Quenya 

lungwë

noun. pound

Derivations

  • ᴹ√LUG “be heavy”
Quenya Group: Eldamo - fan inventions. Published by

lungwë

noun. pound

malda-

verb. to pound, crush

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MBAL “?crush, pound, [ᴱ√] crush, *pound; hurt, pain, damage, give maim to”
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

malda-

verb. to pound, crush


Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish

mbal

root. ?crush, pound, [ᴱ√] crush, *pound; hurt, pain, damage, give maim to

An unglossed root in The Etymologies of the 1930s serving as the basis for the word ᴹQ. malle “street” and ᴹQ. ambal “shaped stone, flag”, the second gloss probably meaning “flag stone” (Ety/MBAL). In the the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, the strengthened root ᴱ√MBALA was glossed “crush, hurt, pain, damage, give maim to” with Gnomish variant bal- and derivatives like ᴱQ. maldor “agony” and G. bal “anguish, pain” (QL/58; GL/21); the root entry is given under ᴱ√MALA³, but a list of roots at the end of the M-section make it clear the strengthened root is in fact ᴱ√MBALA (QL/63).

The Qenya Lexicon also has an unstrengthened root ᴱ√MALA “crush, squeeze, pulp” to which ᴱ√MBALA may (QL/63) or may not (QL/58) be related, whose derivatives include ᴱQ. mal- “to crush”, ᴱQ. malle “street” and G. mal “paved way, road” (QL/58; GL/56). There was another variant root ᴱ√MLŘL [MḶÐḶ] “crush, pound”, also connected to ᴱ√MALA¹ and with Gnomish variant blid[h]-, though it had no obvious derivatives in the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon (QL/62-63). In The Etymologies of the 1930s, it seems the “torment” words were transferred to ᴹ√(Ñ)GWAL: in the 1910s it seems in initial element of G. Balrog was from ᴱ√MBALA (GL/21; LT1A/Balrog) but in the 1930s it was from N. baul “torment” < ᴹ√(Ñ)GWAL (Ety/ÑGWAL). Thus 1930s ᴹ√MBAL was probably limited to meanings like “*crush, pound”.

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. ambal “shaped stone, flag” ✧ Ety/MBAL
  • ᴺQ. mal- “to crush, squeeze; to hurt, pain”
  • ᴺQ. malaqua “soft, yielding, tender (of meat, substances, etc.)”
  • ᴺQ. malda- “to pound, crush”
  • ᴹQ. malle “street, (made or stone) road” ✧ Ety/MBAL

Element in

  • ᴺQ. malma “pulp, paste, mash, mush; dough, grume”
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/MBAL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

mlřl

root. crush, pound

Early Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

mḷðḷ

root. crush, pound

Variations

  • MLŘL ✧ QL/062
  • MḶDḶ ✧ QL/063

Derivatives

  • Eq. (a)malda “tender, soft, kind, gentle” ✧ QL/062
  • Eq. mald- “to pound, crush” ✧ QL/062; QL/063
  • Eq. mildi “pease” ✧ QL/062
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/062; QL/063] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Quenya

mild(i)-

verb. to pound

Early Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

mald-

verb. to pound, crush

Variations

  • mild- ✧ QL/062
  • mildi- ✧ QL/063

Derivations

  • ᴱ√MḶÐḶ “crush, pound” ✧ QL/062; QL/063

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√MLŘL > mald-[mḹð-] > [malð-] > [mald-]✧ QL/062
ᴱ√MLŘL > malde[mḹðe-] > [malðe-] > [malde-]✧ QL/062
ᴱ√MLŘL > mild-[mḷð-] > [milð-] > [mild-]✧ QL/062
ᴱ√MLŘL > malde[mḹðe-] > [malðe-] > [malde-]✧ QL/062

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
maldepast-✧ QL/062; QL/062
Early Quenya [QL/062; QL/063] Group: Eldamo. Published by