Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 

malo

noun. rust

Derivations

  • ᴹ√SMAL “yellow”

malo

noun. pollen, yellow powder

Cognates

  • On. smalo “pollen, yellow powder” ✧ EtyAC/SMAL
  • N. hmâl “pollen, yellow powder” ✧ Ety/SMAL

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶smalu “pollen, yellow powder” ✧ Ety/SMAL
    • ᴹ√SMAL “yellow” ✧ Ety/SMAL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶smalu > malo[smalu] > [smalo] > [m̥alo] > [malo]✧ Ety/SMAL

Variations

  • malo ✧ Ety/SMAL

málo

noun. friend

Cognates

  • N. mellon “friend” ✧ Ety/MEL

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶mālō “friend” ✧ Ety/MEL
    • ᴹ√MEL “love (as friend)” ✧ Ety/MEL
  • ᴹ√MEL “love (as friend)” ✧ PE18/046

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶mālō > málo[mālō] > [mālo]✧ Ety/MEL
ᴹ√MEL > málo[mę̄lō] > [mālō] > [mālo]✧ PE18/046
Qenya [Ety/MEL; PE18/046] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mál

noun. grit

A word in Declension of Nouns from the early 1930s glossed “grit” with various forms representing the inflections of nouns with lost ancient vowels: malǝ- (PE21/19, 24). It may be a later iteration of ᴱQ. mar (mard-) “grit, course grain or powder” from the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, a derivative of the root ᴱ√MṚŘṚ [MṚÐṚ] “grind” (QL/63). Later still Tolkien gave the primitive form ✶smalŭ with the gloss “dust, grit” in Common Eldarin: Noun Structure (EVS2) from the early 1950s, though this primitive form had no derivatives.

Neo-Eldarin: For purposes of Neo-Eldarin, I prefer to use ᴹ✶smalu with its 1930s sense “pollen, yellow powder”, as this form has derivatives in The Etymologies (Ety/SMAL), and its root meaning ᴹ√SMAL “yellow” is a better match to the later root √MAL “yellow, gold”. I think it is possible to retain ᴹQ. mál “grit”, however, by assuming that it is a derivative of ᴹ√MBAL “✱pound”, which is a better match with 1910s ᴱQ. mar < ᴱ√MṚÐṚ “grind”.

Variations

  • māl ✧ PE21/24
Qenya [PE21/19; PE21/24] Group: Eldamo. Published by

heldo

noun. friend

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ÑEL “friendship” ✧ EtyAC/ÑEL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ÑEL > heldo[ŋeldo] > [ɣeldo] > [heldo]✧ EtyAC/ÑEL

helmo

noun. friend

Cognates

  • N. elf “friend” ✧ EtyAC/ÑEL

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ÑEL “friendship” ✧ EtyAC/ÑEL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ÑEL > helmo[ŋelmo] > [ɣelmo] > [helmo]✧ EtyAC/ÑEL

nilmo

noun. friend

Derivations

  • ᴹ√N(D)IL “friend; love, devotion” ✧ Ety/NIL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√NIL/NDIL > nilmo[ndilmo] > [nilmo]✧ Ety/NIL

sermo

noun. friend

Derivations

  • ᴹ√SER “love, be fond of (of liking, friendship)” ✧ Ety/SER

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√SER > sermo[sermo]✧ Ety/SER

-el

suffix. friend

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ÑEL “friendship” ✧ EtyAC/ÑEL

Element in

  • ᴹQ. Aláriel “Eadwine” ✧ EtyAC/ÑEL (Aláriel)
  • ᴹQ. Elériel “Ælfwine” ✧ EtyAC/ÑEL (Elériel)

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ÑEL > -el[-ŋel] > [-ɣel] > [-el]✧ EtyAC/ÑEL

helde

noun. friend

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ÑEL “friendship” ✧ EtyAC/ÑEL

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ÑEL > helde[ŋelde] > [ɣelde] > [helde]✧ EtyAC/ÑEL

seron

noun. friend

Derivations

  • ᴹ√SER “love, be fond of (of liking, friendship)” ✧ Ety/SER

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√SER > seron[seron]✧ Ety/SER

sondo

noun. friend

Cognates

  • N. thond “friend” ✧ EtyAC/SON

Derivations

  • ᴹ√SON “love, befriend, cherish” ✧ EtyAC/SON

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√SON > sondo[sondo]✧ EtyAC/SON

-ser

suffix. friend

Derivations

  • ᴹ√SER “love, be fond of (of liking, friendship)” ✧ Ety/SER

Element in

  • ᴹQ. Elesser “Elf-friend” ✧ Ety/SER

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√SER > -ser[-ser]✧ Ety/SER