Quenya 

arda

realm

arda noun "realm" (GAR under 3AR). It is said that arda, when used as a common noun, "meant any more or less bounded or defined place, a region" (WJ:402), or "a particular land or region" (WJ:413). Capitalized Arda "the Realm", name of the Earth as the kingdom of Manwë (Silm), "the name given to our world or earth...within the immensity of Eä"(Letters:283, there again rendered "realm"), "our planet" (MR:39), once translated "Earth" (SD:246). In a wider sense, Arda can refer to the entire Solar System (MR:337). Also name of tengwa #26 (Appendix E). Masc. name Ardamírë "Jewel of the World" (PM:348), shorter form Ardamir (UT:210); Ardaranyë "the Kingdom of Arda" (PE17:105)

artaurë

realm

artaurë noun "realm" (PE17:28). Cf. turmen.

turmen

noun. realm

Variations

  • Turmen ✧ PE17/028; PE17/028

Cognates

  • S. arthor “realm” ✧ PE17/028; PE17/028

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
TUR“dominate, master, conquer; power [over others], mastery (legitimate or illegitimate), control (of other wills); strong, mighty in power, dominate, master, conquer; power [over others], mastery (legitimate or illegitimate), control (of other wills); strong, mighty in power; [ᴹ√] victory; [ᴱ√] am strong”
MEN“go, move, proceed (in any direction); make for, go towards; have as object, (in)tend; direction, object, point moved toward”

turmen

realm

turmen noun "realm" (PE17:28). Turmen Follondiéva "Realm of the North-harbourage", old name for Arnor, TurmenHallondiéva "Realm of the South-harbourage", old name for Gondor (PE17:28)

harda

realm, region

harda noun "realm, region" _(VT45:12, 16, 17; the word also occurs, unglossed, in the entry EN in the Etymologies)_. Changed to arda later?

ména

region

ména noun "region" (MEN). Not to be confused with the present/continuative tense of #men- "go".

yón

noun. region

arda

noun. region, realm, particular land or region, region, realm, particular land or region; [ᴱQ.] place, spot

Variations

  • Arda ✧ MR/358

Derivations

  • gardā “region” ✧ WJ/402
    • ᴹ√GAR “keep, hold, possess; maintain, defend”

Cognates

  • S. gardh “region” ✧ WJ/402

Element in

  • Q. Arda “The World, (lit.) Realm” ✧ WJ/402
  • ᴺQ. liëarda “republic”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
gardā > arda[gardā] > [ɣardā] > [ardā] > [arda]✧ WJ/402
Quenya [LotR/1123; MR/358; WJ/402; WJ/413] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Yón

region, any (fairly extensive) region between obstacles such as rivers or mountains

yón (2), variant of yondë, q.v. Defined as "a region, any (fairly extensive) region _between obstacles such as rivers or mountains" (PE17:43)_

Sindarin 

arthor

noun. realm

Variations

  • Arthor ✧ PE17/028; PE17/028

Derivations

Cognates

  • Q. turmen “realm” ✧ PE17/028; PE17/028

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
artaurē > Arthor[artaurē] > [artaure] > [artʰaure] > [arθaure] > [arθaur] > [arθor]✧ PE17/028
Sindarin [PE17/028] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arthor

realm

_n. _realm.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:28] < _artaurē_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

ardhon

noun. world

Sindarin [Calenardhon S/386, PM/348] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gardh

noun. world

Sindarin [WJ/402] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gardh

noun. region

Derivations

  • gardā “region” ✧ WJ/402
    • ᴹ√GAR “keep, hold, possess; maintain, defend”

Cognates

  • Q. arda “region, realm, particular land or region, region, realm, particular land or region; [ᴱQ.] place, spot” ✧ WJ/402

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
gardā > gardh[gardā] > [garda] > [garða] > [garð]✧ WJ/402

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
ardhsoft-mutation“land”✧ UT/034
Sindarin [UT/034; WJ/402] Group: Eldamo. Published by

region

noun. holly-tree area

[HKF] reg (Dor. regorn “holly tree”) + ion (Dor. gen. pl. suffix) = Dor. Regornion [Etym. ERÉK-]

Sindarin [Tolkiendil] Group: Tolkiendil Compound Sindarin Names. Published by

ardhon

noun. great region, province

Sindarin [Calenardhon S/386, PM/348] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gardh

noun. bounded or defined region

Sindarin [WJ/402] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ardh

realm

ardh (region), pl. erdh

ardh

region

1) ardh (realm), pl. erdh, also in augmented form ardhon (great region, great province, world), pl. erdhyn, coll. pl. ardhonnath. 2) dôr (i nôr, construct dor) (dwelling place, land), pl. dŷr (i ndŷr) (WJ:413), 3) gardh (i **ardh) (bounded or defined place), pl. gerdh (i ngerdh = i ñerdh), 4) gwaith (i **waith) (manhood, manpower, troop of able-bodied men, host, regiment, people, wilderness), no distinct pl. form except with article (in gwaith).

