Quenya 

lóte

noun. flower

Quenya [PE 22:124] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

lótë

flower

lótë noun "flower", mostly applied to larger single flowers (LOT(H), LT1:259, VT42:18). (The shorter form -lot occurs in compounds, e.g. fúmellot, q.v.) In the names Ninquelóte *"White-flower" (= Nimloth), Vingilótë "Foam-flower", the name of Eärendil's ship (SA:loth), also in Lótessë fifth month of the year, "May" (Appendix D). See also olótë, lotsë.

alba

noun. flower

Changes

  • albaalma “flower” ✧ PE17/153

Cognates

  • S. alf “flower” ✧ PE17/153

Derivations

  • GALAB “flower” ✧ PE17/153
    • GAL “grow (like plants), flourish, be healthy, be vigorous, bloom, grow (like plants), flourish, be healthy, be vigorous, bloom, [ᴹ√] thrive” ✧ PE17/153

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
GAL-AB > alba[galba] > [ɣalba] > [ɣalβa] > [alβa] > [alba]✧ PE17/153

alma

flower

alma (2) "flower" (PE17:153), said to be the "usual Quenya word" or "general Quenya word" (i.e. for flower), but its coexistence with #1 is problematic. Compare lós, lótë, lotsë, indil.

alma

noun. flower

Changes

  • almaalmë ✧ PE17/146
  • almaalmë “a blessed thing and a flower” ✧ PE17/153

Derivations

  • galmā “flower” ✧ PE17/153
    • GALAM “elm”
    • GAL “grow (like plants), flourish, be healthy, be vigorous, bloom, grow (like plants), flourish, be healthy, be vigorous, bloom, [ᴹ√] thrive” ✧ PE17/153

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
galmā > alma[galmā] > [ɣalmā] > [almā] > [alma]✧ PE17/153
Quenya [PE17/146; PE17/153] Group: Eldamo. Published by

insil

noun. flower

TQ. flower, lily

Quenya [PE 19:99] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

lós

flower

lós (þ?) noun "flower" (PE17:26). If this is to be the cognate of Sindarin loth, as the source suggests, the older Quenya form would be *lóþ.

Sindarin 

lotheg

noun. (single) flower

Sindarin [VT/42:18] loth + -eg. Group: SINDICT. Published by

lotheg

noun. single flower, single flower, *floret

loth

noun. flower, inflorescence, a head of small flowers

The noun is collective, a single flower being lotheg

Sindarin [Ety/370, LB/354, VT/42:18, X/LH] Group: SINDICT. Published by

loth

noun. flower

_n._flower, a single bloom. Q. lóte, lōs.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:26] < _lotho/a_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

elloth

noun. (single) flower

Sindarin [VT/42:18] er- + loth. Group: SINDICT. Published by

elloth

noun. single flower

alf

noun. flower

Cognates

  • Q. alba “flower” ✧ PE17/153

Derivations

  • GALAB “flower” ✧ PE17/153
    • GAL “grow (like plants), flourish, be healthy, be vigorous, bloom, grow (like plants), flourish, be healthy, be vigorous, bloom, [ᴹ√] thrive” ✧ PE17/153

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
GAL-AB > alf[alba] > [alva] > [alv]✧ PE17/153

mallos

noun. a golden flower

Sindarin [UT/451, Letters/248] malt+los "flower of gold". Group: SINDICT. Published by

ninglor

noun. golden water-flower, gladden

Sindarin [UT/280-81, UT/450] nîn+glaur "water gold". Group: SINDICT. Published by

niphredil

noun. a pale winter flower, snowdrop

Sindarin [Ety/376, Ety/378, LotR/II:VI, Letters/402, X/PH] niphred+-il "little pallor". Group: SINDICT. Published by

elanor

noun. a flower, a kind of enlarged pimpernel bearing golden and silver flowers

Sindarin [LotR/VI:IX, UT/432, Letters/402] êl+anor "star-sun". Group: SINDICT. Published by

lotheg

single flower

lotheg, lothod (”singulars” derived from the more collective term loth; it is unclear whether lotheg, lothod can themselves have ”plural” forms. If so it would be lethig, lethyd, for archaic löthig, löthyd.) (VT42:18, VT45:29) Another word for a single flower is elloth (pl. ellyth) (VT42:18). An alternative to loth is loss (construct los; pl. lyss), but the form loth seems to be more common (and loss also means ”fallen snow” and ”wilderness”). COLLECTION OF FLOWERS gwaloth (i **waloth) (blossom), pl. gwelyth (in gwelyth). Also goloth (i **oloth) (blossom), pl. gelyth (i ngelyth = i ñelyth). Archaic pl. gölyth. (VT42:18)._ _Specific flowers, see DAISY, GLADDEN, SNOWDROP, FLOWER OF GOLD, HORNFLOWER.

