Quenya 

lambe

noun. tongue

Quenya [PE 22:102] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

lambë

noun. language, tongue, dialect

Variations

  • lambe ✧ LotR/1123; PE17/046; PE17/104; PE17/123; PE17/126; PE22/151; UT/304; UT/304; VT39/15; VT39/16; WJ/368; WJ/369; WJ/369; WJ/394; WJ/416
  • Lambe ✧ WJ/394; WJ/397

Derivations

  • lambē “tongue, language, dialect” ✧ PE17/126; VT39/15; WJ/394
    • LAB “lick, move the tongue” ✧ VT39/15
    • labmē “*language” ✧ WJ/416
  • LAB “lick, move the tongue” ✧ PE22/151
  • labmē “*language” ✧ WJ/416

Cognates

  • Kh. aglâb “language” ✧ WJ/394
  • S. lam “(physical) tongue; language, (physical) tongue; language, [G.] speech” ✧ PE17/046; PE17/046; VT39/15; WJ/394
  • T. lambë “language” ✧ WJ/394

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
lambē > lambe[lambē] > [lambe]✧ PE17/126
LABA > lambe[labmē] > [lambē] > [lambe]✧ PE22/151
lambē > lambe[lambē] > [lambe]✧ VT39/15
lambē > lambe[lambē] > [lambe]✧ WJ/394
lab-mē > lambe[labmē] > [lambē] > [lambe]✧ WJ/416

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
lambenya1st-sg-poss“my tongue”✧ PE17/046
Lambiongenitive plural“of tongues”✧ PE18/008; PE18/071
Quenya [LotR/1123; PE17/046; PE17/104; PE17/123; PE17/126; PE18/008; PE18/071; PE22/151; PM/395; UT/304; VT39/15; VT39/16; WJ/368; WJ/369; WJ/394; WJ/397; WJ/416] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lambë

tongue, language

lambë noun "tongue, language" (the usual word for 'language' in non-technical use) (WJ:368, 394, ÑGAL/ÑGALAM), "the language or dialect of a particular country or people...never used for 'language' in general, but only for particular forms of speech" (VT39:15); also name of tengwa #27 (Appendix E). (In early "Qenya", lambë was defined as "tongue" of body, but also of land, or even = "speech" [LT2:339]. In LotR-style Quenya lambë only means "tongue = speech", whereas the word for a physical tongue is lamba.) Lambë Valarinwa "Valarin tongue" (WJ:397), lambë Quendion "the language of the Elves" (PM:395), Lambengolmor pl. noun "Loremasters of Tongues", a school founded by Fëanor (WJ:396); sg. #Lambengolmo. Spelt Lambeñgolmor in VT48:6.

lambelë

language

lambelë noun "Language" (especially with reference to phonology), *"phonetics" (VT39:15)

lamba

tongue

lamba (1) noun "tongue" (physical tongue, while lambë = "language") (WJ:394, LAB; according to VT45:25, Tolkien first wrote lambe, but as noted, this alternative form is rather used for "tongue" in the sense of "language")

lambina

of tongue, spoken with tongue

lambina adj. "of tongue, spoken with tongue" (PE17:46). Cf. lambë.

lamma-

verb. ?to echo

Derivations

  • LAM “(inarticulate voiced) sound”

Cognates

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
lammapresent-✧ VT47/21
lambepast-✧ VT47/21
lambieperfect-✧ VT47/21
lāmieperfect-✧ VT47/21

tengwelë

language

tengwelë noun "Language" (in all its aspects), a general word for the grouping and composing of tengwi (linguistic "signs", phonemes) into a linguistic system (VT39:16)

tengwestië

language

tengwestië noun "Language" as abstract or phenomenon (WJ:394)

tengwië

language

#tengwië noun "language" in the compound mátengwië "language of the hands" (VT47:9). Compare tengwë, tengwesta.

lav-

verb. to lick

Derivations

  • LAB “lick, move the tongue” ✧ PE22/151
  • lab- ✧ PE22/152; PE22/152
    • LAB “lick, move the tongue” ✧ PE22/152

Cognates

  • ᴺS. lav- “to lick”

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
LABA > lamne[labne] > [lamne]✧ PE22/151
labā́ > lava[labā] > [laβā] > [laβa] > [lava]✧ PE22/152
laƀuvā > lavuva[labuvā] > [laβuvā] > [laβuva] > [lavuva]✧ PE22/152

