Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 

ni

pronoun. I

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶ni “I”

Element in

Variations

  • ✧ PE22/120
Qenya [LR/072; PE21/61; PE22/092; PE22/097; PE22/104; PE22/115; PE22/118; PE22/119; PE22/120; PE22/121; PE22/122; PE22/123; PE22/125; PE22/127; SD/056] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nis

noun. woman

Cognates

  • On. ndissa “young woman” ✧ Ety/NDIS; EtyAC/NIS
  • N. dess “young woman” ✧ Ety/NDIS

Derivations

  • ᴹ√NDIS “*bride” ✧ Ety/NDIS
    • ᴹ√NĪ/INI “female” ✧ Ety/BES
    • ᴹ√NIS “woman” ✧ Ety/NIS
  • ᴹ√NIS “woman” ✧ Ety/NDIS; Ety/NĪ¹; Ety/NIS

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√NDIS-SĒ/SĀ > nisse[ndisse] > [nisse]✧ Ety/NDIS
ᴹ√NIS/NĪ > nis[niss] > [nis]✧ Ety/NDIS
ᴹ√NIS > nis[niss] > [nis]✧ Ety/NĪ¹
ᴹ√NIS > nisse[nisse]✧ Ety/NĪ¹
ᴹ√NIS > nis[niss] > [nis]✧ Ety/NIS

Variations

  • nisse ✧ Ety/NDIS; Ety/NĪ¹; EtyAC/NIS (nisse)
Qenya [Ety/NDIS; Ety/NĪ¹; Ety/NIS; EtyAC/NDIS; EtyAC/NĪ¹; EtyAC/NIS; PE21/08] Group: Eldamo. Published by

noun. woman, female

An archaic noun in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “woman” or “female” directly derived from the root ᴹ√, in ordinary speech usually replaced by ᴹQ. nis (Ety/INI, NĪ¹).

Conceptual Development: ᴱQ. “woman” appeared in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s as a cognate to G. †nîr of the same meaning (GL/60).

Derivations

  • ᴹ√NĪ/INI “female” ✧ Ety/INI; Ety/NĪ¹

Element in

  • ᴺQ. curuni “witch, *sorceress, female magician (not necessarily evil)”
  • ᴺQ. inimë “femininity, womanliness”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ > [nī]✧ Ety/INI
ᴹ√NĪ¹ > [nī]✧ Ety/NĪ¹

Variations

  • ✧ EtyAC/NĪ¹
Qenya [Ety/INI; Ety/NĪ¹; EtyAC/NĪ¹] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-nye

suffix. I

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶ni “I” ✧ Ety/NI²

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶NĪ² > nyē-[nje]✧ Ety/NI²

Variations

  • nyē- ✧ EtyAC/NI²

nisse

noun. woman

ten

conjunction. for

Element in

inya

adjective. female

An adjective for “female” in The Etymologies of the 1930s, derived from the root ᴹ√INI “female” (Ety/INI).

Conceptual Development: In Early Qenya Word-lists of the 1920s, Tolkien gave a similar form ᴱQ. qinya “female”, an adjectival form of ᴱQ. qin “woman” (PE16/135).

Cognates

  • N. inw “female” ✧ Ety/INI

Derivations

  • ᴹ√NĪ/INI “female” ✧ Ety/INI

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√INI > inya[inja]✧ Ety/INI

Variations

  • inya ✧ Ety/INI

ná-

verb. to be

Derivations

  • ᴹ√NĀ/ANA “be, exist” ✧ Ety/NĀ²
  • ᴹ✶ “was; then, ago” ✧ PE22/096

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√NĀ² > [nā]✧ Ety/NĀ²
ᴹ✶nḗ > [nē]✧ PE22/096

Variations

  • ✧ Ety/NĀ²
Qenya [Ety/NĀ²; PE22/096] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ye-

verb. to be

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ “to be” ✧ PE22/123

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√YE > [jē]✧ PE22/123

Variations

  • ✧ PE22/123 ()
Qenya [LR/072; PE22/011; PE22/107; PE22/115; PE22/117; PE22/119; PE22/120; PE22/123] Group: Eldamo. Published by