Quenya 

naue

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ndagwē > ndau̯we > nau̯we > naue[ndagwē] > [ndaɣwē] > [ndauwē] > [nauwē] > [naue]✧ PE19/094

Variations

  • nawe ✧ PE19/094 (nawe)
Quenya [PE19/094] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cúma

noun. [unglossed]

Cognates

  • S. “bow, bow; [N.] arch, crescent; [G.] waxing or waning moon” ✧ PE17/122

Derivations

  • kūma ✧ PE17/122
    • KU(H) “bow, [ᴱ√] bend”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
kūma > cúma[kūma]✧ PE17/122

malsa

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
maslā > malsa[maslā] > [malsā] > [malsa]✧ PE19/101
Quenya [PE19/101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tomba

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • TOM “of resonant sounds” ✧ PE17/138

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
TOM > tomba[tomba]✧ PE17/138
Quenya [PE17/138] Group: Eldamo. Published by

maitya

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • mahtya ✧ PE19/084 (mahtya)
Quenya [PE19/084] Group: Eldamo. Published by

melya-

verb. [unglossed]

Quenya [PE17/077] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arra

adjective. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • SRAG “awkward, awry; hard, (very) difficult” ✧ PE17/172

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
SRA-G > asra > arra[asra] > [azra] > [arra]✧ PE17/172
Quenya [PE17/172] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sal-

verb. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • SAL “[unglossed], *harp(ing), lyre” ✧ PE22/133

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
SAL > asálie[asālie]✧ PE22/133
Quenya [PE22/133] Group: Eldamo. Published by

éna

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • eñna ✧ PE19/097
    • “be, exist”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
eñna > enna > éna[eŋna] > [enna]✧ PE19/097
Quenya [PE19/097] Group: Eldamo. Published by

amya-

verb. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • AM “go up, go up, [ᴹ√] up” ✧ PE17/157

Elements

WordGloss
-ya“verbal suffix”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
AM > amya[amja-]✧ PE17/157

Variations

  • amya ✧ PE17/157 (amya)
Quenya [PE17/157] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cairë

?. [unglossed]

Cognates

  • S. caer “*flat isle on a river, [N.] flat isle on a river” ✧ PE17/101

Derivations

  • KAY “lie, lie, [ᴹ√] lie down; [ᴱ√] rest, dwell” ✧ PE17/101

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
KAYA > caire[kaire]✧ PE17/101

Variations

  • caire ✧ PE17/101
Quenya [PE17/101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ceura

noun. [unglossed]

felca

adjective. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • PHELEGexcavation, excavation; [ᴹ√] cave” ✧ PE17/118

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
PHELEK > felca[pʰelka] > [ɸelka] > [felka]✧ PE17/118
Quenya [PE17/118] Group: Eldamo. Published by

finca

noun. [unglossed]

Cognates

  • S. fing “lock of hair” ✧ PE17/017

Derivations

  • phinik ✧ PE17/017
    • SPIN(ID) “fine thread, filament; hair” ✧ PE17/017

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
finik/fink > finca[pʰinika] > [pʰinka] > [pʰiŋka] > [ɸiŋka] > [fiŋka]✧ PE17/017

Variations

  • finca ✧ PE17/017
Quenya [PE17/017] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hindo

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • KHIN “child” ✧ PE17/157

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
KHIN > hindo[kʰindo] > [xindo] > [hindo]✧ PE17/157
Quenya [PE17/157] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hindë

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • KHIN “child” ✧ PE17/157

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
KHIN > hinde[kʰinde] > [xinde] > [hinde]✧ PE17/157

Variations

  • hinde ✧ PE17/157 (hinde)
Quenya [PE17/157] Group: Eldamo. Published by

holdë

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • SKOL “shut, close” ✧ PE17/098

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
KHOL > holde[kʰolde] > [xolde] > [holde]✧ PE17/098

Variations

  • holde ✧ PE17/098
Quenya [PE17/098] Group: Eldamo. Published by

háro

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
khādo > hāzo > hāro[kʰādo] > [xādo] > [xāðo] > [hāðo] > [hāro]✧ PE22/148

Variations

  • hāro ✧ PE22/148
Quenya [PE22/148] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sóla

