Quenya 

melehta

adjective. mighty

Quenya adjective for “mighty” derived from the root √MBELEK (PE17/115), apparently from the primitive form ✱✶mbelektā (with [kt] > [ht]). It seems to be the adjectival form of the noun melehtë “might”. A variant form meletya appears with the 2nd-plural possessive suffix -lya as Meletyalya “your mighty” (WJ/369), likely from the primitive form ✱✶mbelekya (with [kj] > [tj]). This variant form has a more typical primitive adjective suffix ✶-ya, but is inconsistent with the attested Sindarin cognate S. belaith.

Cognates

  • S. belaith “mighty” ✧ PE17/115

Derivations

  • MBELEK “mighty, powerful, strong; power as force or strength; great, large” ✧ PE17/115
    • BEL “*strong, [ᴹ√] strong” ✧ PE17/115

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
mbelek > melehta[mbelekta] > [melekta] > [melexta]✧ PE17/115
Quenya [PE17/115; WJ/369] Group: Eldamo. Published by

melehta

mighty

melehta adj. "mighty" (PE17:115), cf. meletya

meletya

adjective. mighty

meletya

mighty

#meletya adj. "mighty", isolated from meletyalda adjective with suffix "your mighty" = "your majesty" (see -lda; meletya = *"mighty"). In full Aran Meletyalda "king your mighty" = "your majesty" (WJ:369). Compare melehta.

taura

mighty, masterful

taura adj. "mighty, masterful" (TUR, PE17:115), "very mighty, vast, of unmeasured might or size" (VT39:10). Cf. túrëa.

túrëa

adjective. mighty, masterful, mighty, masterful, *having authority over

Quenya [PE17/115] Group: Eldamo. Published by

velicë

great

velicë ("k") adj. "great" _(LT1:254; probably not valid in Tolkien's later Quenya; in the context of the Etymologies it would have to be derived from _BEL, but it is stated that this stem was "not found in Q". Perhaps Tolkien rejected velicë because it was too similar to the Russian word that clearly inspired it.)

Amarië

good

Amarië fem. name; perhaps derived from mára "good" with prefixing of the stem-vowel and the feminine ending - (Silm)

Poldórëa

valiant

Poldórëa adj. "Valiant"; as title of Tulkas replaced by Astaldo (POL/POLOD, MR:146, 149. In GL:64, poldórëa is glossed "mighty", in QL:75, "muscular".)

Naira

vast, wide, empty

naira (2) adj. "vast, wide, empty" (PE17:27)

pol

large, big (strong)

pol (2) adj. "large, big (strong)". Since this would be the sole example of a monosyllabic Quenya adjective, it may be that Tolkien is here citing the root POL rather than a complete word. Cf. polda.

ala-

good

ala- (3), also al-, a prefix expressing "good" or "well" (PE17:146), as in alaquenta (q.v.) Whether Tolkien imagined this ending to coexist with the negative prefix of the same form (#2 above) is unclear and perhaps dubious.

alta

large, great in size

alta (1) adj. *"large, great in size" (root meaning)(ÁLAT). Alat- in Alatairë, q.v.

mára

adjective. good

Quenya [PE 22:154, 166] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

-úmë

large

-úmë (3) suffix "large" (of quantity)", as in liyúmë "host" (VT48:32)

alat-

large, great in size

alat- prefix "large, great in size". (ÁLAT, cf. VT45:5). In Alatairë.

mára

adjective. good, proper, good, proper; [ᴹQ.] useful, fit, good (of things), [ᴱQ.] excellent; mighty, power, doughty

Cognates

  • S. maer “good, excellent, fair, good, excellent, fair; [N.] useful, fit, good (of things)” ✧ PE17/172

Derivations

  • magrā “good, useful, proper, fit” ✧ PE17/016
    • MAG “good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state, good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state; [ᴹ√] use, handle” ✧ VT47/06
  • MAG “good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state, good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state; [ᴹ√] use, handle” ✧ PE17/162; PE17/172
  • manrā “good” ✧ PE17/162
    • MAN “good (morally), blessed, holy, unmarred, free from evil, good (morally), blessed, holy, unmarred, free from evil; [ᴹ√] holy spirit” ✧ PE17/162

