Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 

ambar

noun. Earth, World

Cognates

  • N. amar “Earth” ✧ Ety/MBAR

Derivations

  • ᴹ√MBAR “dwell, inhabit” ✧ Ety/MBAR; EtyAC/SIL
    • ᴹ√BAR “raise; uplift, save, rescue(?)” ✧ Ety/BAR

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MBAR > a-mbar[ambara]✧ Ety/MBAR
ᴹ√[?mbar] > ambar[ambara]✧ EtyAC/SIL

Variations

  • a-mbar ✧ Ety/MBAR
  • ambaron ✧ EtyAC/MBAR
  • ambar ✧ EtyAC/MBAR; EtyAC/SIL; SM/241
Qenya [Ety/MBAR; EtyAC/MBAR; EtyAC/SIL; LRI/Ambar; SD/056; SM/235; SM/236; SM/241; SMI/Ambar] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ambar

noun. fate

ambor

noun. breast, breast, *chest

The word ᴹQ. ambor “breast” appeared in the Declension of Nouns from the early 1930s, derived from ᴹ✶amƀus (PE21/33). This word shows the Early Qenya sound change whereby [[eq|final [s] became [r]]]; in Tolkien’s later writings this change applied mainly to intervocalic [s]. This word also had the unusual development of u to o in final syllables, a sound change Tolkien used for Quenya in the Declension of Nouns but nowhere else.

Conceptual Development: In the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s Tolkien gave ᴱQ. ambar “breast” with stems ambar- or ambas- (QL/30); the word also appeared in the Poetic and Mythological Words of Eldarissa, but only with the stem ambas- (PME/30). ᴱQ. ambos was glossed “breast” in Early Qenya Word-lists of the 1920s (PE16/136), and in Early Noldorin Word-lists of the 1920s, ᴱQ. ambos (ambost-) appeared as a word related to both ᴱN. bost “back, from shoulder to shoulder” and ᴱN. amoth “shoulder” (PE13/137, 139, 159), the latter with primitive forms ᴱ✶a-mbod-t’ (PE13/137) or ᴱ✶a-mbos-t (PE13/159).

ᴱQ. ambar reappeared in the phrase ᴱQ. níve qímari ringa ambar “the pale phantoms in her cold bosom” from the Oilima Markirya poem written around 1930. Early 1930s ᴹQ. ambor seems to be the last published iteration of this word, as discussed above.

Neo-Quenya: For purposes of Neo-Quenya, I would adapt this word as ᴺQ. ambos (ambor-) “breast, chest” to fit better with later Quenya phonology. It might be an ancient combination of √AM “up” and ᴹ√OS “around”, perhaps with the original sense “upper enclosure (of the body)”.

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶amƀus “breast” ✧ PE21/33

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶amƀus- > ambor[amβus] > [ambus] > [ambur] > [ambor]✧ PE21/33

umbar

noun. fate, doom

Cognates

  • N. ammarth “fate, doom” ✧ Ety/MBARAT

Derivations

Element in

  • ᴹQ. Turambar “Master of Fate, Conqueror of Fate” ✧ Ety/MBARAT (Turumbar)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√MBARAT > umbar[ṃbarta] > [ṃbart] > [umbart] > [umbar]✧ Ety/MBARAT
ᴹ✶ṃbárt- > umbar[ṃbarta] > [ṃbart] > [umbart] > [umbar]✧ EtyAC/A

Variations

  • ambar ✧ PE21/33; PE21/33
Qenya [Ety/MBARAT; EtyAC/A; EtyAC/MBARAT; PE19/036; PE21/33; PE22/022; PE22/050] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ama

adverb. up

am-

prefix. up

Derivations

  • ᴹ√AM “up” ✧ Ety/AM²

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√AM² > am-[am-]✧ Ety/AM²

arda

place name. Earth, world

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
arda“realm, region”

Variations

  • arda ✧ SD/246; SD/310
Qenya [LRI/Arda; SD/246; SD/310; SD/401; SDI2/Arda; SMI/Arda] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hún

noun. earth, earth, *ground

A word in the Declension of Nouns from the early 1930s with stem form hun- and gloss “earth” (QL/39). It might be a later iteration of ᴱQ. han “ground, earth” from the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s (QL/39), and if so then hún might also be used as “✱ground”. I think it is useful to assume so for purposes of Neo-Quenya, as the other attested word for “ground”, Q. talan, is probably used more often for “floor”, including floors above the ground level.

Variations

  • hun ✧ PE21/19
Qenya [PE21/19; PE21/24; PE21/25] Group: Eldamo. Published by