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
soglā > sóla[sogrā] > [soɣlā] > [sōlā] > [sōla]✧ PE19/095
Quenya [PE19/095] Group: Eldamo. Published by

thar-

verb. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • STAR “*stiff, [ᴹ√] stiff” ✧ PE22/133

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
STAR > thar[star-] > [θar-]✧ PE22/133

Variations

  • thar ✧ PE22/133

tompë

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • TOM “of resonant sounds” ✧ PE17/138

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
TOM > tompe[tompe]✧ PE17/138

Variations

  • tompe ✧ PE17/138
Quenya [PE17/138] Group: Eldamo. Published by

úpa-

verb. [unglossed]

Quenya [PE17/126] Group: Eldamo. Published by

conta-

verb. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • KOM “gather, collect” ✧ PE17/157

Elements

WordGloss
-ta“causative verb suffix”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
KOM > conta[komta-] > [konta-]✧ PE17/157

Variations

  • conta ✧ PE17/157 (conta)
Quenya [PE17/157] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hendas

?. [unglossed]

Element in

  • Q. calma hendas “*light in the eyes” ✧ PMCH/02; TMME/192
Quenya [PMCH/02; TMME/192] Group: Eldamo. Published by

þúna

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • stuknā ✧ PE19/086
    • STUK “[unglossed]” ✧ PE19/086

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
stuknā > thúna[stuknā] > [stugnā] > [θugnā] > [θuŋnā] > [θūnā] > [θūna] > [sūna]✧ PE19/086

Variations

  • thúna ✧ PE19/086 (thúna)
Quenya [PE19/086] Group: Eldamo. Published by

um(ba)-

prefix. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • UMU “not, expressing privation, not, expressing privation; [ᴹ√] negative stems” ✧ PE17/172
    • Ū “denial of fact, privation, negative element, denial of fact, privation, negative element, [ᴱ√] not”

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
UMU > um(ba)[umba-]✧ PE17/172

Variations

  • um(ba) ✧ PE17/172 (um(ba))
Quenya [PE17/172] Group: Eldamo. Published by

felehta-

verb. [unglossed], *to excavate, tunnel, mine

Derivations

  • PHELEGexcavation, excavation; [ᴹ√] cave” ✧ PE17/118

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
PHELEK > felehta[pʰelektā] > [ɸelektā] > [ɸelextā] > [ɸelextā] > [felextā]✧ PE17/118

Variations

  • felehta ✧ PE17/118
Quenya [PE17/118] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lingi-

verb. [unglossed]

sélo

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
steglō > thélo > þélo > sélo[steglō] > [θeglō] > [θeɣlō] > [θēlō] > [θēlo] > [sēlo]✧ PE19/095
Quenya [PE19/095] Group: Eldamo. Published by

umbacarin

noun. [unglossed]

Quenya [PE17/172] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin 

madu

madu

>> maud. This gloss was rejected.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:148] < _madw9_ < _matwā_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

madu

?. [unglossed]

maud

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
matwā > madw̯ > maud[matwā] > [matwa] > [matw] > [maut] > [maud]✧ PE17/148
matwā > madw̯ > madu[matwā] > [matwa] > [matw] > [madw] > [madu]✧ PE17/148

Variations

  • madu ✧ PE17/148
Sindarin [PE17/148] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cidinn

?. [unglossed]

Cognates

  • Q. cinta “small” ✧ PE17/157

Derivations

  • KIT “*small” ✧ PE17/157

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
KIT > cidinn[kitinne] > [kitinn] > [kidinn]✧ PE17/157
Sindarin [PE17/157] Group: Eldamo. Published by

cinnog

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • KIT “*small” ✧ PE17/157

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
KIT > cinnog[kintok] > [kintʰok] > [kinθok] > [kinθog] > [kinnog]✧ PE17/157
Sindarin [PE17/157] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Adûnaic

asdi

?. [unglossed]

A word Tolkien used to illustrate Adûnaic pronunciation (pronounced [azdi]) without giving its meaning (SD/421).

Derivations

  • √Ad. ASAD “?” ✧ SD/421

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
√Ad. ASAD > Asdi[asdi]✧ SD/421

Variations

  • Asdi ✧ SD/421
Adûnaic [SD/421] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sapda

?. [unglossed]

A word Tolkien used to illustrate Adûnaic pronunciation without giving its meaning (SD/421).