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
magra > māra[magra] > [maɣra] > [māra]✧ PE17/016
MAGA > mára[magra] > [maɣra] > [māra]✧ PE17/162
manrā > māra[manrā] > [mārā] > [māra]✧ PE17/162
MAG > mára[magra] > [maɣra] > [māra]✧ PE17/172

Variations

  • māra ✧ PE17/016; PE17/074; PE17/162
  • marna ✧ PE17/162 (marna)
  • mara ✧ VT49/30
Quenya [PE17/016; PE17/057; PE17/058; PE17/059; PE17/074; PE17/093; PE17/147; PE17/162; PE17/172; PE22/154; PE22/166; VT42/33; VT49/12; VT49/15; VT49/30] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yána

vast, huge; wide

yána (1) adj. "vast, huge; wide" (PE17:99, 115); also yanda, q.v.

úra

large

úra (2) adj. "large" (UR), probably obsoleted by #1 above

nerdo

large, strong man

nerdo noun "large, strong man" (compare nér) (VT47:33)

velca

adjective. large, great, big

Cognates

  • S. beleg “great, mighty; large, big, great, mighty; large, big, [ᴱN.] huge” ✧ PE17/115

Derivations

  • (m)belek- “large, great, big, large, great, big, [ᴹ✶] huge; mighty”
    • MBELEK “mighty, powerful, strong; power as force or strength; great, large” ✧ PE17/115
    • BEL “*strong, [ᴹ√] strong” ✧ PE17/115

Variations

  • velka ✧ PE17/115 (velka)
  • velke ✧ PE17/115 (velke)
Quenya [PE17/115] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Vala

power, god, angelic power

Vala (1) noun "Power, God, angelic power", pl. Valar or Vali (BAL, Appendix E, LT2:348), described as "angelic governors" or "angelic guardians" (Letters:354, 407). The Valar are a group of immensely powerful spirits guarding the world on behalf of its Creator; they are sometimes called Gods (as when Valacirca, q.v., is translated "Sickle of the Gods"), but this is strictly wrong according to Christian terminology: the Valar were created beings. The noun vala is also the name of tengwa #22 (Appendix E). Genitive plural Valion "of the Valar" (FS, MR:18); this form shows the pl. Vali, (irregular) alternative to Valar (the straightforward gen. pl. Valaron is also attested, PE17:175). Pl. allative valannar *"to/on the Valar" (LR:47, 56; SD:246). Feminine form Valië (Silm), in Tolkiens earlier material also Valdë; his early writings also list Valon or Valmo (q.v.) as specifically masc. forms. The gender-specific forms are not obligatory; thus in PE17:22 Varda is called a Vala (not a Valië), likewise Yavanna in PE17:93. Vala is properly or originally a verb "has power" (sc. over the matter of , the universe), also used as a noun "a Power" _(WJ:403). The verb vala- "rule, order", exclusively used with reference to the Valar, is only attested in the sentences á vala Manwë! "may Manwë order it!" and Valar valuvar "the will of the Valar will be done" (WJ:404). However, Tolkien did not originally intend the word Valar to signify "powers"; in his early conception it apparently meant "the happy ones", cf. valto, vald- (LT2:348)_. For various compounds including the word Vala(r), see below.

herwa

adjective. lordly

Elements

WordGloss
heru“lord, master”
Quenya Group: Eldamo - fan inventions. Published by

Sindarin 

belaith

adjective. mighty

Cognates

  • Q. melehta “mighty” ✧ PE17/115

Derivations

  • MBELEK “mighty, powerful, strong; power as force or strength; great, large” ✧ PE17/115
    • BEL “*strong, [ᴹ√] strong” ✧ PE17/115

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
mbelek > belaith[mbelektā] > [mbelekta] > [mbelektʰa] > [mbelexθa] > [belexθa] > [beleiθa] > [beleiθ] > [belaiθ]✧ PE17/115
Sindarin [PE17/115] Group: Eldamo. Published by

belaith

adjective. mighty

adj. mighty. Q. melehta.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:115] < BEL, MBEL. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

beleg

adjective. great, mighty

Sindarin [Ety/352, S/428] Group: SINDICT. Published by

beleg

adjective. great, mighty; large, big, great, mighty; large, big, [ᴱN.] huge

The primitive form of this word in later writings is unclear. The development in Quenya seems indicates a primitive initial ✶mb- and a primitive form of ✶mbeleke, as in ✶Mbelekōro or ✶Mbelekōre > Q. Melkor (PE17/115, WJ/402). However, the nasal mutation meleg appears in Taur-i-Melegyrn “Forest of the Great Trees”, indicating a primitive initial ✶b- and a primitive form of ✶beleke. It is possible the soft mutation veleg appears Arveleg, also indicating a primitive initial ✶b-. @@@ Also Cûl Veleg.