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
lāvepast-✧ PE17/072; RGEO/59
**lambepast-✧ PE22/151 [from a possibly transient rejection of nasal-infixed past tenses]
lamnepast-✧ PE22/151
lávepast-✧ PE22/151
lavaimperative-✧ PE22/152
†lavuvafuture-✧ PE22/152
lauvafuture-✧ PE22/152
Quenya [PE17/072; PE22/151; PE22/152; RGEO/59] Group: Eldamo. Published by

quetil

tongue, language

quetil ("q")noun "tongue, language" (KWET)

Sindarin 

lam

tongue

_ n. _tongue. Q. lambe. >> lammen

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:46] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

lam

noun. physical tongue

Sindarin [Ety/367, WJ/394, X/LH] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

lam

noun. language

Sindarin [WJ/394] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

lam

tongue

(both body-part and = ”dialect, language”) lam (pl. laim, coll. pl. lammath). (WJ:394, 416) Not: lam is also used = ”echo, voice, echoing voice”.

lav-

verb. to lick

Cognates

  • Q. lav- “to lick”
Sindarin Group: Eldamo - fan adaptations. Published by

Telerin 

lambë

noun. language

Variations

  • lambe ✧ WJ/394

Derivations

  • lambē “tongue, language, dialect” ✧ WJ/394
    • LAB “lick, move the tongue” ✧ VT39/15
    • labmē “*language” ✧ WJ/416

Cognates

  • Q. lambë “language, tongue, dialect” ✧ WJ/394

Element in

Khuzdûl

aglâb

noun. language

Cognates

  • Q. lambë “language, tongue, dialect” ✧ WJ/394
Khuzdûl [WJ/395; WJI/Dwarves] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive elvish

lambē

noun. tongue, language, dialect

Derivatives

  • Q. lambë “language, tongue, dialect” ✧ PE17/126; VT39/15; WJ/394
  • S. lam “(physical) tongue; language, (physical) tongue; language, [G.] speech” ✧ VT39/15; WJ/394
  • T. lambë “language” ✧ WJ/394

Derivations

  • LAB “lick, move the tongue” ✧ VT39/15
  • labmē “*language” ✧ WJ/416

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
lab-mē > lambē[labmē] > [lambē]✧ WJ/416
Primitive elvish [PE17/126; VT39/15; WJ/394] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

lamben

place name. Tongue

A transient name for the Naith in Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s, glossed “Tongue” (TI/280). It seems be an elaboration or variant form of N. lham(b) “tongue”.

Elements

WordGloss
lham(b)“tongue”
Noldorin [TI/280; TII/Lamben] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lhamb

noun. physical tongue

Noldorin [Ety/367, WJ/394, X/LH] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

lham

noun. physical tongue

Noldorin [Ety/367, WJ/394, X/LH] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

lham(b)

noun. tongue

Variations

  • lham ✧ PE22/035
  • lhamb ✧ PE22/035 (lhamb)

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶lambe
    • ᴹ√LAB “lick” ✧ Ety/ÑGAL
  • ᴹ√LAB “lick” ✧ Ety/LAB

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. lamba “tongue” ✧ Ety/LAB

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√LAB > lham(b)[lambe] > [lamb] > [l̥amb] > [l̥amb] > [l̥amm] > [l̥am]✧ Ety/LAB
Noldorin [Ety/LAB; PE22/035] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lhav-

verb. to lick

Derivations

  • ᴹ√LAB “lick” ✧ Ety/LAB

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. lav- “to lick” ✧ Ety/LAB

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√LAB > lhefi[lab-] > [lav-] > [l̥av-]✧ Ety/LAB

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
lhefiinfinitive“to lick”✧ Ety/LAB
lhâfpresent-✧ Ety/LAB
Noldorin [Ety/LAB] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 

lambe

noun. language, tongue

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶lambe ✧ PE21/09; PE21/09
    • ᴹ√LAB “lick” ✧ Ety/ÑGAL
  • ᴹ√LAB “lick” ✧ Ety/LAB; PE22/102

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√LAB > lambe[lambe]✧ Ety/LAB
ᴹ✶lamƀĭ- > lambe[lambi] > [lambio]✧ PE21/09
ᴹ✶lamƀı̯o > lambio[lambio]✧ PE21/09