Derivations

  • √Ad. SAPAD “?” ✧ SD/421

Variations

  • Sapda ✧ SD/421
Adûnaic [SD/421] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive elvish

sal

root. [unglossed], *harp(ing), lyre

The unglossed root ᴱ√SALA appeared in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s with derivatives like ᴱQ. salma “lyre, small harp” and ᴱQ. salumbe “harping, music” (QL/81). The root √SAL appeared again Common Eldarin: Verb Structure from the early 1950s to illustrate the reformed perfect form of its verb Q. asálie (PE22/132), but since these later forms are unglossed it is unclear whether they have the same meaning (“✱harp(ing)”) as the earlier version of the root.

Derivatives

  • Q. sal- “[unglossed]” ✧ PE22/133
Primitive elvish [PE22/133] Group: Eldamo. Published by

phut

root. [unglossed]

An unglossed root appearing in the second version of Tengwesta Qenderinwa (TQ2) as an etymological variation of √PUT (PE18/90).

Primitive elvish [PE18/090] Group: Eldamo. Published by

stuk

root. [unglossed]

An unglossed root in a rejected section of the Outline of Phonology (OP2) from the early 1950s, serving to illustration certain phonetic developments: ✶stuknā > Q. thúna (PE19/86).

Derivatives

Primitive elvish [PE19/086] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lemek

root. [unglossed]

An unglossed root in the Outline of Phonology from the early 1950s illustrating certain phonetic combinations (PE19/98), and therefore possibly not a “real” root.

Primitive elvish [PE19/098] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tig

root. [unglossed]

A root appearing in Late Notes on Verbs (LVS) from 1969 as the basis for the verb Q. tinga- “go (for a long while)” (PE22/157). The etymology was marked with an “X” and so was probably a transient idea (PE22/157 note #70).

Derivatives

  • Q. tinga- “to go (for a long while)” ✧ PE22/157
Primitive elvish [PE22/157] Group: Eldamo. Published by

graw Reconstructed

root. [unglossed], [ᴹ√] dark, swart

This root appeared as a primitive form grawa serving as the basis of the word Q. roa “bear” >> “dog” in notes on monosyllabic roots from 1968 (VT47/35); a Sindarin derivative S. graw “bear” appeared in other notes written around the same time (VT47/12). Patrick Wynne suggested that in the sense “bear” grawa might be connected to the root ᴹ√GRAWA “dark, swart” from The Etymologies of the 1930s (EtyAC/GRAWA).

Derivatives

  • grawa “dog” ✧ VT47/35
    • Q. roa “dog” ✧ VT47/35
  • grā “dog, bear” ✧ VT47/35
    • S. graw “bear” ✧ VT47/12

Variations

  • grāw(ɜ) ✧ VT47/35 (grāw(ɜ))
Primitive elvish [VT47/35] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

mauth

?. [unglossed]

Noldorin [PE22/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

menwed

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Noldorin [RS/451] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nithrad

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Noldorin [RS/451] Group: Eldamo. Published by

diragas

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Variations

  • diragath ✧ RS/451

borth

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴹ√BOR(ON) “endure” ✧ Ety/BOR

Element in

  • N. Borthandos “*Steadfast-intelligence” ✧ Ety/BOR

Variations

  • Borth ✧ Ety/BOR

clei

?. [unglossed]

Noldorin [PE22/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

coen

?. [unglossed]

Noldorin [PE22/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nith

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. nitse > nĭth[nitse] > [niθθe] > [niθθ] > [niθ]✧ PE22/037

Variations

  • nĭth ✧ PE22/037
Noldorin [PE22/037] Group: Eldamo. Published by

níth

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
On. nikthe > níth[niktʰe] > [nixθe] > [nīθe] > [nīθ]✧ PE22/037
Noldorin [PE22/037] Group: Eldamo. Published by

porennin

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Variations

  • porannin ✧ RS/451
Noldorin [RS/451] Group: Eldamo. Published by

telwen

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Noldorin [RS/451] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Ancient quenya

caia-

verb. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • KAY “lie, lie, [ᴹ√] lie down; [ᴱ√] rest, dwell”
Ancient quenya [PE22/159] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

amaldume

noun. [unglossed]

maldo

noun. [unglossed]

