pref. negates the sense of the following word. Applied to all classes of words but especially to verbs and adjectives. Prefixed to verbal stems (without further suffix), it forms quasi-participles in aorist mode (e.g. únod not ever counting, _úbed _not saying). The continuative participle ol can be added in order to express a strictly present (and continuative) sense : úgarol 'not now doing or making', idling vs. ugar '(generally) idle'. There is no sens of 'without' attaching to ú- in Sindarin, see pen- (ben-). >> pen-, úland, úlann
prefix. no, not, negative; impossible, no, not, negative; impossible; [N.] bad-
- Q. ú- “no, not, un-, in-; hard, difficult, bad, uneasy; hardly, with difficulty, ‘badly’” ✧ PE17/062
- S. ú-chebin estel anim “I have kept no hope for myself” ✧ LotR/1061
- S. Udalraph “Stirrupless” ✧ UT/313
- ᴺS. úgan(n) “gutless, faint-hearted, diffident”
- S. úgarol “not now doing or making, idling” ✧ PE17/144
- S. úgarth “trespass, *(lit.) misdeed” ✧ VT44/28
- ᴺS. úgethiol “boring, (lit.) not interesting”
- S. uin gar “I do not make” ✧ PE17/145
- ᴺS. úlam “dumb, unable to speak, (lit.) untongued”
- S. úlan(n) “narrow, (lit.) not broad” ✧ PE17/144
- S. uluithiad “unquenchable”
- S. Úmarth “Ill-fate”
- S. únodui “countless” ✧ PE17/144
Development Stages Sources √û > ú [ū-] ✧ VT42/33
- ū- ✧ PE17/062; PE17/144; PE17/144
- ú ✧ PE17/145; PE22/160; VT42/33; VT44/28 (ú)
- U- ✧ UT/313
- ū ✧ WJ/369
~M prefix. negates the sense of the following word
prefix. no, not (negative prefix or particle)
adv. or interj. no, not (of fact).
pref. not. >> alfirin
_adj. _bad. >> thugar. This gloss was rejected.
al- (prefix) as in alfirin "not-mortal", immortal.
(prefix) as in alfirin "not-mortal", immortal.
(i ava, in avar).
interjection. no, don't!
! (interjection expressing refusal or prohibition, not denying facts) baw! (dont!) Prefix
*faeg (poor, mean). No distinct pl. form. (Suggested Sindarin form of ”Noldorin” foeg.)
(poor, mean). No distinct pl. form. (Suggested Sindarin form of ”Noldorin” foeg.)
jyE prefix. not
Neologism derived from the root √LA "no, not". ló- and lenition before consonants. It's meant to be used as an alternative to ú-, which Tolkien rejected as a negative prefix in his later writings.
*ló-hevin mass "I do not have bread."
*law aníron mass "I do not want bread."
lā > lǭ > lau, law
?law > ló-
- √LA “no, not; negative; not to be”
(lenited haid; no distinct pl. form) (separate, private, excluded) (VT42:20)
u- (followed by lenition, e.g. ú-chebin ”
(adverbial prefix) ú-, u- (followed by lenition, e.g. ú-chebin ”I do not keep”) (without). Verb
(evil), pl. ym. David Salo would read ✱ûm with a long vowel. *(According to VT46:20, it may be that um is intended as a base rather than as a ”Noldorin” word.)*
um (evil), pl. ym. David Salo would read *ûm with a long vowel. (According to VT46:20, it may be that um is intended as a base rather than as a ”Noldorin” word.)