Quenya 

condo

noun. lord
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

cundo

noun. lord, guardian, *[ᴹQ.] prince
Quenya [PE17/113; PE17/117; PE17/118; PM/260] Group: Eldamo. Published by

heru

noun. lord, master
Quenya [DTS/54; Let/282; PE17/097; PM/210; SA/heru; SA/roch; VT41/09; VT43/29; VT44/12] Group: Eldamo. Published by

heru

lord, master

heru (also hér) noun "lord, master" (PM:210, KHER, LT1:272, VT44:12); Letters:283 gives hér (heru); the form Héru with a long vowel refers to God in the source where it appears (i Héru "the Lord", VT43:29). In names like Herumor "Black Lord" and Herunúmen "Lord of the West" (SA:heru). The form heruion is evidently a gen.pl. of heru "lord": "of the lords" (SD:290); herunúmen "Lord-of-West" (LR:47), title of Manwë. Pl. númeheruvi "Lords-of-West" (*"West-lords") in SD:246, a title of the Valar; does this form suggest that #heruvi is the regular plural of heru?

heru órava omessë

Lord, have mercy on us

The first line of Tolkien’s Quenya translation of the Litany of Loreto prayer (VT44/12). The first word is the noun heru “lord” followed by the aorist form of the verb órava- “to have mercy”. The last word omessë “on us” is the locative form (-ssë “on”) of the pronoun me “us”. The significance of the prefix o- is unclear, but Wynne, Smith and Hostetter suggested that it might be the preposition ó (VT44/15), though its translation elsewhere as “with” (VT43/29) does not seem appropriate. It could instead be the prefix o- “together”, though this does not fit well either. In later lines, Tolkien wrote (o)messë indicating the prefix was optional.

Decomposition: Broken into its constituent elements, this phrase would be:

> Heru órava (o)me-ssë = “*Lord have-mercy us-on”

Conceptual Development: Tolkien explored several ways of expressing “have mercy”. He first wrote a le·ana ocama, apparently meaning “(imperative) you give mercy”, with ocama a noun meaning “mercy” (VT44/12-13). He revised this to simply ocama >> ócama, apparently changing ocama to a verb meaning “to have mercy” (VT44/13). He then changed this verb to órava (VT44/14).

Tolkien also used several forms to express “on us”: dative men >> ómen >> (locative) ómesse.

Quenya [VT44/12] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hér

lord

hér noun "lord" (VT41:9), also heru, q.v.

hér

noun. lord
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

mandu

noun. lord
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

túrin

noun. lord
Quenya [PBL/1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Malantur

lord, ruler

Malantur, masc. name. Apparently includes -(n)tur "lord, ruler". The initial element is unlikely to connect with the early "Qenya" element mala- "hurt, pain", and may rather reflect the root MALAT "gold" (PM:366): Malat-ntur > Malantur "Gold-ruler"? (UT:210)

* herunauco

9V7J5.DaH noun. dwarf-lord, dwarven lord
Quenya [Compound of heru and nauco] Group: Neologism. Published by

Sindarin 

-gon

suffix. lord, prince, *[N.] valour
Sindarin [PM/345; PM/352] Group: Eldamo. Published by

brannon

noun. lord
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

hîr

noun. lord, master
Sindarin [LB/354; Let/282; Let/382; PM/210; SA/heru; SD/129; UT/318; VT41/09] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* hîr

lord

1) hîr (i chîr, o chîr; also hir-, her- at the beginning of compounds) (master), no distinct pl. form, not even with article (i chîr), coll. pl. híriath (Letters:282, 386; VT41:9); 2) heron (i cheron, o cheron) (master), pl. heryn (i cheryn), coll. pl. heronnath (VT45:22)._ _Since the pl. heryn clashes with the fem. sg. heryn ”lady”, other words for ”lord” may be preferred. 3) brannon (i vrannon), pl. brennyn (i mrennyn), coll. pl. brannonnath; 4) tûr (i dûr, o thûr, construct tur) (mastery, power, control; master, victor), pl. tuir (i thuir), coll. pl. túrath.

Adûnaic

kherû

masculine name. Lord

A rejected draft version of the Adûnaic name for Morgoth translated “Lord”, replaced by Arûn of the same meaning (SD/376). It is transparently a derivative of the Elvish root ᴹ√KHER, as suggested by Carl Hostetter and Patrick Wynn (AAD/18). A later form of this word, *khôr “lord”, may appears as an element in the name Adûnakhôr “Lord of the West”.

Adûnaic [SD/376; SDI2/Arûn] Group: Eldamo. Published by

arûn

masculine name. Lord

An Adûnaic name for Morgoth, perhaps coined by Sauron when he introduced the worship of the dark god to the Númenóreans, translated as “Lord” (SD/376). It is derived from the word ârû “king” and was sometimes used in a compound together with Morgoth’s true Adûnaic name: Arûn-Mulkhêr (SD/367). In other writings (SD/357) it was the original Adûnaic name of Morgoth before he fell to evil, but that hardly makes sense in the conceptual scenario of the later Silmarillion, in which Morgoth had already become evil before men awoke.

