Sindarin

Elbereth

name. Queen of Stars, (lit.) Star-queen

The Sindarin name of Varda, a compound of êl “star” and bereth “queen”, that is: “Star-queen” (LotR/378, RGEO/66). The Quenya equivalent of this name is Elentári. This name was of ancient derivation, from ✶elen-barathī > elmbereth > Elbereth, as shown by the fact that the initial [b] in the second element did not lenite to [v] (MR/387, PE17/22).
Conceptual Development: In the earliest Lost Tales, this name was G. Timbridhil “Queen of Stars” (GL/71, LT1A/Tinwetári), which reappeared in the Etymologies from the 1930s as N. Timbreðil (Ety/TIN). Tolkien revised the name to N. Elbereth “Star Queen” (Ety/EL, Ety/BARATH), which appeared in the narratives starting with the Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s (RS/68).
Before giving this name to Varda, Tolkien used the name Ilk. Elbereth for the youngest child of Dior (Ety/BER), but he changed that name to Elrûn (later S. Elurín). Tolkien also used the name N. Elbereth² for one of the sons of Elrond before renaming him S. Elrohir (WR/297).

[LBI/Elbereth.001, Let/278.1805, Let/282.4204, LotR/0238.0302, LotR/0729.3802, LotRI/Elbereth.001, MR/387.2701, MR/388.2604, MRI/Elbereth.001, PE17/022.0102, PE17/022.2813, PE17/023.1613, PE17/023.3110, PM/358.1807, PMI/Elbereth.001, RGEO/61.5901, RGEO/63.0302, RGEO/64.0202, RGEO/64.1302, RGEO/65.1409, RGEO/66.0901, SI/Elbereth.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

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