Quenya adjective for “mighty” derived from the root √MBELEK (PE17/115), apparently from the primitive form ✶mbelektā (with [kt] > [ht]). It seems to be the adjectival form of the noun melehtë “might”. A variant form meletya appears with the 2nd-plural possessive suffix -lya as Meletyalya “your mighty” (WJ/369), likely from the primitive form ✶mbelekya (with [kj] > [tj]). This variant form has a more typical primitive adjective suffix ✶-ya, but is inconsistent with the attested Sindarin cognate S. belaith.
- S. belaith “mighty” ✧ PE17/115
- Q. Aran Meletyalya “king your mighty” ✧ WJ/369
Development Stages Sources √mbelek > melehta [mbelekta] > [melekta] > [melexta] ✧ PE17/115
Word Form Gloss Source Meletyalya 2nd-sg-polite-poss “your mighty” ✧ WJ/369
melehta adj. "mighty" (PE17:115), cf. meletya
#meletya adj. "mighty", isolated from meletyalda adjective with suffix "your mighty" = "your majesty" (see -lda; meletya = *"mighty"). In full Aran Meletyalda "king your mighty" = "your majesty" (WJ:369). Compare melehta.
taura adj. "mighty, masterful" (TUR, PE17:115), "very mighty, vast, of unmeasured might or size" (VT39:10). Cf. túrëa.
adjective. mighty, masterful, mighty, masterful, *having authority over
velicë ("k") adj. "great" _(LT1:254; probably not valid in Tolkien's later Quenya; in the context of the Etymologies it would have to be derived from _BEL, but it is stated that this stem was "not found in Q". Perhaps Tolkien rejected velicë because it was too similar to the Russian word that clearly inspired it.)
Amarië fem. name; perhaps derived from mára "good" with prefixing of the stem-vowel and the feminine ending -ië (Silm)
Poldórëa adj. "Valiant"; as title of Tulkas replaced by Astaldo (POL/POLOD, MR:146, 149. In GL:64, poldórëa is glossed "mighty", in QL:75, "muscular".)
vast, wide, empty
naira (2) adj. "vast, wide, empty" (PE17:27)
large, big (strong)
pol (2) adj. "large, big (strong)". Since this would be the sole example of a monosyllabic Quenya adjective, it may be that Tolkien is here citing the root POL rather than a complete word. Cf. polda.
ala- (3), also al-, a prefix expressing "good" or "well" (PE17:146), as in alaquenta (q.v.) Whether Tolkien imagined this ending to coexist with the negative prefix of the same form (#2 above) is unclear and perhaps dubious.
large, great in size
alta (1) adj. *"large, great in size" (root meaning)(ÁLAT). Alat- in Alatairë, q.v.
-úmë (3) suffix "large" (of quantity)", as in liyúmë "host" (VT48:32)
large, great in size
alat- prefix "large, great in size". (ÁLAT, cf. VT45:5). In Alatairë.
