Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Early Primitive Elvish

ala

root. gaze‽

A root in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s glossed “gaze”, though Tolkien marked the gloss with a question mark (QL/29). One of its notable derivatives was ᴱQ. ala “behold, look”, which was probably later replaced with Q. ela “behold”. It is unlikely this root remained valid in Tolkien’s later writing, giving the many conflicting uses to which he gave √AL.

Derivatives

  • Eq. alma “face” ✧ QL/029
  • Eq. ala “behold, look” ✧ QL/029
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/029] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ala

root. spread‽

A root in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s glossed “spread”, though Tolkien marked the gloss with a question mark (QL/29). Its most notable derivative was ᴱQ. alda “tree”, and the Gnomish cognates of this word likewise began with a. In later writings, Tolkien gave a new etymology for this Quenya word from the root ᴹ√GALAD with Sindarin/Noldorin cognate galadh (Ety/GALAD; Let/426). The basic sense of the early root ᴱ√ALA² “spread” may have evolved into the later root √GAL “grow, flourish”.

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶ala- “very”
  • ᴱ✶alassē
  • ᴱ✶alda
    • G. âl “wood (material)” ✧ PE13/109
  • ᴱ✶aldamǝ
    • G. alan “shoulder” ✧ PE13/109; PE13/109
  • ᴱ✶alwa “*lofty”
    • Eq. alva “?lofty”
    • G. alw(eg) “lofty (of living things, trees, men)” ✧ PE13/109
  • ᴱ✶alyan-
    • G. eilian “branch” ✧ PE13/113
  • ᴱ✶alđam-
    • En. alm “back (from shoulder [to shoulder]), back (from shoulder to shoulder), [G.] shoulders”
    • G. alm “back (from shoulder to shoulder), shoulders” ✧ GL/19; LT2A/Egalmoth; PE13/109
  • ᴱ✶ʒaldá “wide, broad”
    • Eq. halda “wide, broad” ✧ PE13/136; PE13/144
    • En. gall “wide, broad” ✧ PE13/136; PE13/144
  • Eq. ala- “?to grow”
  • Eq. ala “beyond, after; before”
  • Eq. alda “tree, branch” ✧ LT1A/Aldaron; QL/029
  • Eq. almo “shoulder(s), back” ✧ QL/029
  • Eq. alalme “elm (tree)” ✧ LT1A/Aldaron; QL/029
  • Eq. ala “wing”
  • Eq. aldare “wood”
  • G. lalm “elm, elm-wood” ✧ LT1A/Aldaron
  • G. Aldor ✧ LT1A/Aldaron
  • G. ôl “forearm; bough”
  • G. âl “wood (material)” ✧ LT1A/Aldaron

Element in

Variations

  • ALA ✧ LT1A/Aldaron; QL/032
Early Primitive Elvish [LT1A/Aldaron; QL/029; QL/032] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kala

root. shine golden

Derivatives

  • ᴱ✶kalā
    • Eq. kala “light, daytime (sunlight), 12 hours” ✧ GL/39
    • G. glâ “day, daytime” ✧ GL/39
  • Eq. kala- “to shine” ✧ LT1A/Galmir; QL/044
  • Eq. kala “light, daytime (sunlight), 12 hours” ✧ QL/044
  • Eq. kalaine “serenity, serene” ✧ QL/044
  • Eq. kalmar “child of light” ✧ QL/044
  • Eq. kalas “brass” ✧ QL/044
  • Eq. kale “day”
  • Eq. kále “morning” ✧ LT1A/Galmir; QL/044
  • Eq. kalle “fair weather, clear sky, blue sky” ✧ QL/044
  • Eq. kalma “(day)light; candle” ✧ LT1A/Galmir; QL/044
  • Eq. kalta- “to kindle, set light to” ✧ QL/044
  • Eq. kalenda “of the day, opposite to night; daily” ✧ QL/044
  • Eq. kalasse “brilliance, clarity”
  • Eq. kalende “festival, a special day” ✧ QL/044
  • Eq. kalke “brilliant” ✧ QL/044
  • Eq. kalwa “fair, beautiful” ✧ LT1A/Galmir; QL/044
  • Eq. kal(l)u- “to illuminate, to light up” ✧ QL/044
  • Eq. Kalainis “May” ✧ LT1A/Erinti; LT1A/Galmir
  • En. aglann “ray of light”
  • G. aglar “glory”
  • G. agla “flash”
  • G. glarw(ed) “bright, light”
  • G. gal- “to shine (golden, as the Sun)” ✧ LT1A/Galmir
  • En. glaiw “light”
  • G. glaim “serene, clear, fair (espec. of weather)”
  • En. glann “clean”
  • G. glan “pure, clean, (originally) bright”
  • G. glass “brilliance, clarity”
  • En. glarw “ray, radiance”
  • G. glar(os) “glare, blaze, splendour”
  • G. glô “sunrise, dawn, daybreak”
  • G. gôl “daylight, day”
  • En. glathra- “to polish”

Element in

  • Eq. Kalmo ✧ QL/044
  • Eq. Kalorme “Hill Crest over which the Sun Rises” ✧ LT1A/Kalormë; QL/044

Variations

  • KALA ✧ LT1A/Erinti; LT1A/Galmir; LT1A/Kalormë; QL/029; QL/044
  • ALA ✧ QL/029 (ALA)
Early Primitive Elvish [LT1A/Erinti; LT1A/Galmir; LT1A/Kalormë; QL/029; QL/044] Group: Eldamo. Published by

root. spread‽

Early Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

ðana

root. day

A primitive form in the Gnome Lexicon of the 1910s with derivatives meaning “day” (GL/38). There were a variety of different roots for “day” in later writings such ᴹ√AR or √UR.

Derivatives

  • Eq. sana “day (24 hours)”
  • G. dana “day (24 hours)”
  • G. dôn “[unglossed]”

Element in

Variations

  • ðana ✧ GL/66 (ðana)
Early Primitive Elvish [GL/66] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ū

root. not

Derivatives

  • G. untha “no, none”
  • G. u- “negative prefix”
  • G. û- “not to be, not to do”
  • G. u “no, not, nor”
  • G. ug- “negative verb”
  • G. ub “no, none”
  • G. unt “nothing”

Element in

  • ᴱ√UMU “*negative” ✧ QL/098

Variations

  • Ū- ✧ QL/096
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/096; QL/098] Group: Eldamo. Published by