Quenya 

sar

(small) stone

sar (sard-, as in pl. sardi) noun "(small) stone" (SAR). In Elessar, q.v. Since Tolkien let this name have a stem in -sarn- (genitive Ele[s]sarno, VT49:28), he may seem to have changed the stem-form of sar from sard- to sarn-.

sarnincë

noun. pebble

A neologism for “pebble” coined by Paul Strack in 2018 specifically for Eldamo (updated from sardincë to sarnincë in 2021), a diminutive form of Q. sar (sard-) “stone”. There are a number of Early Qenya words for “pebble” from the 1910s and 20s, but all have various issues for adapting them to Neo-Quenya.

Cognates

Elements

WordGloss
sar“stone (small)”
-incë“diminutive ending”
Quenya Group: Eldamo - fan inventions. Published by

Sindarin 

sarn

noun/adjective. (small) stone, pebble; stony (place), (small) stone, pebble; stony (place); [N.] stone as a material

A Sindarin noun for a small individual stone or pebble (RC/327; VT42/11) in contrast to S. gond for large blocks of stone or rock (Ety/GOND) or stone as a material (PE17/28). However, sarn also functioned as an adjective “stony”, and when used unqualified could also refer to a “stony place” (RC/163). It was a derivative of the root ᴹ√SAR (Ety/SAR).

Conceptual Development: This word dates all the way back to the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s where Tolkien had G. sarn “a stone” (GL/67), and it was also an element in the negative word ᴱN. orsarn “stoneless” in Early Noldorin Word-lists of the 1920s (PE13/156). It appeared as N. sarn, a derivative of ᴹ√SAR, in The Etymologies of the 1930s, but in this document it was glossed “stone as a material”, and also functioned as an adjective, apparently a blending of ✱sarnē and ᴹ✶sarnā (Ety/SAR), in contrast to N. gonn which in this document was only “a great stone or rock” (Ety/GOND). In later writings sarn could still function as an adjective “stony” (RC/163) but as a noun generally referred to an individual stone, as in the name S. Edhelharn “Elfstone” (SD/128).

Cognates

  • Q. sar “stone (small)”

Element in

  • S. Edhelharn “Elfstone”
  • ᴺS. gaessarn “pearl, (lit.) sea-pebble/stone”
  • S. Sarn Athrad “Ford of Stones” ✧ RC/163; RC/775; SA/sarn
  • ᴺS. sarneg “pebble”
  • S. Sarn Gebir “Stone-spikes” ✧ RC/327; RC/775; SA/sarn
  • S. Serni “Pebble Bank” ✧ SA/sarn
  • S. serni “shingle, pebble bank” ✧ UTI/Serni; VT42/11

Variations

  • Sarn ✧ RC/775
  • sern ✧ VT42/11
Sindarin [RC/163; RC/327; RC/775; SA/sarn; UTI/Serni; VT42/11] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sarneg

noun. pebble

A neologism for “pebble” coined by Paul Strack in 2021 specifically for Eldamo, a diminutive form of S. sarn “stone”.

Cognates

Elements

WordGloss
sarn“(small) stone, pebble; stony (place), (small) stone, pebble; stony (place); [N.] stone as a material”
Sindarin Group: Eldamo - fan inventions. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Gnomish

clocthi

noun. pebble

A noun for “a pebble” in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s, apparently a diminutive of G. cloch “a stone” (GL/26).

Early Quenya

hyelle

noun. pebble

A word for “pebble” in Early Qenya Word-lists of the 1920s (PE16/138; PE16/144). Its etymology is unclear, and it later writings, ᴹQ. hyelle was used as a word for “glass”.

Early Quenya [PE16/138; PE16/144] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tolot

noun. pebble, cobble-stone

A word for “pebble, cobble-stone” in the English-Qenya Dictionary of the 1920s (PE15/77). Its etymology is unclear; elsewhere in Quenya ᴹ√TOLOT was connected to the number “eight”, and √TOL with things that stand or stick up.

Early Quenya [PE15/77] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lalle

noun. pebble

A word for “pebble” the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s appearing under the root ᴱ√LALA, though Tolkien marked it with a “?” and other derivatives of the root had to do with “babble” (QL/50). This word was also mentioned in the contemporaneous Poetic and Mythological Words of Eldarissa (PME/50).

Derivations

  • ᴱ√LALA “*babble” ✧ QL/050

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√LALA > lalle[lalli] > [lalle]✧ QL/050
Early Quenya [PME/050; QL/050] Group: Eldamo. Published by