Adûnaic [SD/357; SD/376; SDI2/Arûn] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* khôr

noun. lord

An element meaning “lord” appearing only in the name Adûnakhôr “Lord of the West”, though a similar form appears in the earlier names Kherû “Lord” and Mulkhêr “Lord of Darkness”. It isn’t clear whether this element is *akhôr or *khôr, but khôr resembles the Primitive Elvish root √KHER “rule, govern, possess”, to which it may be related.

This possible relationship has been suggested by various authors (AL/Adûnaic, EotAL/KHUR). Andreas Moehn rejected the relationship, pointing out that Primitive Elvish ✶khēru “lord” would have developed phonetically into Ad. **khîru (EotAL). However, khôr may be derived from some more ancient Avari loan word, which underwent different phonetic developments than those of the Eldarin languages, perhaps ✶kher- > khar > khaur > Ad. khôr.

Adûnaic Group: Eldamo. Published by

Khuzdûl

uzbad

noun. lord
Khuzdûl [PE17/047] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

brannon

noun. lord
Noldorin [Ety/BARÁD] Group: Eldamo. Published by

brannon

noun. lord
Noldorin [Ety/351] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

heron

noun. lord, master
Noldorin [EtyAC/KHER] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

kherū

noun. lord, master
Primitive elvish [Let/282; PE17/097; VT41/09] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kon

root. lord, to lead
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

kun

root. lord, to lead

This root appears the Etymologies in the extended form ᴹ√KUNDU, from which ᴹQ. †kundu, N. †cunn “prince” and N. Felagund “Lord of Caves” were derived. In later writings (PE17/113, 117), Tolkien explored the possibility of connecting Felagund to the names of Fingon and Turgon, deriving all three from a primitive form ✶kondō (<< ✶kundō) and using a new form of this root: √KON (<< √KUN). He even went so far as to change the first of these names to Felegond with an “o” (PE17/118).

However, in still later writings (PM/345), Tolkien established that the element -gon “lord” in S. Fingon and Turgon was ultimately derived from Q. cáno “commander”. In the same text, he revised the etymology of S. Felagund so that it was derived from a Khuzdul name Kh. Felakgundu “Cave-hewer” (PM/352), as described in The Silmarillion index (SI/Felagund). These revisions make it likely that Tolkien abandoned the form √KON.

The later status of earlier √KUN is unclear, however. √KUN might have been rejected along with √KON, or Tolkien may have restored it. As evidence of its restoration, †cund remained as an element in two older (Sindarin?) names: Baragund and Belegund. Furthermore, its Quenya derivative Q. cundo appears as an element in the later name Q. Carma-cundo, albiet with a new gloss “guardian”.

If we accept the restoration of √KUN, its Quenya derivative cundo “prince, lord, guardian” could be considered valid, possibly along with the verb cunya- “to rule”. Its Sindarin derivative †cund “prince” should probably be considered archaic, however, replaced by the time of the Third Age with caun¹.

Primitive elvish [PE17/113.1503; PE17/113.2704; PE17/158.1101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

árātō

noun. lord
Primitive elvish [PE17/118] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

heru

noun. lord, master
Qenya [Ety/KHER; EtyAC/KHER; SD/290] Group: Eldamo. Published by

heru

noun. lord
Qenya [GL/49; LT1A/Valahíru; PME/040; QL/040] Group: Eldamo. Published by

malko

noun. lord, sir
Qenya [PME/062; QL/062] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mandu

noun. lord
Qenya [PE21/15] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

garon

noun. lord

A Doriathrin noun for “lord” derived from the root ᴹ√ƷAR or possibly ᴹ√GAR (Ety/ƷAR), perhaps from a primitive form ɣarān-*. If so, the [[ilk|initial [ɣ] became [g]]], while the long [[ilk|[ā] became [ō]]] and then [[ilk|shortened to [o] in the final syllable of a polysyllable]].

Conceptual Development: An earlier version of this entry had Dor. garan, which likely had a short [a] in the second syllable which was preserved. Since it did not undergo the Ilkorin Syncope, the primitive form likely either had no final vowel or ended in a short [a], so the second [a] was in the final syllable, which seems to have prevented the syncope; this theory is supported by its Quenya cognate ᴹQ. haran.

Doriathrin [Ety/ƷAR; EtyAC/ƷAR; EtyAC/ƷARA] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

hermon

noun. lord
Gnomish [GL/49] Group: Eldamo. Published by

malc²

noun. lord
Gnomish [GL/56] Group: Eldamo. Published by

túrin

masculine name. Lord
Gnomish [LBI/Túrin; LT2I/Túrin; PE15/61] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

dairion

noun. lord, chief
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

de(i)rion

noun. lord, chief
Early Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

hîr

noun. lord
Early Noldorin [PE13/121; PE13/147] Group: Eldamo. Published by