Primitive elvish

artaurē

noun. Realm

Derivatives

  • S. arthor “realm” ✧ PE17/028

Elements

WordGloss
RĀ/ARA“noble, high, royal”
TUR“dominate, master, conquer; power [over others], mastery (legitimate or illegitimate), control (of other wills); strong, mighty in power, dominate, master, conquer; power [over others], mastery (legitimate or illegitimate), control (of other wills); strong, mighty in power; [ᴹ√] victory; [ᴱ√] am strong”
Primitive elvish [PE17/028] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gardā

noun. region

Derivatives

  • Q. arda “region, realm, particular land or region, region, realm, particular land or region; [ᴱQ.] place, spot” ✧ WJ/402
  • S. gardh “region” ✧ WJ/402

Derivations

  • ᴹ√GAR “keep, hold, possess; maintain, defend”
Primitive elvish [WJ/402] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

ardh

noun. realm

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ƷAR “have, hold” ✧ Ety/ƷAR; EtyAC/ƷARA
  • ᴹ√GAR “keep, hold, possess; maintain, defend” ✧ Ety/GAR

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. arda “realm, region” ✧ EtyAC/ƷARA
  • Ilk. garth “realm” ✧ EtyAC/GAR

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ƷAR > ardh[ɣarda] > [arda] > [arða] > [arð]✧ Ety/ƷAR
Noldorin [Ety/ƷAR; Ety/NÁRAK; EtyAC/GAR; EtyAC/ƷARA] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ardh

noun. realm, region

Noldorin [Ety/360] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive adûnaic

thāni

noun. realm

The primitive form of thâni “land”, written in allcaps as THĀNI (SD/420). Usually Tolkien used capitalization for primitive roots, but in this case it is more like to be a form derived from an unattested Primitive Adûnaic root THAN*.

Variations

  • THĀNI ✧ SD/420

Derivatives

Element in

  • Ad. Amatthâni “Blessed Realm, (lit.) Land of Manwë” ✧ SD/420
Primitive adûnaic [SD/420] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

harda

noun. realm

arda

noun. realm, region

Variations

  • harda ✧ Ety/EN; EtyAC/EN; EtyAC/ƷAR (harda); EtyAC/ƷARA (harda)

Changes

  • ardaharda ✧ EtyAC/EN
  • ardaarda “day (period of 12 hours)” ✧ PE22/021

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ƷAR “have, hold” ✧ Ety/EN; EtyAC/ƷARA
  • ᴹ√GAR “keep, hold, possess; maintain, defend” ✧ Ety/ƷAR|GAR
  • ᴹ√GARAT ✧ EtyAC/ƷAR
    • ᴹ√GAR “keep, hold, possess; maintain, defend” ✧ Ety/ƷAR; EtyAC/GAR

Cognates

  • N. ardh “realm” ✧ EtyAC/ƷARA
  • Ilk. garth “realm” ✧ EtyAC/ƷARA

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ƷAR > harda[ɣarda] > [harda]✧ Ety/EN
ᴹ√GAR > arda[garda] > [ɣarda] > [arda]✧ Ety/ƷARGAR
ᴹ√ƷARA > harda[ɣarda] > [harda]✧ EtyAC/ƷARA
Qenya [Ety/EN; Ety/ƷAR|GAR; EtyAC/EN; EtyAC/ƷAR; EtyAC/ƷARA; PE22/021; PE22/022; PE22/051] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ména

noun. region

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MEN “go, proceed” ✧ Ety/MEN

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MEN > ména[mēna]✧ Ety/MEN

Doriathrin

garth

noun. realm

A Doriathrin noun meaning “realm” derived from the root ᴹ√ƷAR or possibly ᴹ√GAR (Ety/ƷAR), perhaps from a primitive form ɣarda or garda given its cognates ᴹQ. arda and N. ardh. Likely the [[ilk|[d] became [ð] after [r]]] and then the [[ilk|final [ð] became [θ]]], a derivation that is supported by the (rejected) earlier entry Dor. garth (dh) in The Etymologies (EtyAC/ƷARA). These probable developments were noted by Helge Fauskanger (AL-Doriathrin/garth).

Variations

  • garth (dh) ✧ EtyAC/ƷARA (Dor. garth (dh))

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ƷAR “have, hold” ✧ Ety/ƷAR; EtyAC/ƷARA
  • ᴹ√GAR “keep, hold, possess; maintain, defend” ✧ Ety/GAR

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. arda “realm, region” ✧ EtyAC/ƷARA
  • N. ardh “realm” ✧ EtyAC/GAR

Element in

  • Ilk. Garthurian “Fenced Realm, Hidden Realm” ✧ Ety/ƷAR; EtyAC/ƷARA (Garthurian)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ƷAR > garth[ɣarda] > [ɣarða] > [garða] > [garð] > [garθ]✧ Ety/ƷAR
Doriathrin [Ety/ƷAR; EtyAC/GAR; EtyAC/ƷARA] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

bardha

noun. realm

Derivations

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
-varðasuffix-✧ GL/22

hermin

noun. realm, tutelage

Derivations

  • ᴱ√HERE “rule, have power”