It may be that the strengthening of √BEL ⇒ √MBEL occurred only in Quenya, and the Sindarin form developed from the original √BEL instead. Since The Etymologies state that √BEL was “not found in Q[uenya]”, this seems a likely scenario to me.

Cognates

  • Q. velca “large, great, big” ✧ PE17/115

Derivations

  • (m)belek- “large, great, big, large, great, big, [ᴹ✶] huge; mighty” ✧ PE17/115
    • MBELEK “mighty, powerful, strong; power as force or strength; great, large” ✧ PE17/115
    • BEL “*strong, [ᴹ√] strong” ✧ PE17/115
  • MBELEK “mighty, powerful, strong; power as force or strength; great, large” ✧ PE17/115
    • BEL “*strong, [ᴹ√] strong” ✧ PE17/115

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
mbelek- > beleg[mbelek] > [belek] > [beleg]✧ PE17/115
mbelek > beleg[mbelek] > [belek] > [beleg]✧ PE17/115

Variations

  • Beleg ✧ S/209
Sindarin [PE17/115; RC/536; S/209; SA/beleg; WJI/Taur-i-Melegyrn] Group: Eldamo. Published by

daer

adjective. great

Sindarin [UT/450, WJ/187, WJ/335, VT/42:11] Group: SINDICT. Published by

ma

adjective. good

_ adj. _good. Archaic and obsolete except as interjection 'good, excellent, that's right'.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:162] < *_magā_ < MAGA to thrive, be in good state. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

bain

good

_ adj. _good, wholesome, blessed, fair (esp. of weather). . This gloss was rejected.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:149] < ƀan fair. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

iaun

adjective. large

adj. large, extensive, wide, vast, huge. Q. yāna-. >> -ion

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:42:99] < YAN vast, huge. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

maer

good

_ adj. _good.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:162] < MAY. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

maer

good

adj. good, proper, excellent. Q. mára good, proper, Q. maira excellent. >> mae-. This gloss was rejected.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:172] < (A)MAY suitable, useful, prosper, serviceable, right. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

beleg

adjective. large

adj. large, great. Q. melek-.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:115] < _mbelek_ < BEL, MBEL. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

beleg

adjective. large

adj. large, great, big. . This gloss was rejected.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:115] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

balan

noun. Vala, divine power, divinity

Sindarin [Ety/350, S/439, Letters/427, X/EI] Group: SINDICT. Published by

beleg

mighty

1) beleg (great), lenited veleg, pl. belig; 2) taur (also tor-, tar- in compounds) (lofty, high, sublime, noble; vast, masterful, overwhelming, huge, awful), lenited daur, pl. toer. Note: homophones mean ”king (of a people)” and also ”great wood, forest”.

polodren

adjective. mighty, *powerful

Elements

WordGloss
polod“power, might, authority”
Sindarin Group: Eldamo - fan adaptations. Published by

#dae

great

#dae (lenited nae, no distinct pl. form). Isolated from daedhelos "great fear". Note: Homophones mean "shadow, shade" and also "very, exceedingly".

beleg

great

beleg (mighty), lenited veleg, pl. belig

daer

great

daer (large), lenited dhaer, no distinct pl. form. Note: a homophone means "bridegroom", but has a different lenited form.

ball

adjective. worthy, important; great, mighty

Derivations

  • ᴺ✶. BALAD “worth, value”
Sindarin Group: Eldamo - fan adaptations. Published by

taur

masterful

taur (also tor-, tar- in compounds) (lofty, high, sublime, noble; vast, mighty, overwhelming, huge, awful), lenited daur, pl. toer. Note: homophones mean ”king (of a people)” and also ”great wood, forest”.

maer

good

_(”useful” of things _ not of moral qualities) maer (lenited vaer, no distinct pl. form) (fit, useful). For ”good” as an adjective describing human qualities, the word fael ”fair-minded, just, generous” may be considered.

taur

vast

taur (also tor-, tar- in compounds) (lofty, high, sublime, noble; vast, masterful, mighty, overwhelming, huge, awful), lenited daur, pl. toer. Note: homophones mean ”king (of a people)” and also ”great wood, forest”.

daer

large

daer (great), lenited dhaer, no distinct pl. form. Note: a homophone means "bridegroom", but has a different lenited form.

tûr

power

tûr (i dûr, o thûr, construct tur) (victory, mastery, control; master, victor, lord), pl. tuir (i thuir), coll. pl. túrath.

