Sindarin 

alw

adjective. wholesome

alw

wholesome

pl. ely _ adj. _wholesome.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:146] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

raud

lofty

adj. lofty. Q. rāta. >> arod, taer

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:186] < RAT tower up. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

taer

lofty

adj. lofty. Q. tāra.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:186] < TAG. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

taer

adjective. lofty, lofty, *high

Cognates

  • Q. tára “lofty, tall, high” ✧ PE17/186; PE17/186

Derivations

  • TĀ/TAƷ “high, high, [ᴹ√] lofty; noble” ✧ PE17/186
  • tagra ✧ PE17/186
    • TĀ/TAƷ “high, high, [ᴹ√] lofty; noble” ✧ PE17/186

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
tagra > taer[taɣra] > [tagra] > [taɣra] > [taira] > [tair] > [taer]✧ PE17/186

alu Reconstructed

adjective. wholesome, wholesome, *healthy

An adjective appearing as alw “wholesome” derived from √AL “good” in notes from around 1959, along with a plural form ely (PE17/146).

Neo-Sindarin: This root was sometimes associated with physical health (PE17/149), so I would interpret this word as “wholesome” in the sense “healthy” as well as morally good. The usual Neo-Sindarin rendering of this word would be alu instead of alw.

Conceptual Development: There was a similar word G. {awl >>} alw or alweg in Gnomish Lexicon Slips from the 1910s, but there it was glossed “lofty, of living things: trees, men” and derived from primitive ᴱ√✶alwa (PE13/109), thus probably based from the early root ᴱ√ALA “spread” (QL/29).

Derivations

  • AL(A) “good (physically), blessed, fortunate, prosperous, health(y)” ✧ PE17/146

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
AL > alw[alwa] > [alw] > [alu]✧ PE17/146

Variations

  • alw ✧ PE17/146

arth

lofty

1) arth (noble, exalted), pl. erth, 2) brand (high, noble, fine), lenited vrand, pl. braind, 3) orchall (superior, eminent), pl. erchail (for archaic örchail), 4) taur (also tor-, tar- in compounds) (high, sublime, noble; vast, masterful, mighty, overwhelming, huge, awful), lenited daur, pl. toer. Note: homophones mean ”king (of a people)” and also ”great wood, forest”.