Quenya 

melehta

mighty

melehta adj. "mighty" (PE17:115), cf. meletya

melehta

adjective. mighty

Quenya adjective for “mighty” derived from the root √MBELEK (PE17/115), apparently from the primitive form mbelektā (with [kt] > [ht]). It seems to be the adjectival form of the noun melehtë “might”. A variant form meletya appears with the 2nd-plural possessive suffix -lya as Meletyalya “your mighty” (WJ/369), likely from the primitive form mbelekya (with [kj] > [tj]). This variant form has a more typical primitive adjective suffix ✶-ya, but is inconsistent with the attested Sindarin cognate S. belaith.

Quenya [PE17/115; WJ/369] Group: Eldamo. Published by

meletya

mighty

#meletya adj. "mighty", isolated from meletyalda adjective with suffix "your mighty" = "your majesty" (see -lda; meletya = *"mighty"). In full Aran Meletyalda "king your mighty" = "your majesty" (WJ:369). Compare melehta.

mára

adjective. good, proper, *[ᴹQ.] useful, *fit, *good (of things), *[ᴱQ.] excellent, *mighty, *power, *doughty
Quenya [PE17/016; PE17/057; PE17/058; PE17/059; PE17/074; PE17/093; PE17/147; PE17/162; PE17/172; PE22/154; PE22/166; VT42/33; VT49/12; VT49/15; VT49/30] Group: Eldamo. Published by

túrëa

adjective. mighty, masterful, **having authority over
Quenya [PE17/115] Group: Eldamo. Published by

naira¹

adjective. vast, wide, empty
Quenya [PE17/027] Group: Eldamo. Published by

taura

mighty, masterful

taura adj. "mighty, masterful" (TUR, PE17:115), "very mighty, vast, of unmeasured might or size" (VT39:10). Cf. túrëa.

velca

adjective. large, great, big
Quenya [PE17/115] Group: Eldamo. Published by

velicë

great

velicë ("k") adj. "great" _(LT1:254; probably not valid in Tolkien's later Quenya; in the context of the Etymologies it would have to be derived from _BEL, but it is stated that this stem was "not found in Q". Perhaps Tolkien rejected velicë because it was too similar to the Russian word that clearly inspired it.)

Amarië

good

Amarië fem. name; perhaps derived from mára "good" with prefixing of the stem-vowel and the feminine ending - (Silm)

Poldórëa

valiant

Poldórëa adj. "Valiant"; as title of Tulkas replaced by Astaldo (POL/POLOD, MR:146, 149. In GL:64, poldórëa is glossed "mighty", in QL:75, "muscular".)

Naira

vast, wide, empty

naira (2) adj. "vast, wide, empty" (PE17:27)

pol

large, big (strong)

pol (2) adj. "large, big (strong)". Since this would be the sole example of a monosyllabic Quenya adjective, it may be that Tolkien is here citing the root POL rather than a complete word. Cf. polda.

ala-

good

ala- (3), also al-, a prefix expressing "good" or "well" (PE17:146), as in alaquenta (q.v.) Whether Tolkien imagined this ending to coexist with the negative prefix of the same form (#2 above) is unclear and perhaps dubious.

alta

large, great in size

alta (1) adj. *"large, great in size" (root meaning)(ÁLAT). Alat- in Alatairë, q.v.

mára

adjective. good
Quenya [PE 22:154, 166] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

-úmë

large

-úmë (3) suffix "large" (of quantity)", as in liyúmë "host" (VT48:32)

alat-

large, great in size

alat- prefix "large, great in size". (ÁLAT, cf. VT45:5). In Alatairë.

nerdo

noun. large, strong man
Quenya [VT47/33] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yána

vast, huge; wide

yána (1) adj. "vast, huge; wide" (PE17:99, 115); also yanda, q.v.

úra

large

úra (2) adj. "large" (UR), probably obsoleted by #1 above

nerdo

large, strong man

nerdo noun "large, strong man" (compare nér) (VT47:33)

