Quenya zR5Ì#

-nna

to, at, upon

-nna "to, at, upon", allative ending, originating from -na "to" with fortified n, VT49:14. Attested in cilyanna, coraryanna, Endorenna, Elendilenna, númenórenna, parma-restalyanna, rénna, senna, tielyanna, q.v. If a noun ends in -n already, the ending -nna merges with it, as in Amanna, formenna, Elenna, númenna, rómenna as the allative forms of Aman, formen, elen, númen, rómen (q.v.). Plural -nnar in mannar, valannar, q.v.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

-nna

to

-n (1) dative ending, originating as a reduced form of - "to", related to the allative ending -nna (VT49:14). Attested in nin, men, ten, enyalien, Erun, airefëan, tárin, yondon (q.v.) and also added to the English name Elaine (Elainen) in a book dedication to Elaine Griffiths (VT49:40). The longer dative ending -na is also attested in connection with some pronouns, such as sena, téna, véna (q.v.), also in the noun mariéna from márië "goodness" (PE17:59). Pl. -in (as in hínin, see hína), partitive pl. -lin, dual -nt (Plotz). The preposition ana (#1) is said to be used "when purely dative formula is required" (PE17:147), perhaps meaning that it can replace the dative ending, e.g. *ana Eru instead of Erun for "to God". In some of Tolkiens earlier material, the ending -n (or -en) expressed genitive rather than dative, but he later decided that the genitive ending was to be -o (cf. such a revision as Yénië Valinóren becoming Yénië Valinórëo, MR:200).

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

-nna

suffix. (movement) to

Also glossed as “towards”, “onto; allative suffix”, “allative”, “movement to”, “onto”, “suffix of movement towards”.

Element in: Q. am(be)na, Q. Eldanna, Q. Elenna, Q. mina, Q. Rómenna

[UTI/Eldanna.019; PE17/062.1805; PE17/127.2809; PE17/135.1806; PE17/135.3006; PE17/147.0408; PE17/147.2115; VT49/14.2206] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-nta

-nta

-nta (1) ending for dual allative (Plotz); see -nna

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

ana

to

ana (1) prep. "to" (VT49:35), "as preposition _ana _is used when purely _dative formula is required" (PE17:147), perhaps meaning that the preposition ana can be used instead of the dative ending -n (#1, q.v.) Also as prefix: ana- "to, towards" (NĀ1); an (q.v.) is used with this meaning in one source (PE17:127)_

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

falma

(crested/foaming) wave

falma noun "(crested/foaming) wave" (PHAL/PHÁLAS), "a wave-crest, wave" (VT42:15), "foam wave" (PE17:127), "a breaker" (PE17:62), partitive pl. falmali "many waves" (PE17:73), allative falmalinnar "on the foaming waves" in Namárië(Nam, RGEO:67); the phrase an i falmalī _(PE17:74) seems to be a paraphrase of this with an independent preposition instead of the allative ending -nna (see an #1). Compounded in Falmari, a name of the Teleri, and Mar-nu-Falmar, "Home/Land under Waves", a name of Númenor after the Downfall. (SA:falas) Falmari "wave-folk", a name of the Teleri (PM:386). In earlier "Qenya", falma was glossed "foam" (LT1:253, cf. MC:213). Compare also the early "Qenya" words falmar "wave as it breaks" (LT1:253), pl. falmari "waves" (MC:216)_

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

fuine

noun. deep shadow

PQ. deep shadow, night shade

fuinë

deep shadow

fuinë noun "deep shadow" (PHUY; cf. "Qenya" fuin "night" in MC:221). According to VT41:8, fuinë is not a Quenya form at all, but Telerin for Quenya huinë (but unquestionably, fuinë is quoted as a Quenya form in certain earlier sources; cf. also Fuinur below - perhaps we may assume that fuinë was borrowed into Quenya from Telerin and thus came to co-exist with huinë?