Khuzdûl

gabil Reconstructed

adjective. great

Element in

Primitive elvish

melek

root. great, mighty, powerful, strong

(m)belek-

adjective. large, great, big, large, great, big, [ᴹ✶] huge; mighty

Derivations

  • MBELEK “mighty, powerful, strong; power as force or strength; great, large” ✧ PE17/115
    • BEL “*strong, [ᴹ√] strong” ✧ PE17/115

Derivatives

  • Q. velca “large, great, big”
  • S. beleg “great, mighty; large, big, great, mighty; large, big, [ᴱN.] huge” ✧ PE17/115

Element in

Variations

  • mbelek- ✧ PE17/115 (mbelek-)
Primitive elvish [PE17/115] Group: Eldamo. Published by

¤kurwē

noun. power, ability

Primitive elvish [PE 22:151] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

bal

root. power; powerful, mighty; have power

The root √BAL had to do with “power”, and in particular divine power. Its best known derivatives are Vala and Valië, the greatest of the Ainur and divine rulers of Arda. In Tolkien’s earliest writings, he describe the Vala as gods, but later he treated them more like “archangels” under the divine patronage of the one god Eru.

The earliest forms of this root were VALA in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s (QL/99) and GWAL in the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon (GL/44), so very likely the true early form of this root was ✱ᴱ√WALA. The Quenya form of this root VALA was unglossed, but the Gnomish form GWAL had the glosses “fortune, happiness”. At this early stage the root had additional derivatives like ᴱQ. valin “happy” and G. gwaltha “fortunate, happy” (QL/99; GL/44).

By the time of The Etymologies of the 1930s, these “happy” derivatives had fallen away, and the new form of this root was ᴹ√BAL with new Noldorin forms like N. Balan “Power, God” (Ety/BAL). The root √BAL reappeared in the 1950s and 60s with various glosses like “powerful, mighty” or “have power” (PE17/48, 154). One relatively late development was the transfer of the word S. Balrog “mighty demon” to this root (PE17/48; S/31); in earlier conceptions this word was tied to “torture” roots like ᴹ√ÑGWAL “torment” or ᴱ√MBALA “hurt, pain” (Ety/ÑGWAL; QL/63).

Derivatives

  • Q. Vala “(Angelic) Power, ‘God’, Authority, (Angelic) Power, Authority, God” ✧ PE17/048; PE17/048; SA/val
  • ᴺQ. valatë “pride”
  • Q. Valië “Female Vala”
  • S. bal- “*to have power”
  • ᴺS. balaen “divine”
  • ᴺS. bâl “divine”
  • S. Balan “Vala, Vala, [N.] Power, God” ✧ PE17/048; SA/val
  • ᴺS. balas “divinity, divine power”
  • ᴺS. bâl “divinity, divine power”
  • ᴺS. blaud “pride”

Element in

  • ᴺ✶. BALAD “worth, value”
  • Q. ilúvala “omnipotent”
  • Q. ontavalië “puberty, *(lit.) able to beget”
  • Q. Valarauko “Demon of Might” ✧ PE17/048; PE17/048
  • S. Balrog “Demon of Might” ✧ PE17/048; PE17/048; SA/val
  • S. Belthil “Divine Radiance”

Variations

  • bal- ✧ SA/val
Primitive elvish [PE17/048; PE17/149; PE17/154; SA/val] Group: Eldamo. Published by

manrā

adjective. good

Derivations

  • MAN “good (morally), blessed, holy, unmarred, free from evil, good (morally), blessed, holy, unmarred, free from evil; [ᴹ√] holy spirit” ✧ PE17/162

