Quenya 

ëar

noun. sea, great sea, *️[ᴹQ.] open sea, *water
Quenya [Let/386; LotR/0967; MC/222; PE17/027; PE17/103; PM/363; PMI/Eär; RGEO/65; SA/ëar; WJ/400; WJ/413] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ëar

sea

ëar noun "sea" (AYAR/AIR [gives also dat. sg. ëaren],WJ:413; see Letters:386 for etymology). Not to be confused with the pl. form of the verb ëa "be, exist". Pl. ëari "seas" (FS, LR:47); Eär "the Great Sea" (cf. ëaron "ocean"), ablative Eärello "from the Great Sea", et Eärello "out of the Great Sea" (EO). Eärë noun "the open sea" (SD:305). Compound ëaruilë noun "seaweed" (UY). Found in proper names like Eärendil "Sea-friend", Eärendur masc. name, *"Sea-servant"; in effect a variant of Eärendil(Appendix A). Eärendur was also used ="(professional) mariner" (Letters:386).Fem. name Eärwen "Sea-maiden" (Silm); Eärrámë "Sea-wing", "Wings of the Sea", name of Tuor's ship (RAM, AYAR/AIR, SA)

airë

sea

airë (2) noun "sea" (the form airen is given, intended as a genitive singular when Tolkien wrote this; in LotR-style Quenya it would rather be a dative sg.) (AYAR/AIR; cf. airon)

airë²

noun. sea
Quenya [PE17/027] Group: Eldamo. Published by

airen

noun. sea
Quenya [PE 22:23n] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

váya

sea

váya noun "sea" (considered as "waters, motion"). The wording of the source indicates that Tolkien only tentatively considered such a word (PE17:33)

vëa

sea

vëa (3) noun "sea" (MC:213, 214, 216; possibly obsoleted by #1 and #2 above, though some argue that the initial element of the late names Vëantur and Vëandur [q.v.] could be vëa #3 rather than #2 (it can hardly be #1) . In any case, the normal word for "sea" in LotR-style Quenya seems to be ëar.) Inflected vëan "sea" (MC:220), vëar "in sea" (a "Qenya" locative in -r, MC:213), vëassë "on sea" (MC:220). Cf. also vëaciryo.

Sindarin 

aer

noun. sea

Tolkien changed this word several times, see aear , gaear

Sindarin Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

aear

noun. sea

Tolkien changed this word several times, see gaear

Sindarin Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

aear

Sea

_n. _Sea, especially the Great (Western) Sea. Q. ear. nef aear, sí nef aearon lit. 'beyond the Sea, here beyond the Great Sea'. >> gaear, gaer

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:20-1:27] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

aear

noun. sea
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

gaer

noun. sea
Sindarin [Ety/349, S/431, PM/363] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gaer

Sea

_n._Sea, especially the Great (Western) Sea. Shorter form of gaear.Q. aire (obsolete). >> aear, gaear

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:27] < _gaı_9_ră _< GAY(AR). Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

gaer²

noun. sea
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

gaear

noun. sea

This word is variously attested as gaear, gaer and aear in later writings. The presence or absence of the initial g- depends on whether its root is √AY(AR) (as it appears in The Etymologies and some later writings) or √GAY(AR) (as it appears in other later writings). The appearance of aear can be generally be explained as the lenited form of gaear, and so gaear should probably be preferred.

Similarly, the form gaer appears primarily as an element in compounds, and can be explained as a reduced form of gaear in that context. For these reasons, this entry uses gaear as the ordinary Sindarin word for “sea”. This has the additional advantage of disambuiguating it from the adjective gaer “dreadful”. @@@

Sindarin [Let/386; LotR/0238; PE17/027; PE17/149; PM/363; RGEO/63; RGEO/64; RGEO/65; SA/ëar; SA/gaer; WJ/400] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gaear

noun. sea
Sindarin [Ety/349, PM/363, RGEO/73] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gaear

Sea

_n. _Sea, especially the Great (Western) Sea. Shorter form gaer. Q. ear. >> aear, gaer

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:27] < GAY(AR). Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

aearon

noun. great sea, ocean

Tolkien changed this word several times, see gaearon

Sindarin Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gaeron

noun. great sea, ocean
Sindarin [PM/363, PM/348, RGEO/72-73] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gaearon

noun. great sea, ocean
Sindarin [PM/363, PM/348, RGEO/72-73] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

* aear

sea

aear (ocean); pl. aeair. The shorter form aer (for N oer) is maybe best avoided since it can be confused with aer "holy", unless the latter is actually a lenited form of gaer. Forms with g-, representing an alternative concept of the word for ”sea”: gaear (i **aear) (ocean), pl. gaeair (i ngaeair = i ñaeair) (PM:363), also gaer (i **aer, no distinct pl. form except with article: i ngaer = i ñaer), but homophones of the latter mean "reddish, copper-coloured, ruddy" and also "dreadful, awful, fearful; holy".

Adûnaic

azra

noun. sea, seas

The Adûnaic word for “sea” (SD/429), appearing as azar in some early texts (SD/305). It is fully declined on SD/431.

Adûnaic [PM/373; SD/247; SD/305; SD/311; SD/429; SD/431; SD/435] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pharaz²

noun. sea

A draft word for “sea”, deleted and replaced with azar (SD/305), which later become azra. This word reappeared later with a different meaning: pharaz “gold”.

Adûnaic [SD/305] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

oear

noun. sea
Noldorin [Ety/349, PM/363, RGEO/73] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

oear

noun. sea
Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

oer

noun. sea
Noldorin [Ety/AY; Ety/UY; TI/307] Group: Eldamo. Published by

oer

noun. sea
Noldorin [Ety/349, S/431, PM/363] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

* aer

noun. sea
Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

ayar

root. sea
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

vaia

noun. sea
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

gayār

noun. sea, the terrifier
Primitive elvish [PE17/027; PE21/71; PM/363; WJ/400] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

aire

noun. sea

@@@ Helge Fauskanger suggested that airen is genitive form (QQ/airë), but on PE22/23 (note #70), aire >> airen, suggesting it is an alternate (augmentative?) form, perhaps similar to later airon

Qenya [Ety/AY; PE22/023] Group: Eldamo. Published by

airen

noun. sea
Qenya [Ety/AY; PE22/023] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aire(n)

noun. sea

@@@ Helge Fauskanger suggested that airen is genitive form (QQ/airë), but on PE22/23 (note #70), aire >> airen, suggesting it is an alternate (augmentative?) form, perhaps similar to later airon
Variations of the word: airen.

Element in: MQ. Alataire

Qenya [Ety/AY.037; PE22/023.2007; Ety/AY.038; PE22/023.2302] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vea²

noun. sea
Qenya [PE21/08; PE21/17] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

vaia

noun. sea
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE21/17] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ay(ar)

root. sea
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ÁLAT; Ety/AY; Ety/BEL; Ety/LIN¹; Ety/RAM; Ety/UY; EtyAC/AY] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

saroth

noun. sea
Gnomish Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

gwai

noun. sea
Early Noldorin [PE13/146] Group: Eldamo. Published by