éma

?. [unglossed]

alama

noun. [unglossed]

kanda

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶kandā “bold” ✧ PE19/060; PE19/060
    • ᴹ√KAN “dare” ✧ Ety/KAN

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶kándāvā̀ > kandava[kandāwā] > [kandawā] > [kandawa] > [kandava]✧ PE19/060
ᴹ✶kandālī́nen > kandalīnen[kandālīnen] > [kandalīnen]✧ PE19/060

a

preposition. [unglossed]

Variations

  • a ✧ PE21/03

hyelma

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KHYEL(ES) “glass” ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√KHYEL(ES) > hyelma[kʰjelma] > [xjelma] > [j̊elma]✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)
Qenya [EtyAC/KHYEL(ES)] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kaltua

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶kaltwa “[unglossed]” ✧ PE19/048

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶kalt-wa > kaltua[kaltwa] > [kaltua]✧ PE19/048

mahtya

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • maitya ✧ PE19/042 (maitya)
  • maštša ✧ PE19/042 (Lin. maštša)
Qenya [PE19/042; PE22/014; PE22/020] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ereáma

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • ĕrĕāma ✧ PE22/018

lau(w)e

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶dagwe > lau(w)e[dagwe] > [lagwe] > [laɣwe] > [lauwe] > [laue]✧ PE19/046

mai(y)a

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶magyā ✧ PE19/046; PE19/062
    • ᴹ√MAG “use, handle”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶magyā > mai(y)a[magjā] > [maɣjā] > [maijā] > [maija] > [maia]✧ PE19/046
ᴹ✶māya > mā̆iya > maia[māja] > [maija] > [maia]✧ PE19/062

Variations

  • maia ✧ PE19/062
  • maiya ✧ PE19/062
Qenya [PE19/046; PE19/062] Group: Eldamo. Published by

timpana

noun. [unglossed]

toróma

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶torōmā “[unglossed]” ✧ PE19/059; PE19/059

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶torṓmā > toróma[torōmā] > [torōma]✧ PE19/059
ᴹ✶torṓmànna > torō̆mánna > torománna[torōmanna] > [toromanna]✧ PE19/059

nandakka-

verb. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴹ√(N)DAK “slay” ✧ PE22/112

Elements

WordGloss
nak-“to kill, slay; to hate”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√NDAK- > nandakka-[ndandakka-] > [nandakka-]✧ PE22/112

assa

pronoun. [unglossed]

asse

pronoun. [unglossed]

asso

pronoun. [unglossed]

tyue

noun. [unglossed]

Qenya [PE21/06; PE21/07] Group: Eldamo. Published by

engwa

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶eñ-ma > eñwa > eñgwa[eŋma] > [eŋgwā]✧ PE19/047

Variations

  • eñgwa ✧ PE19/047
  • ḗma ✧ PE19/047

niule

?. [unglossed]

olta-

verb. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶auluta- “[unglossed]” ✧ PE19/058

Variations

  • olta ✧ PE19/058

rampa

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴹ√RAP “climb (as a tree by clinging[?])” ✧ PE22/127

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√RAP² > rampa[rampa]✧ PE22/127

sahte

noun. [unglossed]

sarya

noun. [unglossed]

séra

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶stegrā > thḗra[stegrā] > [θegrā] > [θeɣrā] > [θērā] > [θēra] > [sēra]✧ PE19/046

Variations

  • thḗra ✧ PE19/046

sóla

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶soglā > sóla[sogrā] > [soɣlā] > [sōlā] > [sōla]✧ PE19/046

tante

noun. [unglossed]

teuka

?. [unglossed]

thar-

verb. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴹ√STAR “stiff” ✧ PE22/112

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√STAR > thare[star-] > [θar-]✧ PE22/112

toina

adjective. [unglossed]

yelme

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴹ√YEL “friend” ✧ Ety/YEL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√YEL > yelme[jelme]✧ Ety/YEL

Variations

  • yelme ✧ Ety/YEL (yelme)

laqe[t]-

verb. [unglossed]

Elements

WordGloss
“no, not”
qet-“to say”

Variations

  • laqe[t] ✧ EtyAC/LA (laqe[t])

varinye

noun. [unglossed]

tatalta-

verb. [unglossed]

Elements

WordGloss
talta-“to slip (down), fall, slide down, slope”