Derivatives

  • Q. mára “good, proper, good, proper; [ᴹQ.] useful, fit, good (of things), [ᴱQ.] excellent; mighty, power, doughty” ✧ PE17/162
Primitive elvish [PE17/162] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mbelek

root. mighty, powerful, strong; power as force or strength; great, large

The most notable uses of this root were as the basis for the name Q. Melkor and (sometimes) the adjective S. beleg “great”. This root first appeared as ᴱ√mbelek, belek or melek in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s, with Gnomish name G. Belcha vs. Qenya name ᴱQ. Melko; its other derivatives indicate the meaning of the root was “✱flame” (GL/20). The Qenya noun ᴱQ. velka “flame” indicates that unstrengthened ᴱ√belek was used along with strengthened ᴱ√mbelek, but there are no obvious derivatives of ᴱ√melek in this period.

There is no evidence of this root in The Etymologies of the 1930s; in this period ᴹQ. Melko was derived from ᴹ√MIL(IK) “✱greed, lust” (Ety/MIL-IK). The root appears a number of times in Tolkien’s later writings, always as the basis for Q. Melkor. The root melk- was mention in notes associated with the essay Athrabeth Finrod ah Andreth from around 1959, where Tolkien said it “means ‘power’ as force and strength” (MR/350). The root appears as √MELEK “great, mighty, powerful, strong” (rejected) or mbelek “large, great” in notes from the late 1950s or early 1960s, connected to both S. beleg and Q. Melkor (PE17/115). The root √MBELEK is implied by Tolkien’s etymology of Q. Melkor in the Quendi and Eldar essay from 1959-60, being derived from ✶Mbelekōre “He who arises in Might” (WJ/402).

It seems Tolkien vacillated on whether Q. Melkor and S. beleg were related. The root may have been √MELEK, unrelated to √BEL. Alternately, it may have been √MBELEK, but the various mutations of S. beleg “great” show no signs of primitive initial mb-. Thus, it seems the strengthening to mb- either occurred only in Quenya, or it enhanced the meaning of the root from “large, great” to “powerful, mighty”.

Neo-Eldarin: For purposes of Neo-Eldarin, I prefer the last of these theories.

Derivations

  • BEL “*strong, [ᴹ√] strong” ✧ PE17/115

Derivatives

  • (m)belek- “large, great, big, large, great, big, [ᴹ✶] huge; mighty” ✧ PE17/115
    • Q. velca “large, great, big”
    • S. beleg “great, mighty; large, big, great, mighty; large, big, [ᴱN.] huge” ✧ PE17/115
  • Q. melehta “mighty” ✧ PE17/115
  • Q. melehtë “might, power (inherent)” ✧ PE17/115
  • ᴺQ. meletya- “to magnify”
  • Q. Melkor “He who arises in Might; (lit.) Mighty Arising” ✧ MR/350
  • S. belaith “mighty” ✧ PE17/115
  • S. beleg “great, mighty; large, big, great, mighty; large, big, [ᴱN.] huge” ✧ PE17/115
  • ᴺS. beleitha- “to extol, magnify”

Element in

  • Mbelekōre “Might(y) Arising” ✧ PE17/115; PE17/115

Variations

  • melk- ✧ MR/350
  • MELEK ✧ PE17/115 (MELEK); PE17/165
  • mbelek ✧ PE17/115
Primitive elvish [MR/350; PE17/115; PE17/165] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

beleg

adjective. great, mighty

Noldorin [Ety/352, S/428] Group: SINDICT. Published by

taur

adjective. mighty, vast, overwhelming, huge, awful, high, sublime

Noldorin [Ety/395] Group: SINDICT. Published by

taur

adjective. vast, mighty, overwhelming, awful, huge; high, sublime

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. tára “lofty, high” ✧ Ety/TĀ; Ety/TÁWAR
  • ᴹQ. taura “mighty” ✧ Ety/TUR

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶taurā “masterful, mighty” ✧ Ety/TĀ; Ety/TÁWAR; Ety/TUR
    • ᴹ√TUR “power, control, mastery, victory” ✧ Ety/TĀ; Ety/TÁWAR; Ety/TUR

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶tau̯rā > taur[taurā] > [taura] > [tǭra] > [toura] > [taura] > [taur]✧ Ety/TĀ

