/131; PE17/157; PE17/158; PE17/162; PE17/163; PE17/172] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mae

well

_ adv. _well. >> mael

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:131:162] < either MAY or MAG. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

mae

adverb. well
Sindarin [LotR/I:XII, Letters/308] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

mael

adjective. well
Sindarin [PE17/162] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mael

adjective. well

_ adj. _well. adjective << adverb. >> mae

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:162] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

* eithel

issue of water

eithel (spring, well, source), pl. eithil.

* eithel

issue of water

eithel (spring, well), pl. eithil

* eithel

well

(= source) eithel (spring, issue of water), pl. eithil

* ethuil

spring

(season) ethuil (no distinct pl. form). SPRING-SINGER, see SWALLOW

* celu

spring

(of water) 1) celu (i gelu, o chelu) (source), analogical pl. cely (i chely). Archaic celw; so the coll. pl. is likely celwath. 2) (well) eithel (source, issue of water), pl. eithil.

* celu

noun. spring, source, *[G.] rill, *stream, *runlet
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

* gal-

prefix. well, blessedly
Sindarin Group: Neologism. Published by

* mae

well

(adverb) mae (lenited vae).

* tuil

noun. spring
Sindarin [PE17/027] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* celos

noun. spring
Sindarin Group: Neologism. Published by

* tuia

spring

(verb) tuia- (i duia, i thuiar) (swell, sprout)