Variations

  • tatalta ✧ PE22/115 (tatalta)

anaristya

noun. [unglossed]

Elements

WordGloss
Anar“Sun”
istya“knowledge”

ente

pronoun. [unglossed]

ento

pronoun. [unglossed]

es

[unglossed]

nerno

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴹ√(N)DER “adult male, man; bridegroom”

sisíria-

verb. [unglossed]

Elements

WordGloss
sirya-“to flow [smoothly]”

Variations

  • sisíria ✧ PE22/115 (sisíria)

Middle Primitive Elvish

kōmā

noun. [unglossed]

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. kóma “*ball” ✧ PE19/059; PE19/059

Variations

  • kṓmā ✧ PE19/059
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE19/059] Group: Eldamo. Published by

maiga

root. [unglossed]

An unglossed root appearing in the first version of Tengwesta Qenderinwa from the 1930s (TQ1) to illustrate certain patterns of root formation (PE18/66). It may have serving as the basis for ᴹQ. Maia, though this word was given different derivations later.

Variations

  • maiga ✧ PE18/066
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE18/066] Group: Eldamo. Published by

torōmā

noun. [unglossed]

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. toróma “[unglossed]” ✧ PE19/059; PE19/059

Variations

  • torṓmā ✧ PE19/059
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE19/059] Group: Eldamo. Published by

auluta-

verb. [unglossed]

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. olta- “[unglossed]” ✧ PE19/058

Variations

  • áuluta- ✧ PE19/058
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE19/058] Group: Eldamo. Published by

us

root. [unglossed]

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s with no glosses or derivatives and no clear function (EtyAC/US).

Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/US] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bay

root. [unglossed]

Variations

  • BAYA ✧ EtyAC/WAY (BAYA)
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/WAY] Group: Eldamo. Published by

stā

root. [unglossed]

A deleted root reference in The Etymologies apparently serving as the basis for the verbal action suffix ᴹ✶-stā “-ing” in ᴹ✶khau̯-stā “rest-ing” (Ety/KHAW; EtyAC/KHAW). See the entry on ✶-stā for further discussion.

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶-stā “-ing” ✧ EtyAC/KHAW
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/KHAW] Group: Eldamo. Published by

phan

root. [unglossed]

A deleted root in The Etymologies of the 1930s with no glosses or derivatives and no clear function (EtyAC/PHAN).

Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/PHAN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

uruk

root. [unglossed]

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s with no glosses or derivatives and no clear function (EtyAC/URUK).

Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/URUK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kaltwa

?. [unglossed]

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. kaltua “[unglossed]” ✧ PE19/048

Variations

  • kalt-wa ✧ PE19/048
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE19/048] Group: Eldamo. Published by

iw

root. [unglossed], [ᴱ√] *fish

Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/IW] Group: Eldamo. Published by

khlip

root. [unglossed]

An unglossed root in a rejected paragraph from the Quenya Verbal System of the 1940s (PE22/112 note #78).

Middle Primitive Elvish [PE22/113] Group: Eldamo. Published by

skil

root. [unglossed]

A root mentioned in passing in as a variant of ᴹ√KIL “divide” in The Etymologies of the 1930s, but it had no derivatives and appeared nowhere else (Ety/KIL).

Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KIL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

stin

root. [unglossed]

Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/STIN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

pad

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√PATA “*rap, tap” ✧ GL/63

praust

noun. [unglossed]

rab-

verb. [unglossed]

sind

noun. [unglossed]

trum

?. [unglossed]

umeg

?. [unglossed]

brid-

verb. [unglossed]

Derivations

Element in

  • G. bridol “changing, varying, variable”

dôn

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

gatha

?. [unglossed]

@@@ form does not appear elsewhere and similar forms are not relevant

thail

noun. [unglossed]

Cognates

  • Eq. saile “[unglossed]” ✧ GL/72

thrim

?. [unglossed]

tûn

noun. [unglossed]

thû-

verb. [unglossed]

climbol

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√TELE “cover in”

Element in

Variations

  • Climbol ✧ PE13/104
Gnomish [PE13/104] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ulthanc

noun. [unglossed]

clidhron

noun. [unglossed]

Cognates

  • Eq. qilde “quiet, rest, hush” ✧ GL/23

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√qḷd > clidhron[kwḷðron] > [kḷðron] > [kliðron]✧ GL/23

beb

adverb. [unglossed]

