Quenya 


mighty one

Melko masc. name "Mighty One", name of the rebellious Vala, usually called Melkor (MIL-IK, MOR; FS MR:350 confirms that the form Melko_ is still valid in Tolkien's later Quenya, though not interpreted "Greedy One" as in the Etymologies)_


masculine name. He who arises in Might, (lit.) Mighty Arising

Name of the Valar whose rebellion brought evil into the world (S/16), more commonly known as Morgoth. His name is an ancient compound of the root ✶(m)belek- “mighty” and ✶ōre “rising”, so meaning: “Mighty Arising” (MR/350, PE17/115), translated more loosely as “He who arises in Might” (WJ/402, PM/358). This name also appeared in the longer form Melkórë (MR/350, PE17/115). This is one of the names Tolkien generally spelled with a “k” (like Kementári and Tulkas) despite normally representing the [k]-sound with “c” in Elvish, though in a few places he did write Melcor (MR/362, VT49/24).

Possible Etymology: In the name Melkorohíni “Children of Melkor” (MR/416), the stem form for Melkor seems to be Melkoro-. This is consistent with the primitive form ✶Mbelekōro appearing in the “Quendi and Eldar” essay from 1959-60 (WJ/402). Elsewhere its primitive form was given as ✶Mbelekōre (PE17/115) and its ablative form appears in notes from the mid-1960s as Melkorello (VT49/6-7), indicating a stem-form of Melkore-, consistent with the long form Melkórë noted above.

Conceptual Development: This name first appeared in the earliest Lost Tales as ᴱQ. Melko without its final -r (LT1/47). This name appeared in the Qenya Lexicon glossed “God of Evil” but without an etymology (QL/60). In the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon, it was connected to the root ᴱ√melek/mbelek/belek, along with ᴱQ. velka “flame” (GL/22). It is likely that Tolkien first considered this name as representative of his “fiery” evil, as his contemporaneous (but later abandoned) name ᴱQ. Yelur was that of “wintery” evil.

In some texts from the 1920s, ᴱQ. Melko was given as the derivative of (unglossed) ᴱ✶Mailiko (PE13/149; PE14/69), and the name ᴹQ. Melko appeared in The Etymologies from the 1930s as a derivative of ᴹ✶Mailikō < ᴹ√MIL(IK) “greed, lust” (Ety/MIL-IK). The form Melkor (with an -r) appeared towards the end of Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (LR/332). This was the form used thereafter, starting with Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s (MR/7, MR/22 note #5).

Quenya [LRI/Melkor; LT1/079; LT1I/Melkor; LT2I/Melkor; MR/022; MR/350; MR/362; MRI/Melko; MRI/Melkor; PE17/115; PE21/85; PM/358; PMI/Belegûr; PMI/Melkor; RSI/Melkor; SI/Melkor; SMI/Melko; UTI/Melkor; VT49/24; WJ/402; WJI/Melkor] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin 


masculine name. He who arises in Might, (lit.) Mighty Arising

The Sindarin cognate of Q. Melkor “He who arises in Might”, but this name was never used, being replaced with an altered form Belegurth “Great Death” (SI/Melkor, PM/358). The initial element of his name is beleg “mighty” and its final element is derived from primitive ✶ōre “arising”, hence literally: “Mighty Arising” (PE17/115). This Sindarin name indicates that the primitive form of his name must have begun with mb-: ✶Mbelekōre (PE17/115, WJ/402).

Conceptual Development: In the earliest Lost Tales, his Qenya name was ᴱQ. Melko and in the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s, its cognate was given as G. Belca >> Belcha from a root ᴱ√(M)BELEKE along with derivatives related to fire (GL/18, 22). In the Lays of Beleriand from the 1920s, the name was changed to ᴱN. Belegor >> Melegor (LB/21), but in Early Noldorin word lists from the 1920s the name appeared as ᴱN. Maileg (PE13/149).

In The Etymologies from the 1930s, the name changed to N. Maeleg >> Moeleg, derived from the root ᴹ√MIL(IK) along with derivatives related to greed and lust (Ety/MIL-IK). The form N. Moeleg appeared in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (SM/79, 164, 167). In later writings his Sindarin name was usually given as Belegûr, though in one place an alternate form Belchur was also given (PE17/115).

Sindarin [PE17/115; PM/358; PMI/Belegûr; PMI/Melkor; SI/Melkor] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 


masculine name. Melko
Qenya [Ety/MIL-IK; LR/072; LR/332; LRI/Melko; LRI/Melkor; MR/022; MR/355; MRI/Melko; PE19/058; PMI/Melkor; SDI2/Mēlekō; SM/079; SM/164; SMI/Melko; SMI/Moeleg] Group: Eldamo. Published by


masculine name. Melko
Qenya [GL/18; GL/22; LBI/Melko; LT1/079; LT1A/Melko; LT1I/Melko; LT2I/Belcha; LT2I/Melko; PE13/101; PE13/149; PE14/012; PE14/069; PE15/08; PE15/21; PE15/32; QL/060; SMI/Belcha] Group: Eldamo. Published by


masculine name. Melko

A name of Melko in the Qenya and Gnomish Lexicons from the 1910s (QL/106; GL/18), along with other early name lists (PE13/103; PE14/12). It was derived from the root ᴱ√DYELE having to do with the cold (QL/106). The variants Yeloimu and Yelusto also appeared (GL/38; PE13/103; PE15/24).

Qenya [GL/18; GL/38; LT1A/Melko; PE13/103; PE14/012; PE15/21; PE15/24; QL/106] Group: Eldamo. Published by



masculine name. Melko
Gnomish [GG/08; GL/18; GL/22; LB/021; LBI/Belcha; LBI/Belegor; LT1A/Melko; LT2A/Belcha; LT2I/Belcha; PE13/101; PE14/012; PE15/08; PE15/21; SM/167; SMI/Belcha; SMI/Moeleg] Group: Eldamo. Published by