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

fuinë

noun. deep shadow

huinë

deep shadow

huinë noun "deep shadow" (PHUY), "gloom" (VT41:8), "gloom, darkness" (SA:fuin), also used for "shadow" = Sauron (LR:56). Possessive (adjectival) form huinéva in the name Taurë Huinéva, q.v. In earlier sources, huinë is quoted as a variant of fuinë, but according to VT41:8, huinë is the proper Quenya form and fuinë is Telerin.With prefix nu- "under" and allative ending -nna in nuhuinenna (SD:246); also unuhuinë "under-shadow" (LR:47).

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

na

to, towards

na (2) prep. "to, towards", possibly obsoleted by #1 above; for clarity writers may use the synonym ana instead (NĀ1). Originally, Tolkien glossed na as "at, by, near"; the new meaning entered together with the synonyms an, ana (VT45:36).

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

na

preposition. to

Also glossed as “towards”.
@@@ fix weird cognate bug

Element in: Q. namárië

parma

book

parma noun "book", also name of tengwa #2 (PAR, Appendix E). In early "Qenya", the gloss was "skin, bark, parchment, book, writings" (LT2:346); Tolkien later revisited the idea that parma basically is a noun "peel" and refers to bark or skin (as primitive writing materials, PE17:86): "peel, applied to bark or skin, hence "book", bark (literally skinning, peeling off), parchment, book; a book (or written document of some size")" (PE17:123). In the meantimeTolkien had associated the word with a root PAR meaning "compose, put together" (LR:380); the word loiparë "mistake in writing" (q.v.) may also suggest that the root PAR at one point was to mean "write", so that a parma was a "written thing". Instrumental form parmanen "with a book" or "by means of a book" (PE17:91, 180), parmastanna "on your book" (with the endings -sta dual "your", -nna allative) (VT49:47), parmahentië noun "book reading" (PE17:77). Other compounds: parmalambë noun "book-language" = Q[u]enya (PAR), #parma-resta noun "book-fair", attested with the endings -lya "thy" and the allative ending -nna (parma-restalyanna *"upon your book-fair") (VT49:38, 39). Parma as the name of the tengwa letter for P occurs compunded in parmatéma noun "p-series", labials, the second column of the Tengwar system (Appendix E).

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

parma

noun. book

book, writing, composition

[PE 18:51 PE 18:101] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

parma

noun. book

Also glossed as “writing”, “composition”, “written document of some size”, “a book”, “bark”, “parchment”, “a book (or written document of some size)”.

Elements

WordGlossSource
PARarrangePE17/180.0908
-māinstrumental suffixPE17/180.0610

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
parmaneninstrumentalwith a bookPE17/091.4114
parmaneninstrumentalby means of a bookPE17/180.1211
parmastanna2nd-dual-poss allativeon your (dual, of you both) bookVT49/47.3201

Element in: Q. parmahenta-, Q. parmahentië, Q. Parmaitë, Q. Parmaquesta, Q. parma-resta, Q. parmatéma

[LotR/1122.4513; PE17/077.1613-1; PE17/086.2015; PE17/091.4104; PE17/123.2402; PE17/156.3002; PE17/171.1703; PE17/180.1106; PE18/101.1415; UTI/Parmaitë.008; VT49/39.2308; PE17/091.4114; PE17/180.1211; VT49/47.3201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin iT2#7T5

an

preposition. to, towards, for

With suffixed article and elision in aglar'ni Pheriannath

[LotR/II:IV, UT/39, SD/129-31] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

an

to

_ prep. _to, for. naur an edraith ammen! 'fire [be] for rescue/saving for us'. aglar an|i Pheriannath  'glory to all the Halflings'.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:38:102:147] < _ana _< ANA/NĀ to, towards – added to, plu-. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

an

preposition. to

Also glossed as “for”, “to the”, “to/for”, “to us”.
Variations of the word: an, ’ni, ann.