adjective. good, proper, good, proper; [ᴹQ.] useful, fit, good (of things), [ᴱQ.] excellent; mighty, power, doughty
- māra ✧ PE17/016; PE17/074; PE17/162
- marna ✧ PE17/162 (marna)
- mara ✧ VT49/30
- ✶magrā “good, useful, proper, fit” ✧ PE17/016
- √MAG “good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state, good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state; [ᴹ√] use, handle” ✧ VT47/06
- √MAG “good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state, good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state; [ᴹ√] use, handle” ✧ PE17/162; PE17/172
- ✶manrā “good” ✧ PE17/162
- √MAN “good (morally), blessed, holy, unmarred, free from evil, good (morally), blessed, holy, unmarred, free from evil; [ᴹ√] holy spirit” ✧ PE17/162
- S. maer “good, excellent, fair, good, excellent, fair; [N.] useful, fit, good (of things)” ✧ PE17/172
- ᴺQ. alamára “no-good”
- Q. alasaila ná lá carë tai mo nave mára “it is unwise not to do what one judges good” ✧ PE22/154; VT42/33
- Q. carë mára quí tyarë naxa “doing good may cause evil” ✧ PE22/154
- Q. lá carita i hamil mára alasaila ná “not to do (in this case) what you judge good (would be) unwise” ✧ PE22/154; VT42/33
- Q. la navin caritalyas mára “I do not advise you to do so, (lit.) I don’t judge your doing (it) good” ✧ PE22/154; VT42/33
- Q. mára ná “it is good” ✧ PE17/093
- Q. mára tyen “good to you = like” ✧ PE22/166
- Q. márië “well, happily; goodness, good estate, being well, happiness” ✧ PE17/058; PE17/058; PE17/074; PE17/162; PE17/162
- Q. máralë “goodness” ✧ PE17/058
- Q. namárië “farewell, (lit.) be well, let it be well (to you)” ✧ PE17/059
- Q. nas mára nin “I like it” ✧ VT49/30
- Q. roccor i Erulingaron márë nár (ma naitë)? “the horses of the Rohirrim are good (are they not, lit. is it true)” ✧ PE22/166
- Q. ta mára “so good” ✧ VT49/12
- Q. úmara “bad, ill-used, evil, sinister” ✧ VT49/15
Development Stages Sources ✶magra > māra [magra] > [maɣra] > [māra] ✧ PE17/016 √MAGA > mára [magra] > [maɣra] > [māra] ✧ PE17/162 ✶manrā > māra [manrā] > [mārā] > [māra] ✧ PE17/162 √MAG > mára [magra] > [maɣra] > [māra] ✧ PE17/172
Word Form Gloss Source máre plural “good” ✧ PE22/166
vast, huge; wide
yána (1) adj. "vast, huge; wide" (PE17:99, 115); also yanda, q.v.
úra (2) adj. "large" (UR), probably obsoleted by #1 above
large, strong man
nerdo noun "large, strong man" (compare nér) (VT47:33)
adjective. large, great, big
velka✧ PE17/115 ( velka) velke✧ PE17/115 ( velke)
- S. beleg “great, mighty; large, big, great, mighty; large, big, [ᴱN.] huge” ✧ PE17/115
power, god, angelic power
Vala (1) noun "Power, God, angelic power", pl. Valar or Vali (BAL, Appendix E, LT2:348), described as "angelic governors" or "angelic guardians" (Letters:354, 407). The Valar are a group of immensely powerful spirits guarding the world on behalf of its Creator; they are sometimes called Gods (as when Valacirca, q.v., is translated "Sickle of the Gods"), but this is strictly wrong according to Christian terminology: the Valar were created beings. The noun vala is also the name of tengwa #22 (Appendix E). Genitive plural Valion "of the Valar" (FS, MR:18); this form shows the pl. Vali, (irregular) alternative to Valar (the straightforward gen. pl. Valaron is also attested, PE17:175). Pl. allative valannar *"to/on the Valar" (LR:47, 56; SD:246). Feminine form Valië (Silm), in Tolkiens earlier material also Valdë; his early writings also list Valon or Valmo (q.v.) as specifically masc. forms. The gender-specific forms are not obligatory; thus in PE17:22 Varda is called a Vala (not a Valië), likewise Yavanna in PE17:93. Vala is properly or originally a verb "has power" (sc. over the matter of Eä, the universe), also used as a noun "a Power" _(WJ:403). The verb vala- "rule, order", exclusively used with reference to the Valar, is only attested in the sentences á vala Manwë! "may Manwë order it!" and Valar valuvar "the will of the Valar will be done" (WJ:404). However, Tolkien did not originally intend the word Valar to signify "powers"; in his early conception it apparently meant "the happy ones", cf. valto, vald- (LT2:348)_. For various compounds including the word Vala(r), see below.
Word Gloss heru “lord, master”