Vala

power, god, angelic power

Vala (1) noun "Power, God, angelic power", pl. Valar or Vali (BAL, Appendix E, LT2:348), described as "angelic governors" or "angelic guardians" (Letters:354, 407). The Valar are a group of immensely powerful spirits guarding the world on behalf of its Creator; they are sometimes called Gods (as when Valacirca, q.v., is translated "Sickle of the Gods"), but this is strictly wrong according to Christian terminology: the Valar were created beings. The noun vala is also the name of tengwa #22 (Appendix E). Genitive plural Valion "of the Valar" (FS, MR:18); this form shows the pl. Vali, (irregular) alternative to Valar (the straightforward gen. pl. Valaron is also attested, PE17:175). Pl. allative valannar *"to/on the Valar" (LR:47, 56; SD:246). Feminine form Valië (Silm), in Tolkiens earlier material also Valdë; his early writings also list Valon or Valmo (q.v.) as specifically masc. forms. The gender-specific forms are not obligatory; thus in PE17:22 Varda is called a Vala (not a Valië), likewise Yavanna in PE17:93. Vala is properly or originally a verb "has power" (sc. over the matter of , the universe), also used as a noun "a Power" _(WJ:403). The verb vala- "rule, order", exclusively used with reference to the Valar, is only attested in the sentences á vala Manwë! "may Manwë order it!" and Valar valuvar "the will of the Valar will be done" (WJ:404). However, Tolkien did not originally intend the word Valar to signify "powers"; in his early conception it apparently meant "the happy ones", cf. valto, vald- (LT2:348)_. For various compounds including the word Vala(r), see below.

* meletya

adjective. mighty
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

* herwa

adjective. lordly
Quenya Group: Neologism. Published by

Sindarin 

belaith

adjective. mighty
Sindarin [PE17/115] Group: Eldamo. Published by

belaith

adjective. mighty

adj. mighty. Q. melehta.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:115] < BEL, MBEL. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

beleg

adjective. great, mighty, large, big, *[ᴱN.] huge

The primitive form of this word in later writings is unclear. The development in Quenya seems indicates a primitive initial ✶mb- and a primitive form of ✶mbeleke, as in ✶Mbelekōro or ✶Mbelekōre > Q. Melkor (PE17/115, WJ/402). However, the nasal-mutation meleg appears in Taur-i-Melegyrn “Forest of the Great Trees”, indicating a primitive initial ✶b- and a primitive form of ✶beleke. It is possible the soft-mutation veleg appears Arveleg, also indicating a primitive initial ✶b-. @@@ Also Cûl Veleg.

It may be that the strengthening of √BEL ⇒ √MBEL occurred only in Quenya, and the Sindarin form developed from the original √BEL instead. Since The Etymologies state that √BEL was “not found in Q[uenya]”, this seems a likely scenario to me.

Sindarin [PE17/115; RC/536; S/209; SA/beleg; WJI/Taur-i-Melegyrn] Group: Eldamo. Published by

beleg

adjective. great, mighty
Sindarin [Ety/352, S/428] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ma

interjection. good, excellent, that’s right
Sindarin [PE17/162] Group: Eldamo. Published by

maer

adjective. good, excellent, fair, *[N.] useful, *fit, *good (of things)
Sindarin [PE17/162; PE17/163; PE17/172] Group: Eldamo. Published by

daer

adjective. great
Sindarin [UT/450, WJ/187, WJ/335, VT/42:11] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

daer¹

adjective. great, large
Sindarin [UT/264; VT42/11; VT42/14; WJ/191; WJ/335; WJ/338] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ma

adjective. good

_ adj. _good. Archaic and obsolete except as interjection 'good, excellent, that's right'.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:162] < *_magā_ < MAGA to thrive, be in good state. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

bain

good

_ adj. _good, wholesome, blessed, fair (esp. of weather). . This gloss was rejected.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:149] < ƀan fair. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

iaun

adjective. large

adj. large, extensive, wide, vast, huge. Q. yāna-. >> -ion

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:42:99] < YAN vast, huge. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

maer

good

adj. good, proper, excellent. Q. mára good, proper, Q. maira excellent. >> mae-. This gloss was rejected.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:172] < (A)MAY suitable, useful, prosper, serviceable, right. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

maer

good

_ adj. _good.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:162] < MAY. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

beleg

adjective. large

adj. large, great, big. . This gloss was rejected.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:115] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

beleg

adjective. large

adj. large, great. Q. melek-.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:115] < _mbelek_ < BEL, MBEL. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

balan

noun. Vala, divine power, divinity
Sindarin [Ety/350, S/439, Letters/427, X/EI] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

* ball

adjective. worthy, important, great, mighty
Sindarin Group: Neologism. Published by

* beleg

mighty

1) beleg (great), lenited veleg, pl. belig; 2) taur (also tor-, tar- in compounds) (lofty, high, sublime, noble; vast, masterful, overwhelming, huge, awful), lenited daur, pl. toer. Note: homophones mean ”king (of a people)” and also ”great wood, forest”.

* polodren

adjective. mighty, *powerful
Sindarin Group: Neologism. Published by

* polod

noun. power, might, authority
Sindarin Group: Neologism. Published by

* #dae

great

#dae (lenited nae, no distinct pl. form). Isolated from daedhelos "great fear". Note: Homophones mean "shadow, shade" and also "very, exceedingly".

* beleg

great

beleg (mighty), lenited veleg, pl. belig

* daer

great

daer (large), lenited dhaer, no distinct pl. form. Note: a homophone means "bridegroom", but has a different lenited form.

