Quenya 


noun. pound


  • ᴹ√LUG “be heavy”
Quenya Group: Eldamo - neologism/reconstructions. Published by


verb. to pound, crush


  • ᴹ√MBAL “?crush, pound, [ᴱ√] crush, *pound; hurt, pain, damage, give maim to”

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish


root. ?crush, pound, [ᴱ√] crush, *pound; hurt, pain, damage, give maim to

An unglossed root in The Etymologies of the 1930s serving as the basis for the word ᴹQ. malle “street” and ᴹQ. ambal “shaped stone, flag”, the second gloss probably meaning “flag stone” (Ety/MBAL). In the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, the strengthened root ᴱ√MBALA was glossed “crush, hurt, pain, damage, give maim to” with Gnomish variant bal- and derivatives like ᴱQ. maldor “agony” and G. bal “anguish, pain” (QL/58; GL/21); the root entry is given under ᴱ√MALA³, but a list of roots at the end of the M-section make it clear the strengthened root is in fact ᴱ√MBALA (QL/63).

The Qenya Lexicon also has an unstrengthened root ᴱ√MALA “crush, squeeze, pulp” to which ᴱ√MBALA may (QL/63) or may not (QL/58) be related, whose derivatives include ᴱQ. mal- “to crush”, ᴱQ. malle “street” and G. mal “paved way, road” (QL/58; GL/56). There was another variant root ᴱ√MLŘL [MḶÐḶ] “crush, pound”, also connected to ᴱ√MALA¹ and with Gnomish variant blid[h]-, though it had no obvious derivatives in the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon (QL/62-63). In The Etymologies of the 1930s, it seems the “torment” words were transferred to ᴹ√(Ñ)GWAL: in the 1910s it seems in initial element of G. Balrog was from ᴱ√MBALA (GL/21; LT1A/Balrog) but in the 1930s it was from N. baul “torment” < ᴹ√(Ñ)GWAL (Ety/ÑGWAL). Thus 1930s ᴹ√MBAL was probably limited to meanings like “✱crush, pound”.


  • ᴹQ. ambal “shaped stone, flag” ✧ Ety/MBAL
  • ᴺQ. mal- “to crush, squeeze; to hurt, pain”
  • ᴺQ. malaqua “soft, yielding, tender (of meat, substances, etc.)”
  • ᴺQ. malda- “to pound, crush”
  • ᴹQ. malle “street, (made or stone) road” ✧ Ety/MBAL
  • ᴺQ. malo “moth”

Element in

  • ᴺQ. malda “pulp, paste, mash, mush”
  • ᴺQ. malma “pulp, paste, mash, mush; dough, grume”
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/MBAL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish


root. crush, pound

Early Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by


root. crush, pound


  • Eq. (a)malda “tender, soft, kind, gentle” ✧ QL/062
  • Eq. mald- “to pound, crush” ✧ QL/062; QL/063
  • Eq. mildi “pease” ✧ QL/062


  • MLŘL ✧ QL/062
  • MḶDḶ ✧ QL/063
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/062; QL/063] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Quenya


verb. to pound


verb. to pound, crush


  • ᴱ√MḶÐḶ “crush, pound” ✧ QL/062; QL/063

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√MLŘL > mald-[mḹð-] > [malð-] > [mald-]✧ QL/062
ᴱ√MLŘL > malde[mḹðe-] > [malðe-] > [malde-]✧ QL/062
ᴱ√MLŘL > mild-[mḷð-] > [milð-] > [mild-]✧ QL/062
ᴱ√MLŘL > malde[mḹðe-] > [malðe-] > [malde-]✧ QL/062


  • mild- ✧ QL/062
  • mildi- ✧ QL/063
Early Quenya [QL/062; QL/063] Group: Eldamo. Published by