loth

flower

loth, pl. lyth (but loth is also glossed ”blossom” and may itself function as a collective term: all the flowers of a plant. For individual flowers cf. the following:)

edlothia

flower

(verb) #edlothia- (i edlothia, in edlothiar) (to blossom);

Primitive elvish

lotse

noun. flower

Derivations

  • LOT(H) “flower” ✧ VT42/18

Derivatives

  • Q. lotsë “small (single) flower” ✧ VT42/18
  • S. loth “flower, single blossom; inflorescence, head of small flowers” ✧ VT42/18
Primitive elvish [VT42/18] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lot(h)

root. flower

This root and ones like it were connected to flowers for all of Tolkien’s life. The earliest manifestation of this root was ᴱ√LOHO or ᴱ√LO’O from the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s; the entry for ᴱ√LOHO appears immediately below ᴱ√LO’O, and Tolkien indicates they are related roots, both extended from ᴱ√OLO “tip” (QL/55). These roots include derivatives like ᴱQ. lōte “flower”, ᴱQ. lotōrea “flourishing” and ᴱQ. lokta- “sprout, bud, put forth leaves or flowers”. There are also derivatives of these roots in the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon: G. lost “blossom, bloom”, G. lothli “floret”, G. luitha- “to bloom” (GL/54-55), though G. lôs “flower” was said to be unrelated, connected to G. lass “leaf” instead (GL/55). ᴱQ. losse “rose” probably had a similar derivation (QL/56).

This confusion of √LOT(H) and √LOS carried forward into Tolkien’s later writings. In The Etymologies of the 1930s ᴹ√LOT(H) was given as the root for “flower” (Ety/LOT(H)), but this entry originally included a variant ᴹ√LOS (EtyAC/LOT(H)). Tolkien then said ᴹQ. losse “blossom” (< ᴹ√LOT(H)) was “usually, owing to association with olosse snow, only used of white blossom” (Ety/LOT(H)), where ᴹQ. olosse was derived from ᴹ√GOLOS “✱snow, white” (Ety/GOLÓS). This intermingling carried forward into etymological notes from the late 1950s or early 1960s, where Tolkien said (PE17/26):

> The stems √LŎS, √LOTH, √LOT are much entangled both for formal reasons, and because of actual associations of meaning (probably from beginning of Primitive Quendian and explaining the approach of the forms). Quenya word for “flower, a single bloom” is lóte, but S loth (< lotho/a), but Quenya also has lōs. Q. for snow is losse (S los).

These associations were also mentioned in etymological notes on roots for flowers from this same period, where Tolkien clarified that √LOT, √LOTH were the roots for “flower” and √LOS for “snow” (PE17/160-161). These roots were mentioned again in notes associated with The Rivers and Beacon-hills of Gondor from the late 1960s (VT42/18):

> S. loss is a derivative of (G)LOS “white”; but loth is from LOT. Sindarin used loss as a noun, but the strengthened form gloss as an adjective “(dazzling) white”. loth was the only derivative of LOT that it retained, probably because other forms of the stem assumed a phonetic shape that seemed inappropriate, or were confusible with other stems (such as LUT “float”), e.g. ✱lod, ✱lûd. loth is from a diminutive lotse and probably also from derivative lotta-.

In this last note, Tolkien seems to have abandoned √LOTH, explaining S. loth “flower” as derived from √LOT via ✱lotse. In any case, starting in the 1930s Tolkien was consistent that the roots for “flower” and “snow” were distinct but often confused, and that snow-words were derived from roots like √(G)LOS and flower words from roots like √LOT(H), though he waffled a bit on the exact details.

Derivatives

  • loth “inflorescense, mass of flowers (on one plant)” ✧ PE17/160
    • Q. lós “inflorescense, mass of flowers” ✧ PE17/160
    • S. lûth “inflorescense, mass of flowers (on one plant)” ✧ PE17/160
  • lotho/a “flower” ✧ PE17/026
    • S. loth “flower, single blossom; inflorescence, head of small flowers” ✧ PE17/026
  • lotse “flower” ✧ VT42/18
    • Q. lotsë “small (single) flower” ✧ VT42/18
    • S. loth “flower, single blossom; inflorescence, head of small flowers” ✧ VT42/18
  • lotta- “bloom” ✧ VT42/18
    • Q. losta- “to bloom” ✧ VT42/18
    • S. loth “flower, single blossom; inflorescence, head of small flowers” ✧ VT42/18
  • Q. lótë “flower, single blossom, flower, single blossom, [ᴱQ.] bloom” ✧ PE17/026; PE17/160; VT42/18
  • Q. lotsë “small (single) flower” ✧ PE17/160
  • Q. lós “inflorescense, mass of flowers” ✧ PE17/026
  • ᴺS. losta- “to bloom, blossom”
  • S. loth “flower, single blossom; inflorescence, head of small flowers” ✧ PE17/160

