Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish


root. *(fine) grit

An unglossed root in The Etymologies of the 1930s with derivatives ᴹQ. litse/N. lith “sand” (Ety/LIT). Elsewhere N. lith was translated “ash” (TI/208), so perhaps the meaning of the root was something like “✱(fine) grit”. Tolkien’s continued use of S. lith “ash” indicates its ongoing validity (RC/765; SA/lith).


  • ᴹ✶litse “sand” ✧ Ety/LIT
    • ᴹQ. litse “sand” ✧ Ety/LIT
    • On. litthe “sand” ✧ Ety/LIT
    • N. lith “sand” ✧ Ety/LIT
  • ᴺQ. littë “ash”
  • S. lith “ash, ash; [N.] sand”

Element in

  • N. Fauglith “Thirsty Sand” ✧ Ety/PHAU
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/LIT; Ety/PHAU] Group: Eldamo. Published by


root. swiftly[?] speed[?]

The forms √SLIT and √LIT appear in a rejected page of roots from the Quenya Verbal System of the 1940s with some unclear glosses, probably “swiftly, speed”; they were the basis for the past-tense form lhinte “sped” of otherwise unattested verb ᴹQ. lhit- (PE22/127). This root might be connected to later Q. linta “swift” from the Namárië poem (LotR/377; PE17/63), though elsewhere Tolkien indicated that Q. linta (< ✱lim-tā?) was the equivalent of S. lim “quick, swift” (PE17/147).


  • ᴹQ. lhit- “to speed” ✧ PE22/127
  • Q. linta “swift”


  • SLIT ✧ PE22/127 (SLIT)
  • LIT ✧ PE22/127 (LIT)
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE22/127] Group: Eldamo. Published by