Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 

ar-

prefix. outside, beside

Cognates

  • Ilk. ar- “outside, beside” ✧ Ety/AR²
  • N. ar- “outside, beside; without” ✧ Ety/AR²

Derivations

  • ᴹ√AR “beside, outside” ✧ Ety/AR²

Element in

  • ᴹQ. Arvalin “Outside Valinor” ✧ Ety/AR²

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√AR² > ar-[ar-]✧ Ety/AR²

ara

preposition/adverb. outside, beside

Derivations

  • ᴹ√AR “beside, outside” ✧ Ety/AR²

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√AR² > ara[ara]✧ Ety/AR²
Qenya [Ety/AR²; EtyAC/AR²] Group: Eldamo. Published by

are

noun. day

Cognates

  • N. ar- “day” ✧ Ety/AR¹

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶ari “day” ✧ Ety/AR¹
    • ᴹ√AR “day” ✧ Ety/AR¹

Element in

  • ᴹQ. Are Fanturion “Day of the Fanturi, fourth day of the Valian week”
  • ᴹQ. Are Manwen “Day of Manwe, first day of the Valian week”
  • ᴹQ. Arendien “Midyear’s Day”
  • ᴹQ. Are Veruen “Day of the Spouses, third day of the Valian week”
  • ᴹQ. artuile “dayspring, early morn”
  • ᴹQ. Ar Ulmon “Day of Ulmo, second day of the Valian week”
  • ᴹQ. enar “tomorrow”
  • ᴹQ. Mettare “Year’s end”
  • ᴹQ. sinar “today, this morning”
  • ᴹQ. Tuilear “Springdays”
  • ᴹQ. yáre “former days”
  • ᴹQ. Koirear “Stirringdays”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶ari- > are[ari] > [are]✧ Ety/AR¹

au-

prefix. without

aran

noun. king

Element in

Variations

  • aran ✧ PE22/106; PE22/124
  • Aran ✧ PE22/125
Qenya [PE22/106; PE22/124; PE22/125] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ava-

prefix. without

Derivations

  • ᴹ√AWA “away, forth; out” ✧ Ety/AR²; Ety/AWA

Element in

  • ᴺQ. avamarwa “homeless”
  • ᴹQ. avanóte “without number, numberless” ✧ Ety/AR²; Ety/AWA
  • ᴹQ. avaqet- “to refuse, forbid”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√AWA > ava-[awa-] > [ava-]✧ Ety/AWA

Variations

  • au- ✧ Ety/AWA
Qenya [Ety/AR²; Ety/AWA] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tár

noun. king

Cognates

  • N. taur “king (of a whole tribe)” ✧ Ety/TĀ
  • Ilk. tôr “king” ✧ Ety/TĀ

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶tār(ō) “king” ✧ Ety/TĀ
    • ᴹ√TĀ/TAƷ “high, lofty; noble” ✧ Ety/TĀ; PE21/55

Element in

  • ᴹQ. tar- “high; king or queen (in compounds)” ✧ Ety/TĀ

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶tārō > tár[tār]✧ Ety/TĀ

Variations

  • tār ✧ LR/047
Qenya [Ety/TĀ; LR/047] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ala

noun. day

Derivations

  • ᴹ√GALAN “bright” ✧ EtyAC/GAL¹

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√GALÁN > ala[gala] > [ɣala] > [ala]✧ EtyAC/GAL¹

lai

adverb. very

Cognates

  • N. dae “very” ✧ EtyAC/DAƷ

Derivations

  • ᴹ√DAƷ “great” ✧ EtyAC/DAƷ

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√DAƷ > lai[dai] > [lai]✧ EtyAC/DAƷ

ette

adverb/adjective. outside

Cognates

  • ᴺS. eth “outside”

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ET “out, forth” ✧ Ety/ET

Element in

  • ᴹQ. ettele “outer lands, foreign parts” ✧ Ety/ET
  • ᴺQ. ettemo “foreigner”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ET > ette[ette]✧ Ety/ET

Variations

  • ette ✧ Ety/ET