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Lambiongenitive plural“of tongues”✧ PE18/023
lambiogenitive-✧ PE21/09
lambevapossessive-✧ PE21/09
lambeapossessive-✧ PE21/09
Qenya [EtyAC/LAB; PE18/023; PE21/09; PE22/022; PE22/050; PE22/102] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lamba

noun. tongue

Variations

  • lamba ✧ Ety/LAB; EtyAC/LAB
  • lambe ✧ EtyAC/LAB (lambe)

Changes

  • lambelamba ✧ EtyAC/LAB

Derivations

  • ᴹ√LAB “lick” ✧ Ety/LAB

Cognates

  • N. lham(b) “tongue” ✧ Ety/LAB

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√LAB > lamba[lamba]✧ Ety/LAB
Qenya [Ety/LAB; EtyAC/LAB] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lav-

verb. to lick

Derivations

  • ᴹ√LAB “lick” ✧ Ety/LAB; PE22/102

Cognates

  • N. lhav- “to lick” ✧ Ety/LAB

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√LAB > lavin[labin] > [laβin] > [lavin]✧ Ety/LAB
ᴹ√LAB > lave[labi] > [labe] > [laβe] > [lave]✧ PE22/102

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
lavinaorist 1st-sg“I lick”✧ Ety/LAB
laveaorist“lick”✧ PE22/102
lávepast-✧ PE22/102; PE22/104
alávieperfect-✧ PE22/102
lávenpast with-1st-sg-object-✧ PE22/104
lávielleperfect ?-✧ PE22/104
aláviévafuture-perfect-✧ PE22/105
-láviévafuture-perfect-✧ PE22/105
Qenya [Ety/LAB; PE22/102; PE22/104; PE22/105] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

lambe

noun. lambe

Variations

  • lamƀĭ- ✧ PE21/09

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. lambe “language, tongue” ✧ PE21/09; PE21/09
  • N. lham(b) “tongue”

Derivations

  • ᴹ√LAB “lick” ✧ Ety/ÑGAL

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
lamƀı̯ogenitive-✧ PE21/09
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ÑGAL; PE21/09] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

lav-

verb. to lick

Derivations

  • ᴱ√LAVA “lick”

Cognates

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
lôvipast-✧ GL/53

Early Noldorin

lham(b)

noun. tongue

Variations

  • lhamb ✧ PE13/148
  • lham ✧ PE13/148

Element in

  • En. ballam “with evil malicious tongue”
  • En. lamthanc “snake, (lit.) *forked tongue”
  • En. uvlam “dumb”

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
i·lamsoft-mutation“the tongue”✧ PE13/120
Early Noldorin [PE13/120; PE13/148] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Quenya

lambe

noun. tongue of body but also occasionally of land or even = speech

Variations

  • lambë ✧ LT2A/Eglamar

Derivations

  • ᴱ√LAVA “lick” ✧ LT2A/Eglamar; QL/052

Cognates

  • G. lam “tongue, speech” ✧ LT2A/Eglamar

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√LAVA > lambe[lamβē] > [lamβe] > [lambe]✧ QL/052
Early Quenya [LT2A/Eglamar; PE14/042; PE14/071; PE16/136; PME/052; QL/052] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-issa

suffix. language

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ISI “*know” ✧ LT2A/Eldarissa

Element in

  • Eq. Eldarissa “Language of the Eldar” ✧ LT2A/Eldarissa
  • Eq. Noldorissa “Language of the Noldoli” ✧ LT2A/Eldarissa

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ISI > -issa[-issā] > [issa]✧ LT2A/Eldarissa
Early Quenya [LT2A/Eldarissa] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-qet(se)

suffix. language

Variations

  • qet ✧ QL/077
  • -qetse ✧ QL/077

Derivations

  • ᴱ√QETE ✧ QL/077

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√QETE > qet[kʷet]✧ QL/077
Early Quenya [QL/077] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lava-

verb. to lick

Derivations

  • ᴱ√LAVA “lick” ✧ QL/052

Cognates

  • G. lav- “to lick”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√LAVA > lava-[laβ-] > [lav-]✧ QL/052

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
lāvepast-✧ QL/052
Early Quenya [PE16/134; QL/052] Group: Eldamo. Published by