* taur

masterful

taur (also tor-, tar- in compounds) (lofty, high, sublime, noble; vast, mighty, overwhelming, huge, awful), lenited daur, pl. toer. Note: homophones mean ”king (of a people)” and also ”great wood, forest”.

* maer

good

_(”useful” of things _ not of moral qualities) maer (lenited vaer, no distinct pl. form) (fit, useful). For ”good” as an adjective describing human qualities, the word fael ”fair-minded, just, generous” may be considered.

* taur

vast

taur (also tor-, tar- in compounds) (lofty, high, sublime, noble; vast, masterful, mighty, overwhelming, huge, awful), lenited daur, pl. toer. Note: homophones mean ”king (of a people)” and also ”great wood, forest”.

* daer

large

daer (great), lenited dhaer, no distinct pl. form. Note: a homophone means "bridegroom", but has a different lenited form.

* tûr

power

tûr (i dûr, o thûr, construct tur) (victory, mastery, control; master, victor, lord), pl. tuir (i thuir), coll. pl. túrath.

Black Speech

búbhosh

noun/adjective. great, dung-heap, muck heap
Black Speech [LotR/0445; PE17/079; PM/083] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Adûnaic

avalô

noun. Power, God

An Adûnaic noun translated as “God” or “Power” (SD/247, 305), the equivalent of (and possibly derived from) Q. Vala. It is probably pronounced [awalō], since the sound [w] in Adûnaic was sometime written “v” (SD/434). It frequently appeared in its plural or subjective plural forms Avalôi(m) “Powers, Gods”.

Conceptual Development: In early drafts of Adûnaic its plural was Avalâi with a long â instead of ô, perhaps indicating an earlier singular form Avalâ closer to Vala. Earlier still this word was given as plural Balāi, a more direct derivative of the Elvish root form ᴹ√BAL.

Adûnaic [SD/241; SD/247; SD/305; SD/311; SD/344; SD/357; SD/387; SDI2/Avalâi; SDI2/Avalôi; SDI2/Avalôim; SDI2/Balâi] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Khuzdûl

* gabil

adjective. great
Khuzdûl Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

taur²

adjective. vast, mighty, overwhelming, awful, huge, high, sublime
Noldorin [Ety/TĀ; Ety/TÁWAR; Ety/TUR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

beleg

adjective. great, mighty
Noldorin [Ety/352, S/428] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

beleg

adjective. great, large
Noldorin [Ety/BEL; PE22/031] Group: Eldamo. Published by

daur

adjective. great, large
Noldorin [EtyAC/DAƷ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

balan

noun. Power, God
Noldorin [Ety/BAL; Ety/KIRIK; Ety/LEP] Group: Eldamo. Published by

taur

adjective. mighty, vast, overwhelming, huge, awful, high, sublime
Noldorin [Ety/395] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

balan

noun. Vala, divine power, divinity
Noldorin [Ety/350, S/439, Letters/427, X/EI] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

(m)belek-

adjective. large, great, big, *[ᴹ✶] huge, *mighty
Primitive elvish [PE17/115] Group: Eldamo. Published by

(m)beleke

adjective. mighty, large, great, big
Primitive elvish [PE17/115.0309] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bal

root. power, powerful, mighty, have power
Primitive elvish [PE17/048; PE17/149; PE17/154; SA/val] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mbelek

root. mighty, powerful, strong, great, large
Primitive elvish [MR/350; PE17/115; PE17/165] Group: Eldamo. Published by

melek

root. great, mighty, powerful, strong
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

magrā

adjective. good, useful, proper, fit
Primitive elvish [PE17/016; VT47/06] Group: Eldamo. Published by

daira

adjective. large, great
Primitive elvish [VT42/11] Group: Eldamo. Published by

¤kurwē

noun. power, ability
Primitive elvish [PE 22:151] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

ari

root. good, excellent, noble
Primitive elvish [PE17/147] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bálā

noun. power, god
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

aran

root. good, excellent, noble
Primitive elvish [PE17/147; PE17/148] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arat

root. good, excellent, noble
Primitive elvish [PE17/147; PE17/148; SA/ar(a)] Group: Eldamo. Published by

manrā

adjective. good
Primitive elvish [PE17/162] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kur

root. have power, strength, ability inherent physically or mentally, skill, *[ᴹ√] craft
Primitive elvish [PE22/151; VT41/10] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

mára¹

adjective. mighty, power[ful], doughty, good, excellent, useful (of things)
Qenya [GG/10; LFC/030; PE13/122; PE13/125; PE14/048; PE14/081; PE15/32; PE15/73; PE16/137; PE16/140; PE16/141; QL/057] Group: Eldamo. Published by

