Quenya 

litsë

sand

litsë noun "sand" (LIT)

littë

noun. ash

A neologism for “ash” coined by Helge Fauskanger in his NQNT (NQNT), the Quenya equivalent of S. lith “ash”. In The Etymologies of the 1930s the Quenya cognate of N. lith was ᴹQ. litse (Ety/LIT), but in that document these words were glossed “sand”. Introducing a separate neologism ᴺQ. littë “ash” helps keep these two senses distinct.

Derivations

  • ᴹ√LIT “*(fine) grit”

Cognates

  • S. lith “ash, ash; [N.] sand”
Quenya Group: Eldamo - fan inventions. Published by

Sindarin 

lith

noun. ash, sand, dust

Sindarin [Ety/369, S/434, TC/178] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

lith

sand

lith (sand, dust) (Names:178), no distinct pl. form.

lith

ash

lith (sand, dust), no distinct pl. form.

Noldorin 

lith

noun. sand

Derivations

  • On. litthe “sand” ✧ Ety/LIT
    • ᴹ✶litse “sand” ✧ Ety/LIT
    • ᴹ√LIT “*(fine) grit” ✧ Ety/LIT

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. litse “sand” ✧ Ety/LIT

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. litthe > lith[liθθe] > [liθθ] > [liθ]✧ Ety/LIT
Noldorin [Ety/LIT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lith

noun. ash, sand, dust

Noldorin [Ety/369, S/434, TC/178] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 

litse

noun. sand

A noun in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “sand” derived from the root ᴹ√LIT (Ety/ERE). Its Noldorin cognate N. lith was in later writings glossed as S. lith “ash”, so it is possible this word also shifted in meaning, but Helge Fauskanger used the neologism ᴺQ. littë for “ash” in his NQNT (NQNT) to keep the two words distinct, an approach that I also advocate.

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶litse “sand” ✧ Ety/LIT
    • ᴹ√LIT “*(fine) grit” ✧ Ety/LIT

Cognates

  • ᴹ✶litse “sand” ✧ Ety/LIT
  • On. litthe “sand” ✧ Ety/LIT
  • N. lith “sand” ✧ Ety/LIT

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶litse > litse[litse]✧ Ety/LIT

Old Noldorin 

litthe

noun. sand

Derivatives

  • N. lith “sand” ✧ Ety/LIT

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶litse “sand” ✧ Ety/LIT
    • ᴹ√LIT “*(fine) grit” ✧ Ety/LIT

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. litse “sand” ✧ Ety/LIT

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶litse > litthe[litse] > [liθθe]✧ Ety/LIT
Old Noldorin [Ety/LIT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

litse

noun. sand

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. litse “sand” ✧ Ety/LIT
  • On. litthe “sand” ✧ Ety/LIT
    • N. lith “sand” ✧ Ety/LIT

Derivations

  • ᴹ√LIT “*(fine) grit” ✧ Ety/LIT

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. litse “sand” ✧ Ety/LIT
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/LIT] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

mara

noun. sand

marol

noun. sand

Variations

  • mara ✧ GL/56

Derivations

  • ᴱ√MBARA “dwell, live” ✧ GL/56

Early Primitive Elvish

mara

root. *sand, soil

A root appearing in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s as root {ᴱ√MAŘA² >>} ᴱ√MARA that Tolkien indicated was a dialectical variation or byform of ᴱ√MṚŘṚ [MṚÐṚ] “grind”, with a single derivative: ᴱQ. marilla “pearl” (QL/59). In the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon, G. brithla “pearl” was most likely a derivative of ᴱ√MṚÐṚ (GL/24). However, in the m-section of GL Tolkien said “mar and môr probably conceal two roots and a confusion [with] mbara”, with various apparent derivatives of mar- such as G. mar “Earth, ground, soil”, G. marol “sand” and G. Môr “the Earth” (GL/56). Tolkien also had G. mara- “dwell”, but it appeared before a variant (m)bara and so likely was derived from ᴱ√MBARA “dwell, live” as mentioned in the Qenya Lexicon (QL/60). As for ᴱ√MARA² itself, it may have meant “*sand, soil”.

Variations

  • mar ✧ GL/56
  • mar- ✧ GL/58
  • MARA ✧ QL/059 (MARA)
  • MAŘA² ✧ QL/059 (MAŘA²)

Changes

  • MAŘA²MARA ✧ QL/059

Derivatives

  • Eq. marilla “pearl” ✧ QL/059
  • G. mar “Earth, ground, soil” ✧ GL/56
  • G. marol “sand” ✧ GL/56
  • G. Môr “The Earth” ✧ GL/56
Early Primitive Elvish [GL/56; GL/58; QL/059] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Quenya

marma

noun. sand

A noun in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s glossed “sand”, a derivative of the root ᴱ√MṚŘṚ [MṚÐṚ] (QL/63). The word was also mentioned in the Poetic and Mythological Words of Eldarissa (PME/63). In later writings, ᴹQ. litse was used for “sand” (Ety/LIT).

Derivations

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√MṚŘṚ > marma[mṛðmā] > [mṛðma] > [marðma] > [mardma] > [marma]✧ QL/063
Early Quenya [PME/063; QL/063] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tyusse

noun. sand

A word for “sand” from Early Qenya Word-lists of the 1920s (PE16/139). Its etymology is unclear, and none of the words from this period with similar forms seem to be related.

Early Quenya [PE16/139] Group: Eldamo. Published by