Primitive elvish


verb. to flow, to flow [smoothly]


  • SIR “flow” ✧ PE22/135


  • Q. sirya- “to flow, to flow [smoothly]”


  • sirja- ✧ PE22/134
  • sirja ✧ PE22/134; PE22/135
Primitive elvish [PE22/134; PE22/135] Group: Eldamo. Published by


root. flow

The root √SIR and similar roots meant “flow” for most of Tolkien’s life. The earliest form of this root was ᴱ√SIŘI [SIÐI] “flow” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s with variant sini and derived forms like ᴱQ. sindi “river” and ᴱQ. síre “stream” (QL/84). The latter word became “river” in Tolkien’s later writings, and words appearing in the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon like G. sîr “river” and G. siriol “flowing” (GL/67-68) rather than ✱✱sidh- indicate Tolkien very early revised the root to ✱ᴱ√SIRI. Indeed, the root was ᴹ√SIR “flow” in The Etymologies of the 1930s, and the root appeared with this form and essential meaning several times in Tolkien’s later writings (PE22/127, 135).


  • siru-
  • sīru “stream”
  • sirya- “to flow, to flow [smoothly]” ✧ PE22/135
    • Q. sirya- “to flow, to flow [smoothly]”
  • Q. sír(ë) “river, river, [ᴱQ.] stream”
  • S. sîr “river, stream” ✧ SA/sîr
  • ᴺS. siriol “flowing, fluent, liquid, melliflous”

Element in


  • sir- ✧ SA/sîr
Primitive elvish [PE22/135; SA/sîr] Group: Eldamo. Published by