polda

adjective. mighty, powerful
Qenya [PE16/137] Group: Eldamo. Published by

taura

adjective. mighty
Qenya [Ety/TUR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

túrea

adjective. mighty
Qenya [QL/095] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mára

adjective. good, good, excellent, useful (of things), mighty, power[ful], doughty
Qenya [GG/10.0513; LFC/030.1501; PE13/122.1505; PE13/125.2113; PE13/125.2114; PE13/125.2115; PE14/048.2501; PE14/081.1601; PE15/32.0205; PE15/32.0803; PE15/32.1005; PE15/73.1701; PE15/73.1704; PE16/137.3901; PE16/140.7701; PE16/140.7702; PE16/141.0801; QL/057.4101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

malkuvoite

adjective. lordly, noble
Qenya [QL/062] Group: Eldamo. Published by

velike

adjective. great, large
Qenya [GL/22; LT1A/Haloisi Velikë; PE16/137; QL/100] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yanta

adjective. great

Also glossed as “large”.

Qenya [QL/106.2801; PE15/69.7802] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vala

noun. Power, God
Qenya [Ety/BAL; LR/047; LR/056; LR/072; LR/110; LR/161; LR/204; LRI/Valar; PE22/022; PE22/050; RSI/Valar; SD/246; SD/305; SD/310; SD/401; SDI2/Avalôi; SDI2/Valāi; SDI2/Valar; SM/078; SM/263; SMI/Valar; WRI/Valar] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alat-

prefix. large, great in size
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

alta

adjective. large, great in size
Qenya [Ety/ÁLAT; EtyAC/ÁLAT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yanta¹

adjective. large
Qenya [PE15/69; QL/106] Group: Eldamo. Published by

úmea

adjective. large
Qenya [QL/097; VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

úra

adjective. large
Qenya [Ety/UR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -on

suffix. great
Qenya [Ety/AD] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin 

beleka

adjective. mighty, huge, great
Old Noldorin [Ety/BEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

magra

adjective. good
Old Noldorin [EtyAC/MAƷ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bala

noun. Power, God
Old Noldorin [Ety/BAL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

balane

noun. Power, God (f.)
Old Noldorin [Ety/BAL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

balano

noun. Power, God (m.)
Old Noldorin [Ety/BAL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

bélekā

adjective. mighty, huge, great
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/BEL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

taurā

adjective. masterful, mighty
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/TĀ; Ety/TÁWAR; Ety/TUR; EtyAC/TĀ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tur

root. power, control, mastery, victory
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ID; Ety/TĀ; Ety/TÁWAR; Ety/TUR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

daʒ

root. great
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/DAƷ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

daʒrā

adjective. great, large
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/DAƷ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bálā

noun. power, god

Variations of the word: bal-ī.

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
bal-ī́plural-Ety/BAL.002
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/BAL.002; EtyAC/BAL.005; Ety/BAL.012] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alat

root. large, great in size
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ÁLAT; Ety/AY] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Telerin

bala

noun. Power, God
Middle Telerin [Ety/BAL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

baldrin

adjective. mighty
Gnomish [GL/21] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bâl

adjective. worthy, important, great, mighty
Gnomish [GL/21; GL/23] Group: Eldamo. Published by

malcrin

adjective. lordly, noble, mighty
Gnomish [GL/56] Group: Eldamo. Published by

malcwed

adjective. lordly, noble, mighty
Gnomish Group: Eldamo. Published by

odog

adjective. mighty, great, violent, excessive, exceeding, very
Gnomish [GL/51; GL/62] Group: Eldamo. Published by

odrog

noun/adjective. dour, mighty, stout, brave, a brave man
Gnomish Group: Eldamo. Published by

odron

noun/adjective. dour, mighty, stout, brave, a brave man
Gnomish [GL/62] Group: Eldamo. Published by

polodrin

adjective. mighty
Gnomish [GL/64; LT1A/Poldórëa] Group: Eldamo. Published by

beleg

adjective. mighty, great
Gnomish [GL/22; LT1A/Haloisi Velikë] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ûmi

adjective. large
Gnomish [GL/75] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mawr

adjective. good
Gnomish Group: Eldamo. Published by

mora

adjective. good, worse, better
Gnomish [GG/10; GG/15; GG/16; GL/17; GL/56; GL/57; PE13/115] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

beleg

adjective. great, large, huge
Early Noldorin [PE13/122; PE13/125; PE13/128; PE13/138] Group: Eldamo. Published by

maur

adjective. good
Early Noldorin [PE13/122; PE13/124; PE13/125; PE13/150] Group: Eldamo. Published by

môr

adjective. good
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

tûr

noun. power
Early Noldorin [PE13/154] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

yn̄t

adjective. large
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/106] Group: Eldamo. Published by