Variations

  • taur ✧ Ety/TĀ; Ety/TÁWAR; Ety/TUR
Noldorin [Ety/TĀ; Ety/TÁWAR; Ety/TUR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

balan

noun. Vala, divine power, divinity

Noldorin [Ety/350, S/439, Letters/427, X/EI] Group: SINDICT. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 

taura

adjective. mighty

Cognates

  • N. taur “vast, mighty, overwhelming, awful, huge; high, sublime” ✧ Ety/TUR

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶taurā “masterful, mighty” ✧ Ety/TUR
    • ᴹ√TUR “power, control, mastery, victory” ✧ Ety/TĀ; Ety/TÁWAR; Ety/TUR

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶taurā > taura[taurā] > [taura]✧ Ety/TUR

-on

suffix. great

Element in

  • ᴹQ. andon “great gate, great gate, [ᴱQ.] door, gate” ✧ Ety/AD

úra

adjective. large

Cognates

  • N. ûr “wide” ✧ Ety/UR

Derivations

  • ᴹ√UR “wide, large, great” ✧ Ety/UR

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√UR > úra[ūra]✧ Ety/UR

Old Noldorin 

beleka

adjective. mighty, huge, great

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶bélekā “mighty, huge, great” ✧ Ety/BEL
    • ᴹ√BEL “strong” ✧ Ety/BEL

Derivatives

  • N. beleg “great, large” ✧ Ety/BEL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶bélekā > beleka[belekā] > [beleka]✧ Ety/BEL
Old Noldorin [Ety/BEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

magra

adjective. good

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MAG “use, handle” ✧ EtyAC/MAƷ

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MAG > magra[magra]✧ EtyAC/MAƷ
Old Noldorin [EtyAC/MAƷ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

taurā

adjective. masterful, mighty

Derivations

  • ᴹ√TUR “power, control, mastery, victory” ✧ Ety/TĀ; Ety/TÁWAR; Ety/TUR

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. taura “mighty” ✧ Ety/TUR
  • N. taur “vast, mighty, overwhelming, awful, huge; high, sublime” ✧ Ety/TĀ; Ety/TÁWAR; Ety/TUR

Variations

  • tau̯rā ✧ Ety/TĀ
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/TĀ; Ety/TÁWAR; Ety/TUR; EtyAC/TĀ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bélekā

adjective. mighty, huge, great

Derivations

  • ᴹ√BEL “strong” ✧ Ety/BEL

Derivatives

  • On. beleka “mighty, huge, great” ✧ Ety/BEL
    • N. beleg “great, large” ✧ Ety/BEL
  • ᴹT. belka “excessive” ✧ Ety/BEL

Element in

  • ᴹ✶bélekā “mighty, huge, great” ✧ Ety/BEL

Variations

  • bélek ✧ Ety/BEL
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/BEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

daʒ

root. great

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶daʒrā “great, large” ✧ EtyAC/DAƷ
    • N. daur “great, large” ✧ EtyAC/DAƷ
  • ᴹQ. lai “very” ✧ EtyAC/DAƷ
  • N. dae “very” ✧ EtyAC/DAƷ
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/DAƷ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

baldrin

adjective. mighty

polodrin

adjective. mighty

Changes

  • poldurinpolurin ✧ GL/64

Cognates

  • Eq. poldórea “muscular, powerful” ✧ GL/64

Variations

  • polurin ✧ GL/64 (polurin)
  • polorin ✧ GL/64 (polorin)
  • poldurin ✧ GL/64 (poldurin)
Gnomish [GL/64; LT1A/Poldórëa] Group: Eldamo. Published by

beleg

adjective. mighty, great

Cognates

  • Eq. velike “great, large” ✧ GL/22; LT1A/Haloisi Velikë

Derivations

Element in

  • G. Beleg ✧ LT1A/Haloisi Velikë
  • G. Belegost “*Great City” ✧ LT1A/Haloisi Velikë
  • G. belectha- “to extol, magnify” ✧ GL/22
  • G. beleth(os) “144, a gross; a great number” ✧ GL/22