Element in

noun. [unglossed]

prog

noun. [unglossed]

rog

noun. [unglossed]

noun. [unglossed]

Variations

  • ✧ GG/14 ()

sinthi

pronoun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√SI(N) “this here by me” ✧ GL/68

thel

noun. [unglossed]

thelg

noun. [unglossed]

thil

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√SILI “*gleam”

thion

noun. [unglossed]

’ôs

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√OSO “*enclosure” ✧ QL/041

Early Noldorin

laus

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶lopse “[unglossed]” ✧ PE15/64
Early Noldorin [PE15/64] Group: Eldamo. Published by

caiad

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/140] Group: Eldamo. Published by

fedhui

adjective. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√FEDE “*law, bond”

Element in

Early Noldorin [PE13/142; PE13/143] Group: Eldamo. Published by

thrand

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • thrann ✧ PE13/154
Early Noldorin [PE13/154] Group: Eldamo. Published by

glaithfedhui

?. [unglossed]

Elements

WordGloss
glaith“[unglossed]”
fedhui“[unglossed]”
Early Noldorin [PE13/144] Group: Eldamo. Published by

blaithrod

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/139] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ai-

prefix. [unglossed]

cai

?. [unglossed]

Element in

  • En. caiad “[unglossed]” ✧ PE13/140
  • En. ciann “[unglossed]” ✧ PE13/140
Early Noldorin [PE13/140] Group: Eldamo. Published by

farn

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/143] Group: Eldamo. Published by

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • ✧ PE13/145
Early Noldorin [PE13/145] Group: Eldamo. Published by

harn

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/147] Group: Eldamo. Published by

leus

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ✶lepse “[unglossed]” ✧ PE15/64
Early Noldorin [PE15/64] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pap-

verb. [unglossed]

Cognates

  • Eq. qapa- “to chaffer, bargain, swap, barter” ✧ PE13/132

Derivations

  • ᴱ√QAPA “chaffer”

Element in

  • En. gobab- “to shake” ✧ PE13/132

Variations

  • pap ✧ PE13/132
Early Noldorin [PE13/132] Group: Eldamo. Published by

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • ✧ PE13/154
Early Noldorin [PE13/154] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ciann

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/140] Group: Eldamo. Published by

delin

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Noldorin [PE13/142] Group: Eldamo. Published by

flair

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/143] Group: Eldamo. Published by

geryd

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/144] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lhû

noun. [unglossed]

Variations

  • lhú ✧ PE13/149
Early Noldorin [PE13/149] Group: Eldamo. Published by

raith

noun. [unglossed], [G.] extent, reach; region, sphere, district, scope

Early Noldorin [PE13/152] Group: Eldamo. Published by

scarn

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/153] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tharn

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/154] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bhraig

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • bhreigros ✧ PE13/139
  • bhregint ✧ PE13/139
Early Noldorin [PE13/139] Group: Eldamo. Published by

braith

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Noldorin [PE13/139] Group: Eldamo. Published by

flaith

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/143] Group: Eldamo. Published by

fraith

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/143] Group: Eldamo. Published by

glaith

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Noldorin [PE13/144] Group: Eldamo. Published by

luaith

?. [unglossed]

thrann

?. [unglossed]

lhuaith

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • luaith ✧ PE15/62
Early Noldorin [PE13/149; PE15/62] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bailchir

noun. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Noldorin [PE13/128] Group: Eldamo. Published by

bhregint

?. [unglossed]

bhreigros

?. [unglossed]

braithgair

noun. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/139] Group: Eldamo. Published by

celin

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/140] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ei-

prefix. [unglossed]

Variations

  • ai- ✧ PE13/161
Early Noldorin [PE13/161] Group: Eldamo. Published by

floth

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/143] Group: Eldamo. Published by

glewin

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/144] Group: Eldamo. Published by

glich

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/144] Group: Eldamo. Published by

adjective. [unglossed]

Variations

  • ✧ PE13/125
Early Noldorin [PE13/125] Group: Eldamo. Published by

isteth

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/148] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nelyn

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/150] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pethil

noun. [unglossed]

Element in

Variations

  • Pethil ✧ PE13/152
Early Noldorin [PE13/152] Group: Eldamo. Published by

stroth

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/153] Group: Eldamo. Published by

thesg

?. [unglossed]

Early Noldorin [PE13/154] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

saw̯a

root. [unglossed]

An unglossed root in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s (QL/82), which may have reemerged as √SAWA “disgusting, foul, vile” in notes from the 1950s (PE17/172, 183).

