Sindarin

di

prep. with

[PE17/095.0102] Group: Eldamo. Published by

di

prep. with

prep. with. Q. .

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:95] < . Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

na

prep. with, by; of

[LotR/0469.1903, LotR/0469.2402, PE17/028.1706, PE17/028.3508, PE17/082.0208, PE17/097.1805, PE17/097.2205, PE17/147.1202, PE17/147.1205, PE17/147.1402, PE17/147.1506, PE17/147.1704, PE17/147.1813, PM/348.3402, UT/140.2010, VT50/21.0708, WJ/160.4405, WJ/187.3402, WJI/Taur-na-Chardhîn.002] Group: Eldamo. Published by

na

with

(in instrumental sense?) na (followed by lenition), with article nan (followed by ”mixed mutation”, according to David Salos reconstruction). The preposition has various meanings: ”with, by, near” and also ”to, toward, at; of”

Quenya

-ma

suff. tool or instrument

[MC/223.1806-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-mā

n. instrumental

[PE22/149.0607] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-nen

suff. instrumental

[PE17/062.1609] Group: Eldamo. Published by

as

with

as prep. "with" (together with), also attested with a pronominal suffix: aselyë "with thee" (VT47:31, VT43:29). The conjunction ar "and" may also appear in assimilated form as before s; see ar #1.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

as

with

o (2) prep. "with" (MC:216; this is "Qenya"; WJ:367 states that no independent preposition o was used in Quenya. Writers may rather use as.) See ó- below.

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

as

prep. with

[VT43/29.1101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

car-

with

#car- (2) prep. "with" (carelyë "with thee"), prepositional element (evidently an ephemeral form abandoned by Tolkien) (VT43:29)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

prep. with

[PE17/095.0106] Group: Eldamo. Published by

with

(2) prep. "with" (PE17:95)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

Black Speech

sha

prep. with

[LotR/0445.1709, PE17/079.0302, PM/083.0911] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Adûnaic

-mâ

prep. with

A prepositional suffix translated “with” (SD/247, 429).
Conceptual Development: At an earlier conceptual stage, it was the grammatical inflection -ma used for the draft-instrumental (SD/438).

[SD/247.1002, SD/429.0704] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive elvish

-mā

suff. instrumental suffix

[PE17/044.3504, PE17/068.0702, PE17/108.1104, PE17/180.0610, PE18/101.0406, PE18/101.1402, VT47/19.1810, VT47/20.3309, WJ/416.0705] Group: Eldamo. Published by

dē/lē

prep. with

[PE17/095.0103, PE17/095.0105] Group: Eldamo. Published by

khō̆

prep. with, acc[ompanied] by

[VT47/34.4510, VT47/35.0907] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Black Speech, Nandorin, Noldorin, Quendya, Quenya, Sindarin, Telerin are languages conceived by Tolkien and they do not belong to us; we neither can nor do claim affiliation with Middle-earth Enterprises nor Tolkien Estate.