ardh (“realm, region”) + calen (“green”)
noun. green region, area
place name. Green Region
The plain lying to the south of Angband, later named Anfauglith after it was desolated by the forces of Morgoth. The name was translated “Green Region” (WJ/113). Its second element galen is clearly the lenited form of calen “green”, and its initial element might be some variation of gardh “region” (in early writings, N. ardh).
Conceptual Development: In Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s, this region was named Bladorion of unclear meaning (LR/117); though it may be related to G. bladwen “plain”. In Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s, it was renamed Ard-galen (WJ/113).
Word Gloss gardh “region” calen “green; fresh, vigorous; †bright, green; †bright, [N.] bright-coloured; [S.] fresh, vigorous”
- Ardgalen ✧ WJ/113; WJI/Ardgalen; WJI/Bladorian