Derivatives

  • Eq. sauke “[unglossed]” ✧ QL/082
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/082] Group: Eldamo. Published by

teled-

noun. [unglossed]

Derivatives

  • Eq. Teler “little elf” ✧ PE13/154
  • En. Tiledh “Sea-elf” ✧ PE13/154
Early Primitive Elvish [PE13/154] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-yǝ

suffix. [unglossed]

Element in

  • Eq. enya “device, method, trick; machine, engine” ✧ QL/035
  • Eq. enye- “to think out, plan, devise” ✧ QL/035
  • Eq. inye- “to imitate, make like”

Variations

  • ✧ QL/035
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/035] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lepse

?. [unglossed]

Derivatives

  • En. leus “[unglossed]” ✧ PE15/64
Early Primitive Elvish [PE15/64] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lopse

?. [unglossed]

Derivatives

  • En. laus “[unglossed]” ✧ PE15/64
Early Primitive Elvish [PE15/64] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sivi

root. [unglossed]

Unglossed roots in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s with variants ᴱ√SIVI and ᴱ√SIWI and a single unglossed derivative ᴱQ. sivilda (QL/84). It is difficult to guess what Tolkien intended for these forms to mean, though they conceivably reemerged as the later roots ᴹ√SIW “excite, egg on, urge” (Ety/SIW) or √SIB “rest, quiet” (VT44/35).

Derivatives

  • Eq. sivilda “[unglossed]” ✧ QL/084

Variations

  • SIWI ✧ QL/084
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/084] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tołᵂo

root. [unglossed]

An unglossed root in The Qenya Phonology of the 1910s illustrating a hypothetical series of ancient lateral approximants, with derived roots like ᴱ√TOLO and ᴱ√TOẆO [with = ɣʷ] (PE12/16). The former appeared in the contemporaneous Qenya Lexicon as the basis for island words (QL/94), but the latter appeared nowhere else in Early Qenya writings.

Derivatives

  • ᴱ√TOLO “*stick up” ✧ PE12/016
    • Eq. tolda “hill (with a flat top), hill top; town on a hill” ✧ QL/094
    • Eq. tóle “centre” ✧ LT1A/Tol Eressëa; QL/094
    • Eq. tol “island, isle” ✧ LT1A/Tol Eressëa; QL/094
    • Eq. tolos “knob, lump” ✧ LT1A/Tol Eressëa; QL/094
    • Eq. tolma “helm”
    • G. tol “isle (with high steep coast)” ✧ LT1A/Tol Eressëa
  • ᴱ√TOẆO “[unglossed]” ✧ PE12/016
Early Primitive Elvish [PE12/016] Group: Eldamo. Published by

toẇo

root. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√TOŁᵂO “[unglossed]” ✧ PE12/016

Variations

  • toẇo- ✧ PE12/016
Early Primitive Elvish [PE12/016] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tḷkḷ

root. [unglossed]

Early Primitive Elvish [QL/093] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Quenya

ómu

adverb. [unglossed]

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
on(t)“everything”

Variations

  • ōmu ✧ PE15/32
Early Quenya [PE15/32] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nauto

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√NAWA “dwarf”
Early Quenya [QL/064] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sauke

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√SAW̯A “[unglossed]” ✧ QL/082

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√SAW̯A > sauke[sawkē] > [sawke] > [saule]✧ QL/082
Early Quenya [QL/082] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ematte

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aukaine

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • àukáine ✧ PE12/027
Early Quenya [PE12/027] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ka

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [PE14/054] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yu

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [PE16/146] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anaukante

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • anaükante ✧ PE12/027
Early Quenya [PE12/027] Group: Eldamo. Published by

las

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√LAQA “catch” ✧ QL/051

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√LAQA > las[lakʷsǝ] > [lakʷs] > [laks] > [las]✧ QL/051
Early Quenya [QL/051] Group: Eldamo. Published by

súlimarya

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Variations

  • Súlimarya ✧ VT40/08
Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

alle

?. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE16/143] Group: Eldamo. Published by

anwe

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [PE16/147] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eant