Element in

  • ñwa-lōth “inflorescense, mass of flowers (on one plant)” ✧ PE17/160

Variations

  • LOTH ✧ PE17/026; PE17/160; PE17/160; PE17/161
  • LOT ✧ PE17/026; PE17/160; PE17/160; PE17/161; VT42/18
Primitive elvish [PE17/026; PE17/160; PE17/161; VT42/18] Group: Eldamo. Published by

galab

root. flower

Derivations

  • GAL “grow (like plants), flourish, be healthy, be vigorous, bloom, grow (like plants), flourish, be healthy, be vigorous, bloom, [ᴹ√] thrive” ✧ PE17/153

Derivatives

  • Q. alalbë “inflorescence” ✧ PE17/153
  • Q. alba “flower” ✧ PE17/153
  • S. alf “flower” ✧ PE17/153

Variations

  • GAL-AB ✧ PE17/153 (GAL-AB)
Primitive elvish [PE17/153] Group: Eldamo. Published by

galmā

noun. flower

Derivations

  • GALAM “elm”
  • GAL “grow (like plants), flourish, be healthy, be vigorous, bloom, grow (like plants), flourish, be healthy, be vigorous, bloom, [ᴹ√] thrive” ✧ PE17/153

Derivatives

  • Q. alma “flower” ✧ PE17/153
Primitive elvish [PE17/153] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lotho/a

noun. flower

Derivations

  • LOT(H) “flower” ✧ PE17/026

Derivatives

  • S. loth “flower, single blossom; inflorescence, head of small flowers” ✧ PE17/026
Primitive elvish [PE17/026] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

lhoth

noun. flower, inflorescence, a head of small flowers

The noun is collective, a single flower being lotheg

Noldorin [Ety/370, LB/354, VT/42:18, X/LH] Group: SINDICT. Published by

lothod

noun. (single) flower

Noldorin [VT/45:29, X/LH] Group: SINDICT. Published by

lhothod

noun. (single) flower

Noldorin [VT/45:29, X/LH] Group: SINDICT. Published by

lhothod

noun. single flower

Noldorin [EtyAC/LOT(H)] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nifredil

noun. a pale winter flower, snowdrop

Noldorin [Ety/376, Ety/378, LotR/II:VI, Letters/402, X/PH] niphred+-il "little pallor". Group: SINDICT. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish

lot(h)

root. flower

Changes

  • LOSLOT(H) ✧ Ety/GOLÓS
  • LOSLOTH ✧ Ety/LOT(H)

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. losse “(white) blossom, flower” ✧ Ety/GOLÓS; Ety/LOT(H)
  • ᴹQ. lóte “(large single) flower” ✧ Ety/LOT(H)
  • N. lhoth “flower(s)” ✧ Ety/LOT(H)

Element in

Variations

  • LOS ✧ Ety/GOLÓS; EtyAC/LOT(H) (LOS)
  • LOT ✧ Ety/LOT(H)
  • LOTH ✧ Ety/LOT(H)
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/GOLÓS; Ety/LOT(H); Ety/WIG; EtyAC/LOT(H)] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

lôs

noun. flower

Cognates

  • Eq. losse “rose; (white) flower” ✧ LT2A/Lôs; PE15/28

Derivations

  • ᴱ√LASA “*leaf”

Element in

  • G. Lothwing(a) “Foam Flower” ✧ GL/55; LT2A/Lôs
  • G. Gar Lossion “Place of Flowers” ✧ LT1A/Gar Lossion
  • G. Los’lóriol “Golden Flower” ✧ LT2A/Lôs
  • G. Lothengriol “Lily of the Valley, Flower of the Plain” ✧ GL/55; LT2A/Lôs; PE15/28
  • G. Lothlim “People of the Flower” ✧ PE15/28
  • G. Minethlos “Argent Isle” ✧ LT1A/Minethlos
  • G. Nost-na-Lothion “Birth of Flowers” ✧ LT2A/Duilin
  • G. Thlim Losglóriol “*Folk of the Golden Flower” ✧ PE13/104

Variations

  • Lôs ✧ LT2A/Lôs; PE15/28
  • los ✧ PE13/104
Gnomish [GL/40; GL/52; GL/55; LT1A/Gar Lossion; LT1A/Minethlos; LT2A/Duilin; LT2A/Lôs; PE13/104; PE15/28] Group: Eldamo. Published by