Elements

WordGlossSource
an-PE17/038.2603
menusPE17/038.2605

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
AelidedtoSD/129.0801
amassimilatedtoLB/354.2803-1; SD/129.0804
amassimilated*toVT44/27.3701-1
ammen1st-plfor usLotR/0290.3703; LotR/0299.1804; LotR/0307.1305; PE17/045.2002
ammen1st-pl*to usVT50/23.1305
anim1st-sgfor myselfLotR/1061.4008; PE17/117.1602
anim1st-sgto selfVT47/37.4413
annin1st-sg-PE17/147.0413

Element in: S. an, S. anann, S. anglenna-, S. aníra-

[Let/448.3502; LotR/0953.2006; SD/129.0801; LB/354.2803-1; VT44/27.3701-1; SD/129.0804; PE17/045.2002; PE17/038.2602; VT50/23.1305; LotR/0307.1305; LotR/0299.1804; LotR/0290.3703; PE17/038.2102; PE17/147.0202; LotR/0299.1802; UT/039.1202; LotR/0290.3701; PE17/038.2603; VT47/37.4413; PE17/117.1602; LotR/1061.4008; VT44/22.1303; PE17/147.0413; LB/354.2803-1|SD/129.0804; LotR/0290.3703|LotR/0299.1804|LotR/0307.1305|PE17/045.2002; LotR/1061.4008|PE17/117.1602] Group: Eldamo. Published by

na

preposition. to

_prep.to. Na-chaered palan-díriel_ lit. 'To-distance (remote) after-gazing'. na-chaered, nan 2

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:20-1:25] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

na

to

e _ prep. _to, towards (of spacetime). n' before vowels. nan 2

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:147] < _nā _< ANA/NĀ to, towards – added to, plu-. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

na

preposition. to

Also glossed as “towards”, “at”, “at (a point of time or place)”, “To”.
Variations of the word: na.

[LotR/0209.3110; PE17/016.1302; PE17/025.2102; PE17/025.2112; PE17/147.0701; PE17/147.1314; LotR/0238.0601; RGEO/63.0601; RGEO/64.0601] Group: Eldamo. Published by

parf

noun. book

an

to

(adverbial prefix) an-. 3)

an

to

(prep.) an (+ nasal mutation), with article ni "to the" (+ nasal mutation in plural).

parf

book

parf (i barf, o pharf), pl. perf (i pherf), coll. pl. parvath

Telerin 1RjR7T5

pa

preposition. to, on

[PE13/151.5403] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Quendya

huine

noun. deep shadow

deep shadow, night shade

[PE 19:31 PE 19:71] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

Black Speech

u

preposition. to

Variations of the word: u.

[LotR/0445.1707; PE17/078.3902; PM/083.0909] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 5^mY7T5

heltha-

verb. to strip

The form helta- in the Etymologies is a misreading according to VT/46:14

[Ety/386, VT/46:14] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

parf

noun. book

[Ety/380] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

parf

noun. book

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
perfplural-Ety/PAR.012; EtyAC/PAR.013

[Ety/PAR.012; Ety/PAR.013; EtyAC/PAR.013; Ety/PAR.012|EtyAC/PAR.013] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

-na

suffix. to

Element in: P. ndakna

[VT49/14.2113] Group: Eldamo. Published by

na/ana

root. to

Also glossed as “towards”, “allative”, “motion to”, “to(wards)”, “towards; added to”, “plu-”, “allative base”, “to (of movement that reached an object)”.
Variations of the word: ANA, NA, , an.

[PE22/168.1701; PE22/157.1905; PE18/085.3015; VT48/25.3408; PE18/088.0909; PE17/147.2001; PE17/147.3101; PE17/040.1111; PE17/091.3616; PE22/163.1017; PE17/091.3101; PE17/147.3107; PE17/147.3103; PE17/145.4110; PE17/082.0401; PE17/146.4201; PE17/166.0101; PE18/085.3017; PE17/166.0102; PE18/088.1106] Group: Eldamo. Published by

phuinē

noun. deep shadow

Also glossed as “night shade”.