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • éant ✧ PE12/027
Early Quenya [PE12/027] Group: Eldamo. Published by

min-

verb. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE14/028] Group: Eldamo. Published by

angwe

?. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE16/145] Group: Eldamo. Published by

intya

?. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE14/107] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nawa-

verb. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√NAWA “dwarf”
Early Quenya [QL/064] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pundo

noun. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE16/111] Group: Eldamo. Published by

póya

adjective. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√PO “‽” ✧ QL/074

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√PO > pōya[pōjā] > [pōja]✧ QL/074

Variations

  • pōya ✧ QL/074
Early Quenya [QL/074] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ralle

?. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE16/143] Group: Eldamo. Published by

saile

noun. [unglossed]

Cognates

  • G. thail “[unglossed]” ✧ GL/72
Early Quenya [GL/72] Group: Eldamo. Published by

saqa-

verb. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE14/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

súme

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

táne

adjective. [unglossed]

Cognates

  • En. dain “height, summit; height, loftiness, sublimity” ✧ PE13/161

Derivations

Variations

  • tánie ✧ PE13/161
Early Quenya [PE13/161] Group: Eldamo. Published by

umpai

?. [unglossed]

Variations

  • úmpài ✧ PE12/027
Early Quenya [PE12/027] Group: Eldamo. Published by

usult

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√SULU “*support” ✧ QL/087
Early Quenya [QL/087] Group: Eldamo. Published by

valle

?. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE16/143] Group: Eldamo. Published by

varne

adjective. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [PE16/080] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hyanta

?. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE16/143] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lungwe

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Early Quenya [PE16/145] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nierme

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Variations

  • Nierme ✧ VT40/08
Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tyanta

?. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE16/142] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tánie

adjective. [unglossed]

nyúken

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Variations

  • nyuuken ✧ PE16/077
Early Quenya [PE16/077] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sivilda

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√SIVI “[unglossed]” ✧ QL/084

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√SIVI > sivilda[siβildā] > [siβilda] > [sivilda]✧ QL/084
Early Quenya [QL/084] Group: Eldamo. Published by

talarin

adjective. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [QL/088] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lantanwa

adjective. [unglossed]

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ✶lṇ̹ta̜nwa > lanta̹nwa[lṇtanwā] > [lṇtanwa] > [lantanwa]✧ PE12/006

Variations

  • lanta̹nwa ✧ PE12/006
Early Quenya [PE12/006] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sinqita-

verb. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [VT40/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ukárele

noun. [unglossed]

Derivations

Variations

  • uká̹rele ✧ PE12/006
Early Quenya [PE12/006] Group: Eldamo. Published by

upaitya-

verb. [unglossed]

Variations

  • upaitya ✧ QL/034
Early Quenya [QL/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

fingwe

?. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE16/145] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hingwe

?. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE16/145] Group: Eldamo. Published by

laisifalle

noun. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [QL/052] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lilyen

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [PE16/080] Group: Eldamo. Published by

linqarassea

adjective. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [PE16/080] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lossiattea

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [PE16/147] Group: Eldamo. Published by

láwakéle

?. [unglossed]

Elements

WordGloss
LAWA“*life (esp. plants)”
KELE“flow, run; ooze, trickle”

Variations

  • lāwakēle ✧ QL/052
Early Quenya [QL/052] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ningwe

?. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE16/145] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pingwe

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

Early Quenya [PE16/145] Group: Eldamo. Published by

porokoi

?. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [QL/075] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tantilta-

verb. [unglossed]

Derivations

Variations

  • tantilta ✧ PE14/058
Early Quenya [PE14/058] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tirípti

?. [unglossed]

Element in

Early Quenya [LT1/047] Group: Eldamo. Published by

toron

?. [unglossed]

Derivations

  • ᴱ√TORO “*bake” ✧ QL/094

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√TORO > toron[toron]✧ QL/094
Early Quenya [QL/094] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tultárie

adjective. [unglossed]

Elements

WordGloss
tulu-“to bring, carry, fetch; to move (intr.), come; to produce, bear fruit”
Early Quenya [PE14/030] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vingwe

?. [unglossed]

Early Quenya [PE16/145] Group: Eldamo. Published by