Variations

  • Beleg ✧ GL/22
Gnomish [GL/22; LT1A/Haloisi Velikë] Group: Eldamo. Published by

malcrin

adjective. lordly, noble, mighty

Cognates

Variations

  • malcwed ✧ GL/56

malcwed

adjective. lordly, noble, mighty

ûmi

adjective. large

Cognates

bâl

adjective. worthy, important; great, mighty

Changes

  • Bald-Bâl ✧ GL/21

Cognates

  • Eq. valda “worth; worthy, dear” ✧ GL/23

Derivations

  • ᴱ√VḶÐḶ “*worth, value” ✧ GL/21; GL/23

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√vḷd > bald- > Bâl[βḹd] > [bḹd] > [bald] > [ball] > [bāl]✧ GL/21

Variations

  • Bâl ✧ GL/21
  • Bald- ✧ GL/21 (Bald-)
  • bald ✧ GL/23
Gnomish [GL/21; GL/23] Group: Eldamo. Published by

odrog

noun/adjective. dour, mighty, stout, brave; a brave man

odron

noun/adjective. dour, mighty, stout, brave; a brave man

Changes

  • odronodron “more, greater” ✧ GL/62

Variations

  • odrog ✧ GL/62

odog

adjective. mighty, great; violent, excessive, exceeding, very

Element in

Gnomish [GL/51; GL/62] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mawr

adjective. good

mora

adjective. good

Cognates

  • Eq. mára “mighty, power[ful], doughty; good, excellent, useful (of things)”

Derivations

  • ᴱ√MAHA “grasp”

Element in

Variations

  • mawr ✧ PE13/115
Gnomish [GG/10; GG/15; GG/16; GL/17; GL/56; GL/57; PE13/115] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

maur

adjective. good

Changes

  • moirmaur ✧ PE13/150
  • mórmaur ✧ PE13/150

Cognates

  • Eq. mára “mighty, power[ful], doughty; good, excellent, useful (of things)” ✧ PE13/122; PE13/125

Derivations

  • ᴱ√MAHA “grasp”

Element in

Variations

  • môr ✧ PE13/122; PE13/124; PE13/125; PE13/125
  • mór ✧ PE13/124; PE13/150 (mór)
  • mor ✧ PE13/124
  • moir ✧ PE13/150 (moir)
Early Noldorin [PE13/122; PE13/124; PE13/125; PE13/150] Group: Eldamo. Published by

môr

adjective. good

tûr

noun. power

Changes

  • túrtúr “king” ✧ PE13/154

Element in

Variations

  • túr ✧ PE13/154; PE13/154 (túr)
Early Noldorin [PE13/154] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

yn̄t

adjective. large

Derivations

  • ᴱ√YṆTṆ “*(en)large, increase” ✧ QL/106

Derivatives

  • Eq. yanta “large” ✧ QL/106
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/106] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Quenya

túrea

adjective. mighty

Variations

  • tūrea ✧ QL/095 (tūrea)
Early Quenya [QL/095] Group: Eldamo. Published by

polda

adjective. mighty, powerful

Early Quenya [PE16/137] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mára

adjective. mighty, power[ful], doughty; good, excellent, useful (of things)

Cognates

  • En. maur “good” ✧ PE13/122; PE13/125
  • G. mora “good”

Derivations

  • ᴱ√MAHA “grasp” ✧ QL/057

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√MAHA > māra[maxrā] > [maxra] > [maɣra] > [māra]✧ QL/057

Variations

  • māra ✧ GG/10; PE13/122; PE15/32; QL/057
  • Mára ✧ LFC/030
  • mā-ra ✧ PE13/125
  • măra ✧ PE14/048
  • mara ✧ PE14/081; PE15/73
  • mára ✧ PE16/137; PE16/140
Early Quenya [GG/10; LFC/030; PE13/122; PE13/125; PE14/048; PE14/081; PE15/32; PE15/73; PE16/137; PE16/140; PE16/141; QL/057] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yanta

adjective. large

Cognates

  • G. gant “larger, greater, more, (lit.) increased”

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶yn̄t “large” ✧ QL/106
    • ᴱ√YṆTṆ “*(en)large, increase” ✧ QL/106

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶yn̄t > ’yanta[dʲṇ̄tā] > [dʲṇ̄ta] > [dʲanta] > [janta]✧ QL/106

Variations

  • yanta ✧ PE15/69 (yanta)
  • ’yanta ✧ QL/106
Early Quenya [PE15/69; QL/106] Group: Eldamo. Published by

úmea

adjective. large

Cognates

Element in

Variations

  • ūmea ✧ QL/097
Early Quenya [QL/097; VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by