[PE19/071.0607] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya zR5Ì#

-nta

suffix. to

Also glossed as “at”, “towards; allative suffix”, “towards”, “allative”.
Variations of the word: -tta, -inta, -itta, -ta, -anta, -atta.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
-intarplural-PE14/047.1010

[PE14/047.0214; PE14/078.1101; PE14/078.1103; PE14/047.0107; PE14/047.1010; PE14/047.0108; PE14/046.1001; PE14/078.0501; PE14/047.0209; PE14/078.1601; PE14/046.1002; PE14/078.0502] Group: Eldamo. Published by

an(a)

preposition. to

Also glossed as “towards”, “at”, “by”, “near”, “at hand”.

[SD/290.1110; Ety/NĀ¹.005; SD/290.1310; EtyAC/NĀ¹.003] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ana-

prefix. to

Also glossed as “towards”.

[Ety/NĀ¹.011] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar

noun. to

Also glossed as “against”, “next”, “on (wall)”.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
as-stem-QL/033.0801
asa-prefix-QL/033.0801

[QL/033.0801; QL/033.0802; QL/033.0901] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar

noun. to

Also glossed as “against”, “next”, “on (wall)”.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
as-stem-QL/033.0801
asa-prefix-QL/033.0801

[QL/033.0801; QL/033.0802; QL/033.0901] Group: Eldamo. Published by

fuine

noun. deep shadow

huine

noun. deep shadow

Also glossed as “night-time”, “shadow”.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
huinennaallativeshadowSD/246.37011
Huinévapossessive-Ety/PHUY.003

Element in: MQ. Taure Huinéva

[EtyAC/PHUY.010; Ety/PHUY.003; LR/047.03011; LR/047.12041; LR/056.2907; LR/056.32031; SD/310.08011; SD/310.29041; SD/246.37011; Ety/PHUY.020] Group: Eldamo. Published by

na

preposition. to

Also glossed as “towards”.

parma

noun. book

Variations of the word: parma.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
parmangenitive-PE22/018.2412; PE22/019.2403; PE22/046.1609; PE22/063.1107
parmarplural-PE22/046.1801
parmass-case-PE22/046.1501; PE22/063.0910

Element in: MQ. Parma Kuluina, MQ. Parmalambe, MQ. Parmaqesta, MQ. parmatéma

[Ety/PAR.007; EtyAC/PAR.008; PE22/022.0303; PE22/050.1503; PE22/061.1311; PE22/018.2412; PE22/019.2403; PE22/046.1609; PE22/063.1107; PE22/046.1801; PE22/046.1501; PE22/063.0910; PE22/018.2412|PE22/019.2403|PE22/046.1609|PE22/063.1107; PE22/046.1501|PE22/063.0910] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tekka

noun. book

[QL/090.5801] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tekte

noun. book

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
teksi-stem-QL/090.6401

[QL/090.6402; QL/090.6401] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin

parma

noun. book

[Ety/PAR.010] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

nā¹/ana

root. to

Also glossed as “towards”.
Variations of the word: NĀ¹, ANA¹.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
ANinversion-Ety/YAB.013
ANAinversion-Ety/ANA¹.003; Ety/AR¹.025; Ety/NĀ¹.001; Ety/RIG.024

[Ety/YAB.013; Ety/ANA¹.001; Ety/AR¹.025; Ety/NĀ¹.003; Ety/RIG.024; EtyAC/YAB.019; Ety/ANA¹.003; Ety/NĀ¹.001; Ety/ANA¹.003|Ety/AR¹.025|Ety/NĀ¹.001|Ety/RIG.024] Group: Eldamo. Published by

parmā

noun. book

[Ety/PAR.005] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

to

proper name. To

Variations of the word: To.

[PE15/07.1301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

ô

preposition. to

Also glossed as “on”.

[PE13/151.5301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

apa

preposition. to

Also glossed as “on”.

[PE13/151.5304] Group: Eldamo. Published by

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