lambë noun "tongue, language" (the usual word for 'language' in non-technical use) (WJ:368, 394, ÑGAL/ÑGALAM), "the language or dialect of a particular country or people...never used for 'language' in general, but only for particular forms of speech" (VT39:15); also name of tengwa #27 (Appendix E). (In early "Qenya", lambë was defined as "tongue" of body, but also of land, or even = "speech" [LT2:339]. In LotR-style Quenya lambë only means "tongue = speech", whereas the word for a physical tongue is lamba.) Lambë Valarinwa "Valarin tongue" (WJ:397), lambë Quendion "the language of the Elves" (PM:395), Lambengolmor pl. noun "Loremasters of Tongues", a school founded by Fëanor (WJ:396); sg. #Lambengolmo. Spelt Lambeñgolmor in VT48:6.
noun. language, tongue, dialect
- Q. Elda-lambë “Language of the Eldar” ✧ WJ/369
- Q. lambe Eldaiva “the language of the Eldar” ✧ WJ/369
- Q. lambe Eldaron “the language of the Eldar” ✧ WJ/368
- ᴺQ. lambelanga “translation”
- Q. lambelë “phonetics” ✧ VT39/16
- ᴺQ. lambengolmë “linguistics”
- Q. Lambengolmor “Loremasters of Tongues”
- Q. Lambenyáre “Account of ... Languages”
- Q. lambetengwë “consonant” ✧ VT39/16
- Q. Lambë Valarinwa “Language of the Valar” ✧ WJ/397
- Q. lambina “of tongue, spoken with tongue” ✧ PE17/046
- Q. Lindalambë “Language of the Lindar”
- Q. manen lambë Quendion ahyanë “How did the language of the Elves change?” ✧ PM/395
Development Stages Sources ✶lambē > lambe [lambē] > [lambe] ✧ PE17/126 √LABA > lambe [labmē] > [lambē] > [lambe] ✧ PE22/151 ✶lambē > lambe [lambē] > [lambe] ✧ VT39/15 ✶lambē > lambe [lambē] > [lambe] ✧ WJ/394 ✶lab-mē > lambe [labmē] > [lambē] > [lambe] ✧ WJ/416
- lambe ✧ LotR/1123; PE17/046; PE17/104; PE17/123; PE17/126; PE22/151; UT/304; UT/304; VT39/15; VT39/16; WJ/368; WJ/369; WJ/369; WJ/394; WJ/416
- Lambe ✧ WJ/394; WJ/397
lambelë noun "Language" (especially with reference to phonology), *"phonetics" (VT39:15)
lamba (1) noun "tongue" (physical tongue, while lambë = "language") (WJ:394, LAB; according to VT45:25, Tolkien first wrote lambe, but as noted, this alternative form is rather used for "tongue" in the sense of "language")
of tongue, spoken with tongue
lambina adj. "of tongue, spoken with tongue" (PE17:46). Cf. lambë.
tengwelë noun "Language" (in all its aspects), a general word for the grouping and composing of tengwi (linguistic "signs", phonemes) into a linguistic system (VT39:16)
tengwestië noun "Language" as abstract or phenomenon (WJ:394)
#tengwië noun "language" in the compound mátengwië "language of the hands" (VT47:9). Compare tengwë, tengwesta.
verb. to lick
A verb for “to lick” based on the root √LAB of similar meaning (PE17/72; PE22/151-152; RGEO/59).
Conceptual Development: This verb dates all the way back to ᴱQ. lava- “lick” from the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s where it was derived from the early root ᴱ√LAVA (QL/52). It retained this form in Early Qenya Word-lists of the 1920s (PE16/134), and in The Etymologies of the 1930s it appeared as ᴹQ. lavin “I lick” under the root ᴹ√LAB “lick” (Ety/LAB). The verb and root continued to appear regularly in Tolkien’s later writings.
- ᴺS. lav- “to lick”
Development Stages Sources √LABA > lamne [labne] > [lamne] ✧ PE22/151 ✶labā́ > lava [labā] > [laβā] > [laβa] > [lava] ✧ PE22/152 ✶laƀuvā > lavuva [labuvā] > [laβuvā] > [laβuva] > [lavuva] ✧ PE22/152
quetil ("q")noun "tongue, language" (KWET)