Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 

veru

collective noun. husband and wife, married pair

A noun appearing as ᴹQ. veru “husband and wife, married pair” in The Etymologies of the 1930s derived from primitive ᴹ✶besū under the root ᴹ√BES “wed” (Ety/BES). It seems to be an intrinsically dual word. It also appeared as an element in the name ᴹQ. Are Veruen “Day of the Spouses”, but under the entry where this word appeared the form was derived from ᴹ✶Bedū, reflecting a variant (and apparently abandoned) root ᴹ√BED (Ety/LEP).

Conceptual Development: The dual form ᴱQ. veringwi “husband and wife” appeared in the Early Qenya Grammar of the 1920s (PE14/77). The same form appeared in the English-Qenya Dictionary of the same period with the gloss “married pair, husband and wife”, where it was apparently related to the adjective ᴱQ. verin “married” (PE15/75).

Neo-Quenya: ᴹQ. veru “married pair” collides with the later word Q. veru “husband”, so for purposes of Neo-Quenya I would adapt the Early Quenya form as ᴺQ. verinu “married pair” to reflect later Quenya dual formations.

Cognates

  • N. Bedhwen “of the Spouses” ✧ Ety/LEP

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶besū “husband and wife, married pair” ✧ Ety/BES
    • ᴹ√BES “wed” ✧ Ety/BES

Element in

  • ᴹQ. Are Veruen “Day of the Spouses, third day of the Valian week” ✧ Ety/BES

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶besū > veru[besū] > [βesū] > [βezū] > [βezu] > [vezu] > [veru]✧ Ety/BES
Qenya [Ety/BES; Ety/LEP] Group: Eldamo. Published by

veru

noun. husband

Variations

  • veru ✧ PE21/15

venno

noun. husband

Cognates

  • On. benno “man” ✧ Ety/BES
  • N. benn “man, male, †husband” ✧ Ety/BES
  • Ilk. benn “husband” ✧ Ety/BES
  • Dan. beorn “man” ✧ Ety/BES

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶besnō “husband” ✧ Ety/BES
    • ᴹ√BES “wed” ✧ Ety/BER; Ety/BES

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶besnō > venno[besnō] > [βesnō] > [βeznō] > [βennō] > [βenno] > [venno]✧ Ety/BES

Variations

  • verno ✧ EtyAC/BES
Qenya [Ety/BES; EtyAC/BES] Group: Eldamo. Published by